About: Freeware     Goto   Sponge   NotDistinct   Permalink

An Entity of Type : owl:Thing, within Data Space : dbpedia-live.openlinksw.com associated with source document(s)
QRcode icon
http://dbpedia-live.openlinksw.com/describe/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fdbpedia.org%2Fresource%2FFreeware

Freeware is software, most often proprietary, that is distributed at no monetary cost to the end user. There is no agreed-upon set of rights, license, or EULA that defines freeware unambiguously; every publisher defines its own rules for the freeware it offers. For instance, modification, redistribution by third parties, and reverse engineering without the author's permission are permitted by some publishers but prohibited by others. Unlike with free and open-source software, which are also often distributed free of charge, the source code for freeware is typically not made available. Freeware may be intended to benefit its producer by, for example, encouraging sales of a more capable version, as in the freemium and shareware business models.

AttributesValues
rdf:type
sameAs
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
differentFrom
rdfs:comment
  • Freeware is software, most often proprietary, that is distributed at no monetary cost to the end user. There is no agreed-upon set of rights, license, or EULA that defines freeware unambiguously; every publisher defines its own rules for the freeware it offers. For instance, modification, redistribution by third parties, and reverse engineering without the author's permission are permitted by some publishers but prohibited by others. Unlike with free and open-source software, which are also often distributed free of charge, the source code for freeware is typically not made available. Freeware may be intended to benefit its producer by, for example, encouraging sales of a more capable version, as in the freemium and shareware business models.
  • CB and SB are psychos. Periodt! and used at no cost, with other right{{distinguish|Free is distributed at no monetary cost to the end user. There is no agreed-upon set of rights, [[Software license], or EULA that defines freeware unambiguously; every publisher defines its own rules for the freeware it offers. For instance, modification, redistribution by third parties, and reverse engineering without the author's permission are permitted by some publishers but prohibited by others. Unlike with free and open-source software, which are also often distributed free of charge, the source code for freeware is typically not made available. Freeware may be intended to benefit its producer by, for example, encouraging sales of a more capable version, as in the freemium and shareware business models
  • Freeware is software, most often proprietary, that is distributed at no monetary cost to the end user. There is no agreed-upon set of rights, license, or EULA that defines freeware unambiguously; every publisher defines its own rules for the freeware it offers. For instance, modification, redistribution by third parties, and reverse engineering without the author's permission are permitted by some publishers but prohibited by others. Unlike with free and open-source software, which are also often distributed free of charge, the source code for freeware is typically not made available. Freeware may be intended to benefit its producer by, for example, encouraging sales of a more capable version, as in the freemium and shareware business models. MADE BY TALHA IMRAN
  • Freeware is software, most often proprietary, that is distributed at no monetary cost to the end user. There is no agreed-upon set of rights, license, or EULA that defines freeware unambiguously; every publisher defines its own rules for the freeware it offers. For instance, modification, redistribution by third parties, and reverse engineering without the author's permission are permitted by some publishers but prohibited by others. Unlike with free and open-source software, which are also often distributed free of charge, the source code for freeware is typically not made available. Freeware may be intended to benefit its producer by, for example, encouraging sales of a more capable version, as in the freemium and shareware business models. and cu
  • Freeware is software, most often proprietary, that is distributed at no monetary cost to the end user. There is no agreed-upon set of rights, license, or EULA that defines freeware unambiguously; every publisher defines its own rules for the freeware it offers. For instance, [[Modding|[[]]]], redistribution by third parties, and reverse engineering without the author's permission are permitted by some publishers but prohibited by others. Unlike with free and open-source software, which are also often distributed free of charge, the source code for freeware is typically not made available. Freeware may be intended to benefit its producer by, for example, encouraging sales of a more capable version, as in the freemium and shareware business models.
  • {{distinguish|Free software|Free and open-source software}}{{short description|Software distributed and used at no cost, with other rights still reserved}}'''Freeware''' is [[software]], most often [[proprietary software|proprietary]], that is distributed at no monetary cost to the [[end user]]. There is no agreed-upon set of rights, [[Software license|license]], or [[EULA]] that defines ''freeware'' unambiguously; every publisher defines its own rules for the freeware it offers. For instance, [[Modding|modification]], [[Freely redistributable software|redistribution]] by third parties, and [[reverse engineering]] without the author's permission are permitted by some publishers but prohibited by others.<ref name="linfo">{{cite web | work = The Linux Information Project | title = Freeware D
  • Freeware is software, most often proprietäre, that is distributed at no monetary cost to the end user. There is no agreed-upon set of rights, license, or EULA that defines freeware unambiguously; every publisher defines its own rules for the freeware it offers. For instance, modification, redistribution by third parties, and reverse engineering without the author's permission are permitted by some publishers but prohibited by others. Unlike with free and open-source software, which are also often distributed free of charge, the source code for freeware is typically not made available. Freeware may be intended to benefit its producer by, for example, encouraging sales of a more capable version, as in the freemium and shareware business models.
rdfs:label
  • Freeware
has abstract
  • Freeware is software, most often proprietary, that is distributed at no monetary cost to the end user. There is no agreed-upon set of rights, license, or EULA that defines freeware unambiguously; every publisher defines its own rules for the freeware it offers. For instance, modification, redistribution by third parties, and reverse engineering without the author's permission are permitted by some publishers but prohibited by others. Unlike with free and open-source software, which are also often distributed free of charge, the source code for freeware is typically not made available. Freeware may be intended to benefit its producer by, for example, encouraging sales of a more capable version, as in the freemium and shareware business models.
  • CB and SB are psychos. Periodt! and used at no cost, with other right{{distinguish|Free is distributed at no monetary cost to the end user. There is no agreed-upon set of rights, [[Software license], or EULA that defines freeware unambiguously; every publisher defines its own rules for the freeware it offers. For instance, modification, redistribution by third parties, and reverse engineering without the author's permission are permitted by some publishers but prohibited by others. Unlike with free and open-source software, which are also often distributed free of charge, the source code for freeware is typically not made available. Freeware may be intended to benefit its producer by, for example, encouraging sales of a more capable version, as in the freemium and shareware business models.
  • Freeware is software, most often proprietary, that is distributed at no monetary cost to the end user. There is no agreed-upon set of rights, license, or EULA that defines freeware unambiguously; every publisher defines its own rules for the freeware it offers. For instance, modification, redistribution by third parties, and reverse engineering without the author's permission are permitted by some publishers but prohibited by others. Unlike with free and open-source software, which are also often distributed free of charge, the source code for freeware is typically not made available. Freeware may be intended to benefit its producer by, for example, encouraging sales of a more capable version, as in the freemium and shareware business models. MADE BY TALHA IMRAN
  • Freeware is software, most often proprietary, that is distributed at no monetary cost to the end user. There is no agreed-upon set of rights, license, or EULA that defines freeware unambiguously; every publisher defines its own rules for the freeware it offers. For instance, modification, redistribution by third parties, and reverse engineering without the author's permission are permitted by some publishers but prohibited by others. Unlike with free and open-source software, which are also often distributed free of charge, the source code for freeware is typically not made available. Freeware may be intended to benefit its producer by, for example, encouraging sales of a more capable version, as in the freemium and shareware business models. and cu train
  • Freeware is software, most often proprietary, that is distributed at no monetary cost to the end user. There is no agreed-upon set of rights, license, or EULA that defines freeware unambiguously; every publisher defines its own rules for the freeware it offers. For instance, [[Modding|[[]]]], redistribution by third parties, and reverse engineering without the author's permission are permitted by some publishers but prohibited by others. Unlike with free and open-source software, which are also often distributed free of charge, the source code for freeware is typically not made available. Freeware may be intended to benefit its producer by, for example, encouraging sales of a more capable version, as in the freemium and shareware business models.
  • {{distinguish|Free software|Free and open-source software}}{{short description|Software distributed and used at no cost, with other rights still reserved}}'''Freeware''' is [[software]], most often [[proprietary software|proprietary]], that is distributed at no monetary cost to the [[end user]]. There is no agreed-upon set of rights, [[Software license|license]], or [[EULA]] that defines ''freeware'' unambiguously; every publisher defines its own rules for the freeware it offers. For instance, [[Modding|modification]], [[Freely redistributable software|redistribution]] by third parties, and [[reverse engineering]] without the author's permission are permitted by some publishers but prohibited by others.{{cite web | work = The Linux Information Project | title = Freeware Definition | date = 2006-10-22 | url = http://www.linfo.org/freeware.html | accessdate = 2009-06-12}} Unlike with [[free and open-source software]], which are also often distributed free of charge, the [[source code]] for freeware is typically not made available. Freeware may be intended to benefit its producer by, for example, encouraging sales of a more capable version, as in the [[freemium]] and [[shareware]] [[business model]]s.{{Cite journal|last=Lyons|first=Kelly|last2=Messinger|first2=Paul R.|last3=Niu|first3=Run H.|last4=Stroulia|first4=Eleni|author4-link=Eleni Stroulia|date=2012|title=A tale of two pricing systems for services|journal=Information Systems and E-Business Management|language=en|volume=10|issue=1|pages=19–42|doi=10.1007/s10257-010-0151-3|issn=1617-9846}}==History==The term ''freeware'' was coined in 1982"Shareware: An Alternative to the High Cost of Software", ''Damon Camille'', ''1987'' by [[Andrew Fluegelman]], who wanted to sell [[PC-Talk]], the communications application he had created, outside of commercial distribution channels.[http://textfiles.fisher.hu/news/freeware.txt Fisher.hu] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20060614133129/http://textfiles.fisher.hu/news/freeware.txt |date=2006-06-14 }} Fluegelman distributed the program via a process now termed ''[[shareware]]''.[http://www.pc-shareware.com/quality.htm The Price of Quality Software] by Tom SmithIn the 1980s and 1990s, the term ''freeware'' was often applied to software released without [[source code]].{{cite web|url=https://www.gnu.org/philosophy/categories.html |title=Categories of free and nonfree software |quote=The term “freeware” has no clear accepted definition, but it is commonly used for packages which permit redistribution but not modification (and their source code is not available). These packages are not free software, so please don't use "freeware" to refer to free software. |accessdate=2017-05-01}}{{cite web|url=https://www.gnu.org/philosophy/words-to-avoid.html#Freeware |title=Words to Avoid (or Use with Care) Because They Are Loaded or Confusing |author=Free Software Foundation |quote=Please don't use the term "freeware" as a synonym for "free software." The term "freeware" was used often in the 1980s for programs released only as executables, with source code not available. Today it has no particular agreed-on definition. |accessdate=2017-05-01}}==Definitions=====Software license==={{main|Software license}}Software classified as freeware may be used without payment and is typically either fully functional for an unlimited time or has limited functionality, with a more capable version available commercially or as shareware.{{cite book|last1= Dixon|first1= Rod|title= Open Source Software Law|url= https://books.google.com/books?id=9b_vVPf53xcC&pg=PA4&dq=%22free+software%22+freeware#PPA4,M1|accessdate= 2009-03-16|year= 2004|publisher= Artech House|isbn= 978-1-58053-719-3|page= 4|quote= On the other hand, freeware does not require any payment from the licensee or end-user, but it is not precisely free software, despite the fact that to an end-user the software is acquired in what appears to be an identical manner.}}In contrast to what the [[Free Software Foundation]] calls [[free software]], the author of freeware usually restricts the rights of the user to use, copy, distribute, modify, make derivative works, or [[reverse engineer]] the software.{{cite book|last1= Graham|first1= Lawrence D|title= Legal battles that shaped the computer industry|url= https://books.google.com/books?id=c6IS3RnN6qAC&pg=PA175&dq=%22Legal+battles+that+shaped+the+computer+industry%22+%22from+the+beginning+of+the+computer+age%22|accessdate= 2009-03-16|year= 1999|publisher= Greenwood Publishing Group|isbn= 978-1-56720-178-9|page= 175|quote=Freeware, however, is generally only free in terms of price; the author typically retains all other rights, including the rights to copy, distribute, and make derivative works from the software.}}{{cite journal |url=https://www.adobe.com/products/eulas/pdfs/Reader10_combined-20100625_1419.pdf |title=ADOBE Personal Computer Software License Agreement |quote=This license does not grant you the right to sublicense or distribute the Software. ... This agreement does not permit you to install or Use the Software on a computer file server. ... You shall not modify, adapt, translate, or create derivative works based upon the Software. You shall not reverse engineer, decompile, disassemble, or otherwise attempt to discover the source code of the Software. ... You will not Use any Adobe Runtime on any non-PC device or with any embedded or device version of any operating system. |accessdate=2011-02-16}}{{cite web |url=https://www.adobe.com/cfusion/mmform/index.cfm?name=distribution_form&pv=rdr |title=ADOBE READER AND RUNTIME SOFTWARE - DISTRIBUTION LICENSE AGREEMENT FOR USE ON PERSONAL COMPUTERS |quote=Distributor may not make the Software available as a standalone product on the Internet. Distributor may direct end users to obtain the Software, with the exception of ARH, through electronic download on a standalone basis by linking to the official Adobe website. |accessdate=2011-02-16}} The [[software license]] may impose additional usage restrictions;{{cite web |url=http://www.irfanview.com/eula.htm |title=IrfanView Software License Agreement. |quote=IrfanView is provided as freeware, but only for private, non-commercial use (that means at home). ... IrfanView is free for educational use (schools, universities and libraries) and for use in charity or humanitarian organisations. ... You may not distribute, rent, sub-license or otherwise make available to others the Software or documentation or copies thereof, except as expressly permitted in this License without prior written consent from IrfanView (Irfan Skiljan). ... You may not modify, de-compile, disassemble or reverse engineer the Software. |accessdate=2011-02-16}} for instance, the license may be "free for private, non-commercial use" only,{{citation needed|date=December 2018}} or usage over a network, on a server, or in combination with certain other software packages may be prohibited. Restrictions may be required by license or enforced by the software itself; e.g., the package may fail to function over a network.{{citation needed|date=December 2018}}===Relation to other forms of software licensing===[[File:Open-source-vs-freeware.svg|thumb|This [[Venn diagram]] describes the typical relationship between freeware and [[open source software]]: According to David Rosen from [[Wolfire Games]] in 2010, open source software (orange) is most often gratis but not always. Freeware (green) seldom expose their source codes.{{cite web|url=http://blog.wolfire.com/2010/05/Open-source-software-is-not-always-freeware |title=Open-source software is not always freeware |date=May 16, 2010 |accessdate=2016-01-18 |first=David |last=Rosen |publisher=wolfire.com}}]]The [[U.S. Department of Defense]] (DoD) defines "open source software" (i.e., free software or free and open-source software), as distinct from "freeware" or "shareware"; it is software where "the Government does not have access to the original source code".{{citation | url=http://dodcio.defense.gov/OpenSourceSoftwareFAQ.aspx#Q:_Are_.22non-commercial_software.22.2C_.22freeware.22.2C_or_.22shareware.22_the_same_thing_as_open_source_software.3F | title=Frequently Asked Questions regarding Open Source Software (OSS) and the Department of Defense (DoD) | quote=Also, do not use the terms "freeware" or "shareware" as a synonym for "open source software". DoD Instruction 8500.2, “Information Assurance (IA) Implementation”, Enclosure 4, control DCPD-1, states that these terms apply to software where "the Government does not have access to the original source code". The government does have access to the original source code of open source software, so these terms do not apply. | accessdate=2012-06-11}} The "free" in "freeware" refers to the price of the software, which is typically [[proprietary software|proprietary]] and distributed without source code. By contrast, the "free" in "free software" refers to freedoms granted users under the software license (for example, to run the program for any purpose, modify and redistribute the program to others), and such software may be sold at a price.According to the [[Free Software Foundation]] (FSF), "freeware" is a loosely defined category and it has no clear accepted definition, although FSF asks that [[free software]] (libre; unrestricted and with source code available) should not be called freeware.In contrast the Oxford English Dictionary simply characterizes freeware as being "available free of charge (sometimes with the suggestion that users should make a donation to the provider)".{{OED|freeware}}Some freeware products are released alongside paid versions that either have more features or less restrictive licensing terms. This approach is known as [[freemium]] ("free" + "premium"), since the free version is intended as a promotion for the premium version. The two often share a code base, using a [[compiler flag]] to determine which is produced. For example, [[BBEdit]] has a [[BBEdit Lite]] edition which has fewer features. [[XnView]] is available free of charge for personal use but must be licensed for commercial use. The free version may be advertising supported, as was the case with the [[DivX]].{{Anchor|Registerware}}[[Ad-supported software]] and free registerware also bear resemblances to freeware. Ad-supported software does not ask for payment for a license, but displays advertising to either compensate for development costs or as a means of income. Registerware forces the user to subscribe with the publisher before being able to use the product. While commercial products [[Product activation|may require registration to ensure licensed use]], free registerware do not.{{Cite journal|url = https://books.google.com/?id=akoEAAAAMBAJ&pg=RA1-PA101&lpg=RA1-PA101&dq=registerware#v=onepage&q=registerware&f=false|title = An exercise in frustration? Registerware forces users to jump through hoops|last = Foster|first = Ed|date = 11 Jan 1999|journal = [[InfoWorld]]|doi = |pmid = |access-date = |volume = 21|issue = 2|issn = 0199-6649|publisher = InfoWorld Media Group}}{{Cite journal|url = https://books.google.com/?id=ZkoEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA46&lpg=PA46&dq=registerware#v=onepage&q&f=false|title = Is registerware an anti-piracy necessity?|last = |first = |date = 1 Feb 1999|journal = [[InfoWorld]]|doi = |pmid = |access-date = |issn = 0199-6649|publisher = InfoWorld Media Group|volume = 21|issue = 5}}{{Cite journal|url = https://books.google.com/?id=jz0EAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA61&lpg=PA61&dq=registerware#v=onepage&q=registerware&f=false|title = Since you asked...|last = Foster|first = Ed|date = 14 Oct 2002|journal = [[InfoWorld]]|doi = |pmid = |access-date = |publisher = InfoWorld Media Group|volume = 24|issue = 41|issn = 0199-6649}}{{Cite journal|url = https://books.google.com/?id=yT0EAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA68&lpg=PA68&dq=registerware#v=onepage&q&f=false|title = A vote for fair play|last = Foster|first = Ed |date = 18 Nov 2002|journal = [[InfoWorld]]|doi = |pmid = |access-date = |issn = 0199-6649|volume = 24|issue = 46|publisher = InfoWorld Media Group}}===Creative Commons licenses==={{Disputed section|Creative Commons Licenses not for Software|date=May 2018}}The [[Creative Commons]] offer [[Creative Commons license|licenses]], applicable to all by copyright governed works including software,{{cite web |url=https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/au/legalcode |title=Creative Commons Legal Code |date=January 9, 2008 |publisher=[[Creative Commons]] |accessdate=February 22, 2010 |url-status=live |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20100211175916/http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/au/legalcode |archivedate=February 11, 2010 |df=mdy-all }} which allow a developer to define "freeware" in a legal safe and internationally law domains respecting way.{{cite web|last=Peters|first=Diane|title=CC's Next Generation Licenses — Welcome Version 4.0!|url=https://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/40768|work=Creative Commons|accessdate=November 26, 2013|date=November 25, 2013|url-status=live|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20131126124736/http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/40768|archivedate=November 26, 2013|df=mdy-all}}{{cite web|title=What's new in 4.0?|url=https://creativecommons.org/Version4|work=Creative Commons|accessdate=November 26, 2013|year=2013|url-status=live|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20131129150056/http://creativecommons.org/Version4|archivedate=November 29, 2013|df=mdy-all}}{{cite web|title=CC 4.0, an end to porting Creative Commons licences?|url=http://www.technollama.co.uk/cc-4-0-an-end-to-porting-creative-commons-licenses|publisher=TechnoLlama|accessdate=August 11, 2013|date=September 25, 2011|url-status=live|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130902134000/http://www.technollama.co.uk/cc-4-0-an-end-to-porting-creative-commons-licenses|archivedate=September 2, 2013|df=mdy-all}} The typical freeware use case "share" can be further refined with Creative Commons restriction clauses like non-commerciality ([[CC BY-NC]]) or no-[[Derivative work|derivatives]] ([[CC BY-ND]]), see [[Creative Commons license#Seven regularly used licenses|description of licenses]].{{original research inline|date=May 2018}} There are [[:Category:Creative Commons-licensed video games|several usage examples]], for instance [[The White Chamber]], [[Mari0]] or [[Assault Cube]],{{cite web |url=http://assault.cubers.net/docs/license.html#entirepackage |title=AssaultCube - License |accessdate=2011-01-30 |work=assault.cubers.net| archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20101225031357/http://assault.cubers.net/docs/license.html| archivedate= 25 December 2010| url-status= live|quote=''AssaultCube is FREEWARE. [...]The content, code and images of the AssaultCube website and all documentation are licensed under "Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported''}} all freeware by being [[CC BY-NC-SA]] licensed: free sharing allowed, selling not.==Restrictions==Freeware cannot economically rely on commercial promotion. In May 2015 advertising freeware on [[Google AdWords]] was restricted to "authoritative source"[s].{{cite web |url=https://support.google.com/adwordspolicy/answer/6023676#uc |title=Legal requirements |website=Advertising Policies Help |access-date=6 November 2016}} Thus web sites and [[blog]]s are the primary resource for information on which freeware is available, useful, and is not [[malware]]. However, there are also many [[computer magazine]]s or newspapers that provide ratings for freeware and include compact discs or other [[storage media]] containing freeware. Freeware is also often [[bundled software|bundled]] with other products such as [[digital camera]]s or [[Image scanner|scanner]]s.Freeware has been criticized as "unsustainable" because it requires a single entity to be responsible for updating and enhancing the product, which is then given away without charge.{{cite web|url=http://www.zdnet.com/blog/saas/free-is-not-a-business-model/807 |title=Free is not a business model |first=Phil |last=Wainewright |date=July 6, 2009 |website=[[ZDNet]] |publisher=[[CBS Interactive]] }} Other freeware projects are simply released as [[one-off]] programs with no promise or expectation of further development. These may include [[source code]], as does free software, so that users can make any required or desired changes themselves, but this code remains subject to the license of the compiled executable and does not constitute free software.==See also==* [[List of freeware]]* [[List of freeware video games]]* [[List of commercial video games released as freeware]]* [[Freely redistributable software]]* [[Gratis versus Libre]]==References=={{Reflist|30em}}==External links==*{{curlie|Computers/Software/Freeware}}*[[freesoft:]] directory published by the Free Software Foundation{{Software distribution}}{{Independent Production}}[[Category:Freeware| ]][[Category:Software licenses]][[Category:Giving]]
  • Freeware is software, most often proprietäre, that is distributed at no monetary cost to the end user. There is no agreed-upon set of rights, license, or EULA that defines freeware unambiguously; every publisher defines its own rules for the freeware it offers. For instance, modification, redistribution by third parties, and reverse engineering without the author's permission are permitted by some publishers but prohibited by others. Unlike with free and open-source software, which are also often distributed free of charge, the source code for freeware is typically not made available. Freeware may be intended to benefit its producer by, for example, encouraging sales of a more capable version, as in the freemium and shareware business models.
Link to the Wikipage edit URL
extraction datetime
Link to the Wikipage history URL
Wikipage page ID
page length (characters) of wiki page
Wikipage modification datetime
Wiki page out degree
Wikipage revision ID
Faceted Search & Find service v1.17_git39 as of Aug 10 2019


Alternative Linked Data Documents: iSPARQL | ODE     Content Formats:       RDF       ODATA       Microdata      About   
This material is Open Knowledge   W3C Semantic Web Technology [RDF Data] Valid XHTML + RDFa
OpenLink Virtuoso version 08.03.3319 as of Sep 1 2020, on Linux (x86_64-generic-linux-glibc25), Single-Server Edition (61 GB total memory)
Data on this page belongs to its respective rights holders.
Virtuoso Faceted Browser Copyright © 2009-2020 OpenLink Software