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Gerrit Zalm (born 6 May 1952) is a retired Dutch politician of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) and businessman. Zalm applied at the Free University Amsterdam in June 1969 majoring in Economics and obtaining an Bachelor of Economics degree in June 1971 before graduating with an Master of Economics degree in July 1975. Zalm worked as a civil servant from August 1975 until August 1994 for the department of Budgetary Affairs of the Ministry of Finance from August 1975 until May 1983 and as Deputy Director-General of the Department for Budgetary Affairs from February 1981 until May 1983 and for the Ministry of Economic Affairs as Deputy Director-General of the department for General Economic Policy from May 1983 until June 1985 and as Director-General of the department for Ge

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  • Gerrit Zalm (born 6 May 1952) is a retired Dutch politician of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) and businessman. Zalm applied at the Free University Amsterdam in June 1969 majoring in Economics and obtaining an Bachelor of Economics degree in June 1971 before graduating with an Master of Economics degree in July 1975. Zalm worked as a civil servant from August 1975 until August 1994 for the department of Budgetary Affairs of the Ministry of Finance from August 1975 until May 1983 and as Deputy Director-General of the Department for Budgetary Affairs from February 1981 until May 1983 and for the Ministry of Economic Affairs as Deputy Director-General of the department for General Economic Policy from May 1983 until June 1985 and as Director-General of the department for Ge
  • Gerrit Zalm (born 6 May 1952) is a retired Dutch politician of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) and businessman.
  • Gerrit Zalm (born 6 May 1952) is a retired Dutch politician of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) and businessperson. Zalm studied Economics at the Free University Amsterdam obtaining a Master of Economics degree and worked as a civil servant for the Ministries of Finance, Economic Affairs and the Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis from June 1975 until August 1994 and worked as a professor of Political economy at his alma mater from January 1990 until August 1994. After the election of 1994 Zalm was appointed as Minister of Finance in the Cabinet Kok I taking office on 22 August 1994. After the election of 1998 Zalm continued his position in the Cabinet Kok II. After the election of 2002 Zalm was elected as a Member of the House of Representatives on 23 May 2002. Shortly a
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  • Gerrit Zalm
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  • Gerrit Zalm (born 6 May 1952) is a retired Dutch politician of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) and businessman. Zalm applied at the Free University Amsterdam in June 1969 majoring in Economics and obtaining an Bachelor of Economics degree in June 1971 before graduating with an Master of Economics degree in July 1975. Zalm worked as a civil servant from August 1975 until August 1994 for the department of Budgetary Affairs of the Ministry of Finance from August 1975 until May 1983 and as Deputy Director-General of the Department for Budgetary Affairs from February 1981 until May 1983 and for the Ministry of Economic Affairs as Deputy Director-General of the department for General Economic Policy from May 1983 until June 1985 and as Director-General of the department for General Economic Policy from June 1985 until January 1988. Zalm worked for the Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis (CPB) from January 1988 until August 1994 as Deputy Director from 1 January 1988 until 1 January 1989 and as Director from 1 January 1989 until 22 August 1994. Zalm also worked as a distinguished professor of Political economy at the Free University Amsterdam from 1 January 1990 until 22 August 1994. After the election of 1994 Zalm was appointed as Minister of Finance in the Cabinet Kok I, taking office on 22 August 1994. Zalm took a medical leave of absence from 4 June 1996 until 26 June 1996 during which Minister of Economic Affairs Hans Wijers served as acting Minister of Finance. Zalm was elected as a Member of the House of Representatives after the election of 1998, taking office on 19 May 1998. Following the cabinet formation of 1998 Zalm continued as Minister of Finance in the Cabinet Kok II, taking office on 3 August 1998. The Cabinet Kok II resigned on 16 April 2002 following the conclusions of the NIOD report into the Srebrenica massacre during the Bosnian War and continued to serve in a demissionary capacity. After the Leader of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy and Parliamentary leader of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy in the House of Representatives Hans Dijkstal announced he was stepping down as Leader and Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives following the defeat in the election of 2002, the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy leadership approached Zalm as his successor, Zalm accepted and became the Leader, taking office on 16 May 2002. After the election Zalm subsequently returned as a Member of the House of Representatives and became the Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives, taking office on 23 May 2002. The following cabinet formation of 2002 resulted in a coalition agreement between the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy, the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) and the Pim Fortuyn List (LPF) which formed the Cabinet Balkenende I with Zalm opting to remain in the House of Representatives instead of accepting a cabinet post in the new cabinet and he continued to serve in the House of Representatives as Parliamentary leader, the Cabinet Kok II was replaced by the Cabinet Balkenende I on 22 July 2002. The Cabinet Balkenende I fell just four months later on 16 October 2002 after continuous tensions in the coalition and continued to serve in a demissionary capacity. For the election of 2003 Zalm served as Lijsttrekker (top candidate). The People's Party for Freedom and Democracy made a small win, gaining 4 seats and now had 28 seats in the House of Representatives. The following cabinet formation of 2003 resulted in a coalition agreement between the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy, the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) and the Democrats 66 (D66) which formed the Cabinet Balkenende II with Zalm appointed as Deputy Prime Minister and again as Minister of Finance, taking office on 27 May 2003. Zalm served as acting Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 14 September until 15 October 2004 during a medical leave of absence of Jan Peter Balkenende, and delivered the Budget Memorandum of the 2005 fiscal year during Prinsjesdag. On 27 November 2004 Zalm announced that he was stepping down as Leader in favor of and Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives and Deputy Leader Jozias van Aartsen. The Cabinet Balkenende II fell on 30 June 2006 and continued to serve in a demissionary capacity with Zalm also serving as acting Minister of Economic Affairs from 3 July 2006 until 7 July 2006 until it was replaced by the caretaker Cabinet Balkenende III with Zalm remaining as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance, taking office on 7 July 2006. In August 2006 Zalm announced his retirement from national politics and that he wouldn't stand for the election of 2006. The Cabinet Balkenende III was replaced by the Cabinet Balkenende IV following the cabinet formation of 2007 on 22 February 2007. Zalm retired from national politics and became active in the private sector, in June Zalm was appointed as chief economist of the DSB Bank working from 1 July 2007 until 1 January 2008 when he became Chief financial officer (CFO) of the DSB Bank from 1 January 2008 until 1 January 2009. In December 2008 Zalm was nominated as CEO and Chairman of the Board of directors of ABN AMRO working from 1 January 2009 until 1 February 2017. On 1 April 2010 Zalm also became interim CEO and Chairman of the Board of directors of Fortis Bank Nederland until it was integrated into the new ABN AMRO Group on 1 July 2010 with Zalm appointed as CEO and Chairman of the Board of directors of the ABN AMRO Group working from 1 July 2010 until 1 February 2017. Zalm remained active in the private sector continues to occupy numerous seats as a corporate director on several boards of directors and supervisory boards (Royal Dutch Shell, Moody's Corporation and Danske Bank) and serves on several state commissions and councils on behalf of the government (Statistics Netherlands). After the election of 2017 Zalm was appointed as Informateur for the cabinet formation of 2017. Zalm is known for his abilities as a manager and debater. He holds the distinction as the longest-serving Minister of Finance with 11 years, 240 days.
  • Gerrit Zalm (born 6 May 1952) is a retired Dutch politician of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) and businessman.
  • Gerrit Zalm (born 6 May 1952) is a retired Dutch politician of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) and businessperson. Zalm studied Economics at the Free University Amsterdam obtaining a Master of Economics degree and worked as a civil servant for the Ministries of Finance, Economic Affairs and the Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis from June 1975 until August 1994 and worked as a professor of Political economy at his alma mater from January 1990 until August 1994. After the election of 1994 Zalm was appointed as Minister of Finance in the Cabinet Kok I taking office on 22 August 1994. After the election of 1998 Zalm continued his position in the Cabinet Kok II. After the election of 2002 Zalm was elected as a Member of the House of Representatives on 23 May 2002. Shortly after the election Party Leader and Parliamentary leader Hans Dijkstal announced he was stepping down and Zalm was anonymously selected as his successor as Leader on 16 May 2002 and became Parliamentary leader on 23 May 2002. For the election of 2003 Zalm served as Lijsttrekker (top candidate) and following a successful cabinet formation that formed the Cabinet Balkenende II was appointed as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance taking office on 27 May 2003. On 27 November 2004 Zalm announced he was stepping down as Leader in favor of and Parliamentary leader Jozias van Aartsen. The Cabinet Balkenende II fell on 30 June 2006 and was replaced by the caretaker Cabinet Balkenende III with Zalm continuing his offices. In August 2006 Zalm announced his retirement and that he wouldn't stand for the election of 2006. Zalm retired from active politics at 54 and became active in the private sector as a corporate director, and worked as a banker for the DSB Bank, Fortis Bank and ABN AMRO from July 2007 until February 2017. Following his retirement Zalm became active in the public sector as a non-profit director and served on several state commissions and councils on behalf of the government, and worked as a occasional mediator for coalition agreements. Zalm is known for his abilities as a skillful manager and effective debater and as of 2020 continues to comment on political affairs. He holds the distinction as the longest-serving Minister of Finance with 11 years, 240 days in Dutch history.
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