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Gnaeus Pompey Magnus (Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus) (Classical Latin: [ˈŋnae̯.ʊs pɔmˈpɛjjʊs ˈmaŋnʊs]; 29 September 106 BC – 28 September 48 BC), usually known in English as Pompey or Pompey the Great, was a military and political leader of the late Roman Republic. He came from a wealthy Italian provincial background; his father had been the first to establish the family among the nobiles (Roman nobility). Pompey's success as a general while still very young enabled him to advance directly to his first consulship without meeting the normal cursus honorum (requirements for office). His success as a military commander in Sulla's second civil war resulted in Sulla's bestowing upon him the cognomen Magnus ("the Great"), after Pompey’s boyhood hero Alexander the Great. Pompey’s Roman adversaries gave

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  • Pompey
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  • Gnaeus Pompey Magnus (Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus) (Classical Latin: [ˈŋnae̯.ʊs pɔmˈpɛjjʊs ˈmaŋnʊs]; 29 September 106 BC – 28 September 48 BC), usually known in English as Pompey or Pompey the Great, was a military and political leader of the late Roman Republic. He came from a wealthy Italian provincial background; his father had been the first to establish the family among the nobiles (Roman nobility). Pompey's success as a general while still very young enabled him to advance directly to his first consulship without meeting the normal cursus honorum (requirements for office). His success as a military commander in Sulla's second civil war resulted in Sulla's bestowing upon him the cognomen Magnus ("the Great"), after Pompey’s boyhood hero Alexander the Great. Pompey’s Roman adversaries gave
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  • Pompey
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  • Gnaeus Pompey Magnus (Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus) (Classical Latin: [ˈŋnae̯.ʊs pɔmˈpɛjjʊs ˈmaŋnʊs]; 29 September 106 BC – 28 September 48 BC), usually known in English as Pompey or Pompey the Great, was a military and political leader of the late Roman Republic. He came from a wealthy Italian provincial background; his father had been the first to establish the family among the nobiles (Roman nobility). Pompey's success as a general while still very young enabled him to advance directly to his first consulship without meeting the normal cursus honorum (requirements for office). His success as a military commander in Sulla's second civil war resulted in Sulla's bestowing upon him the cognomen Magnus ("the Great"), after Pompey’s boyhood hero Alexander the Great. Pompey’s Roman adversaries gave him the nickname adulescentulus carnifex ("the teenage butcher"), after his Sicilian campaign in which he had executed several high ranking opponents of Sulla's. Pompey was consul three times (twice with Marcus Licinius Crassus and once without a partner) and celebrated three Roman triumphs. In 60 BC, Pompey joined Crassus and Gaius Julius Caesar in the unofficial military-political alliance known as the First Triumvirate, which Pompey's marriage to Caesar's daughter Julia helped secure. After Crassus and Julia's deaths, Pompey sided with the Optimates, the conservative faction of the Roman Senate. Pompey and Caesar then contended for the leadership of the Roman state, leading to a civil war. When in that war Pompey was defeated at the Battle of Pharsalus, in 48 BC, he sought refuge in Egypt, where he was assassinated. His career and defeat are significant in Rome's subsequent transformation from Republic to Empire.
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  • Governorof theHispania Ulterior
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  • Consulof theRoman Republic
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