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Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by the province of New Brunswick and the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division; only the territory of Nunavut is larger. It is historically and politically considered to be part of Central Canada (with Ontario).

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  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by the province of New Brunswick and the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division; only the territory of Nunavut is larger. It is historically and politically considered to be part of Central Canada (with Ontario).
  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by the province of New Brunswick and the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division; only the territory of Nunavut is larger.
  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is a recognized nation within Canada and one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by the province of New Brunswick and the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division; only the territory of Nunavut is larger.
  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. Quebec itself is said by many to be a nation. This statement is supported by many people, including politicians like Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, and the Canadian House of Commons as a result of a symbolic motion passed in 2006 which states "That this House recognizes that the Quebecois form a nation within a united Canada". Linguistic and cultural differences, as well as vague definitions, have resulted in different interpretations of the 2006 motion, which themselves constitute a source of tension in discussions about the status of Quebec. There exists differences between the terms "nation" and "country" as well as "Québécois" and "Quebecer" that are often misunderstood. All of these t
  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by Ontario, James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by New Brunswick and the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division.
  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. The House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion in 2006, in quasi-unanimity, recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". Unlike in the rest of Canada, law in Quebec is mixed. The private law is exercised under a civil law system, and public law is exercised under a common law system.
  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. The House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion in 2006, in quasi-unanimity, recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". Unlike in the rest of Canada, law in Quebec is mixed. The private law is exercised under a civil law system, and public law is exercised under a common law system. Quebec society's cohesion and specificity is based on the Quebec Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms, the Charter of the French Language and the Civil Code of Quebec.
  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. The House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion in 2006, in quasi-unanimity, recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". Quebec is the only Canadian province to have a predominantlyFrench-speaking population. In 2016, 79.1% of Quebec residents cited French as their native language, while native speakers of English comprised 8.9%. Altogether, 94.6% of the province's population reported knowledge of French, which is the province's sole official language.
  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. The House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion in 2006, in quasi-unanimity, recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". Quebec is the only Canadian province to have a predominantly French-speaking population. In 2016, 79.1% of Quebec residents cited French as their native language, while native speakers of English comprised 8.9%. Altogether, 94.6% of the province's population reported knowledge of French, which is the province's sole official language.
  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by Ontario, James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by New Brunswick, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont and New York. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area. The climate in the south is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters, and hot humid summers. In the north, the winters are long and tundra dominates.
  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. The House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion in 2006, in quasi-unanimity, recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada. Most of its population lives in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City. Approximately half of residents live in the Greater Montreal Area. The Nord-du-Québec region is sparsely populated and mostly inhabited by First Nations.
  • Quebec (, sometimes ; French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. The House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion in 2006, in quasi-unanimity, recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada. Most of its population lives in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City. Approximately half of residents live in the Greater Montreal Area. The Nord-du-Québec region is sparsely populated and mostly inhabited by First Nations.
  • Quebec (, sometimes ; French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. Located in Central Canada, the province shares borders with Ontario to the southwest, Newfoundland and Labrador to the northeast, and New Brunswick to the southeast; it shares an international border with the United States, with Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont and New York to the south. Quebec has a total area of 176,928 km2 (68,312 sq mi) and the 2016 Census recorded a population of 8,164,361, making it the largest province of territory of Canada in terms of area as well as population. Much of the population live in urban areas along the Saint Lawrence River, between the most populous city, Montreal, and its capital city. Quebec. A motion was passed in the House of Commons of Canada
  • Quebec (, sometimes ; French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. Located in Central Canada, the province shares borders with Ontario to the southwest, Newfoundland and Labrador to the northeast, and New Brunswick to the southeast; it shares an international border with the United States, with Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont and New York to the south. Quebec has a total area of 176,928 km2 (68,312 sq mi) and the 2016 Census recorded a population of 8,164,361, making it the second-largest province or territory of Canada in terms of area as well as population. Much of the population live in urban areas along the Saint Lawrence River, between the most populous city, Montreal, and its capital city, Quebec. A motion was passed in the House of Commons of
  • Quebec (, sometimes ; French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. Located in Central Canada, the province shares borders with Ontario to the southwest, Newfoundland and Labrador to the northeast, and New Brunswick to the southeast; and the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont and New York to the south. Quebec is the largest province by area, being 176,928 km2 (68,312 sq mi), and the second-largest by population, with 8,164,361 people. Much of the population live in urban areas along the Saint Lawrence River, between the most populous city, Montreal, and its capital city, Quebec. A motion was passed in the House of Commons of Canada in 2006, recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada".
  • Quebec (, sometimes ; French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. Located in Central Canada, the province shares borders with Ontario to the southwest, Newfoundland and Labrador to the northeast, and New Brunswick to the southeast; and the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont and New York to the south. Quebec is the largest province by area, being 1,542,056 km2 (595,391 sq mi), and the second-largest by population, with 8,164,361 people. Much of the population live in urban areas along the Saint Lawrence River, between the most populous city, Montreal, and its capital city, Quebec. A motion was passed in the House of Commons of Canada in 2006, recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada".
  • Quebec (, sometimes ; French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. Located in Central Canada, the province shares land borders with Ontario to the southwest, Newfoundland and Labrador to the northeast, New Brunswick to the southeast, a coastal border with Nunavut; and land borders with the states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont and New York to the south. Quebec is the largest province by area, being 1,542,056 km2 (595,391 sq mi), and the second-largest by population, with 8,164,361 people. Much of the population live in urban areas along the Saint Lawrence River, between the most populous city, Montreal, and its capital city, Quebec. A motion was passed in the House of Commons of Canada in 2006, recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a unit
  • Quebec (, sometimes ; French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. Located in Central Canada, the province shares land borders with Ontario to the southwest, Newfoundland and Labrador to the northeast, New Brunswick to the southeast, a coastal border with Nunavut; and land borders with the states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont and New York to the south. Quebec is the largest province by area, being 1,542,056 km2 (595,391 sq mi), and the second-largest by population, with 8,164,361 people. Much of the population live in urban areas along the Saint Lawrence River, between the most populous city, Montreal, and its capital city, Quebec City. A motion was passed in the House of Commons of Canada in 2006, recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a
  • Quebec (, sometimes ; French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. Located in Central Canada, the province shares land borders with Ontario to the southwest, Newfoundland and Labrador to the northeast, New Brunswick to the southeast, a coastal border with Nunavut; and land borders with the states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont and New York to the south. Quebec is the largest province by area, being 1,542,056 km2 (595,391 sq mi), and the second-largest by population, with 8,164,361 people. Much of the population live in urban areas along the Saint Lawrence River, between the most populous city, Montreal, and its capital city, Quebec City. Quebec is also the home of Québécois recognized as a nation by both the provincial and federal governement.
  • Quebec (, sometimes ; French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. Located in Central Canada, the province shares land borders with Ontario to the southwest, Newfoundland and Labrador to the northeast, New Brunswick to the southeast, and land borders with the states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont and New York to the south. Quebec is the largest province by area, being 1,542,056 km2 (595,391 sq mi), and the second-largest by population, with 8,164,361 people. Much of the population live in urban areas along the Saint Lawrence River, between the most populous city, Montreal, and its capital city, Quebec City. Quebec is also the home of Québécois recognized as a nation by both the provincial and federal governement.
  • Quebec (, sometimes ; French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. Located in Central Canada, the province shares land borders with Ontario to the southwest, Newfoundland and Labrador to the northeast, New Brunswick to the southeast, a coastal border with Nunavut; and land borders with the states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont and New York to the south. Quebec is the largest province by area, being 1,542,056 km2 (595,391 sq mi), and the second-largest by population, with 8,164,361 people. Much of the population live in urban areas along the Saint Lawrence River, between the most populous city, Montreal, and its capital city, Quebec City. Quebec is also the home of Québécois recognized as a nation by both the provincial and federal governments.
  • Quebec (, sometimes ; French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. Located in Central Canada, the province shares land borders with Ontario to the southwest, Newfoundland and Labrador to the northeast, New Brunswick to the southeast, and a coastal border with Nunavut; it also borders the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont and New York to the south. Quebec is the largest province by area, at 1,542,056 km2 (595,391 sq mi), and the second-largest by population, with 8,164,361 people. Much of the population live in urban areas along the St. Lawrence River, between the most populous city, Montreal, and its capital city, Quebec City. Quebec is also the home of Québécois, recognized as a nation by both the provincial and federal governments.
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  • Quebec
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  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by the province of New Brunswick and the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division; only the territory of Nunavut is larger. It is historically and politically considered to be part of Central Canada (with Ontario). Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada, after Ontario. It is the only one to have a predominantly French-speaking population, with French as the sole provincial official language. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital. Approximately half of Quebec residents live in the Greater Montreal Area, including the Island of Montreal. English-speaking communities and English-language institutions are concentrated in the west of the island of Montreal but are also significantly present in the Outaouais, Eastern Townships, and Gaspé regions. The Nord-du-Québec region, occupying the northern half of the province, is sparsely populated and inhabited primarily by Aboriginal peoples. The climate around the major cities is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters combined with warm to hot humid summers, but farther north long winter seasons dominate and as a result the northern areas of the province are marked by tundra conditions. Even in central Quebec, at comparatively southerly latitudes, winters are severe in inland areas. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995. Although neither passed, the 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, and only failed by less than 1%. In 2006, the House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace, information and communication technologies, biotechnology, and the pharmaceutical industry also play leading roles. These many industries have all contributed to helping Quebec become an economically influential province within Canada, second only to Ontario in economic output.
  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by the province of New Brunswick and the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division; only the territory of Nunavut is larger. It is historically and politically considered to be part of Central Canada (with Ontario). Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada, after Ontario. It is the only one to have a predominantly French-speaking population, with French as the sole provincial official language. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital. Approximately half of Quebec residents live in the Greater Montreal Area, including the Island of Montreal. English-speaking communities and English-language institutions are concentrated in the west of the island of Montreal but are also significantly present in the Outaouais, Eastern Townships, and Gaspé regions. The Nord-du-Québec region, occupying the northern half of the province, is sparsely populated and inhabited primarily by Aboriginal peoples. The climate around the major cities is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters combined with warm to hot humid summers, but farther north long winter seasons dominate and as a result the northern areas of the province are marked by tundra conditions. Even in central Quebec, at comparatively southerly latitudes, winters are severe in inland areas. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995. Although neither passed, the 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, and only failed by less than 1%. In 2006, the House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace, information and communication technologies, biotechnology, and the pharmaceutical industry also play leading roles. The province's economic output was CA$439.3 billion in 2018, almost 20 percent of the Canada's total gross domestic product.
  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by the province of New Brunswick and the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division; only the territory of Nunavut is larger. It is historically and politically considered to be part of Central Canada (with Ontario). Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada, after Ontario. It is the only one to have a predominantly French-speaking population, with French as the sole provincial official language. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital. Approximately half of Quebec residents live in the Greater Montreal Area, including the Island of Montreal. English-speaking communities and English-language institutions are concentrated in the west of the island of Montreal but are also significantly present in the Outaouais, Eastern Townships, and Gaspé regions. The Nord-du-Québec region, occupying the northern half of the province, is sparsely populated and inhabited primarily by Aboriginal peoples. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995. Although neither passed, the 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, and only failed by less than 1%. In 2006, the House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace, information and communication technologies, biotechnology, and the pharmaceutical industry also play leading roles. The province's economic output was CA$439.3 billion in 2018, almost 20 percent of the Canada's total gross domestic product. The climate around the major cities is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters combined with warm to hot humid summers, but farther north long winter seasons dominate and as a result the northern areas of the province are marked by tundra conditions. Even in central Quebec, at comparatively southerly latitudes, winters are severe in inland areas.
  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by the province of New Brunswick and the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division; only the territory of Nunavut is larger. Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada, after Ontario. It is the only one to have a predominantly French-speaking population, with French as the sole provincial official language. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital. Approximately half of Quebec residents live in the Greater Montreal Area, including the Island of Montreal. English-speaking communities and English-language institutions are concentrated in the west of the island of Montreal but are also significantly present in the Outaouais, Eastern Townships, and Gaspé regions. The Nord-du-Québec region, occupying the northern half of the province, is sparsely populated and inhabited primarily by Aboriginal peoples. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995. Although neither passed, the 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, and only failed by less than 1%. In 2006, the House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace, information and communication technologies, biotechnology, and the pharmaceutical industry also play leading roles. The province's economic output was CA$439.3 billion in 2018, almost 20 percent of the Canada's total gross domestic product. The climate around the major cities is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters combined with warm to hot humid summers, but farther north long winter seasons dominate and as a result the northern areas of the province are marked by tundra conditions. Even in central Quebec, at comparatively southerly latitudes, winters are severe in inland areas.
  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by the province of New Brunswick and the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division; only the territory of Nunavut is larger. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995. Although neither passed, the 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, and only failed by less than 1%. In 2006, the House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada, after Ontario. It is the only one to have a predominantly French-speaking population, with French as the sole provincial official language. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital. Approximately half of Quebec residents live in the Greater Montreal Area, including the Island of Montreal. English-speaking communities and English-language institutions are concentrated in the west of the island of Montreal but are also significantly present in the Outaouais, Eastern Townships, and Gaspé regions. The Nord-du-Québec region, occupying the northern half of the province, is sparsely populated and inhabited primarily by Aboriginal peoples. While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace, information and communication technologies, biotechnology, and the pharmaceutical industry also play leading roles. The province's economic output was CA$439.3 billion in 2018, almost 20 percent of the Canada's total gross domestic product. The climate around the major cities is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters combined with warm to hot humid summers, but farther north long winter seasons dominate and as a result the northern areas of the province are marked by tundra conditions. Even in central Quebec, at comparatively southerly latitudes, winters are severe in inland areas.
  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is a recognized nation within Canada and one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by the province of New Brunswick and the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division; only the territory of Nunavut is larger. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995. Although neither passed, the 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, and only failed by less than 1%. In 2006, the House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada, after Ontario. It is the only one to have a predominantly French-speaking population, with French as the sole provincial official language. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital. Approximately half of Quebec residents live in the Greater Montreal Area, including the Island of Montreal. English-speaking communities and English-language institutions are concentrated in the west of the island of Montreal but are also significantly present in the Outaouais, Eastern Townships, and Gaspé regions. The Nord-du-Québec region, occupying the northern half of the province, is sparsely populated and inhabited primarily by Aboriginal peoples. While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace, information and communication technologies, biotechnology, and the pharmaceutical industry also play leading roles. The province's economic output was CA$439.3 billion in 2018, almost 20 percent of the Canada's total gross domestic product. The climate around the major cities is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters combined with warm to hot humid summers, but farther north long winter seasons dominate and as a result the northern areas of the province are marked by tundra conditions. Even in central Quebec, at comparatively southerly latitudes, winters are severe in inland areas.
  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is a recognized nation within Canada and one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by the province of New Brunswick and the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division; only the territory of Nunavut is larger. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995. Although neither passed, the 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, and only failed by less than 1%. In 2006, the House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada, after Ontario. It is the only one to have a predominantly French-speaking population, with French as the sole provincial official language. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital. Approximately half of Quebec residents live in the Greater Montreal Area and the Island of Montreal. English-speaking Quebecers and English-language institutions are mostly concentrated in the west of the island of Montreal. The island of Montreal also houses most of the allophone population. The Nord-du-Québec region, occupying the northern half of the province, is sparsely populated and inhabited primarily by Aboriginal peoples. While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace, information and communication technologies, biotechnology, and the pharmaceutical industry also play leading roles. The province's economic output was CA$439.3 billion in 2018, almost 20 percent of the Canada's total gross domestic product. The climate around the major cities is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters combined with warm to hot humid summers, but farther north long winter seasons dominate and as a result the northern areas of the province are marked by tundra conditions. Even in central Quebec, at comparatively southerly latitudes, winters are severe in inland areas.
  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is a recognized nation within Canada and one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by the province of New Brunswick and the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division; only the territory of Nunavut is larger. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995. Although neither passed, the 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, and only failed by less than 1%. In 2006, the House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada, after Ontario. It is the only one to have a predominantly French-speaking population, with French as the sole official language. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital. Approximately half of Quebec residents live in the Greater Montreal Area and the Island of Montreal. English-speaking Quebecers and English-language institutions are mostly concentrated in the west of the island of Montreal. The island of Montreal also houses most of the allophone population. The Nord-du-Québec region, occupying the northern half of the province, is sparsely populated and inhabited primarily by Aboriginal peoples. While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace, information and communication technologies, biotechnology, and the pharmaceutical industry also play leading roles. The province's economic output was CA$439.3 billion in 2018, almost 20 percent of the Canada's total gross domestic product. The climate around the major cities is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters combined with warm to hot humid summers, but farther north long winter seasons dominate and as a result the northern areas of the province are marked by tundra conditions. Even in central Quebec, at comparatively southerly latitudes, winters are severe in inland areas.
  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is a recognized nation within Canada and one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by the province of New Brunswick and the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division; only the territory of Nunavut is larger. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995. Although neither passed, the 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, and only failed by less than 1%. In 2006, the House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada, after Ontario. It is the only one to have a predominantly French-speaking population, with French as the sole official language. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital. Approximately half of Quebec residents live in the Greater Montreal Area and the Island of Montreal. The island of Montreal houses most of the allophone and anglophone population, as well as most English-language institutions. The Nord-du-Québec region, occupying the northern half of the province, is sparsely populated and inhabited primarily by Aboriginal peoples. While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace, information and communication technologies, biotechnology, and the pharmaceutical industry also play leading roles. The province's economic output was CA$439.3 billion in 2018, almost 20 percent of the Canada's total gross domestic product. The climate around the major cities is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters combined with warm to hot humid summers, but farther north long winter seasons dominate and as a result the northern areas of the province are marked by tundra conditions. Even in central Quebec, at comparatively southerly latitudes, winters are severe in inland areas.
  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by the province of New Brunswick and the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division; only the territory of Nunavut is larger. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995. Although neither passed, the 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, and only failed by less than 1%. In 2006, the House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada, after Ontario. It is the only one to have a predominantly French-speaking population, with French as the sole official language. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital. Approximately half of Quebec residents live in the Greater Montreal Area and the Island of Montreal. The island of Montreal houses most of the allophone and anglophone population, as well as most English-language institutions. The Nord-du-Québec region, occupying the northern half of the province, is sparsely populated and inhabited primarily by Aboriginal peoples. While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace, information and communication technologies, biotechnology, and the pharmaceutical industry also play leading roles. The province's economic output was CA$439.3 billion in 2018, almost 20 percent of the Canada's total gross domestic product. The climate around the major cities is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters combined with warm to hot humid summers, but farther north long winter seasons dominate and as a result the northern areas of the province are marked by tundra conditions. Even in central Quebec, at comparatively southerly latitudes, winters are severe in inland areas.
  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. Quebec itself is said by many to be a nation. This statement is supported by many people, including politicians like Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, and the Canadian House of Commons as a result of a symbolic motion passed in 2006 which states "That this House recognizes that the Quebecois form a nation within a united Canada". Linguistic and cultural differences, as well as vague definitions, have resulted in different interpretations of the 2006 motion, which themselves constitute a source of tension in discussions about the status of Quebec. There exists differences between the terms "nation" and "country" as well as "Québécois" and "Quebecer" that are often misunderstood. All of these terms also have different definitions in French. For example, "country" in French is a more flexible term that can either refer to a region, the territory of a nation or a sovereign entity. The word "nation" in French refers to a group of people living on the same territory whom constitue a political entity and whom are aware of their shared history, culture and values. Finally, in English, "Québécois" refers solely to residents of Quebec with French Canadian ancestry and "Quebecer" is any resident of Quebec. In French, "Québécois" refers generally to residents and the word "Quebecer" doesn't exist. Quebec is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by the province of New Brunswick and the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division; only the territory of Nunavut is larger. The climate around the major cities is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters combined with warm to hot humid summers, but farther north long winter seasons dominate and as a result the northern areas of the province are marked by tundra conditions. Even in central Quebec, at comparatively southerly latitudes, winters are severe in inland areas. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995. Although neither passed, the 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, and only failed by less than 1%. In 2006, the House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada, after Ontario. It is the only one to have a predominantly French-speaking population, with French as the sole official language. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital. Approximately half of Quebec residents live in the Greater Montreal Area and the Island of Montreal. The island of Montreal houses most of the allophone and anglophone population, as well as most English-language institutions. The Nord-du-Québec region, occupying the northern half of the province, is sparsely populated and inhabited primarily by Aboriginal peoples. While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace, information and communication technologies, biotechnology, and the pharmaceutical industry also play leading roles. The province's economic output was CA$439.3 billion in 2018, almost 20 percent of the Canada's total gross domestic product.
  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. Quebec itself is said by many to be a nation. This statement is supported by many people, including politicians like Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, and the Canadian House of Commons as a result of a symbolic motion passed in 2006 which states "That this House recognizes that the Quebecois form a nation within a united Canada". Linguistic and cultural differences, as well as vague definitions, have resulted in different interpretations of the 2006 motion, which themselves constitute a source of tension in discussions about the status of Quebec. There exists differences between the terms "nation" and "country" as well as "Québécois" and "Quebecer" that are often misunderstood. All of these terms also have different definitions in French. For example, "country" in French is a more flexible term that can either refer to a region, the territory of a nation or a sovereign entity. The word "nation" in French refers to a group of people living on the same territory whom constitute a political entity and whom are aware of their shared history, culture and values. Finally, in English, "Québécois" refers solely to residents of Quebec with French Canadian ancestry and "Quebecer" is any resident of Quebec. In French, "Québécois" refers generally to residents and the word "Quebecer" doesn't exist. Quebec is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by the province of New Brunswick and the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division; only the territory of Nunavut is larger. The climate around the major cities is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters combined with warm to hot humid summers, but farther north long winter seasons dominate and as a result the northern areas of the province are marked by tundra conditions. Even in central Quebec, at comparatively southerly latitudes, winters are severe in inland areas. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995. Although neither passed, the 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, and only failed by less than 1%. In 2006, the House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada, after Ontario. It is the only one to have a predominantly French-speaking population, with French as the sole official language. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital. Approximately half of Quebec residents live in the Greater Montreal Area and the Island of Montreal. The island of Montreal houses most of the allophone and anglophone population, as well as most English-language institutions. The Nord-du-Québec region, occupying the northern half of the province, is sparsely populated and inhabited primarily by Aboriginal peoples. While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace, information and communication technologies, biotechnology, and the pharmaceutical industry also play leading roles. The province's economic output was CA$439.3 billion in 2018, almost 20 percent of the Canada's total gross domestic product.
  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by the province of New Brunswick and the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division; only the territory of Nunavut is larger. Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada, after Ontario. It is the only one to have a predominantly French-speaking population, with French as the sole official language. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital. Approximately half of Quebec residents live in the Greater Montreal Area and the Island of Montreal. The island of Montreal houses most of the allophone and anglophone population, as well as most English-language institutions. The Nord-du-Québec region, occupying the northern half of the province, is sparsely populated and inhabited primarily by Aboriginal peoples. While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace, information and communication technologies, biotechnology, and the pharmaceutical industry also play leading roles. The province's economic output was CA$439.3 billion in 2018, almost 20 percent of the Canada's total gross domestic product. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995. Although neither passed, the 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, and only failed by less than 1%. In 2006, the House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". The climate around the major cities is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters combined with warm to hot humid summers, but farther north long winter seasons dominate and as a result the northern areas of the province are marked by tundra conditions. Even in central Quebec, at comparatively southerly latitudes, winters are severe in inland areas.
  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by the province of New Brunswick and the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division; only the territory of Nunavut is larger. Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada, after Ontario. It is the only one to have a predominantly French-speaking population, with French as the sole official language. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital. Approximately half of Quebec residents live in the Greater Montreal Area and the Island of Montreal. The island of Montreal houses most of the allophone and anglophone population, as well as most English-language institutions. The Nord-du-Québec region, occupying the northern half of the province, is sparsely populated and inhabited primarily by Aboriginal peoples. While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace, information and communication technologies, biotechnology, and the pharmaceutical industry also play leading roles. The province's economic output was CA$439.3 billion in 2018, almost 20 percent of the Canada's total gross domestic product. The climate around the major cities is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters combined with warm to hot humid summers, but farther north long winter seasons dominate and as a result the northern areas of the province are marked by tundra conditions. Even in central Quebec, at comparatively southerly latitudes, winters are severe in inland areas. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995. Although neither passed, the 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, and only failed by less than 1%. In 2006, the House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada".
  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by the province of New Brunswick and the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division; only the territory of Nunavut is larger. Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada, after Ontario. It is the only one to have a predominantly French-speaking population, with French as the sole official language. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital. Approximately half of Quebec residents live in the Greater Montreal Area and the Island of Montreal. The island of Montreal houses most of the allophone and anglophone population, as well as most English-language institutions. The Nord-du-Québec region, occupying the northern half of the province, is sparsely populated and inhabited primarily by Aboriginal peoples. While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace, information and communication technologies, biotechnology, and the pharmaceutical industry also play leading roles. The province's economic output was CA$439.3 billion in 2018, almost 20 percent of Canada's total gross domestic product. The climate around the major cities is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters combined with warm to hot humid summers, but farther north long winter seasons dominate and as a result the northern areas of the province are marked by tundra conditions. Even in central Quebec, at comparatively southerly latitudes, winters are severe in inland areas. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995. Although neither passed, the 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, and only failed by less than 1%. In 2006, the House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada".
  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by the province of New Brunswick and the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division; only the territory of Nunavut is larger. Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada, after Ontario. It is the only one to have a predominantly French-speaking population, with French as the sole official language. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital. Approximately half of Quebec residents live in the Greater Montreal Area and the Island of Montreal. The island of Montreal houses most of the allophone and anglophone population, as well as most English-language institutions. The Nord-du-Québec region, occupying the northern half of the province, is sparsely populated and inhabited primarily by Aboriginal peoples. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995. Although neither passed, the 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, and only failed by less than 1%. In 2006, the House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace, information and communication technologies, biotechnology, and the pharmaceutical industry also play leading roles. The province's economic output was CA$439.3 billion in 2018, almost 20 percent of Canada's total gross domestic product. The climate around the major cities is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters combined with warm to hot humid summers, but farther north long winter seasons dominate and as a result the northern areas of the province are marked by tundra conditions. Even in central Quebec, at comparatively southerly latitudes, winters are very cold in inland areas.
  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by Ontario, James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by New Brunswick and the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division. Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada, after Ontario. It is the only one to have a predominantly French-speaking population, with French as the sole official language. In 2016, the total Québécois population with French as their native language was 79.1%. In contrast, it was 8.9 % for English. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital. Approximately half of Quebec residents live in the Greater Montreal Area and the Island of Montreal. The island of Montreal houses most of the allophone and anglophone population, as well as most English-language institutions. The Nord-du-Québec region, occupying the northern half of the province, is sparsely populated and inhabited primarily by Aboriginal peoples. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995. Although neither passed, the 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, and only failed by less than 1%. In 2006, the House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". Between 1534 and 1763, Quebec was called Canada and it was the most developped colony in New France. Following the Seven Year's War, Quebec became a British colony in the British Empire. It remained as such from 1763 to 1867, first as the Province of Quebec (1763-1791), then as Lower Canada (1791-1841) before becoming Canada East (1841-1867) as a result of the Lower Canada Rebellion. It was, finally, incorporated into the Confederation of Canada in 1867. Until the early 1960s, the Catholic Church played a large role in the development of social and cultural institutions in Quebec. However, in the 1960s, the Quiet Revolution increased the role of the government of Quebec in controlling political, social and future development of the state of Quebec.. While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace, information and communication technologies, biotechnology, and the pharmaceutical industry also play leading roles. The province's economic output was CA$439.3 billion in 2018, almost 20 percent of Canada's total gross domestic product. The climate around the major cities is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters combined with warm to hot humid summers, but farther north long winter seasons dominate and as a result the northern areas of the province are marked by tundra conditions. Even in central Quebec, at comparatively southerly latitudes, winters are very cold in inland areas.
  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by Ontario, James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by New Brunswick and the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division. Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada, after Ontario. It is the only one to have a predominantly French-speaking population, with French as the sole official language. In 2016, the total Québécois population with French as their native language was 79.1%. In contrast, it was 8.9 % for English. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital. Approximately half of Quebec residents live in the Greater Montreal Area and the Island of Montreal. The island of Montreal houses most of the allophone and anglophone population, as well as most English-language institutions. The Nord-du-Québec region, occupying the northern half of the province, is sparsely populated and inhabited primarily by Aboriginal peoples. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995. Although neither passed, the 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, and only failed by less than 1%. In 2006, the House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion, in quasi-unanimity, recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". Between 1534 and 1763, Quebec was called Canada and it was the most developped colony in New France. Following the Seven Year's War, Quebec became a British colony in the British Empire. It remained as such from 1763 to 1867, first as the Province of Quebec (1763-1791), then as Lower Canada (1791-1841) before becoming Canada East (1841-1867) as a result of the Lower Canada Rebellion. It was, finally, incorporated into the Confederation of Canada in 1867. Until the early 1960s, the Catholic Church played a large role in the development of social and cultural institutions in Quebec. However, in the 1960s, the Quiet Revolution increased the role of the government of Quebec in controlling political, social and future development of the state of Quebec.. Unlike in the rest of Canada, law in Quebec is mixed. The private law is exercised under a civil law system, and public law is exercised under a common law system. While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace, information and communication technologies, biotechnology, and the pharmaceutical industry also play leading roles. The province's economic output was CA$439.3 billion in 2018, almost 20 percent of Canada's total gross domestic product. The climate around the major cities is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters combined with warm to hot humid summers, but farther north long winter seasons dominate and as a result the northern areas of the province are marked by tundra conditions. Even in central Quebec, at comparatively southerly latitudes, winters are very cold in inland areas.
  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by Ontario, James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by New Brunswick and the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division. Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada, after Ontario. It is the only one to have a predominantly French-speaking population, with French as the sole official language and with French being spoken by 94.6% of the population. In 2016, the total Québécois population with French as their native language was 79.1%. In contrast, it was 8.9 % for English. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital. Approximately half of Quebec residents live in the Greater Montreal Area and the Island of Montreal. The island of Montreal houses most of the allophone and anglophone population, as well as most English-language institutions. The Nord-du-Québec region, occupying the northern half of the province, is sparsely populated and inhabited primarily by Aboriginal peoples. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995. Although neither passed, the 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, and only failed by less than 1%. In 2006, the House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion, in quasi-unanimity, recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". Between 1534 and 1763, Quebec was called Canada and it was the most developped colony in New France. Following the Seven Year's War, Quebec became a British colony in the British Empire. It remained as such from 1763 to 1867, first as the Province of Quebec (1763-1791), then as Lower Canada (1791-1841) before becoming Canada East (1841-1867) as a result of the Lower Canada Rebellion. It was, finally, incorporated into the Confederation of Canada in 1867. Until the early 1960s, the Catholic Church played a large role in the development of social and cultural institutions in Quebec. However, in the 1960s, the Quiet Revolution increased the role of the government of Quebec in controlling political, social and future developments of the state of Quebec.. Unlike in the rest of Canada, law in Quebec is mixed. The private law is exercised under a civil law system, and public law is exercised under a common law system. While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace, information and communication technologies, biotechnology, and the pharmaceutical industry also play leading roles. The province's economic output was CA$439.3 billion in 2018, almost 20 percent of Canada's total gross domestic product. The climate around the major cities is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters combined with warm to hot humid summers, but farther north long winter seasons dominate and as a result the northern areas of the province are marked by tundra conditions. Even in central Quebec, at comparatively southerly latitudes, winters are very cold in inland areas.
  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. The House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion in 2006, in quasi-unanimity, recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". Quebec is bordered to the west by Ontario, James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by New Brunswick, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division. The climate in the south is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters, and warm to hot humid summers. In the north, there are long winters and tundra dominates. Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada, after Ontario. It is the only one to have a predominantly French-speaking population, with French as the sole official language and with French being spoken by 94.6% of the population. In 2016, the total Québécois population with French as their native language was 79.1%. In contrast, it was 8.9 % for English. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City. Approximately half of residents live in the Greater Montreal Area. The island of Montreal houses most of the allophone and anglophone population. The Nord-du-Québec region is sparsely populated and inhabited primarily by First Nations. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Québécois political culture mostly differs on a federalist-vs-nationlist continuum instead of a left-vs-right continuum. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995. Although neither passed, the 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, and only failed by less than 1%. Between 1534 and 1763, Quebec was called Canada and it was the most developped colony in New France. Following the Seven Year's War, Quebec became a British colony in the British Empire. It remained as such from 1763 to 1867, first as the Province of Quebec (1763-1791), then as Lower Canada (1791-1841) before becoming Canada East (1841-1867) as a result of the Lower Canada Rebellion. It was, finally, incorporated into the Confederation of Canada in 1867. Until the early 1960s, the Catholic Church played a large role in the development of social and cultural institutions in Quebec. However, in the 1960s, the Quiet Revolution increased the role of the government of Quebec in controlling political, social and future developments of the state of Quebec.. Unlike in the rest of Canada, law in Quebec is mixed. The private law is exercised under a civil law system, and public law is exercised under a common law system. Quebec is the biggest society of French America and a center for artistic creations. The province has generated a large catalogue of its own literature, music, cinema, folklore, festivals and art among other productions. Quebec is well-known for its comedy shows and for the being the province from which hockey became popular. Quebec also has its own cuisine. While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace, information and communication technologies, biotechnology, and the pharmaceutical industry also play leading roles. The province's economic output was CA$439.3 billion in 2018, almost 20 percent of Canada's total gross domestic product.
  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. The House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion in 2006, in quasi-unanimity, recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". Quebec is bordered to the west by Ontario, James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by New Brunswick, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont and New York. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area. The climate in the south is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters, and warm to hot humid summers. In the north, the winters are long and tundra dominates. Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada. It is the only one with French as the sole official language and with a predominantly -94.6%- French-speaking population. In 2016, the total Québécois population with French as their native language was 79.1%. In contrast, it was 8.9 % for English. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City. Approximately half of residents live in the Greater Montreal Area. The island of Montreal houses most of the allophone and anglophone population. The Nord-du-Québec region is sparsely populated and inhabited primarily by First Nations. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Québécois political culture mostly differs on a federalist-vs-nationlist continuum instead of a left-vs-right continuum. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995. The 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, and only failed by 0.6%. Between 1534 and 1763, Quebec was called Canada and it was the most developped colony in New France. Following the Seven Year's War, Quebec became a British colony in the British Empire. It remained as such from 1763 to 1867, first as the Province of Quebec (1763-1791), then as Lower Canada (1791-1841) before becoming Canada East (1841-1867) as a result of the Lower Canada Rebellion. It was, finally, incorporated into the Confederation of Canada in 1867. Until the early 1960s, the Catholic Church played a large role in the development of social and cultural institutions in Quebec. However, in the 1960s, the Quiet Revolution increased the role of the government of Quebec in controlling political, social and future developments of the state of Quebec. Unlike in the rest of Canada, law in Quebec is mixed. The private law is exercised under a civil law system, and public law is exercised under a common law system. Quebec is the biggest society of French America and a center for artistic creations. The province has generated a large catalogue of its own literature, music, cinema, folklore, festivals and art among other productions. Quebec is well-known for its comedy shows and for the being the province from which hockey became popular. Quebec also has its own cuisine. While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace, information and communication technologies, biotechnology, and the pharmaceutical industry also play leading roles. The province's economic output was CA$439.3 billion in 2018, almost 20 percent of Canada's total gross domestic product.
  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. The House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion in 2006, in quasi-unanimity, recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". Quebec is bordered to the west by Ontario, James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by New Brunswick, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont and New York. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area. The climate in the south is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters, and warm to hot humid summers. In the north, the winters are long and tundra dominates. Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada. It is the only one with French as the sole official language and with a predominantly -94.6%- French-speaking population. In 2016, the total Québécois population with French as their native language was 79.1%. In contrast, it was 8.9 % for English. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City. Approximately half of residents live in the Greater Montreal Area. The island of Montreal houses most of the allophone and anglophone population. The Nord-du-Québec region is sparsely populated and inhabited primarily by First Nations. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Québécois political culture mostly differs on a federalist-vs-nationalist continuum instead of a left-vs-right continuum. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995. The 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, and only failed by 0.6%. Between 1534 and 1763, Quebec was called Canada and it was the most developped colony in New France. Following the Seven Year's War, Quebec became a British colony in the British Empire. It remained as such from 1763 to 1867, first as the Province of Quebec (1763-1791), then as Lower Canada (1791-1841) before becoming Canada East (1841-1867) as a result of the Lower Canada Rebellion. It was, finally, incorporated into the Confederation of Canada in 1867. Until the early 1960s, the Catholic Church played a large role in the development of social and cultural institutions in Quebec. However, in the 1960s, the Quiet Revolution increased the role of the government of Quebec in controlling political, social and future developments of the state of Quebec. Unlike in the rest of Canada, law in Quebec is mixed. The private law is exercised under a civil law system, and public law is exercised under a common law system. Quebec is the biggest society of French America and a center for artistic creations. The province has generated a large catalogue of its own literature, music, cinema, folklore, festivals and art among other productions. Quebec is well-known for its comedy shows and for the being the province from which hockey became popular. Quebec also has its own cuisine. While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace, information and communication technologies, biotechnology, and the pharmaceutical industry also play leading roles. The province's economic output was CA$439.3 billion in 2018, almost 20 percent of Canada's total gross domestic product.
  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. The House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion in 2006, in quasi-unanimity, recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". Quebec is bordered to the west by Ontario, James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by New Brunswick, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont and New York. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area. The climate in the south is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters, and warm to hot humid summers. In the north, the winters are long and tundra dominates. Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada. It is the only one with French as the sole official language and with a predominantly -94.6%- French-speaking population. In 2016, the total Québécois population with French as their native language was 79.1%. In contrast, it was 8.9 % for English. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City. Approximately half of residents live in the Greater Montreal Area. The island of Montreal houses most of the allophone and anglophone population. The Nord-du-Québec region is sparsely populated and inhabited primarily by First Nations. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Québécois political culture mostly differs on a federalist-vs-nationalist continuum instead of a left-vs-right continuum. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995. The 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, and only failed by 0.6%. Between 1534 and 1763, Quebec was called Canada and it was the most developped colony in New France. Following the Seven Years' War, Quebec became a British colony in the British Empire. It remained as such from 1763 to 1867, first as the Province of Quebec (1763-1791), then as Lower Canada (1791-1841) before becoming Canada East (1841-1867) as a result of the Lower Canada Rebellion. It was, finally, incorporated into the Confederation of Canada in 1867. Until the early 1960s, the Catholic Church played a large role in the development of social and cultural institutions in Quebec. However, in the 1960s, the Quiet Revolution increased the role of the government of Quebec in controlling political, social and future developments of the state of Quebec. Unlike in the rest of Canada, law in Quebec is mixed. The private law is exercised under a civil law system, and public law is exercised under a common law system. Quebec is the biggest society of French America and a center for artistic creations. The province has generated a large catalogue of its own literature, music, cinema, folklore, festivals and art among other productions. Quebec is well-known for its comedy shows and for the being the province from which hockey became popular. Quebec also has its own cuisine. While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace, information and communication technologies, biotechnology, and the pharmaceutical industry also play leading roles. The province's economic output was CA$439.3 billion in 2018, almost 20 percent of Canada's total gross domestic product.
  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. The House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion in 2006, in quasi-unanimity, recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". Quebec is bordered to the west by Ontario, James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by New Brunswick, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont and New York. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area. The climate in the south is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters, and warm to hot humid summers. In the north, the winters are long and tundra dominates. Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada. It is the only one with French as the sole official language and with a predominantly -94.6%- French-speaking population. In 2016, the total Québécois population with French as their native language was 79.1%. In contrast, it was 8.9 % for English. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City. Approximately half of residents live in the Greater Montreal Area. The island of Montreal houses most of the allophone and anglophone population. The Nord-du-Québec region is sparsely populated and inhabited primarily by First Nations. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Québécois political culture mostly differs on a federalist-vs-nationalist continuum instead of a left-vs-right continuum. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995. The 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, and only failed by 0.6%. Between 1534 and 1763, Quebec was called Canada and it was the most developped colony in New France. Following the Seven Years' War, Quebec became a British colony in the British Empire. It remained as such from 1763 to 1867, first as the Province of Quebec (1763-1791), then as Lower Canada (1791-1841) before becoming Canada East (1841-1867) as a result of the Lower Canada Rebellion. It was, finally, incorporated into the Confederation of Canada in 1867. Until the early 1960s, the Catholic Church played a large role in the development of social and cultural institutions in Quebec. However, the Quiet Revolution, in the 1960s, increased the role of the government of Quebec in controlling political, social and future developments of the state of Quebec. Unlike in the rest of Canada, law in Quebec is mixed. The private law is exercised under a civil law system, and public law is exercised under a common law system. Quebec society's cohesion and specificity is based on the Quebec Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms, the Charter of the French Language and the Civil Code of Quebec. Quebec is the biggest society of French America and a center for artistic creations. The province has generated a large catalogue of its own literature, music, cinema, folklore, festivals and art among other productions. Quebec is well-known for its comedy shows and for the being the province from which hockey became popular. Quebec also has its own cuisine. While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace, information and communication technologies, biotechnology, and the pharmaceutical industry also play leading roles. The province's economic output was CA$439.3 billion in 2018, almost 20 percent of Canada's total gross domestic product.
  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. The House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion in 2006, in quasi-unanimity, recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". Quebec is bordered to the west by Ontario, James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by New Brunswick, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont and New York. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area. The climate in the south is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters, and hot humid summers. In the north, the winters are long and tundra dominates. Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada. It is the only one with French as the sole official language and with a predominantly -94.6%- French-speaking populace. In 2016, the total Québécois population with French as their native language was 79.1%. In contrast, it was 8.9 % for English. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City. Approximately half of residents live in the Greater Montreal Area. The island of Montreal houses most of the allophone and anglophone population. The Nord-du-Québec region is sparsely populated and mostly inhabited by First Nations. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Québécois political culture mostly differs on a federalist-vs-nationalist continuum instead of a left-vs-right continuum. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995. The 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, and only failed by 0.6%. Between 1534 and 1763, Quebec was called Canada and it was the most developped colony in New France. Following the Seven Years' War, Quebec became a British colony in the British Empire. It remained as such from 1763 to 1867, first as the Province of Quebec (1763-1791), then as Lower Canada (1791-1841) before becoming Canada East (1841-1867) as a result of the Lower Canada Rebellion. It was, finally, incorporated into the Confederation of Canada in 1867. Until the early 1960s, the Catholic Church played a large role in the development of social and cultural institutions in Quebec. However, in the 1960s, the Quiet Revolution increased the role of the government of Quebec in controlling political, social and future developments of the state of Quebec. Unlike in the rest of Canada, law in Quebec is mixed. The private law is exercised under a civil law system, and public law is exercised under a common law system. Quebec society's cohesion and specificity is based on the Quebec Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms, the Charter of the French Language and the Civil Code of Quebec. Quebec is the biggest society of French America and a center for artistic creations. The province has generated a large catalogue of its own literature, music, cinema, folklore, festivals and art among other productions. Quebec is well-known for its comedy shows and for the being the province from which hockey became popular. Quebec also has its own cuisine. While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace, information and communication technologies, biotechnology, and the pharmaceutical industry also play leading roles. The province's economic output was CA$439.3 billion in 2018, almost 20 percent of Canada's total gross domestic product.
  • Quebec ( (); French: Québec [kebɛk] ()) is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. The House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion in 2006, in quasi-unanimity, recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". Quebec is bordered to the west by Ontario, James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by New Brunswick, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont and New York. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area. The climate in the south is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters, and hot humid summers. In the north, the winters are long and tundra dominates. Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada. It is the only one with French as the sole official language and with a predominantly -94.6%- French-speaking populace. In 2016, the total Québécois population with French as their native language was 79.1%. In contrast, it was 8.9 % for English. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City. Approximately half of residents live in the Greater Montreal Area. The island of Montreal houses most of the allophone and anglophone population. The Nord-du-Québec region is sparsely populated and mostly inhabited by First Nations. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Québécois political culture mostly differs on a federalist-vs-nationalist continuum instead of a left-vs-right continuum. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995. The 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, and only failed by 0.6%. Between 1534 and 1763, Quebec was called Canada and it was the most developped colony in New France. Following the Seven Years' War, Quebec became a British colony in the British Empire. It remained as such from 1763 to 1867, first as the Province of Quebec (1763-1791), then as Lower Canada (1791-1841) before becoming Canada East (1841-1867) as a result of the Lower Canada Rebellion. It was, finally, incorporated into the Confederation of Canada in 1867. Until the early 1960s, the Catholic Church played a large role in the development of social and cultural institutions in Quebec. However, in the 1960s, the Quiet Revolution increased the role of the government of Quebec in controlling political, social and future developments of the state of Quebec. Unlike in the rest of Canada, law in Quebec is mixed. The private law is exercised under a civil law system, and public law is exercised under a common law system. Quebec society's cohesion and specificity is based on the Quebec Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms, the Charter of the French Language and the Civil Code of Quebec. Quebec is the biggest society of French America and a center for artistic creations. The province has generated a large catalogue of its own literature, music, cinema, folklore, festivals and art among other productions. Quebec also has its own cuisine. Quebec is well-known for its comedy shows, producing most -72%- of the world's maple syrup, and making hockey popular in Canada. While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace, information and communication technologies, biotechnology, and the pharmaceutical industry also play leading roles. The province's economic output was CA$439.3 billion in 2018, almost 20 percent of Canada's total gross domestic product.
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