The Arauco War was a long-running conflict between colonial Spaniards and the Mapuche people, mostly fought in the Araucanía. The conflict begun at first as a reaction to the Spanish conquest attempt establishing cities and forcing Mapuches into servitude. It subsequently evolved over time into phases of low intensity warfare, drawn-out sieges, slave-hunting expeditions, pillaging raids, punitive expeditions and renewed Spanish attempts to secure lost territories. Abduction of women and war rape was common on both sides.

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dbo:abstract
  • The Arauco War was a long-running conflict between colonial Spaniards and the Mapuche people, mostly fought in the Araucanía. The conflict begun at first as a reaction to the Spanish conquest attempt establishing cities and forcing Mapuches into servitude. It subsequently evolved over time into phases of low intensity warfare, drawn-out sieges, slave-hunting expeditions, pillaging raids, punitive expeditions and renewed Spanish attempts to secure lost territories. Abduction of women and war rape was common on both sides. After many initial Spanish successes in penetrating Mapuche territory, the Battle of Curalaba in 1598 and the following destruction of the Seven Cities marked a turning point in the war leading to the establishment of a clear frontier between the Spanish domains and the land of the independent Mapuche. From the 17th to the late 18th century a series of parliaments were held between royal governors and Mapuche lonkos and the war devolved to sporadic pillaging carried out by Spanish soldiers as well as Mapuches and outlaws. The Chilean War of Independence brought new hostilities to the frontier, with different factions of Spaniards, Chileans and Mapuches fighting for independence, royalism or personal gain. Mapuche independence finally ended with the Chilean occupation of Araucanía between 1861 and 1883. The modern Mapuche conflict is partially inspired by the Arauco War. (en)
dbo:combatant
  • ----
  • Dutch Republic
  • *Viceroyalty of Peru
  • *Captaincy General of Chile
  • (1599–1600;1643)
  • * Araucanians
  • * other groups
  • Mapuche allied tribes
  • *Cuncos
  • *Huilliches
  • *Pehuenches
  • 23pxMapuchetribes
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dbo:result
  • * Failure of the Spanish evangelization strategy.
  • * Sustained demographic decline of the Mapuche tribes by contact with the Spanish.
  • * Spanish Empire renounces the domination of the territories south of the
  • Mapuche tribes victory
  • * Changes and adaptations in the organization and technology of the Mapuche tribes.
dbo:strength
  • Indian auxiliaries
  • * Local detachments and recruits from other regions (1557–1604)
  • *Conquerorscompanies (1546–1557)
  • Mapuche warriors
  • Spanish forces:
  • *Army of Arauco(1604 onward)
  • Spanish and mestizo renegades
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  • 2019-11-27 16:15:23Z (xsd:date)
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  • 2800682 (xsd:integer)
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dbo:wikiPageModified
  • 2019-11-27 16:15:18Z (xsd:date)
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  • 928218871 (xsd:integer)
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  • The Arauco War was a long-running conflict between colonial Spaniards and the Mapuche people, mostly fought in the Araucanía. The conflict begun at first as a reaction to the Spanish conquest attempt establishing cities and forcing Mapuches into servitude. It subsequently evolved over time into phases of low intensity warfare, drawn-out sieges, slave-hunting expeditions, pillaging raids, punitive expeditions and renewed Spanish attempts to secure lost territories. Abduction of women and war rape was common on both sides. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Arauco War (en)
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foaf:name
  • Arauco War (en)
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