Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of human activity through the recovery and analysis of material culture. The archaeological record consists of artifacts, architecture, biofacts or ecofacts and cultural landscapes. Archaeology can be considered both a social science and a branch of the humanities. In North America archaeology is a sub-field of anthropology, while in Europe it is often viewed as either a discipline in its own right or a sub-field of other disciplines.

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of human activity through the recovery and analysis of material culture. The archaeological record consists of artifacts, architecture, biofacts or ecofacts and cultural landscapes. Archaeology can be considered both a social science and a branch of the humanities. In North America archaeology is a sub-field of anthropology, while in Europe it is often viewed as either a discipline in its own right or a sub-field of other disciplines. Archaeologists study human prehistory and history, from the development of the first stone tools at Lomekwi in East Africa 3.3 million years ago up until recent decades. Archaeology is distinct from palaeontology, which is the study of fossil remains. It is particularly important for learning about prehistoric societies, for whom there may be no written records to study. Prehistory includes over 99% of the human past, from the Paleolithic until the advent of literacy in societies across the world. Archaeology has various goals, which range from understanding culture history to reconstructing past lifeways to documenting and explaining changes in human societies through time. The discipline involves surveying, excavation and eventually analysis of data collected to learn more about the past. In broad scope, archaeology relies on cross-disciplinary research. It draws upon anthropology, history, art history, classics, ethnology, geography, geology, literary history, linguistics, semiology, sociology, textual criticism, physics, information sciences, chemistry, statistics, paleoecology, paleography, paleontology, paleozoology, and paleobotany. Archaeology developed out of antiquarianism in Europe during the 19th century, and has since become a discipline practiced across the world. Archaeology has been used by nation-states to create particular visions of the past. Since its early development, various specific sub-disciplines of archaeology have developed, including maritime archaeology, feminist archaeology and archaeoastronomy, and numerous different scientific techniques have been developed to aid archaeological investigation. Nonetheless, today, archaeologists face many problems, such as dealing with pseudoarchaeology, the looting of artifacts, a lack of public interest, and opposition to the excavation of human remains. (en)
dbo:thumbnail
dbo:wikiPageEditLink
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageExtracted
  • 2019-10-09 16:22:21Z (xsd:date)
dbo:wikiPageHistoryLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 18951655 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageLength
  • 95204 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageModified
  • 2019-10-09 16:22:10Z (xsd:date)
dbo:wikiPageOutDegree
  • 395 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 920409302 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionLink
dbp:wikiPageUsesTemplate
dct:subject
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of human activity through the recovery and analysis of material culture. The archaeological record consists of artifacts, architecture, biofacts or ecofacts and cultural landscapes. Archaeology can be considered both a social science and a branch of the humanities. In North America archaeology is a sub-field of anthropology, while in Europe it is often viewed as either a discipline in its own right or a sub-field of other disciplines. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Archaeology (en)
owl:sameAs
foaf:depiction
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
is dbo:academicDiscipline of
is dbo:almaMater of
is dbo:award of
is dbo:education of
is dbo:employer of
is dbo:field of
is dbo:genre of
is dbo:industry of
is dbo:knownFor of
is dbo:literaryGenre of
is dbo:mainInterest of
is dbo:nonFictionSubject of
is dbo:occupation of
is dbo:type of
is dbo:wikiPageDisambiguates of
is dbo:wikiPageRedirects of
is dbp:collections of
is dbp:discipline of
is dbp:education of
is dbp:field of
is dbp:fields of
is dbp:genre of
is dbp:knownFor of
is dbp:occupation of
is dbp:subject of
is dbp:type of
is dc:subject of
is rdfs:seeAlso of
is foaf:primaryTopic of