Barbu Nemțeanu (pen name of Benjamin Deutsch; October 1, 1887 – May 30, 1919) was a Romanian poet, humorist and translator, active on the modernist wing of the Romanian Symbolist movement. Of Jewish Romanian background, he lived much of his life in the port city of Galați, which provided him with poetic inspiration, but whose provincial life sparked in him intellectual revolt.

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  • Barbu Nemțeanu (pen name of Benjamin Deutsch; October 1, 1887 – May 30, 1919) was a Romanian poet, humorist and translator, active on the modernist wing of the Romanian Symbolist movement. Of Jewish Romanian background, he lived much of his life in the port city of Galați, which provided him with poetic inspiration, but whose provincial life sparked in him intellectual revolt. Orphaned and leaving school at an early age, then diagnosed with tuberculosis, he found meager employment as a clerk, but, throughout, maintained confidence in his poetic genius. Nemțeanu's Symbolism blended with socialism, but also with a lasting admiration for his adoptive Romanian culture, allowing him to publish pseudonymous work in traditionalist-antisemitic reviews such as Neamul Românesc. He was also one of the Symbolists who frequented the Convorbiri Critice circle, becoming personal friends with its leader, Mihail Dragomirescu.Nemțeanu was prolific as a translator of Weimar classics, German romanticists, and Yiddish literature, and then expanded his reach, learning French and contribution Romanian renditions of works by Charles Baudelaire, Tristan Klingsor, and Oscar Wilde. He continued to write despite his mounting financial problems, a bankruptcy audit, and recurrent hospitalization, even contributing a set of sanitarium-themed elegies. Sponsored by his literary friends, he survived through World War I, but died only months after the November Armistice, while recovering from surgery on his lungs. In its final stage, his Symbolism had transitioned into one of the "intimist" poems, unpretentiously versifying the rhythms of bland life, but on a progressively experimental pattern. Published by mainstream reviews such as Flacăra, they were for a while the center of a literary controversy, attacked by the classicist Duiliu Zamfirescu, and ridiculed by the more radical modernists. (en)
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  • 1887-10-01 (xsd:date)
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  • Benjamin Deutsch (en)
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  • 1919-05-30 (xsd:date)
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  • B. Askenazi, Barbu Exoticul, Cireșeanu, Ion Corbu, Vasile Crângu, Germanicul Galitiensis, I. Tedescul, Tedesco (en)
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  • 2017-09-27 04:16:17Z (xsd:date)
  • 2018-04-27 13:15:43Z (xsd:date)
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  • 1887-10-01 (xsd:date)
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  • Benjamin Deutsch (en)
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  • Galați or Călărași (en)
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  • Nemțeanu, photographed ca. 1909–1915 (en)
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  • 1919-05-30 (xsd:date)
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  • Barbu Nemțeanu (en)
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  • Romanian (en)
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  • journalist, translator, clerk, salesman (en)
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  • 1904 (xsd:integer)
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  • B. Askenazi, Barbu Exoticul, Cireșeanu, Ion Corbu, Vasile Crângu, Germanicul Galitiensis, I. Tedescul, Tedesco (en)
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  • Barbu Nemțeanu (pen name of Benjamin Deutsch; October 1, 1887 – May 30, 1919) was a Romanian poet, humorist and translator, active on the modernist wing of the Romanian Symbolist movement. Of Jewish Romanian background, he lived much of his life in the port city of Galați, which provided him with poetic inspiration, but whose provincial life sparked in him intellectual revolt. (en)
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