The Battle of Lübeck took place on 6 November 1806 in Lübeck, Germany between soldiers of the Kingdom of Prussia led by Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher and troops of the First French Empire under Marshals Joachim Murat, Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, and Nicolas Soult. In this War of the Fourth Coalition action, the French inflicted a severe defeat on the Prussians, driving them from the neutral city.

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dbo:abstract
  • The Battle of Lübeck took place on 6 November 1806 in Lübeck, Germany between soldiers of the Kingdom of Prussia led by Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher and troops of the First French Empire under Marshals Joachim Murat, Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, and Nicolas Soult. In this War of the Fourth Coalition action, the French inflicted a severe defeat on the Prussians, driving them from the neutral city. Lübeck is an old Baltic Sea port approximately 50 kilometres (31 mi) northeast of Hamburg.After their shattering defeat by Emperor Napoleon I at the Battle of Jena-Auerstedt, the Prussian armies withdrew to the east bank of the Elbe River and marched northeast in an attempt to reach the Oder River. Aiming to annihilate his opponents' forces, Napoleon launched his Grande Armée in a headlong pursuit. A large portion of the fleeing Prussians took refuge in the fortress of Magdeburg where they were surrounded. Another large segment was intercepted and destroyed in the Battle of Prenzlau. This event triggered a series of capitulations of Prussian troops and fortresses.Blocked from reaching the Oder, Blücher turned and raced to the west, chased by Murat, Bernadotte, and Soult. After a number of well-fought rear guard actions, Blücher's troops forced their way into the neutral city of Lübeck where they took up defensive positions. Bernadotte's soldiers broke through the city's northern defenses and overwhelmed the troops facing Murat and Soult. Blücher barely escaped from the city, though most of his staff was captured and Prussian casualties were enormous. The French brutally sacked Lübeck during and after the fighting. The next day, the French trapped the surviving Prussians against the Danish frontier and compelled Blücher to surrender.The French captured a small Swedish force during the battle. Bernadotte's respectful treatment of its officers and soldiers led to that Scandinavian nation offering its crown to the French marshal, almost four years after this battle. (en)
dbo:causalties
  • Lübeck: 1,500
  • Ratekau: None
  • Schwartau: Light
dbo:combatant
  • French Empire
  • Prussia
  • Sweden
dbo:commander
dbo:date
  • 1806-11-06 (xsd:date)
dbo:isPartOfMilitaryConflict
dbo:place
dbo:result
  • French victory
dbo:strength
  • 1,800
  • 17,000, 52 guns
  • 35,000, 90 guns
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  • 2016-09-05 08:44:16Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-10-20 23:37:11Z (xsd:date)
  • 2017-09-27 05:43:21Z (xsd:date)
  • 2018-04-27 14:37:35Z (xsd:date)
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  • 35597 (xsd:integer)
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  • 2015-12-07 07:00:48Z (xsd:date)
  • 2018-02-12 04:20:20Z (xsd:date)
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dbp:caption
  • Battle of Lübeck, showing the north side of the city walls with the Burgtor in the background (en)
dbp:casualties
  • Lübeck: 1,500 (en)
  • Lübeck: 6,000-8,000 (en)
  • Ratekau: 7,810 (en)
  • Ratekau: None (en)
  • Schwartau: 1,500 (en)
  • Schwartau: Light (en)
dbp:combatant
  • Sweden (en)
  • Prussia (en)
  • French Empire (en)
dbp:commander
  • Joachim Murat (en)
  • Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte (en)
  • Gebhard Blücher (en)
  • Nicolas Soult (en)
  • Carl Carlsson Mörner (en)
dbp:conflict
  • Battle of Lübeck (en)
dbp:date
  • 1806-11-06 (xsd:date)
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  • 280 (xsd:integer)
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  • 53 (xsd:integer)
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  • 52 (xsd:integer)
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  • 10 (xsd:integer)
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  • 41 (xsd:integer)
dbp:partof
  • the War of the Fourth Coalition (en)
dbp:place
dbp:result
  • French victory (en)
dbp:strength
  • 1800 (xsd:integer)
  • 1700052 (xsd:integer)
  • 3500090 (xsd:integer)
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  • The Battle of Lübeck took place on 6 November 1806 in Lübeck, Germany between soldiers of the Kingdom of Prussia led by Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher and troops of the First French Empire under Marshals Joachim Murat, Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, and Nicolas Soult. In this War of the Fourth Coalition action, the French inflicted a severe defeat on the Prussians, driving them from the neutral city. (en)
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  • Battle of Lübeck (en)
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  • Battle of Lübeck (en)
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