The Battle of Solferino (referred to in Italy as the Battle of Solferino and San Martino) on 24 June 1859 resulted in the victory of the allied French Army under Napoleon III and Sardinian Army under Victor Emmanuel II (together known as the Franco-Sardinian Alliance) against the Austrian Army under Emperor Franz Joseph I. It was the last major battle in world history where all the armies were under the personal command of their monarchs.

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • The Battle of Solferino (referred to in Italy as the Battle of Solferino and San Martino) on 24 June 1859 resulted in the victory of the allied French Army under Napoleon III and Sardinian Army under Victor Emmanuel II (together known as the Franco-Sardinian Alliance) against the Austrian Army under Emperor Franz Joseph I. It was the last major battle in world history where all the armies were under the personal command of their monarchs. Perhaps 300,000 soldiers fought in the important battle, the largest since the Battle of Leipzig in 1813. There were about 130,000 Austrian troops and a combined total of 140,000 French and allied Piedmontese troops. After the battle, the Austrian Emperor refrained from further direct command of the army.The battle led the Swiss Jean-Henri Dunant to write his book, A Memory of Solferino. Although he did not witness the battle (his statement is contained in an "unpublished page" included in the 1939 English edition published by the American Red Cross), he toured the field following the battle and was greatly moved by what he saw. Horrified by the suffering of wounded soldiers left on the battlefield, Dunant set about a process that led to the Geneva Conventions and the establishment of the International Red Cross. (en)
dbo:causalties
  • Total:
  • :
  • 17,191
  • 1,622 killedIncluding 117 officers8,530 wounded1,518 MIA691 killedIncluding 49 officers3,572 wounded1,258 MIA
  • (Including 49 officers)
  • 8,530 wounded
  • (Including 117 officers)
  • 1,258 missing
  • 1,518 missing
  • 1,622 killed
  • 691 killed
  • 3,572 wounded
dbo:combatant
  • France
  • French Empire
  • Austria
  • Piedmont-Sardinia
dbo:commander
dbo:date
  • 1859-06-24 (xsd:date)
dbo:isPartOfMilitaryConflict
dbo:place
dbo:result
  • Armistice of Villafranca(12 July 1859)
  • Decisive Franco-Sardinian victory
  • Franco-Sardinian victory
dbo:strength
  • Total:
  • :
  • 80 guns
  • 119,783 infantry
  • 240 guns
  • 82,935 infantry
  • 130,833
  • 37,174 infantry
  • 429 guns
  • 1,562 cavalry
  • 129,273
  • 9,162 cavalry
  • 9,490 cavalry
  • 320 guns
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  • 2017-09-27 05:50:10Z (xsd:date)
  • 2018-04-27 14:44:00Z (xsd:date)
  • 2019-02-24 13:48:37Z (xsd:date)
dbo:wikiPageHistoryLink
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  • 16537 (xsd:integer)
  • 17836 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageModified
  • 2017-08-24 12:49:48Z (xsd:date)
  • 2018-03-16 11:39:11Z (xsd:date)
  • 2019-02-24 13:42:26Z (xsd:date)
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dbp:caption
  • French infantry advances (en)
  • Sardinian troops charge at San Martino (en)
  • The Battle of Solferino, by Adolphe Yvon (en)
  • (en)
dbp:casualties
  • 1622 (xsd:integer)
  • 17191 (xsd:integer)
  • 223102386 (xsd:integer)
  • : (en)
  • Total: (en)
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  • (Including 49 officers) (en)
  • (Including 117 officers) (en)
  • (Including 94 officers) (en)
dbp:combatant
  • France (en)
  • Austria (en)
  • French Empire (en)
  • Piedmont-Sardinia (en)
dbp:commander
  • dbr:Franz_Joseph_of_Austria
  • Franz Joseph I(Emperor of Austria) (en)
  • Victor Emmanuel II(King of Sardinia) (en)
  • Napoleon III(Emperor of the French) (en)
dbp:conflict
  • Battle of Solferino (en)
dbp:date
  • 1859-06-24 (xsd:date)
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dbp:direction
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dbp:image
  • Battaglia di San Martino.jpg (en)
  • Bossoli, Carlo - Battle of Solferino.jpg (en)
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dbp:partof
  • the Second Italian War of Independence (en)
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  • 80 (xsd:integer)
  • 240 (xsd:integer)
  • 429 (xsd:integer)
  • 1562 (xsd:integer)
  • 9162 (xsd:integer)
  • 9490 (xsd:integer)
  • 37174 (xsd:integer)
  • 82935 (xsd:integer)
  • 119783 (xsd:integer)
  • 129273 (xsd:integer)
  • 130833 (xsd:integer)
  • : (en)
  • Total: (en)
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  • The Battle of Solferino (referred to in Italy as the Battle of Solferino and San Martino) on 24 June 1859 resulted in the victory of the allied French Army under Napoleon III and Sardinian Army under Victor Emmanuel II (together known as the Franco-Sardinian Alliance) against the Austrian Army under Emperor Franz Joseph I. It was the last major battle in world history where all the armies were under the personal command of their monarchs. (en)
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  • Battle of Solferino (en)
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  • Battle of Solferino (en)
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