The Battle of Toro was a royal battle from the War of the Castilian Succession, fought on 1 March 1476, near the city of Toro, between the Castilian troops of the Catholic Monarchs and the Portuguese-Castilian forces of Afonso V and Prince John.The battle had an inconclusive military outcome, as both sides claimed victory: the Castilian right wing was defeated by the forces under Prince John who possessed the battlefield, but the troops of Afonso V were beaten by the Castilian left-centre led by the Duke of Alba and Cardinal Mendoza.However, it was a major political victory for the Catholic Monarchs by assuring to Isabella the throne of Castile: The remnants of the nobles loyal to Juana de Trastámara adhered to Isabella.

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • The Battle of Toro was a royal battle from the War of the Castilian Succession, fought on 1 March 1476, near the city of Toro, between the Castilian troops of the Catholic Monarchs and the Portuguese-Castilian forces of Afonso V and Prince John.The battle had an inconclusive military outcome, as both sides claimed victory: the Castilian right wing was defeated by the forces under Prince John who possessed the battlefield, but the troops of Afonso V were beaten by the Castilian left-centre led by the Duke of Alba and Cardinal Mendoza.However, it was a major political victory for the Catholic Monarchs by assuring to Isabella the throne of Castile: The remnants of the nobles loyal to Juana de Trastámara adhered to Isabella. With great political vision, Isabella took advantage of the moment and summoned the 'Cortes' at Madrigal-Segovia (April–October 1476). There her daughter was proclaimed and sworn heiress of the Castile's crown, which was equivalent to legitimizing her own throne.As noted by Spanish academic António Serrano:“From all of this it can be deduced that the battle [of Toro] was inconclusive, but Isabella and Ferdinand made it fly with wings of victory. (...) Actually, since this battle transformed in victory; since 1 March 1476, Isabella and Ferdinand started to rule in the Spain's throne. (...) The inconclusive wings of the battle became the secure and powerful wings of San Juan's eagle [the commemorative temple of the battle of Toro] ”.The war continued until the peace of Alcáçovas (1479), and the official propaganda transformed the Battle of Toro into a victory which avenged Aljubarrota. (en)
dbo:causalties
  • Near 1,000 (dead, prisoners and drowned)
dbo:combatant
  • 18pxCastilian Isabelistas
  • 18pxCastilian Juanistas
  • 18pxCrown of Aragon
  • 18pxKingdom of Portugal
dbo:commander
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  • 1476-03-01 (xsd:date)
dbo:isPartOfMilitaryConflict
dbo:place
dbo:result
  • Inconclusive: both sides proclaimed victory
  • *A major political victory for theCatholic Monarchsby assuring toIsabellathe throne.
  • *Militarily inconclusive: both sides proclaimed victory.
dbo:strength
  • About 8,000 men:
  • * 2,500 or 3,000 horsemen
  • * 3,500 horsemen
  • * 5,000 footmen
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  • medic (en)
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  • Many hundreds (en)
  • Near 1,000 (en)
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  • Battle of Toro (en)
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  • June 2016 (en)
  • December 2017 (en)
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  • the War of the Castilian Succession (en)
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  • Peleagonzalo, near Toro, Castile (en)
dbp:result
  • Inconclusive: both sides proclaimed victory (en)
  • *Militarily inconclusive: both sides proclaimed victory. *A major political victory for the Catholic Monarchs by assuring to Isabella the throne. (en)
dbp:strength
  • About 8,000 men: * 5,000 footmen * 3,500 horsemen (en)
  • About 8,000 men: * 5,000 footmen * 2,500 or 3,000 horsemen (en)
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  • The Battle of Toro was a royal battle from the War of the Castilian Succession, fought on 1 March 1476, near the city of Toro, between the Castilian troops of the Catholic Monarchs and the Portuguese-Castilian forces of Afonso V and Prince John.The battle had an inconclusive military outcome, as both sides claimed victory: the Castilian right wing was defeated by the forces under Prince John who possessed the battlefield, but the troops of Afonso V were beaten by the Castilian left-centre led by the Duke of Alba and Cardinal Mendoza.However, it was a major political victory for the Catholic Monarchs by assuring to Isabella the throne of Castile: The remnants of the nobles loyal to Juana de Trastámara adhered to Isabella. (en)
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