The Battle off Samar (Filipino: Labanan sa may Samar) was the centermost action of the Battle of Leyte Gulf, one of the largest naval battles in history, which took place in the Philippine Sea off Samar Island, in the Philippines on October 25, 1944. As the only major action in the larger battle where the Americans were largely unprepared against the opposing forces, it has been cited by historians as one of the greatest military mismatches in naval history.Adm. William Halsey, Jr.

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dbo:abstract
  • The Battle off Samar was the centermost action of the Battle of Leyte Gulf, one of the largest naval battles in history, which took place in the Philippine Sea off Samar Island, in the Philippines on October 25, 1944. As the only major action in the larger battle where the Americans were largely unprepared against the opposing forces, it has been cited by historians as one of the greatest military mismatches in naval history.Adm. William Halsey, Jr. was lured into taking his powerful 3rd Fleet after a decoy fleet, leaving only three escort carrier groups of the 7th Fleet. The escort carriers and destroyer escorts which had been designed to protect slow convoys from submarine attack had been repurposed to attack ground targets, and had few torpedoes as they could normally rely on Halsey's fleet to protect them from any threats from armored warships. A Japanese surface force of battleships and cruisers, battered earlier in the larger battle and thought to have been in retreat, instead turned around unobserved and stumbled upon the northernmost of the three groups, Task Unit 77.4.3 ("Taffy 3"), commanded by Rear Admiral Clifton Sprague. Taffy 3's few destroyers and slower destroyer escorts possessed neither the firepower nor armor to effectively oppose the Japanese force, but nevertheless desperately attacked with 5 in (127 mm)/38 cal guns and torpedoes to cover the retreat of their slow "jeep" carriers. Aircraft from the carriers of Taffy 1, 2, and 3, including FM-2 Wildcats, F6F Hellcats and TBM Avengers, strafed, bombed, torpedoed, rocketed, depth-charged, fired at least one .38 caliber handgun and made numerous "dry" runs at the Japanese force when the American planes ultimately ran out of ammunition.Sprague's task unit lost two escort carriers, two destroyers, a destroyer escort and several aircraft. Over a thousand Americans died, comparable to the combined losses of American men and ships at the better known Battles of the Coral Sea and Midway. But in exchange for the heavy losses for such a small force, they sank or disabled three Japanese cruisers and caused enough confusion to persuade the Japanese commander, Vice Admiral Takeo Kurita, to regroup and ultimately withdraw, rather than advancing to sink troop and supply ships at Leyte Gulf. In the combined Battle of Leyte Gulf, 10,000 Japanese sailors and 3,000 Americans died. Although the battleship Yamato and the remaining force returned to Japan, the battles marked the final defeat of the Japanese Navy, as the ships remained in port for most of the rest of the war and ceased to be an effective naval force. (en)
  • The Battle off Samar (Filipino: Labanan sa may Samar) was the centermost action of the Battle of Leyte Gulf, one of the largest naval battles in history, which took place in the Philippine Sea off Samar Island, in the Philippines on October 25, 1944. As the only major action in the larger battle where the Americans were largely unprepared against the opposing forces, it has been cited by historians as one of the greatest military mismatches in naval history.Adm. William Halsey, Jr. was lured into taking his powerful 3rd Fleet after a decoy fleet, leaving only three escort carrier groups of the 7th Fleet. The escort carriers and destroyer escorts which had been designed to protect slow convoys from submarine attack had been repurposed to attack ground targets, and had few torpedoes as they could normally rely on Halsey's fleet to protect them from any threats from armored warships. A Japanese surface force of battleships and cruisers, battered earlier in the larger battle and thought to have been in retreat, instead turned around unobserved and encountered the northernmost of the three groups, Task Unit 77.4.3 ("Taffy 3"), commanded by Rear Admiral Clifton Sprague. Taffy 3's three destroyers and four destroyer escorts possessed neither the firepower nor the armor to effectively oppose the 23 ships of the Japanese force, but nevertheless desperately attacked with 5 in (127 mm)/38 cal guns and torpedoes to cover the retreat of their slow "jeep" carriers. Aircraft from the carriers of Taffy 1, 2, and 3, including FM-2 Wildcats, F6F Hellcats and TBM Avengers, strafed, bombed, torpedoed, rocketed, depth-charged, fired at least one .38 caliber handgun and made numerous "dry" runs at the Japanese force when the American planes ultimately ran out of ammunition.Sprague's task unit lost two escort carriers, two destroyers, a destroyer escort and several aircraft. Over a thousand Americans died, comparable to the combined losses of American men and ships at the better known Battles of the Coral Sea and Midway. But in exchange for the heavy losses for such a small force, they sank or disabled three Japanese cruisers and caused enough confusion to persuade the Japanese commander, Vice Admiral Takeo Kurita, to regroup and ultimately withdraw, rather than advancing to sink troop and supply ships at Leyte Gulf. In the combined Battle of Leyte Gulf, 10,000 Japanese sailors and 3,000 Americans died. Although the battleship Yamato and the remaining force returned to Japan, the battles marked the final defeat of the Japanese Navy, as the ships remained in port for most of the rest of the war and ceased to be an effective naval force. (en)
dbo:causalties
  • 1 destroyer escort sunk
  • 1 destroyer damaged
  • 2 destroyers sunk
  • 1,583 killed and missing
  • 2 destroyer escorts damaged
  • 2 escort carriers sunk
  • 23 aircraft lost
  • 3 escort carriers damaged
  • 913 wounded
  • 4 escort carriers damaged
dbo:commander
dbo:date
  • 1944-10-25 (xsd:date)
dbo:isPartOfMilitaryConflict
dbo:place
dbo:result
  • American victory
dbo:strength
  • 2light cruisers,
  • 6heavy cruisers,
  • "Taffy 3"
  • 11 destroyers,
  • 30 aircraft (in kamikaze attack)
  • 3destroyers,
  • 400 aircraft from Taffy 1, 2, 3
  • 4battleships,
  • 4destroyer escorts,
  • 6escort carriers,
  • Center Force "A"
  • 400 aircraft from Taffy 1, 2, and 3
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  • 2017-09-27 06:00:37Z (xsd:date)
  • 2018-04-27 14:53:05Z (xsd:date)
  • 2019-04-01 09:02:03Z (xsd:date)
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  • 2017-09-15 23:40:22Z (xsd:date)
  • 2018-04-26 18:34:09Z (xsd:date)
  • 2019-04-01 08:42:28Z (xsd:date)
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dbp:author
  • Samuel Eliot Morison (en)
dbp:caption
  • The escort carrier , burning from earlier gunfire damage, is bracketed by a salvo from a Japanese cruiser shortly before sinking during the Battle off Samar. (en)
dbp:casualties
  • 1 (xsd:integer)
  • 2 (xsd:integer)
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dbp:commander
  • Clifton Sprague (en)
  • Takeo Kurita (en)
dbp:conflict
  • Battle off Samar (en)
dbp:date
  • 1944-10-25 (xsd:date)
  • December 2009 (en)
dbp:partof
dbp:place
  • East of Samar Island (en)
dbp:reason
  • McCains force is identified ad TG 38.1 above (en)
dbp:result
  • American victory (en)
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  • 3 (xsd:integer)
  • 4 (xsd:integer)
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  • 3.0
  • Center Force "A" (en)
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  • Combined Fleet *2nd Fleet **Force A (en)
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  • The Battle off Samar (Filipino: Labanan sa may Samar) was the centermost action of the Battle of Leyte Gulf, one of the largest naval battles in history, which took place in the Philippine Sea off Samar Island, in the Philippines on October 25, 1944. As the only major action in the larger battle where the Americans were largely unprepared against the opposing forces, it has been cited by historians as one of the greatest military mismatches in naval history.Adm. William Halsey, Jr. (en)
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  • Battle off Samar (en)
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  • Battle off Samar (en)
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