The Battle on the Marchfeld (i.e. Morava Field; Czech: Bitva na Moravském poli; Hungarian: Morvamezei csata) at Dürnkrut and Jedenspeigen took place on 26 August 1278 and was a decisive event for the history of Central Europe for the following centuries. The opponents were a Bohemian (Czech) army led by the Přemyslid king Ottokar II of Bohemia and the German army under the German king Rudolph I of Habsburg in alliance with King Ladislaus IV of Hungary.

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • The Battle on the Marchfeld (i.e. Morava Field; Czech: Bitva na Moravském poli; Hungarian: Morvamezei csata) at Dürnkrut and Jedenspeigen took place on 26 August 1278 and was a decisive event for the history of Central Europe for the following centuries. The opponents were a Bohemian (Czech) army led by the Přemyslid king Ottokar II of Bohemia and the German army under the German king Rudolph I of Habsburg in alliance with King Ladislaus IV of Hungary. With 15,300 mounted troops, it was one of the largest cavalry battles in Central Europe during the Middle Ages.King Ottokar II of Bohemia expanded his territories considerably from 1250 to 1273 but suffered a devastating defeat in November 1276, when the newly-elected German king Rudolph I of Habsburg imposed the Imperial ban on Ottokar, declaring him an outlaw and took over Ottokar's holdings in Austria, Carinthia, Carniola and Styria. Ottokar was reduced to his possessions in Bohemia and Moravia but was determined to regain his dominions, power and influence. In 1278 he invaded Austria, where parts of the local population, especially in Vienna, resented Habsburg rule. Rudolf allied himself with king Ladislaus IV of Hungary and mustered forces for a decisive confrontation.Ottokar abandoned his siege of Laa an der Thaya and advanced to meet the allies near Dürnkrut, north of Vienna. Both armies were composed purely of cavalry and were divided into three divisions that attacked the enemy piecemeal. In the first phase of the battle, the Cuman horse archers in the Hungarian army outflanked and distracted the Bohemian left flank by launching arrows while the Hungarian light cavalry crashed into the Bohemians, driving them from the field. In the second phase, a great collision of knights and heavy cavalry took place in the center, with Rudolf's forces being driven back. Rudolf's third division, led by the king personally, attacked and checked Ottokar's onslaught. Rudolf was unhorsed in the melee and nearly killed. At a decisive moment, a German cavalry force of 200 riders, commanded by Ulrich von Kapellen, ambushed and attacked the Bohemian right flank from the rear. Assailed from two directions at once, Ottokar's army disintegrated in a rout, and Ottokar himself was killed in the confusion and slaughter. The Cumans pursued and killed the fleeing Bohemians with impunity.The battle marked the beginning of the ascendancy of the House of Habsburg in Austria and Central Europe. The influence of the Přemyslid kings of Bohemia was diminished and restricted to their inheritance in Bohemia and Moravia. (en)
dbo:causalties
  • Less than the Bohemians
dbo:combatant
  • *15pxHoly Roman Empire
  • *15pxMarch of Brandenburg
  • *15pxMarch of Meissen
  • **15pxAustrian lands
  • *15pxDuchy of Głogów
  • *15pxDuchy of Lower Bavaria
  • *15pxDuchy of Styria
  • *15pxDuchy of Swabia
  • *15pxDuchy of Upper Bavaria
  • *15pxKingdom of Bohemia
  • *Poles
  • *Silesians
  • mercenaries:
  • *15pxKingdom of Hungary(includingCumansandSzeklers)
  • **15pxBurgraviate of Nuremberg
dbo:commander
dbo:date
  • 1278-08-26 (xsd:date)
dbo:isPartOfMilitaryConflict
dbo:place
dbo:result
  • German-Hungarian victory
dbo:strength
  • 6,000 cavalry
  • ----300 heavy cavalry
  • 4,000 light cavalry
  • 5,000 Cuman horse archers
  • 5,000 light cavalry
  • 9,300 cavalry
  • ----1,000 heavy cavalry
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  • 2017-09-27 06:00:41Z (xsd:date)
  • 2018-04-27 14:53:09Z (xsd:date)
  • 2019-03-29 11:06:18Z (xsd:date)
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dbp:caption
  • Battle of Rudolph of Habsburg against Ottokar of Bohemia. A drawing by Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld, 1835 (en)
dbp:casualties
  • Heavy; greater than Rudolf's (en)
  • Less than the Bohemians (en)
dbp:combatant
  • *15px Kingdom of Bohemia *15px Duchy of Głogów *15px Duchy of Lower Bavaria mercenaries: *15px March of Brandenburg *15px March of Meissen *Silesians *Poles (en)
  • *15px Holy Roman Empire **15px Austrian lands *15px Kingdom of Hungary mercenaries: *15px Duchy of Swabia *15px Duchy of Styria *15px Duchy of Upper Bavaria (en)
  • *15px Holy Roman Empire **15px Austrian lands **15px Burgraviate of Nuremberg *15px Kingdom of Hungary mercenaries: *15px Duchy of Swabia *15px Duchy of Styria *15px Duchy of Upper Bavaria (en)
dbp:commander
  • *15px Přemysl II. Otakar *15px Henry III, Duke of Głogów *15px Otto IV of Brandenburg *15px Henry I, Duke of Lower Bavaria (en)
  • *15px Rudolf von Habsburg *15px King Ladislaus IV *15pxLudwig II of Upper Bavaria (en)
  • *15px Rudolf I *15px Ladislaus IV *15px Ludwig II *15px Frederick III (en)
  • *15px Ottokar II *15px Henry III *15px Otto IV *15px Henry I (en)
dbp:conflict
  • Battle on the Marchfeld (en)
dbp:date
  • 1278-08-26 (xsd:date)
dbp:partof
  • Rudolph's effort to recognising his rule over the Holy Roman Empire (en)
dbp:place
  • between Dürnkrut and Jedenspeigen in the present-day Austrian state of Lower Austria (en)
dbp:result
  • German-Hungarian victory (en)
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  • 4000 (xsd:integer)
  • 5000 (xsd:integer)
  • 6000 (xsd:integer)
  • 9300 (xsd:integer)
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  • The Battle on the Marchfeld (i.e. Morava Field; Czech: Bitva na Moravském poli; Hungarian: Morvamezei csata) at Dürnkrut and Jedenspeigen took place on 26 August 1278 and was a decisive event for the history of Central Europe for the following centuries. The opponents were a Bohemian (Czech) army led by the Přemyslid king Ottokar II of Bohemia and the German army under the German king Rudolph I of Habsburg in alliance with King Ladislaus IV of Hungary. (en)
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  • Battle on the Marchfeld (en)
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