The Boshin War (戊辰戦争 Boshin Sensō, "War of the Year of the Yang Earth Dragon"), sometimes known as the Japanese Revolution, was a civil war in Japan, fought from 1868 to 1869 between forces of the ruling Tokugawa shogunate and those seeking to return political power to the Imperial Court.

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dbo:abstract
  • The Boshin War (戊辰戦争 Boshin Sensō, "War of the Year of the Yang Earth Dragon"), sometimes known as the Japanese Revolution, was a civil war in Japan, fought from 1868 to 1869 between forces of the ruling Tokugawa shogunate and those seeking to return political power to the Imperial Court. The war found its origins in dissatisfaction among many nobles and young samurai with the shogunate's handling of foreigners following the opening of Japan during the prior decade. Increasing Western influence in the economy led to a decline similar to other Asian countries at the time. An alliance of western samurai, particularly the domains of Chōshū, Satsuma and Tosa, and court officials secured control of the Imperial Court and influenced the young Emperor Meiji. Tokugawa Yoshinobu, the sitting shōgun, realizing the futility of his situation, abdicated political power to the emperor. Yoshinobu had hoped that by doing this, the Tokugawa house could be preserved and participate in the future government. However, military movements by imperial forces, partisan violence in Edo, and an imperial decree promoted by Satsuma and Chōshū abolishing the house of Tokugawa led Yoshinobu to launch a military campaign to seize the emperor's court in Kyoto. The military tide rapidly turned in favor of the smaller but relatively modernized imperial faction, and after a series of battles culminating in the surrender of Edo, Yoshinobu personally surrendered. Those loyal to the Tokugawa retreated to northern Honshū and later to Hokkaidō, where they founded the Ezo republic. Defeat at the Battle of Hakodate broke this last holdout and left the imperial rule supreme throughout the whole of Japan, completing the military phase of the Meiji Restoration. Around 120,000 men were mobilized during the conflict, and of these about 3,500 were killed. In the end, the victorious imperial faction abandoned its objective to expel foreigners from Japan and instead adopted a policy of continued modernization with an eye to eventual renegotiation of the unequal treaties with the Western powers. Due to the persistence of Saigō Takamori, a prominent leader of the imperial faction, the Tokugawa loyalists were shown clemency, and many former shogunate leaders and samurai were later given positions of responsibility under the new government. When the Boshin War began, Japan was already modernizing, following the same course of advancement as that of the industrialized Western nations. Since Western nations, especially the United Kingdom and France, were deeply involved in the country's politics, the installation of Imperial power added more turbulence to the conflict. Over time, the war has been romanticized as a "bloodless revolution", because of the small number of casualties. (en)
dbo:causalties
  • 1,125+ killed and wounded
dbo:combatant
  • Northern Alliance
  • 1868
  • *Hirosaki Domain
  • *Hiroshima Domain
  • *Kuroishi Domain
  • *Saga Domain
  • *Tosa Domain
  • *Tsu Domain
  • *Yodo Domain
  • *Ōgaki Domain
  • Aizu Domain
  • Defected:
  • Imperial Court
  • Jōzai Domain
  • Kuwana Domain
  • Matsuyama Domain
  • Shogunate
  • Takamatsu Domain
  • Tozama:
  • Tsuruoka Domain
  • Other tozamadaimyōs:
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dbo:date
  • 1868-01-27 (xsd:date)
  • 1869-06-27 (xsd:date)
dbo:place
dbo:result
  • *
  • * Imperial victory
dbo:strength
  • 30,000 (late 1868)
  • 6000 (early 1868)
  • more than 15,000 (early 1868)
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  • 2019-09-26 16:29:31Z (xsd:date)
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  • 2019-09-26 16:24:24Z (xsd:date)
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  • The Boshin War (戊辰戦争 Boshin Sensō, "War of the Year of the Yang Earth Dragon"), sometimes known as the Japanese Revolution, was a civil war in Japan, fought from 1868 to 1869 between forces of the ruling Tokugawa shogunate and those seeking to return political power to the Imperial Court. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Boshin War (en)
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  • (1868–1869) (en)
  • Boshin War (en)
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