Not to be confused with Troupes de marineThe Compagnies Franches de la Marine (previously known as Troupes de la marine) are independent companies of the navy and colonial regulars, were under the authority of the French Minister of Marine, who was also responsible for the French navy, overseas trade, and French colonies.In New France, they were the only regular soldiers from 1685 to 1755, when several army battalions were dispatched to North America.

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dbo:abstract
  • Not to be confused with Troupes de marineThe Compagnies Franches de la Marine (previously known as Troupes de la marine) are independent companies of the navy and colonial regulars, were under the authority of the French Minister of Marine, who was also responsible for the French navy, overseas trade, and French colonies.In New France, they were the only regular soldiers from 1685 to 1755, when several army battalions were dispatched to North America. The Naval Department of France began using the Compagnies to defend the fur trade and the local civilians from raiding Iroquois They were superseded by the arrival of large units of the army under Montcalm in 1756. The Compagnies ceased to exist in Canada after the fall of Montreal in 1760.In 1992 the Canadian Forces Naval Reserve revived the Compagnies as a historical re-enactment unit which has toured the country. (en)
  • The Compagnies Franches de la Marine (previously known as Troupes de la marine, and later being renamed and reorganized as the Troupes de Marine) were an ensemble of autonomous infantry units attached to the French Royal Navy (French: marine royale) bound to serve both on land and sea. These troupes constituted the principal military force of France capable of intervening in actions and holding garrisons in outre-mer (overseas) from 1690 to 1761. Independent companies of the navy and colonial regulars, were under the authority of the French Minister of Marine, who was also responsible for the French navy, overseas trade, and French colonies.In New France, these were the only regular soldiers stationed by the Crown from 1685 to 1755; that year several army battalions were dispatched to North America during the Seven Years' War between France and Great Britain, which was waged in Europe and North America.The Naval Department of France began using the Compagnies to defend their control of the fur trade in North America with certain tribes and the safety of local civilians from raiding nations of the Iroquois Confederacy, especially the powerful Mohawk and Seneca. In 1756, after the start of the Seven Years' War (known as the French and Indian War by American historians), the Compagnies were superseded in New France by the arrival of large units of the regular army commanded by Louis-Joseph de Montcalm. After the fall of Montreal to British forces in 1760, the victors ordered the disbanding of the Compagnies in Canada. After the war ended in 1763, France ceded all of its North American territories east of the Mississippi River to the British.In 1992 the Canadian Forces Naval Reserve revived the Compagnies as a historical re-enactment unit. It has toured the country. (en)
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  • 1622-01-01 (xsd:date)
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  • 1622-01-01 (xsd:date)
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  • 10,000
dbo:motto
  • Per mare et terras
dbo:role
  • Service in Outre-Mer in overseas colonies, particularly New France, Louisbourg, and other North American territories.
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  • 2017-09-28 13:09:22Z (xsd:date)
  • 2018-04-28 20:28:01Z (xsd:date)
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  • 2017-09-25 00:46:02Z (xsd:date)
  • 2018-04-20 17:00:54Z (xsd:date)
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dbp:allegiance
  • Marine Royale (en)
dbp:caption
  • During the celebration of the 400th Anniversary of the city of Quebec (en)
dbp:dates
  • *1622: Compagnie Ordinaire de la Mer *1666: Régiment de La Marine *1673-1761: Compagnies Franches de la Marine (en)
dbp:garrison
  • Brest, Rochefort, Toulon, Port-Louis . Companies dispersed in the territories of the first French colonial Empire until 1761. (en)
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  • 350 (xsd:integer)
dbp:march
dbp:motto
  • Per mare et terras (en)
dbp:role
  • Service in Outre-Mer in overseas colonies, particularly New France, Louisbourg, and other North American territories. (en)
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  • 10000 (xsd:integer)
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  • Compagnies Franches de la Marine (en)
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  • Not to be confused with Troupes de marineThe Compagnies Franches de la Marine (previously known as Troupes de la marine) are independent companies of the navy and colonial regulars, were under the authority of the French Minister of Marine, who was also responsible for the French navy, overseas trade, and French colonies.In New France, they were the only regular soldiers from 1685 to 1755, when several army battalions were dispatched to North America. (en)
  • The Compagnies Franches de la Marine (previously known as Troupes de la marine, and later being renamed and reorganized as the Troupes de Marine) were an ensemble of autonomous infantry units attached to the French Royal Navy (French: marine royale) bound to serve both on land and sea. These troupes constituted the principal military force of France capable of intervening in actions and holding garrisons in outre-mer (overseas) from 1690 to 1761. (en)
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  • Compagnies Franches de la Marine (en)
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  • Compagnies Franches de la Marine (en)
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