The Courland Governorate, also known as the Province of Courland, Governorate of Kurland (German: Kurländisches Gouvernement; Russian: Курля́ндская губерния, romanized: Kurljándskaja gubernija; Latvian: Kurzemes guberņa) was one of the Baltic governorates of the Russian Empire, that is now part of the Republic of Latvia. It ceased to exist during World War I after the German Empire took control of the region in 1918. Russia surrendered the territory by the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk on 3 March 1918.

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  • The Courland Governorate, also known as the Province of Courland, Governorate of Kurland (German: Kurländisches Gouvernement; Russian: Курля́ндская губерния, romanized: Kurljándskaja gubernija; Latvian: Kurzemes guberņa) was one of the Baltic governorates of the Russian Empire, that is now part of the Republic of Latvia. The governorate was created in 1795 out of the territory of the Duchy of Courland and Semigallia that was incorporated into the Russian Empire as the province of Courland with its capital at Mitau (now Jelgava), following the third partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Until the late 19th century the governorate was not ruled by Russia but was administered independently by the local Baltic German nobility through a feudal Regional Council (German: Landtag). The governorate was bounded in the north by the Baltic Sea, the Gulf of Riga and the Governorate of Livonia; west by the Baltic Sea; south by the Vilna Governorate and Prussia and east by the Vitebsk Governorate and Minsk Governorate. The population in 1846 was estimated at 553,300. It ceased to exist during World War I after the German Empire took control of the region in 1918. Russia surrendered the territory by the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk on 3 March 1918. (en)
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  • The Courland Governorate, also known as the Province of Courland, Governorate of Kurland (German: Kurländisches Gouvernement; Russian: Курля́ндская губерния, romanized: Kurljándskaja gubernija; Latvian: Kurzemes guberņa) was one of the Baltic governorates of the Russian Empire, that is now part of the Republic of Latvia. It ceased to exist during World War I after the German Empire took control of the region in 1918. Russia surrendered the territory by the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk on 3 March 1918. (en)
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  • Courland Governorate (en)
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