The Croat–Bosniak War was a conflict between the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the self-proclaimed Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia, supported by Croatia, that lasted from 18 October 1992 to 23 February 1994. It is often referred to as a "war within a war" because it was part of the larger Bosnian War.

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dbo:abstract
  • The Croat–Bosniak War was a conflict between the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the self-proclaimed Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia, supported by Croatia, that lasted from 18 October 1992 to 23 February 1994. It is often referred to as a "war within a war" because it was part of the larger Bosnian War. In the beginning, Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) and Croats fought in an alliance against the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) and the Army of Republika Srpska (VRS), but by the end of 1992 tensions between them increased. The first armed incidents occurred in October 1992 in central Bosnia between local Croat and Bosniak forces. Their military alliance held out until early 1993 when their cooperation fell apart and the two former allies engaged in open conflict.The Croat–Bosniak War escalated in central Bosnia and soon spread to Herzegovina, with most of the fighting taking place in those two regions. The Bosniaks were organized in the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (ARBiH), and Croats in the Croatian Defence Council (HVO). The war generally consisted of sporadic conflicts with numerous ceasefires signed in the course of it. However, it was not an all-out war between the Bosniaks and Croats and they remained allied in other regions. Several peace plans were proposed by the international community during the war, but each of them failed. On 23 February 1994 a ceasefire was reached and an agreement ending the hostilities was signed in Washington on 18 March 1994 by which time the HVO had lost half of its controlled territory. The agreement led to the establishment of the Croat–Bosniak Federation and joint operations against the Serb forces which helped alter the military balance and bring the Bosnian War to an end.Both sides committed atrocities against civilians and the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) indicted high-ranking Croat and Bosniak officials for war crimes. In cases against Herzeg-Bosnia political and military leaders the ICTY ruled that Croatia had overall control over the HVO and that the conflict was international. In a first instance verdict of the Prlić et al. case it found that a joint criminal enterprise existed that sought to annex or control parts of Bosnia and Herzegovina in correspondence with the borders of the 1939 Banovina of Croatia. (en)
dbo:commander
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  • 1992-10-18 (xsd:date)
  • 1994-02-23 (xsd:date)
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dbo:place
dbo:result
  • * Creation of theFederation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Washington Agreement
dbo:strength
  • 100,000–120,000 (1993)
  • 40,000–50,000 (1993)
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  • 2016-08-05 16:10:53Z (xsd:date)
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dbp:align
  • left (en)
  • right (en)
dbp:caption
  • Clockwise from top right: remains of Stari Most in Mostar, replaced with a cable bridge; French IFOR Artillery Detachment, on patrol near Mostar; a Croat war memorial in Vitez; a Bosniak war memorial in Stari Vitez; view of Novi Travnik during the war (en)
dbp:commander
  • Alija Izetbegović (en)
  • Enver Hadžihasanović (en)
  • Rasim Delić (en)
  • Sefer Halilović (en)
  • Franjo Tuđman (en)
  • Janko Bobetko (en)
  • Gojko Šušak (en)
  • Milivoj Petković (en)
  • Blaž Kraljević (en)
  • Mate Boban (en)
  • Slobodan Praljak (en)
  • Valentin Ćorić (en)
  • Ante Roso (en)
  • Arif Pašalić (en)
  • Mehmed Alagić (en)
dbp:conflict
  • Croat–Bosniak War (en)
dbp:date
  • --10-18
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  • 300 (xsd:integer)
dbp:partof
  • the Bosnian War (en)
  • and Yugoslav Wars (en)
dbp:place
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina, particularly Central Bosnia and along the Neretva river. (en)
dbp:quote
  • "HOS, as a regular army in Bosnia-Herzegovina, will fight for the freedom and sovereignty of Bosnia-Herzegovina because it is our homeland [and will] not allow any divisions." (en)
  • "HVO has been eliminated from the areas of Jablanica, Konjic, Fojnica, Kakanj, Zenica, Travnik and Bugojno. Meaning, a complete one province as in the Vance-Owen plan with a capital in Travnik." (en)
  • "Just let me tell you. Many who sit here and who support cantonization of Bosnia and Herzegovina will live in a Greater Serbia, and I shall depart for Australia." (en)
  • "I will watch them destroy each other and then I will push them both into the sea." (en)
  • "Gentlemen, we’ve succeeded, we’ve succeeded in getting not just Herzeg-Bosnia, which is what we had. We’ve [now] got—we can say this among ourselves—half of Bosnia, if we’re good at governing it, if we govern cleverly." (en)
dbp:result
  • Washington Agreement * Creation of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (en)
dbp:source
  • --07-19
  • --11-24
  • Ratko Mladić, commander-in-chief of the VRS, commenting on the Croat-Bosniak war. (en)
  • Stjepan Kljuić commenting after his ouster (en)
  • Rasim Delić, Supreme Commander of the ARBiH, in February 1994. (en)
dbp:strength
  • 40000 (xsd:integer)
  • 100000 (xsd:integer)
dbp:territory
  • Territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina controlled by the Croatian Defence Council drops from 20 percent to 10 percent by the time of the Washington Agreement. (en)
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  • 200 (xsd:integer)
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  • The Croat–Bosniak War was a conflict between the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the self-proclaimed Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia, supported by Croatia, that lasted from 18 October 1992 to 23 February 1994. It is often referred to as a "war within a war" because it was part of the larger Bosnian War. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Croat–Bosniak War (en)
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  • Croat–Bosniak War (en)
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