The Greek Civil War (Greek: ο Eμφύλιος [Πόλεμος] o Emfýlios [Pólemos], "the Civil [War]") was fought from 1946 to 1949 between the Greek government army, backed by the United Kingdom and the United States, and the Democratic Army of Greece (DSE), the military branch of the Greek Communist Party (KKE), backed by Yugoslavia and Albania as well as Bulgaria. The result was the defeat of the Communist insurgents by the government forces.

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • The Greek Civil War (Greek: ο Eμφύλιος [Πόλεμος] o Emfýlios [Pólemos], "the Civil [War]") was fought from 1946 to 1949 between the Greek government army, backed by the United Kingdom and the United States, and the Democratic Army of Greece (DSE), the military branch of the Greek Communist Party (KKE), backed by Yugoslavia and Albania as well as Bulgaria. The result was the defeat of the Communist insurgents by the government forces. Founded by the Communist Party of Greece and funded by Communist nations such as Yugoslavia, many of the insurgents operating within the Democratic Army of Greece were partisans who had fought against German and Italian occupation forces during the Second World War.The civil war was the result of a highly polarized struggle between left and right that started in 1943 and targeted the power vacuum that the end of German-Italian occupation during World War II had created. It was one of the first conflicts of the Cold War and represents the first example of postwar involvement in the internal politics of a foreign country. Greece in the end was funded by the US, through the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan and joined NATO while the insurgents were demoralized by the bitter split between the Soviet Union's Joseph Stalin, who wanted the war ended, and Yugoslavia's Josip Broz Tito, who wanted it to continue. Tito was committed to helping the Greek Communists in their efforts, a stance that angered Stalin, as he had recently agreed with Winston Churchill not to support the Communists in Greece, as documented in their Percentages Agreement.The first signs of the civil war occurred in 1942 to 1944, during the German occupation. With the Greek government in exile unable to influence the situation at home, various resistance groups of differing political affiliations emerged, the dominant ones being the leftist National Liberation Front (EAM), and its military branch Greek People's Liberation Army (ELAS), which were effectively controlled by the KKE. Starting in autumn 1943, friction among EAM and the other resistance groups resulted in scattered clashes, which continued until the spring of 1944, when an agreement was reached forming a national unity government that included six EAM-affiliated ministers.The prelude of the civil war took place in Athens, on December 3, 1944, less than two months after Germans had retreated. A bloody battle (the "Dekemvrianá") erupted after Greek government gendarmes, with British forces standing in the background, opened fire on a massive unarmed pro-EAM rally, killing 28 demonstrators and injuring dozens. The rally had been organised against the impunity of the collaborators and the general disarmament ultimatum, signed by Ronald Scobie, which had excluded the right-wing forces. The battle lasted 33 days and resulted in the defeat of EAM after the heavily reinforced British forces sided with the Greek government. The subsequent signing of the Treaty of Varkiza spelled the end of the left-wing organization's ascendancy: the ELAS was partly disarmed while EAM soon after lost its multi-party character, to become dominated by KKE. All the while, White Terror was unleashed against EAM-KKE supporters, further escalating the tensions between the dominant factions of the nation.The war erupted in 1946, when forces of former ELAS partisans that found shelter in their hideouts and were controlled by the KKE organized the DSE and its High Command headquarters. KKE backed up the endeavor, deciding that there was no more other way to use against the internationally recognized government that had been formed after the 1946 elections, which the KKE had boycotted. The Communists formed a provisional government and used DSE as the military branch of this government. The neighboring communist states of Albania, Yugoslavia and Bulgaria offered logistical support to the Provisional Government, especially to the forces operating in the north.Despite setbacks suffered by government forces from 1946 to 1948, increased American aid, the failure of the DSE to attract sufficient recruits and the side effects of the Tito–Stalin split eventually led to victory for the government troops. The final victory of the western-allied government forces led to Greece's membership in NATO and helped to define the ideological balance of power in the Aegean Sea for the entire Cold War. The civil war also left Greece with a vehemently anticommunist security establishment, which would lead to the establishment of the Greek military junta of 1967–74 and a legacy of political polarisation that lasts until today. (en)
  • The Greek Civil War (Greek: ο Eμφύλιος [Πόλεμος] o Emfýlios [Pólemos], "the Civil [War]") was fought in Greece from 1946 to 1949 between the Greek government army (backed by the United Kingdom and the United States), and the Democratic Army of Greece (DSE, the military branch of the Greek Communist Party (KKE), backed by Yugoslavia and Albania as well as by Bulgaria). The fighting resulted in the defeat of the Communist insurgents by the government forces. Founded by the Communist Party of Greece and funded by Communist nations such as Yugoslavia, the Democratic Army of Greece included many personnel who had fought as partisans against German and Italian occupation forces during the Second World War of 1939-1945.The civil war resulted from a highly polarized struggle between left and right ideologies that started in 1943. From 1944 each side targeted the power vacuum that the end of German-Italian occupation (1941-1945) during World War II left. The struggle became one of the first conflicts of the Cold War (c. 1947 to 1991) and represents the first example of postwar involvement in the internal politics of a foreign country. Greece in the end was funded by the US (through the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan) and joined NATO (1952), while the insurgents were demoralized by the bitter split between the Soviet Union's Joseph Stalin, who wanted the war ended, and Yugoslavia's Josip Broz Tito, who wanted it to continue. Tito was committed to helping the Greek Communists in their efforts, a stance that angered Stalin, as he had recently agreed with Winston Churchill not to support the Communists in Greece, as documented in their Percentages Agreement of October 1944.The first signs of the civil war occurred in 1942 to 1944, during the German occupation. With the Greek government in exile unable to influence the situation at home, various resistance groups of differing political affiliations emerged, the dominant ones being the leftist National Liberation Front (EAM), and its military branch the Greek People's Liberation Army (ELAS), which were effectively controlled by the KKE. Starting in autumn 1943, friction between the EAM and the other resistance groups resulted in scattered clashes, which continued until the spring of 1944, when an agreement was reached forming a national unity government that included six EAM-affiliated ministers.The immediate prelude of the civil war took place in Athens, on December 3, 1944, less than two months after the Germans had retreated from the area. A bloody battle (the "Dekemvrianá") erupted after Greek government gendarmes, with British forces standing in the background, opened fire on a massive unarmed pro-EAM rally, killing 28 demonstrators and injuring dozens. The rally had been organised against the impunity of the collaborators and the general disarmament ultimatum, signed by Ronald Scobie (the British commander in Greece), which had excluded the right-wing forces. The battle lasted 33 days and resulted in the defeat of the EAM after the heavily reinforced British forces sided with the Greek government. The subsequent signing of the Treaty of Varkiza (12 February 1945) spelled the end of the left-wing organization's ascendancy: the ELAS was partly disarmed while the EAM soon after lost its multi-party character, to become dominated by KKE. All the while, White Terror was unleashed against EAM-KKE supporters, further escalating the tensions between the dominant factions of the nation.The war erupted in 1946, when forces of former ELAS partisans who found shelter in their hideouts and were controlled by the KKE organized the DSE and its High Command headquarters. The KKE backed up the endeavor, deciding that there was no alternative way to act against the internationally recognized government that had been formed after the 1946 elections, which the KKE had boycotted. The Communists formed a Provisional Government in December 1947 and used the DSE as the military branch of this government. The neighboring communist states of Albania, Yugoslavia and Bulgaria offered logistical support to this Provisional Government, especially to the forces operating in the north of Greece.Despite setbacks suffered by government forces from 1946 to 1948, increased American aid, the failure of the DSE to attract sufficient recruits and the side-effects of the Tito–Stalin split of 1948 eventually led to victory for the government troops. The final victory of the western-allied government forces led to Greece's membership in NATO (1952) and helped to define the ideological balance of power in the Aegean Sea for the entire Cold War. The civil war also left Greece with a vehemently anti-communist security establishment, which would lead to the establishment of the Greek military junta of 1967–74 and a legacy of political polarisation that lasts until today. (en)
  • The Greek Civil War (Greek: ο Eμφύλιος [Πόλεμος] o Emfýlios [Pólemos], "the Civil [War]") was fought in Greece from 1946 to 1949 between the Greek government army (backed by the United Kingdom and the United States), and the Democratic Army of Greece (DSE, the military branch of the Greek Communist Party (KKE), backed by Yugoslavia and Albania as well as by Bulgaria). The fighting resulted in the defeat of the Communist insurgents by the government forces. Founded by the Communist Party of Greece and funded by Communist nations such as Yugoslavia, the Democratic Army of Greece included many personnel who had fought as partisans against German and Italian occupation forces during the Second World War of 1939-1945.The civil war resulted from a highly polarized struggle between left and right ideologies that started in 1943. From 1944 each side targeted the power vacuum that the end of German-Italian occupation (1941-1945) during World War II left. The struggle became one of the first conflicts of the Cold War (c. 1947 to 1991) and represents the first example of postwar involvement in the internal politics of a foreign country. Greece in the end was funded by the US (through the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan) and joined NATO (1952), while the insurgents were demoralized by the bitter split between the Soviet Union's Joseph Stalin, who wanted the war ended, and Yugoslavia's Josip Broz Tito, who wanted it to continue. Tito was committed to helping the Greek Communists in their efforts, a stance that angered Stalin, as he had recently agreed with Winston Churchill not to support the Communists in Greece, as documented in their Percentages Agreement of October 1944.The first signs of the civil war occurred in 1942 to 1944, during the German occupation. With the Greek government in exile unable to influence the situation at home, various resistance groups of differing political affiliations emerged, the dominant ones being the leftist National Liberation Front (EAM), and its military branch the Greek People's Liberation Army (ELAS), which were effectively controlled by the KKE. Starting in autumn 1943, friction between the EAM and the other resistance groups resulted in scattered clashes, which continued until the spring of 1944, when an agreement was reached forming a national unity government that included six EAM-affiliated ministers.The immediate prelude of the civil war took place in Athens, on December 3, 1944, less than two months after the Germans had retreated from the area. A bloody battle (the "Dekemvrianá") erupted after Greek government gendarmes, with British forces standing in the background, opened fire on a massive unarmed pro-EAM rally, killing 28 demonstrators and injuring dozens. The rally had been organised against the impunity of the collaborators and the general disarmament ultimatum, signed by Ronald Scobie (the British commander in Greece), which had excluded the right-wing forces. The battle lasted 33 days and resulted in the defeat of the EAM after the heavily reinforced British forces sided with the Greek government. The subsequent signing of the Treaty of Varkiza (12 February 1945) spelled the end of the left-wing organization's ascendancy: the ELAS was partly disarmed while the EAM soon after lost its multi-party character, to become dominated by KKE. All the while, White Terror was unleashed against the supporters of the left, further escalating the tensions between the dominant factions of the nation.The war erupted in 1946, when forces of former ELAS partisans who found shelter in their hideouts and were controlled by the KKE organized the DSE and its High Command headquarters. The KKE backed up the endeavor, deciding that there was no alternative way to act against the internationally recognized government that had been formed after the 1946 elections, which the KKE had boycotted. The Communists formed a Provisional Government in December 1947 and used the DSE as the military branch of this government. The neighboring communist states of Albania, Yugoslavia and Bulgaria offered logistical support to this Provisional Government, especially to the forces operating in the north of Greece.Despite setbacks suffered by government forces from 1946 to 1948, increased American aid, the failure of the DSE to attract sufficient recruits and the side-effects of the Tito–Stalin split of 1948 eventually led to victory for the government troops. The final victory of the western-allied government forces led to Greece's membership in NATO (1952) and helped to define the ideological balance of power in the Aegean Sea for the entire Cold War. The civil war also left Greece with a vehemently anti-communist security establishment, which would lead to the establishment of the Greek military junta of 1967–74 and a legacy of political polarisation that lasts until today. (en)
  • The Greek Civil War (Greek: ο Eμφύλιος [Πόλεμος] o Emfýlios [Pólemos], "the Civil [War]") was fought in Greece from 1946 to 1949 between the Greek government army (backed by the United Kingdom and the United States), and the Democratic Army of Greece (DSE, the military branch of the Greek Communist Party (KKE), backed by Yugoslavia and Albania as well as by Bulgaria). The fighting resulted in the defeat of the Communist insurgents by the government forces. Founded by the Communist Party of Greece and funded by Communist nations such as Yugoslavia, the Democratic Army of Greece included many personnel who had fought as partisans against German and Italian occupation forces during the Second World War of 1939-1945.The civil war resulted from a highly polarized struggle between left and right ideologies that started in 1943. From 1944 each side targeted the power vacuum that the end of German-Italian occupation (1941-1945) during World War II left. The struggle became one of the first conflicts of the Cold War (c. 1947 to 1991) and represents the first example of postwar involvement in the internal politics of a foreign country. Greece in the end was funded by the US (through the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan) and joined NATO (1952), while the insurgents were demoralized by the bitter split between the Soviet Union's Joseph Stalin, who wanted the war ended, and Yugoslavia's Josip Broz Tito, who wanted it to continue. Tito was committed to helping the Greek Communists in their efforts, a stance that angered Stalin, as he had recently agreed with Winston Churchill not to support the Communists in Greece, as documented in their Percentages Agreement of October 1944.The first signs of the civil war occurred in 1942 to 1944, during the German occupation. With the Greek government in exile unable to influence the situation at home, various resistance groups of differing political affiliations emerged, the dominant ones being the leftist National Liberation Front (EAM), and its military branch the Greek People's Liberation Army (ELAS) which was effectively controlled by the KKE. Starting in autumn 1943, friction between the EAM and the other resistance groups resulted in scattered clashes, which continued until the spring of 1944, when an agreement was reached forming a national unity government that included six EAM-affiliated ministers.The immediate prelude of the civil war took place in Athens, on December 3, 1944, less than two months after the Germans had retreated from the area. A bloody battle (the "Dekemvrianá") erupted after Greek government gendarmes, with British forces standing in the background, opened fire on a massive unarmed pro-EAM rally, killing 28 demonstrators and injuring dozens. The rally had been organised against the impunity of the collaborators and the general disarmament ultimatum, signed by Ronald Scobie (the British commander in Greece), which had excluded the right-wing forces. The battle lasted 33 days and resulted in the defeat of the EAM after the heavily reinforced British forces sided with the Greek government. The subsequent signing of the Treaty of Varkiza (12 February 1945) spelled the end of the left-wing organization's ascendancy: the ELAS was partly disarmed while the EAM soon after lost its multi-party character, to become dominated by KKE. All the while, White Terror was unleashed against the supporters of the left, further escalating the tensions between the dominant factions of the nation.The war erupted in 1946, when forces of former ELAS partisans who found shelter in their hideouts and were controlled by the KKE organized the DSE and its High Command headquarters. The KKE backed up the endeavor, deciding that there was no alternative way to act against the internationally recognized government that had been formed after the 1946 elections, which the KKE had boycotted. The Communists formed a Provisional Government in December 1947 and used the DSE as the military branch of this government. The neighboring communist states of Albania, Yugoslavia and Bulgaria offered logistical support to this Provisional Government, especially to the forces operating in the north of Greece.Despite setbacks suffered by government forces from 1946 to 1948, increased American aid, the failure of the DSE to attract sufficient recruits and the side-effects of the Tito–Stalin split of 1948 eventually led to victory for the government troops. The final victory of the western-allied government forces led to Greece's membership in NATO (1952) and helped to define the ideological balance of power in the Aegean Sea for the entire Cold War. The civil war also left Greece with a vehemently anti-communist security establishment, which would lead to the establishment of the Greek military junta of 1967–74 and a legacy of political polarisation that lasts until today. (en)
  • The Greek Civil War (Greek: ο Eμφύλιος [Πόλεμος] o Emfýlios [Pólemos], "the Civil War") was fought in Greece from 1946 to 1949 between the Greek government army (backed by the United Kingdom and the United States), and the Democratic Army of Greece (DSE, the military branch of the Greek Communist Party (KKE), backed by Yugoslavia and Albania as well as by Bulgaria), most probably the first Proxy war of the Cold War. The fighting resulted in the defeat of the Communist insurgents by the government forces. Founded by the Communist Party of Greece and funded by Communist nations such as Yugoslavia, the Democratic Army of Greece included many personnel who had fought as partisans against German and Italian occupation forces during the Second World War of 1939–1945.The civil war resulted from a highly polarized struggle between left and right ideologies that started in 1943. From 1944 each side targeted the power vacuum resulting from the end of German-Italian occupation (1941–1945) during World War II. The struggle became one of the first conflicts of the Cold War (c. 1947 to 1991) and represents the first example of Cold War power postwar involvement in the internal politics of a foreign country. Greece in the end was funded by the US (through the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan) and joined NATO (1952), while the insurgents were demoralized by the bitter split between the Soviet Union's Joseph Stalin, who wanted the war ended, and Yugoslavia's Josip Broz Tito, who wanted it to continue. Tito was committed to helping the Greek Communists in their efforts, a stance that caused political complications with Stalin, as he had recently agreed with Winston Churchill not to support the Communists in Greece, as documented in their Percentages Agreement of October 1944.The first signs of the civil war occurred in 1942 to 1944, during the German occupation. With the Greek government in exile unable to influence the situation at home, various resistance groups of differing political affiliations emerged, the dominant ones being the leftist National Liberation Front (EAM), and its military branch the Greek People's Liberation Army (ELAS) which was effectively controlled by the KKE. Starting in autumn 1943, friction between the EAM and the other resistance groups resulted in scattered clashes, which continued until spring 1944, when an agreement was reached forming a national unity government that included six EAM-affiliated ministers.The immediate prelude of the civil war took place in Athens, on December 3, 1944, less than two months after the Germans had retreated from the area. A bloody battle (the "Dekemvrianá") erupted after Greek government gendarmes, with British forces standing in the background, opened fire on a massive unarmed pro-EAM rally, killing 28 demonstrators and injuring dozens. The rally had been organised against the impunity of the collaborators and the general disarmament ultimatum, signed by Ronald Scobie (the British commander in Greece), which had excluded the right-wing forces. The battle lasted 33 days and resulted in the defeat of the EAM after the heavily reinforced British forces sided with the Greek government. The subsequent signing of the Treaty of Varkiza (12 February 1945) spelled the end of the left-wing organization's ascendancy: the ELAS was partly disarmed while the EAM soon after lost its multi-party character, to become dominated by KKE. All the while, White Terror was unleashed against the supporters of the left, further escalating the tensions between the dominant factions of the nation.The war erupted in 1946, when forces of former ELAS partisans who found shelter in their hideouts and were controlled by the KKE organized the DSE and its High Command headquarters. The KKE backed up the endeavor, deciding that there was no alternative way to act against the internationally recognized government that had been formed after the 1946 elections, which the KKE had boycotted. The Communists formed a provisional government in December 1947 and used the DSE as the military branch of this government. The neighboring communist states of Albania, Yugoslavia and Bulgaria offered logistical support to this provisional government, especially to the forces operating in the north of Greece.Despite setbacks suffered by government forces from 1946 to 1948, increased American aid, the failure of the DSE to attract sufficient recruits and the side-effects of the Tito–Stalin split of 1948 eventually led to victory for the government troops. The final victory of the western-allied government forces led to Greece's membership in NATO (1952) and helped to define the ideological balance of power in the Aegean Sea for the entire Cold War. The civil war also left Greece with a vehemently anti-communist security establishment, which would lead to the establishment of the Greek military junta of 1967–74 and a legacy of political polarisation that lasts until today. (en)
  • The Greek Civil War (Greek: ο Eμφύλιος [Πόλεμος], o Emfýlios [Pólemos], "the Civil War") was fought in Greece from 1946 to 1949 between the Greek government army (backed by the United Kingdom and the United States), and the Democratic Army of Greece (DSE, the military branch of the Greek Communist Party (KKE), backed by Yugoslavia and Albania as well as by Bulgaria), most probably the first proxy war of the Cold War. The fighting resulted in the defeat of the Communist insurgents by the government forces. Founded by the Communist Party of Greece and funded by Communist nations such as Yugoslavia, the Democratic Army of Greece included many personnel who had fought as partisans against German and Italian occupation forces during the Second World War of 1939–1945.The civil war resulted from a highly polarized struggle between left and right ideologies that started in 1943. From 1944 each side targeted the power vacuum resulting from the end of German-Italian occupation (1941–1945) during World War II. The struggle became one of the first conflicts of the Cold War (c. 1947 to 1991) and represents the first example of Cold War power postwar involvement in the internal politics of a foreign country. Greece in the end was funded by the US (through the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan) and joined NATO (1952), while the insurgents were demoralized by the bitter split between the Soviet Union's Joseph Stalin, who wanted the war ended, and Yugoslavia's Josip Broz Tito, who wanted it to continue. Tito was committed to helping the Greek Communists in their efforts, a stance that caused political complications with Stalin, as he had recently agreed with Winston Churchill not to support the Communists in Greece, as documented in their Percentages Agreement of October 1944.The first signs of the civil war occurred in 1942 to 1944, during the German occupation. With the Greek government in exile unable to influence the situation at home, various resistance groups of differing political affiliations emerged, the dominant ones being the leftist National Liberation Front (EAM), and its military branch the Greek People's Liberation Army (ELAS) which was effectively controlled by the KKE. Starting in autumn 1943, friction between the EAM and the other resistance groups resulted in scattered clashes, which continued until spring 1944, when an agreement was reached forming a national unity government that included six EAM-affiliated ministers.The immediate prelude of the civil war took place in Athens, on December 3, 1944, less than two months after the Germans had retreated from the area. After an order to disarm, leftists resigned from the government and called for resistance. A riot (the Dekemvriana) erupted and Greek government gendarmes, with British forces standing in the background, opened fire on a pro-EAM rally, killing 28 demonstrators and injuring dozens. The rally had been organised under the pretext of a demonstration against the perceived impunity of the collaborators and the general disarmament ultimatum, signed by Ronald Scobie (the British commander in Greece). The battle lasted 33 days and resulted in the defeat of the EAM. The subsequent signing of the Treaty of Varkiza (12 February 1945) spelled the end of the left-wing organization's ascendancy: the ELAS was partly disarmed while the EAM soon after lost its multi-party character, to become dominated by KKE. All the while, White Terror was unleashed against the supporters of the left, further escalating the tensions between the dominant factions of the nation.The war erupted in 1946, when forces of former ELAS partisans who found shelter in their hideouts and were controlled by the KKE organized the DSE and its High Command headquarters. The KKE backed up the endeavor, deciding that there was no alternative way to act against the internationally recognized government that had been formed after the 1946 elections, which the KKE had boycotted. The Communists formed a provisional government in December 1947 and used the DSE as the military branch of this government. The neighboring communist states of Albania, Yugoslavia and Bulgaria offered logistical support to this provisional government, especially to the forces operating in the north of Greece.Despite setbacks suffered by government forces from 1946 to 1948, increased American aid, the failure of the DSE to attract sufficient recruits and the side-effects of the Tito–Stalin split of 1948 eventually led to victory for the government troops. The final victory of the western-allied government forces led to Greece's membership in NATO (1952) and helped to define the ideological balance of power in the Aegean Sea for the entire Cold War. The civil war also left Greece with a vehemently anti-communist security establishment, which would lead to the establishment of the Greek military junta of 1967–74 and a legacy of political polarisation that lasts until today. (en)
dbo:causalties
  • * Unknown
  • 1,000 wounded
  • 210 killed
  • 733 missing
  • 1,485 dead
  • 15,268 dead
  • 159 missing.
  • 3,143 wounded
  • 3,843 missing
  • 37,255 wounded
  • 865 deserters
  • British Armed Forces:
  • Hellenic Gendarmerie, from December 1, 1944 to December 27, 1951:
  • Hellenic Army, Navy and Air Force, from August 16, 1945 to December 22, 1951:
  • First phase (1943–1944)
  • * Hellenic Gendarmerie, from 1 December 1944 to 27 December 1951: 1,485 killed, 3,143 wounded, 159 missing
  • * Hellenic Army, Navy and Air Force, from 16 August 1945 to 22 December 1951: 15,268 killed, 37,255 wounded, 3,843 missing, 865 deserters
  • *1,000–1,200 killed
  • Second phase (1944)
  • Third phase (1946–1949)
  • *210 killed, 1,000 wounded, 733 missing
dbo:combatant
  • Supported by:
  • Bulgaria
  • Albania
  • (after 1947)
  • *Hellenic Army
  • NLF partisans
  • Provisional Democratic Government
  • *14pxDSE
  • (until 1947)
  • **5/42 Regiment
  • **Greek People's Liberation Army (ELAS)
  • First phase (1943–1944)
  • **Other EAM's organizations
  • **United Panhellenic Organization of Youth (EPON)
  • *National and Social Liberation (EKKA)
  • **National Groups of Greek Guerrillas (EOEA)
  • *National Republican Greek League (EDES)
  • *Organization X
  • **Organization for the Protection of the People's Struggle (OPLA)
  • *National Liberation Front (EAM)
  • *Other minor organizations
  • *Panhellenic Liberation Organization (PAO)
dbo:commander
dbo:date
  • 1944-12-03 (xsd:date)
  • 1946-03-30 (xsd:date)
dbo:isPartOfMilitaryConflict
dbo:place
dbo:result
  • Hellenic Armyvictory
  • Second Phase
  • Third phase
  • *Kingdom of Greeceand British victory
  • *Lebanon Conference
  • First phase
  • **Treaty of Varkiza
  • *Caserta Agreement
  • *Kingdom of Greecevictory
dbo:strength
  • * Unknown
  • 15,000–20,000
  • 130–150 Cham Albanians
  • 2,000–3,000 Pomaks
  • 232,500
  • 26,000 (mid-1948)
  • At peak:
  • Slav-Macedonians
  • Total: c.100,000 men and women served, of whom:
  • *4,000–4,500 (12–16 Dec. 1944)
  • First phase (1943–1944)
  • *11,600
  • *80,000–90,000 (from 18 Dec. 1944)
  • Second phase (1944)
  • * 232,500 (at peak)
  • *17,800
  • Third phase (1946–1949)
  • * 26,000 (at peak, mid-1948)
dbo:thumbnail
dbo:wikiPageEditLink
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageExtracted
  • 2017-09-30 15:39:52Z (xsd:date)
  • 2018-04-30 21:14:02Z (xsd:date)
  • 2019-03-27 14:55:43Z (xsd:date)
dbo:wikiPageHistoryLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 28830649 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageLength
  • 83208 (xsd:integer)
  • 84605 (xsd:integer)
  • 91349 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageModified
  • 2017-09-26 22:28:18Z (xsd:date)
  • 2018-04-22 18:55:04Z (xsd:date)
  • 2019-03-27 14:43:54Z (xsd:date)
dbo:wikiPageOutDegree
  • 269 (xsd:integer)
  • 274 (xsd:integer)
  • 341 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 802553774 (xsd:integer)
  • 837739475 (xsd:integer)
  • 889722395 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionLink
dbp:caption
  • Hellenic Army unit during the civil war (en)
dbp:casualties
  • 159 (xsd:integer)
  • 210 (xsd:integer)
  • 733 (xsd:integer)
  • 1000 (xsd:integer)
  • 1485 (xsd:integer)
  • 3143 (xsd:integer)
  • 3843 (xsd:integer)
  • 15268 (xsd:integer)
  • 20128 (xsd:integer)
  • 37255 (xsd:integer)
  • 1000000 (xsd:integer)
  • --12-01
  • --08-16
  • Hellenic Army claim: 38,839 killed (en)
  • Total: 158,000 killed (en)
  • First phase * Unknown Second phase * 2,000 killed (en)
  • First phase : Unknown (en)
  • Second phase : 20,000 civilians killed (en)
  • max. 3,000 civilians killed Third phase * Hellenic Army claim: 38,839 killed (en)
  • Third phase : 158,000 total killed (en)
dbp:combatant
  • Albania (en)
  • Bulgaria (en)
  • Supported by: (en)
  • Provisional Democratic Government * 14px DSE+ELAS NLF partisans Supported by: (en)
  • * Hellenic Army Supported by: (en)
  • Provisional Democratic Government * 14px DSE NLF partisans Supported by: (en)
  • First phase * National Liberation Front (EAM) ** Greek People's Liberation Army (ELAS) ** Organization for the Protection of the People's Struggle (OPLA) ** United Panhellenic Organization of Youth (EPON) ** Other EAM's organizations (en)
  • First phase * National Republican Greek League (EDES) ** National Groups of Greek Guerrillas (EOEA) * National and Social Liberation (EKKA) ** 5/42 Regiment * Panhellenic Liberation Organization (PAO) * Organization X * Other minor organizations (en)
dbp:combatant1a
  • Second phase (en)
  • * * ** 3rd Greek Mountain Brigade ** Sacred Band ** Hellenic Gendarmerie ** Cities Police ** * ΡΕΑΝ * RAN * Organization X * Some ex-members of the Security Battalions * EDES United Kingdom * British Commonwealth * British Army (en)
dbp:combatant1b
  • Third phase (en)
  • Kingdom of Greece * Hellenic Army Supported by: (en)
dbp:combatant2a
  • Second phase (en)
  • National Liberation Front * Greek People's Liberation Army * Organization for the Protection of the People's Struggle (en)
dbp:combatant2b
  • Albania (en)
  • Bulgaria (en)
  • Supported by: (en)
  • Third phase (en)
  • Other European Eastern Bloc countries (en)
  • Provisional Democratic Government * 14px DSE NLF partisans (en)
dbp:commander
  • 14 (xsd:integer)
  • James Van Fleet (en)
  • Ronald Scobie (en)
  • Alexandros Papagos (en)
  • Thrasyvoulos Tsakalotos (en)
  • Konstantinos Ventiris (en)
  • First phase * Aris Velouchiotis * Stefanos Sarafis * Andreas Tzimas * Georgios Siantos * Alexandros Svolos * Markos Vafiadis * Evripidis Bakirtzis * Others Second phase * Georgios Siantos * Manolis Mantakas * Giannis Zevgos * Aris Velouchiotis Third phase * Nikolaos Zachariadis * Markos Vafiadis * Charilaos Florakis (en)
  • * Georgios Grivas * Others Second phase * Regent Archbishop Damaskinos * Georgios Papandreou * Nikolaos Plastiras * Thrasyvoulos Tsakalotos * Christodoulos Tsigantes * Angelos Evert * Georgios Grivas * Napoleon Zervas * Winston Churchill * Ronald Scobie * John Hawkesworth Third phase * King George II * King Paul * Alexandros Papagos * Konstantinos Ventiris * Thrasyvoulos Tsakalotos * Ronald Scobie * James Van Fleet (en)
  • First phase * Napoleon Zervas * Komninos Pyromaglou * Georgios Kartalis * (en)
dbp:conflict
  • Greek Civil War (en)
dbp:date
  • --03-30
  • --12-03
  • (en)
  • First phase: 1943–1944 (en)
dbp:imageSize
  • 300 (xsd:integer)
dbp:partof
  • the Cold War (en)
  • World War II and the Cold War (en)
dbp:place
dbp:result
  • Hellenic Army victory (en)
  • First phase * Lebanon Conference * Caserta Agreement Second Phase * Kingdom of Greece and British victory ** Treaty of Varkiza Third phase * Kingdom of Greece victory (en)
dbp:strength
  • 130 (xsd:integer)
  • 2000 (xsd:integer)
  • 15000 (xsd:integer)
  • 26000 (xsd:integer)
  • 232500 (xsd:integer)
  • dbr:Macedonians_(ethnic_group)
  • At peak: (en)
  • Total: c.100,000 men and women served, of whom: (en)
  • First phase * Unknown Second phase * 11,600 * 4,000–4,500 * 80,000–90,000 Third phase * 232,500 (en)
  • First phase * Unknown Second phase * 17,800 Third phase * 26,000 (en)
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  • The Greek Civil War (Greek: ο Eμφύλιος [Πόλεμος] o Emfýlios [Pólemos], "the Civil [War]") was fought from 1946 to 1949 between the Greek government army, backed by the United Kingdom and the United States, and the Democratic Army of Greece (DSE), the military branch of the Greek Communist Party (KKE), backed by Yugoslavia and Albania as well as Bulgaria. The result was the defeat of the Communist insurgents by the government forces. (en)
  • The Greek Civil War (Greek: ο Eμφύλιος [Πόλεμος] o Emfýlios [Pólemos], "the Civil War") was fought in Greece from 1946 to 1949 between the Greek government army (backed by the United Kingdom and the United States), and the Democratic Army of Greece (DSE, the military branch of the Greek Communist Party (KKE), backed by Yugoslavia and Albania as well as by Bulgaria), most probably the first Proxy war of the Cold War. (en)
  • The Greek Civil War (Greek: ο Eμφύλιος [Πόλεμος], o Emfýlios [Pólemos], "the Civil War") was fought in Greece from 1946 to 1949 between the Greek government army (backed by the United Kingdom and the United States), and the Democratic Army of Greece (DSE, the military branch of the Greek Communist Party (KKE), backed by Yugoslavia and Albania as well as by Bulgaria), most probably the first proxy war of the Cold War. (en)
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  • Greek Civil War (en)
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foaf:name
  • Greek Civil War (en)
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