Haiti ( (); French: Haïti [a.iti]; Haitian Creole: Ayiti [ajiti]), officially the Republic of Haiti (French: République d'Haïti; Haitian Creole: Repiblik Ayiti) and formerly called Hayti, is a country located on the island of Hispaniola, east of Cuba in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea. It occupies the western three-eighths of the island, which it shares with the Dominican Republic. Haiti is 27,750 square kilometers (10,714 sq mi) in size and has an estimated 10.8 million people, making it the most populous country in the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and the second-most populous country in the Caribbean as a whole.

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • Haiti ( (); French: Haïti [a.iti]; Haitian Creole: Ayiti [ajiti]), officially the Republic of Haiti (French: République d'Haïti; Haitian Creole: Repiblik Ayiti) and formerly called Hayti, is a country located on the island of Hispaniola, east of Cuba in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea. It occupies the western three-eighths of the island, which it shares with the Dominican Republic. Haiti is 27,750 square kilometers (10,714 sq mi) in size and has an estimated 10.8 million people, making it the most populous country in the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and the second-most populous country in the Caribbean as a whole. The region was originally inhabited by the indigenous Taíno people. Spain landed on the island on 5 December 1492 during the first voyage of Christopher Columbus across the Atlantic. When Columbus initially landed in Haiti, he had thought he had found India or China. On Christmas Day 1492, Columbus's flagship the Santa Maria ran aground north of what is now Limonade. As a consequence, Columbus ordered his men to salvage what they could from the ship, and he created the first European settlement in the Americas, naming it La Navidad after the day the ship was destroyed. The island was named La Española and claimed by Spain, which ruled until the early 17th century. Competing claims and settlements by the French led to the western portion of the island being ceded to France, which named it Saint-Domingue. Sugarcane plantations, worked by slaves brought from Africa, were established by colonists. In the midst of the French Revolution (1789–99), slaves and free people of color revolted in the Haitian Revolution (1791–1804), culminating in the abolition of slavery and the defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte's army at the Battle of Vertières. Afterward the sovereign state of Haiti was established on 1 January 1804—the first independent nation of Latin America and the Caribbean, the second republic in the Americas, and the only nation in the world established as a result of a successful slave revolt. The rebellion that began in 1791 was led by a former slave and the first black general of the French Army, Toussaint Louverture, whose military genius and political acumen transformed an entire society of slaves into an independent country. Upon his death in a prison in France, he was succeeded by his lieutenant, Jean-Jacques Dessalines, who declared Haiti's sovereignty and later became the first Emperor of Haiti, Jacques I. The Haitian Revolution lasted just over a dozen years; and apart from Alexandre Pétion, the first President of the Republic, all the first leaders of government were former slaves. The Citadelle Laferrière is the largest fortress in the Americas. Henri Christophe—former slave and first king of Haiti, Henri I—built it to withstand a possible foreign attack. It is a founding member of the United Nations, Organization of American States (OAS), Association of Caribbean States, and the International Francophonie Organisation. In addition to CARICOM, it is a member of the International Monetary Fund, World Trade Organization, and the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States. It has the lowest Human Development Index in the Americas. Most recently, in February 2004, a coup d'état originating in the north of the country forced the resignation and exile of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide. A provisional government took control with security provided by the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH). (en)
dbo:thumbnail
dbo:wikiPageEditLink
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageExtracted
  • 2019-06-04 16:25:51Z (xsd:date)
dbo:wikiPageHistoryLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 13373 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageLength
  • 204440 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageModified
  • 2019-06-04 16:16:36Z (xsd:date)
dbo:wikiPageOutDegree
  • 842 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 900280655 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionLink
dbp:wikiPageUsesTemplate
dct:subject
georss:point
  • 18.533333333333335 -72.33333333333333
  • 19.0 -72.41666666666667
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Haiti ( (); French: Haïti [a.iti]; Haitian Creole: Ayiti [ajiti]), officially the Republic of Haiti (French: République d'Haïti; Haitian Creole: Repiblik Ayiti) and formerly called Hayti, is a country located on the island of Hispaniola, east of Cuba in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea. It occupies the western three-eighths of the island, which it shares with the Dominican Republic. Haiti is 27,750 square kilometers (10,714 sq mi) in size and has an estimated 10.8 million people, making it the most populous country in the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and the second-most populous country in the Caribbean as a whole. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Haiti (en)
owl:sameAs
geo:geometry
  • POINT(-72.416664123535 19)
  • POINT(-72.333335876465 18.533332824707)
geo:lat
  • 18.533333 (xsd:float)
  • 19.000000 (xsd:float)
geo:long
  • -72.416664 (xsd:float)
  • -72.333336 (xsd:float)
foaf:depiction
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
is dbo:album of
is dbo:award of
is dbo:battle of
is dbo:billed of
is dbo:birthPlace of
is dbo:bodyDiscovered of
is dbo:city of
is dbo:country of
is dbo:deathPlace of
is dbo:ground of
is dbo:headquarter of
is dbo:homeport of
is dbo:hometown of
is dbo:jurisdiction of
is dbo:knownFor of
is dbo:locatedInArea of
is dbo:location of
is dbo:nationality of
is dbo:occupation of
is dbo:origin of
is dbo:place of
is dbo:populationPlace of
is dbo:regionServed of
is dbo:residence of
is dbo:restingPlace of
is dbo:significantProject of
is dbo:spokenIn of
is dbo:stateOfOrigin of
is dbo:subdivision of
is dbo:targetAirport of
is dbo:team of
is dbo:usingCountry of
is dbo:wikiPageDisambiguates of
is dbo:wikiPageRedirects of
is dbp:areaServed of
is dbp:areas of
is dbp:basinCountries of
is dbp:billed of
is dbp:birthPlace of
is dbp:city of
is dbp:cityServed of
is dbp:country of
is dbp:deathPlace of
is dbp:debuts of
is dbp:ground of
is dbp:headquarters of
is dbp:home of
is dbp:hometown of
is dbp:jurisdiction of
is dbp:label of
is dbp:location of
is dbp:locationCountry of
is dbp:locationSigned of
is dbp:order of
is dbp:origin of
is dbp:place of
is dbp:placeOfBirth of
is dbp:placeOfBurial of
is dbp:popplace of
is dbp:regionServed of
is dbp:residence of
is dbp:returns of
is dbp:stadium of
is dbp:states of
is dbp:subdivisionName of
is dbp:withdrawals of
is dbp:withdraws of
is rdfs:seeAlso of
is foaf:primaryTopic of