The Heinkel He 177 Greif ("Griffin") was a large, long-range heavy bomber flown by the Luftwaffe during World War II.

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • The Heinkel He 177 Greif ("Griffin") was a large, long-range heavy bomber flown by the Luftwaffe during World War II. In general terms, the He 177 was the only operational strategic-range heavy bomber available to the Luftwaffe during the war years, that had a payload/range capability similar to the four-engined strategic heavy bombers of the USAAF and RAF, although it had much higher figures for its cruising and maximum speeds.Designed to a 1936 requirement known as Bomber A, the aircraft was originally intended to be a purely strategic bomber intended to support a long-term bombing campaign against Soviet industry in the Urals. In spite of its large, 30 metres (98 ft) wingspan size, the design was limited to using two engines. During the design phase, Luftwaffe doctrine came to stress the use of moderate-angle dive bombing, or "glide bombing", in order to improve accuracy. Applying the changes needed for this type of attack to such a large aircraft was entirely unrealistic.In order to deliver the power required from only two engines on an aircraft this large, engines of at least 2,000 horsepower (1,500 kW) were needed. Such designs were not well established at the time, and the DB 606 "power system" engine, combined with the cooling and maintenance problems caused by the tight nacelles, caused the engines to be infamous for catching fire in flight: due to these issues with early models the type was nicknamed by Luftwaffe aircrew as the Reichsfeuerzeug ("Reich's lighter") or the "Flaming Coffin".The type eventually matured into a usable design, but too late in the war to play an important role. It was built and used in some numbers, especially on the Eastern Front where its range was particularly useful. It is notable for its use in mass raids on Velikiye Luki in 1944, one of the late-war heavy bombing efforts by the Luftwaffe. It saw considerably less use on the Western Front, although it played a role during Operation Steinbock, or "baby blitz", against the UK in 1944. (en)
dbo:designer
dbo:manufacturer
dbo:numberBuilt
  • 1169 (xsd:integer)
dbo:successor
dbo:thumbnail
dbo:type
dbo:wikiPageEditLink
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dbo:wikiPageExtracted
  • 2017-09-30 23:15:54Z (xsd:date)
  • 2018-05-01 04:52:20Z (xsd:date)
  • 2019-03-27 18:51:04Z (xsd:date)
dbo:wikiPageHistoryLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 455366 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageLength
  • 86494 (xsd:integer)
  • 90867 (xsd:integer)
  • 91294 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageModified
  • 2017-09-04 01:18:08Z (xsd:date)
  • 2018-04-22 01:55:06Z (xsd:date)
  • 2019-03-27 18:40:35Z (xsd:date)
dbo:wikiPageOutDegree
  • 312 (xsd:integer)
  • 319 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 798823167 (xsd:integer)
  • 837636036 (xsd:integer)
  • 889752459 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionLink
dbp:areaAlt
  • 1076.4
dbp:areaMain
  • 100.0
dbp:avionics
  • For control of gravity and/or rocket-boosted PGM ordnance: (en)
  • FuG 203 Kehl radio control transmitting system (en)
dbp:bombs
  • Up to of ordnance internally, up to externally on each ETC 2000 underwing rack, or up to 3 Fritz X or Henschel Hs 293 PGMs externally ** 48 × 50 kg bombs ** 12 × 250 kg bombs ** 6 × 500 kg bombs ** 6 × LMA III mines ** 2 × 1,800 kg bombs ** 4 × LMB III mines ** 2 × 1,800 kg bombs + 2 × LMA III mines ** 10 × 500 kg bombs ** 2 × 2,500 kg bombs ** 2 × 1,000 kg bombs + 2 × 1,800 kg bombs ** 4 × 1,400 kg bombs ** 6 × 1,000 kg bombs ** 4 × 1,700 kg bombs ** 2 × 1,800 kg bombs + 2 × 1,700 kg bombs ** 2 × FX 1400 Fritz X + 1 × FX 1400 Fritz X under the wings and fuselage ** 2 × Hs 293 or 294 + 1 × Hs 293 or 294 under the wings and fuselage ** 2 × 500 kg bombs internally + 2 × Hs 293 under the wings ** 2 × LT 50 torpedoes under the wing (en)
dbp:ceilingAlt
  • 26246.0
dbp:ceilingMain
  • 8,000 m (en)
dbp:climbRateAlt
  • 623.0
dbp:climbRateMain
  • 190 (xsd:integer)
  • ParseResult(190,None,None)
dbp:combatRadiusAlt
  • 957.0
dbp:combatRadiusMain
  • 1540.0
dbp:crew
  • 6 (xsd:integer)
  • ParseResult(6,None,None)
dbp:designer
  • Siegfried Günter (en)
dbp:emptyWeightAlt
  • 37038.0
dbp:emptyWeightMain
  • 16800.0
dbp:engine(prop)_
dbp:ferryRangeAlt
  • 3480.0
dbp:ferryRangeMain
  • 5600.0
dbp:firstFlight
  • November 1939 (en)
dbp:guns
  • ** 1 × 7.92 mm MG 81 machine gun in Cabin 3 "fishbowl" nose glazing with 1,000 rounds ** 1 × 20 mm MG 151 cannon in forward ventral Bola gondola position with 300 rounds ** 1 × 13 mm MG 131 machine gun in rear ventral Bola gondola position with 1,000 rounds ** 2 × 13 mm MG 131 machine guns in Fernbedienbare Drehlafette FDL 131Z remotely operated forward dorsal turret, full 360° traverse with 1,000 rounds ** 1 × 13 mm MG 131 machine gun in manned Hydraulische Drehlafette HDL 131/1 aft dorsal turret with 1,000 rounds ** 1 × 20 mm MG 151/20 cannon in tail position with 800 rounds (en)
dbp:heightAlt
  • 665.48
dbp:heightMain
  • 6.67 m (en)
dbp:introduced
  • 1942 (xsd:integer)
  • ParseResult(1942,None,None)
dbp:jetOrProp?_
  • prop (en)
dbp:lengthAlt
  • 2199.64
dbp:lengthMain
  • 22 m (en)
dbp:lists
  • * List of aircraft of World War II * List of military aircraft of Germany * List of bomber aircraft (en)
dbp:loadedWeightAlt
  • 70548.0
dbp:loadedWeightMain
  • 32000.0
dbp:loadingAlt
  • 62.247000 (xsd:double)
  • ParseResult(62.247,None,None)
dbp:loadingMain
  • 303.900000 (xsd:double)
  • ParseResult(303.9,None,None)
dbp:manufacturer
dbp:maxSpeedAlt
  • 351.0
dbp:maxSpeedMain
  • 565.0
dbp:maxSpeedMore
  • 360000.0
dbp:numberBuilt
  • 1169 (xsd:integer)
  • ParseResult(1169,None,None)
dbp:numberOfProps
  • 2 (xsd:integer)
  • ParseResult(2,None,None)
dbp:planeOrCopter?_
  • plane (en)
dbp:powerAlt
  • 2133.0
dbp:powerMain
  • 2900.0
dbp:primaryUser
dbp:ref
  • Griehl and Dressel 1998, pp. 223, 229. (en)
dbp:related
  • * Heinkel He 274 * Heinkel He 277 - never-completed development, became Heinkel's Amerika Bomber design entry by February 1943 (en)
dbp:retired
  • 1945 (xsd:integer)
  • ParseResult(1945,None,None)
dbp:seeAlso
  • * Bomber B, the shorter range solution for a German heavy bomber from 1939 onwards, to replace the Schnellbomber concept. (en)
dbp:similarAircraft
  • * Avro Manchester * Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress * Dornier Do 317 * Handley Page Halifax * Nakajima G8N * Petlyakov Pe-8 (en)
dbp:spanAlt
  • 103 (xsd:integer)
  • ParseResult(103,None,None)
dbp:spanMain
  • 31.44 m (en)
dbp:stallSpeedAlt
  • 84.0
dbp:stallSpeedMain
  • 135.0
dbp:type
  • Long-range heavy bomber (en)
dbp:typeOfProp
  • "power systems", each one created from a twinned-pair of Daimler-Benz DB 605 inverted V12 engines (en)
dbp:variantsWithTheirOwnArticles
dbp:wikiPageUsesTemplate
dct:subject
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • The Heinkel He 177 Greif ("Griffin") was a large, long-range heavy bomber flown by the Luftwaffe during World War II. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Heinkel He 177 (en)
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