Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈuɣo rafaˈel ˈtʃaβes ˈfɾi.as]; 28 July 1954 – 5 March 2013) was a Venezuelan politician who served as the 64th President of Venezuela from 1999 to 2013.

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈuɣo rafaˈel ˈtʃaβes ˈfɾi.as]; 28 July 1954 – 5 March 2013) was a Venezuelan politician who served as the 64th President of Venezuela from 1999 to 2013. He was also leader of the Fifth Republic Movement from its foundation in 1997 until 2007, when it merged with several other parties to form the United Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV), which he led until 2012.Born into a working-class family in Sabaneta, Barinas, Chávez became a career military officer, and after becoming dissatisfied with the Venezuelan political system based on the Punto Fijo Pact, he founded the clandestine Revolutionary Bolivarian Movement-200 (MBR-200) in the early 1980s. Chávez led the MBR-200 in an unsuccessful coup d'état against the Democratic Action government of President Carlos Andrés Pérez in 1992, for which he was imprisoned.Released from prison after two years, he founded a political party known as the Fifth Republic Movement and was elected president of Venezuela in 1998. He was re-elected in 2000 and again in 2006 with over 60% of the votes. After winning his fourth term as president in the October 2012 presidential election, he was to be sworn in on 10 January 2013, but Venezuela's National Assembly postponed the inauguration to allow him time to recover from medical treatment in Cuba. Suffering a return of the cancer originally diagnosed in June 2011, Chávez died in Caracas on 5 March 2013 at the age of 58.Following the adoption of a new constitution in 1999, Chávez focused on enacting social reforms as part of the Bolivarian Revolution, which is a type of socialist revolution. Using record-high oil revenues of the 2000s, his government nationalized key industries, created participatory democratic Communal Councils, and implemented social programs known as the Bolivarian Missions to expand access to food, housing, healthcare, and education. Venezuela received high oil profits in the mid-2000s and there were improvements in areas such as poverty, literacy, income equality, and quality of life occurring primarily between 2003 and 2007. At the end of Chávez's presidency in the early 2010s, economic actions performed by his government during the preceding decade such as deficit spending and price controls proved to be unsustainable, with Venezuela's economy faltering while poverty, inflation and shortages in Venezuela increased. Chávez's presidency also saw significant increases in the country's murder rate and continued corruption within the police force and government. His use of enabling acts and his government's use of Bolivarian propaganda was also controversial.Internationally, Chávez aligned himself with the Marxist–Leninist governments of Fidel and then Raúl Castro in Cuba, and the socialist governments of Evo Morales (Bolivia), Rafael Correa (Ecuador), and Daniel Ortega (Nicaragua). His presidency was seen as a part of the socialist "pink tide" sweeping Latin America. Chávez described his policies as anti-imperialist, being a prominent adversary of the United States's foreign policy as well as a vocal critic of US-supported neoliberalism and laissez-faire capitalism. He described himself as a Marxist. He supported Latin American and Caribbean cooperation and was instrumental in setting up the pan-regional Union of South American Nations, the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, the Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas, the Bank of the South, and the regional television network TeleSUR. Chavez's ideas, programs, and style form the basis of "Chavismo", a political ideology closely associated with Bolivarianism and socialism of the 21st Century. (en)
dbo:birthDate
  • 1954-07-28 (xsd:date)
dbo:birthName
  • Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías (en)
dbo:birthPlace
dbo:deathDate
  • 2013-03-05 (xsd:date)
dbo:deathPlace
dbo:deputy
dbo:militaryService
dbo:office
  • President of the United Socialist Party of Venezuela
dbo:party
dbo:restingPlace
dbo:signature
  • Hugo Chavez Signature.svg
dbo:spouse
dbo:termPeriod
dbo:thumbnail
dbo:wikiPageEditLink
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageExtracted
  • 2016-08-15 20:54:56Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-10-24 15:30:59Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-10-31 17:18:39Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-11-10 18:01:26Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-11-11 13:34:32Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-11-13 13:30:25Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-11-19 03:12:00Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-11-19 04:32:21Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-11-23 10:02:22Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-11-26 13:32:39Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-11-28 22:38:58Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-11-28 22:40:34Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-11-28 22:41:12Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-11-28 22:54:01Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-11-28 23:06:46Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-11-29 15:16:46Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-11-29 16:16:18Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-12-04 06:32:01Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-12-04 18:33:20Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-12-10 18:24:05Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-12-10 19:37:10Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-12-17 07:16:08Z (xsd:date)
  • 2017-01-13 21:07:23Z (xsd:date)
  • 2017-01-13 21:07:54Z (xsd:date)
  • 2017-01-14 15:33:24Z (xsd:date)
  • 2017-01-14 18:47:19Z (xsd:date)
  • 2017-10-01 05:45:23Z (xsd:date)
  • 2018-05-01 11:25:16Z (xsd:date)
dbo:wikiPageHistoryLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 48874 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageLength
  • 217244 (xsd:integer)
  • 217263 (xsd:integer)
  • 217305 (xsd:integer)
  • 217345 (xsd:integer)
  • 217435 (xsd:integer)
  • 217436 (xsd:integer)
  • 217438 (xsd:integer)
  • 217442 (xsd:integer)
  • 217445 (xsd:integer)
  • 217459 (xsd:integer)
  • 217470 (xsd:integer)
  • 217471 (xsd:integer)
  • 217477 (xsd:integer)
  • 217513 (xsd:integer)
  • 217614 (xsd:integer)
  • 217627 (xsd:integer)
  • 217639 (xsd:integer)
  • 217643 (xsd:integer)
  • 217646 (xsd:integer)
  • 217672 (xsd:integer)
  • 217679 (xsd:integer)
  • 223711 (xsd:integer)
  • 224652 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageModified
  • 2016-08-15 20:54:55Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-10-18 04:44:53Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-10-30 02:50:12Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-11-07 02:12:54Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-11-11 13:34:30Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-11-13 13:30:24Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-11-19 03:11:58Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-11-19 04:32:19Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-11-23 10:02:20Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-11-26 13:32:38Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-11-28 22:38:57Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-11-28 22:40:32Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-11-28 22:41:11Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-11-28 22:54:00Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-11-28 23:06:45Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-11-29 15:16:46Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-11-29 16:16:17Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-12-04 06:32:00Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-12-04 18:33:19Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-12-10 18:24:04Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-12-10 19:37:06Z (xsd:date)
  • 2016-12-17 07:16:07Z (xsd:date)
  • 2017-01-13 21:07:22Z (xsd:date)
  • 2017-01-13 21:07:53Z (xsd:date)
  • 2017-01-14 15:33:23Z (xsd:date)
  • 2017-01-14 18:47:18Z (xsd:date)
  • 2017-09-30 18:57:42Z (xsd:date)
  • 2018-04-07 07:27:35Z (xsd:date)
dbo:wikiPageOutDegree
  • 514 (xsd:integer)
  • 515 (xsd:integer)
  • 525 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 734657153 (xsd:integer)
  • 744904535 (xsd:integer)
  • 746874064 (xsd:integer)
  • 748222538 (xsd:integer)
  • 748964303 (xsd:integer)
  • 749279397 (xsd:integer)
  • 750333878 (xsd:integer)
  • 750345721 (xsd:integer)
  • 751097918 (xsd:integer)
  • 751562145 (xsd:integer)
  • 751995809 (xsd:integer)
  • 751996036 (xsd:integer)
  • 751996125 (xsd:integer)
  • 751997775 (xsd:integer)
  • 751999382 (xsd:integer)
  • 752107620 (xsd:integer)
  • 752117269 (xsd:integer)
  • 752934418 (xsd:integer)
  • 753014554 (xsd:integer)
  • 754071821 (xsd:integer)
  • 754082970 (xsd:integer)
  • 755305752 (xsd:integer)
  • 759914910 (xsd:integer)
  • 759914972 (xsd:integer)
  • 760031049 (xsd:integer)
  • 760058266 (xsd:integer)
  • 803146137 (xsd:integer)
  • 835208946 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionLink
dbp:1blankname
  • Vice Presidents (en)
dbp:align
  • left (en)
  • right (en)
dbp:almaMater
  • Military Academy of Venezuela (en)
dbp:b
  • no (en)
dbp:birthDate
  • 1954-07-28 (xsd:date)
dbp:birthPlace
dbp:birthname
  • Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías (en)
dbp:blank
  • Religion (en)
dbp:branch
dbp:children
  • Hugo Rafael (en)
  • María Gabriela (en)
  • Rosa Virginia (en)
  • Rosinés (en)
dbp:data
dbp:date
  • July 2015 (en)
dbp:deathDate
  • 2013-03-05 (xsd:date)
dbp:deathPlace
  • Caracas, Venezuela (en)
dbp:deputy
dbp:office
  • 62 (xsd:integer)
  • President of the United Socialist Party of Venezuela (en)
dbp:otherparty
dbp:party
  • United Socialist Party (en)
dbp:predecessor
dbp:quote
  • I think that from the time I left the academy I was oriented toward a revolutionary movement... The Hugo Chávez who entered there was a kid from the hills, a '' (en)
  • Every factory must be a school to educate, like Che Guevara said, to produce not only briquettes, steel, and aluminum, but also, above all, the new man and woman, the new society, the socialist society. (en)
  • '' with aspirations of playing professional baseball. Four years later, a second-lieutenant came out who had taken the revolutionary path. Someone who didn't have obligations to anyone, who didn't belong to any movement, who was not enrolled in any party, but who knew very well where I was headed. (en)
  • Venezuela’s hybrid regime, after Chávez’s death, became more selectively accommodating on the inside and more explicitly repressive on the outside. This allowed the regime to survive, but not to thrive. Regime survival was purchased at the cost of policy immobilism. And policy immobilism has left Venezuela with the deepest economic crisis in Venezuela’s history. (en)
  • Democracy is impossible in a capitalist system. Capitalism is the realm of injustice and a tyranny of the richest against the poorest. Rousseau said, 'Between the powerful and the weak all freedom is oppressed. Only the rule of law sets you free.' That's why the only way to save the world is through socialism, a democratic socialism... [Democracy is not just turning up to vote every four or five years], it's much more than that, it's a way of life, it's giving power to the people... it is not the government of the rich over the people, which is what's happening in almost all the so-called democratic Western capitalist countries. (en)
dbp:rank
dbp:reason
  • this is not contrary to Catholicism. As much as Chavez CAN be organized, probably his disagreements with Catholics ought to be kept separate from disagreements with other religions (en)
dbp:restingPlace
  • Caracas, Venezuela (en)
  • Cuartel de la Montaña (en)
dbp:serviceyears
  • 1971 (xsd:integer)
dbp:signature
  • Hugo Chavez Signature.svg (en)
dbp:source
  • —Corales and Penfold, Dragon in the Tropics: The Legacy of Hugo Chávez (en)
  • —Hugo Chávez (en)
  • —Hugo Chávez, June 2010 (en)
  • —Hugo Chávez, May 2009 (en)
dbp:spouse
dbp:successor
dbp:termEnd
  • 2002-04-12 (xsd:date)
  • 2013-03-05 (xsd:date)
  • --07-26
dbp:termStart
  • 1999-02-02 (xsd:date)
  • 2002-04-14 (xsd:date)
  • 2007-03-24 (xsd:date)
dbp:title
dbp:v
  • no (en)
dbp:voy
  • no (en)
dbp:width
  • 220 (xsd:integer)
  • 246 (xsd:integer)
  • 270 (xsd:integer)
dbp:wikiPageUsesTemplate
dbp:wikt
  • no (en)
dbp:wordnet_type
dbp:years
  • 1997 (xsd:integer)
  • 1999 (xsd:integer)
  • 2007 (xsd:integer)
dct:subject
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈuɣo rafaˈel ˈtʃaβes ˈfɾi.as]; 28 July 1954 – 5 March 2013) was a Venezuelan politician who served as the 64th President of Venezuela from 1999 to 2013. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Hugo Chávez (en)
rdfs:seeAlso
owl:sameAs
foaf:depiction
foaf:gender
  • male (en)
foaf:homepage
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
is dbo:commander of
is dbo:presenter of
is dbo:president of
is dbo:starring of
is dbo:wikiPageDisambiguates of
is dbo:wikiPageRedirects of
is dbp:afterElection of
is dbp:beforeElection of
is dbp:col of
is dbp:commander of
is dbp:predecessor of
is dbp:presenter of
is dbp:president of
is dbp:relations of
is dbp:source of
is dbp:spouse of
is dbp:starring of