Insurgency in the Maghreb refers to military activity in Algeria, Mauritania and Morocco, waged since 2002 by the Islamist militia, Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC). The GSPC allied itself with al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb against the Algerian government. This alliance created a division within the GSPC and led to the creation of the Free Salafist Group (GSL) another militant group opposing the Algerian government.

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dbo:abstract
  • Insurgency in the Maghreb refers to military activity in Algeria, Mauritania and Morocco, waged since 2002 by the Islamist militia, Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC). The GSPC allied itself with al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb against the Algerian government. This alliance created a division within the GSPC and led to the creation of the Free Salafist Group (GSL) another militant group opposing the Algerian government. The conflict is an aftermath of the Algerian Civil War (ended in 2002), and has since spread to other neighboring countries.Algeria and other Maghreb states affected by the activity have been offered assistance in fighting Extremist militants by the United States and the United Kingdom since 2007, when Operation Enduring Freedom – Trans Sahara began. (en)
dbo:combatant
  • ----
  • Supported by:
  • *Boko Haram
  • *Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in Libya
  • *Wilayat Algeria
  • 22pxAl-Mourabitoun
  • AQIM(former GSPC)
  • Limited involvement:
  • MOJWA
  • Moroccan Islamic Combatant Group
  • Salafia Jihadia
  • Tuareg militias of Ghatand otherTuaregrebels
  • Tunisian Combat Group
  • (from 2014)
  • *Jund al-Khilafah(from 2014)
  • MOJWA(2011-13)
  • *Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in Libya(from 2015)
  • Boko Haram(2009-15)
  • *Boko Haram(from 2015)
  • AQIM(former GSPC, from 2007)
  • Boko Haram(2009-2015)
  • MOJWA(2011-2013)
  • *Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in Libya(until 2016)
  • Boko Haram(from 2009, part of ISIS since 2015)
  • MOJWA(2011–13)
  • MINUSMA(from 2013)
  • 22pxAnsar al-Sharia (Tunisia)(from 2011)
  • 22pxAQIM(from 2007)
  • Boko Haram(from 2006, part of ISIL since 2015)
  • (AFRICOM)
  • *Libyan Provinces
  • *Wilayat Gharb Ifriqiyyah
  • *Wilayat al-Jazair
  • 22pxAl-Mourabitoun(2013–17)
  • 22pxAnsar Dine(2012–17)
  • 22pxGSPC(until 2007)
  • 22pxUqba ibn Nafi Brigade(from 2012)
  • AFISMA(from 2013)
  • 22pxJama'at Nasr al-Islam wal Muslimin(from 2017)
  • 22pxAnsar al-Sharia (Libya)(2012-17)
dbo:commander
dbo:date
  • 2002-04-11 (xsd:date)
dbo:isPartOfMilitaryConflict
dbo:place
dbo:status
  • Ongoing
  • *Chaambi OperationsandISIL insurgencyin Tunisia
  • * Islamistscapture northern Maliin 2012, until largely fought back by French-ledOperation Servalin 2013
  • * US-ledOperation Enduring Freedom – Trans Saharainitiated in 2007
  • * French-ledOperation Barkhaneacross the Sahel begins 2014
  • * Insurgency in Algeria spreads through the Maghreb and Sahel
  • *ISILcaptures territory inLibyan Civil War, largely fought back by 2016
  • * UN peacekeeping missionMINUSMA, African-ledAFISMAdeployed to Mali
dbo:strength
  • ----
  • Supported by:
  • 22pxAQIM(former GSPC): 800+1,000Salafia Jihadia700+
  • Wilayat Algeria: Fewer than 30
  • Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in Libya: 5,000
  • *Wilayat Gharb Ifriqiyyah: 6,000–20,000
  • *Wilayat al-Jazair: Fewer than 30
  • 22pxAQIM(former GSPC): 1,000–4,000
  • 22pxAl-Mourabitoun: Fewer than 100
  • 22pxAnsar Dine: 300–10,000
  • 22pxSalafia Jihadia: 700+
  • MINUSMA: 9,754
  • MOJWA: ~500
  • 22pxAnsar al-Sharia (Libya): 5,000+
  • 22pxAnsar al-Sharia (Tunisia): 1,000
  • *Libyan Provinces: 5,000–10,000
  • : 1,325+ advisors, trainers
  • : 12,000
  • : 15,870
  • : 30,350
  • : 35,000
  • : 520,000
  • : 7,350
  • AFISMA: 2,900
  • : 4,000 deployed in the Sahel
  • : 45,000; 6,000 deployed in Chaambi
  • Total armed forces (unless specified):
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dbp:caption
  • States of the Maghreb and Sahel affected by the insurgency (en)
dbp:casualties
  • Major conflict casualties: * 2002: 1,100+ killed in Algeria * 2003: 1,162 killed in Algeria * 2004: 429 killed in Algeria * 2005: 488 killed in Algeria * 2006: 323 killed in Algeria Algeria: 3,502+ total killed (en)
  • Mali: 3,300+ killed (en)
  • Libya: 10,071+ killed , 20,000+ wounded (en)
dbp:combatant
  • 22 (xsd:integer)
  • dbr:African-led_International_Support_Mission_to_Mali
  • Supported by: (en)
  • Moroccan Islamic Combatant Group (en)
  • Salafia Jihadia (en)
  • Salafia Jihadia ---- *Wilayat Algeria * Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in Libya * Boko Haram (en)
  • Limited involvement: (en)
  • MOJWA (en)
  • Tuareg militias of Ghat and other Tuareg rebels (en)
  • Tunisian Combat Group (en)
  • Boko Haram (en)
  • MINUSMA (en)
  • Boko Haram ---- * Jund al-Khilafah * Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in Libya * Boko Haram (en)
  • Boko Haram ---- * Wilayat al-Jazair * Wilayat Gharb Ifriqiyyah * Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in Libya (en)
  • Boko Haram Salafia Jihadia ---- * Jund al-Khilafah * Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in Libya * Boko Haram (en)
  • ---- * Libyan Provinces * Wilayat Gharb Ifriqiyyah * Wilayat al-Jazair (en)
dbp:commander
  • 22 (xsd:integer)
  • dbr:Abdulkadir_Shehu
  • --12-23
  • George W. Bush (en)
  • King Mohammed VI (en)
  • Barack Obama (en)
  • Donald Trump (en)
  • Idriss Deby (en)
  • Zine El Abidine Ben Ali (en)
  • Abdelaziz Bouteflika (en)
  • Amadou Toumani Touré (en)
  • Macky Sall (en)
  • Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta (en)
  • Mahamadou Issoufou (en)
  • Roch Marc Christian Kaboré (en)
  • Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz (en)
  • Beji Caid Essebsi (en)
  • Abu Nabil al-Anbari (en)
  • Mokhtar Belmokhtar (en)
  • Abu Musab al-Barnawi (en)
  • Omar Ould Hamaha (en)
  • Emmanuel Macron (en)
  • Abdel Qader al-Najdi (en)
  • Michael Lollesgaard (en)
dbp:conflict
  • Insurgency in the Maghreb (en)
dbp:date
  • --04-11
dbp:partof
  • the Global War on Terrorism (en)
dbp:place
  • Algeria, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, and Tunisia (en)
  • Maghreb, Sahara desert, Sahel (en)
dbp:status
  • Ongoing * Insurgency in Algeria spreads through the Maghreb and Sahel * US-led Operation Enduring Freedom – Trans Sahara initiated in 2007 * Islamists capture northern Mali in 2012, until largely fought back by French-led Operation Serval in 2013 * UN peacekeeping mission MINUSMA, African-led AFISMA deployed to Mali * French-led Operation Barkhane across the Sahel begins 2014 * Chaambi Operations and ISIL insurgency in Tunisia * ISIL captures territory in Libyan Civil War, largely fought back by 2016 (en)
dbp:strength
  • 22 (xsd:integer)
  • MINUSMA: 9,754 (en)
  • * Libyan Provinces: 5,000–10,000 * Wilayat Gharb Ifriqiyyah: 6,000–20,000 * Wilayat al-Jazair: Fewer than 30 (en)
  • : 12,000 (en)
  • : 15,870 (en)
  • : 30,350 (en)
  • : 35,000 (en)
  • : 520,000 (en)
  • : 7,350 (en)
  • AFISMA: 2,900 (en)
  • MOJWA: ~500 (en)
  • Supported by: : 1,325+ advisors, trainers (en)
  • : 4,000 deployed in the Sahel (en)
  • : 45,000; 6,000 deployed in Chaambi (en)
  • Total armed forces : (en)
dbp:wikiPageUsesTemplate
dbp:wordnet_type
dct:subject
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Insurgency in the Maghreb refers to military activity in Algeria, Mauritania and Morocco, waged since 2002 by the Islamist militia, Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC). The GSPC allied itself with al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb against the Algerian government. This alliance created a division within the GSPC and led to the creation of the Free Salafist Group (GSL) another militant group opposing the Algerian government. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Insurgency in the Maghreb (2002–present) (en)
owl:sameAs
foaf:depiction
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
foaf:name
  • Insurgency in the Maghreb (en)
is dbo:isPartOfMilitaryConflict of
is dbo:wikiPageRedirects of
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