The Iran crisis of 1946, also known as the Iran-Azerbaijan Crisis, followed the end of World War II and stemmed from the Soviet Union's refusal to relinquish occupied Iranian territory, despite repeated assurances. In 1941 Iran had been jointly invaded and occupied by the Allied powers of the Soviet Red Army in the north and by the British in the centre and south.

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • The Iran crisis of 1946, also known as the Iran-Azerbaijan Crisis, followed the end of World War II and stemmed from the Soviet Union's refusal to relinquish occupied Iranian territory, despite repeated assurances. In 1941 Iran had been jointly invaded and occupied by the Allied powers of the Soviet Red Army in the north and by the British in the centre and south. Iran was used by the Americans and the British as a transportation route to provide vital supplies to the Soviet Union's war efforts.As of August 1941, the United States was a neutral nation and had not entered as a belligerent in World War II. Therefore, the bloc known as 'The Allies' were principally (with Poland and France occupied by Germany in 1939 and 1940, respectively) the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union, recently forming their alliance after the German invasion of territories of the Western Soviet Union in June 1941. In the aftermath of the occupation of Iran, those Allied forces agreed to withdraw from Iran within six months after the cessation of hostilities. However, when this deadline came in early 1946, the Soviets, under Joseph Stalin, remained in Iran and local pro-Soviet Iranians proclaimed a separatist People's Republic of Azerbaijan.In late 1945, in addition to the People's Republic of Azerbaijan, the Republic of Mahabad also came into existence. Soon, the alliance of the Kurdish and People's Azerbaijani forces, supported in arms and training by the Soviet Union, engaged in fighting with Iranian forces, resulting in a total of 2,000 casualties. Negotiation by Iranian premier Ahmad Qavam and diplomatic pressure on the Soviets by the United States eventually led to Soviet withdrawal. The crisis is seen as one of the early conflicts in the growing Cold War at the time. (en)
dbo:causalties
  • Unknown
  • Hundreds killed (Kurdish report)
  • Unknown
  • Hundreds killed (Kurdish report)
dbo:combatant
  • Supported by:
  • Republic of Mahabad
  • Azerbaijan People's Republic
  • Imperial State of Iran
  • Supported by:
  • Republic of Mahabad
  • Imperial State of Iran
  • Azerbaijan People's Republic
dbo:commander
dbo:date
  • 1946-12-15 (xsd:date)
  • 1946-12-15 (xsd:date)
dbo:isPartOfMilitaryConflict
dbo:place
dbo:result
  • Decisive Iranian victory
  • * dissolution ofAzerbaijan People's Republic
  • * dissolution of theRepublic of Mahabad
  • Decisive Iranian victory
  • * dissolution of theRepublic of Mahabad
  • * dissolution ofAzerbaijan People's Republic
dbo:strength
  • Iranian Army
  • * Kurdish tribes
  • Azeri militias
  • 12,750Peshmergainfantry and cavalry
  • Iranian Army
  • * Kurdish tribes
  • Azeri militias
  • 12,750Peshmergainfantry and cavalry
dbo:thumbnail
dbo:wikiPageEditLink
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageExtracted
  • 2014-10-15 12:26:17 (xsd:date)
  • 2016-08-06 16:10:01 (xsd:date)
dbo:wikiPageHistoryLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 5208098 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageLength
  • 19412 (xsd:integer)
  • 19869 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageModified
  • 2014-08-20 14:58:33 (xsd:date)
  • 2016-08-06 16:10:00 (xsd:date)
dbo:wikiPageOutDegree
  • 96 (xsd:integer)
  • 103 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 622066012 (xsd:integer)
  • 733268601 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionLink
dbp:caption
  • Qazi Muhammad and Mustafa Barzani in 1946 (en)
  • Jafar Pishevari in 1946 (en)
dbp:casualties
  • Unknown (en)
  • Total: 2,000 killed (en)
  • Hundreds killed (en)
dbp:combatant
  • Republic of Mahabad (en)
  • Azerbaijan People's Republic (en)
  • Imperial State of Iran (en)
  • Supported by: (en)
dbp:commander
  • Mustafa Barzani (en)
  • Qazi Muhammad (en)
  • Ahmed Barzani (en)
  • Ali Razmara (en)
  • Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (en)
  • Ja'far Pishevari (en)
  • Ahmad Kordary # ---- Salahuddin Kazimov (en)
  • ---- Salahuddin Kazimov (en)
  • Ahmad Kordary # Qazi Muhammad (en)
  • Ahmed Barzani ---- Salahuddin Kazimov (en)
  • Ahmad Kordary # Qazi Muhammad (en)
dbp:conflict
  • Iran crisis of 1946 (en)
dbp:date
  • 0001-12-15 (xsd:date)
  • --12-15
dbp:hasPhotoCollection
dbp:partof
  • dbr:Cold_War
  • Kurdish separatism in Iran and the Cold War (en)
dbp:place
dbp:result
  • Decisive Iranian victory * dissolution of the Republic of Mahabad * dissolution of Azerbaijan People's Republic (en)
  • Decisive Iranian victory * dissolution of Azerbaijan People's Republic * dissolution of the Republic of Mahabad (en)
dbp:strength
  • 12750 (xsd:integer)
  • Iranian Army (en)
  • * Kurdish tribes (en)
  • Azeri militias (en)
dbp:wikiPageUsesTemplate
dct:subject
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • The Iran crisis of 1946, also known as the Iran-Azerbaijan Crisis, followed the end of World War II and stemmed from the Soviet Union's refusal to relinquish occupied Iranian territory, despite repeated assurances. In 1941 Iran had been jointly invaded and occupied by the Allied powers of the Soviet Red Army in the north and by the British in the centre and south. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Iran crisis of 1946 (en)
owl:sameAs
foaf:depiction
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
foaf:name
  • Iran crisis of 1946 (en)
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