Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country located off the eastern coast of the Asian continent. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends more than 3,000 kilometers (1,900 miles) from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea in the southwest. Part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses a stratovolcanic archipelago of 6,852 islands; five main islands (Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku, and Okinawa) comprise 97% of the country's land area of 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi) and more than 99% of its population.

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  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country located off the eastern coast of the Asian continent. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends more than 3,000 kilometers (1,900 miles) from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea in the southwest. Part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses a stratovolcanic archipelago of 6,852 islands; five main islands (Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku, and Okinawa) comprise 97% of the country's land area of 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi) and more than 99% of its population. Japan is officially divided into 47 prefectures and traditionally into eight regions. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous, with much of the remainder made up by low-lying coastal plains. As a result, Japan is among the most densely populated and urbanized countries in the world, with more than 90% of its population living in urban areas. The largest of these is the Greater Tokyo Area centered on the capital city of Tokyo, which is the most populous metropolitan area in the world and home to more than 38 million people. Japan is the eleventh most populous country in the world with a population of 126.2 million, of which 97.8% are ethnically Japanese. The kanji (or "Chinese characters") that make up the name of Japan in the Japanese language mean "sun origin"; in the Western world, the country is sometimes known by the sobriquet "Land of the Rising Sun". Periods of influence from other regions, primarily China, followed by periods of isolation, particularly from Western Europe, have characterized the history of Japan. While archaeological evidence indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period, the first written mentions of the country appear in Chinese texts from the first century AD. Between the fourth and ninth centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became gradually unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō (modern Kyoto). Beginning in the twelfth century, however, political power came to be held by a succession of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a policy of foreign isolationism. This period ended in 1854 when a United States fleet forced Japan to open to the West, leading to the fall of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the resulting Meiji period, Japan adopted a Western-style government and pursued a program of industrialization and modernization, which transformed the feudal society into a great power. By 1920, Japan had established a colonial empire in East Asia after decisive victories in the First Sino-Japanese War and Russo-Japanese War. In 1937, the Empire of Japan invaded China, beginning the Second Sino-Japanese War; in 1940, it signed the Tripartite Pact and entered World War II the following year on the side of the Axis powers. After suffering major defeats in the Pacific and the atomic bombings of the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945, coming under a seven-year occupation and adopting a post-war constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with the Emperor as the head of state and an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Today, Japan is a member of numerous international institutions, including the United Nations, the OECD, the G7, and the G20. Though it has officially renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military for peacekeeping and self-defense, which has been ranked as the world's fourth most powerful. Following World War II, Japan experienced record economic growth, becoming the world's second-largest economy by 1980. As of 2019, Japan's economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and fourth-largest by purchasing power parity; it is also the fourth-largest importer and exporter and an international leader in the automotive and electronics industries. Japan is categorized as "very high" on the Human Development Index, and its population enjoys high levels of tertiary education and the highest life expectancy in the world, though it is currently is experiencing a projected decline due to aging and low birth rates. Culturally, Japan is renowned around the world for its art, cuisine, cinema, music, and popular culture, including its prominent comics, animation, and video game industries. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country located off the eastern coast of the Asian continent. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends more than 3,000 kilometers (1,900 miles) from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea in the southwest. Part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses a stratovolcanic archipelago of 6,852 islands; five main islands (Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku, and Okinawa) comprise 97% of the country's total area of 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi) and more than 99% of its population. Japan is officially divided into 47 prefectures and traditionally into eight regions. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous, with much of the remainder made up by low-lying coastal plains. As a result, Japan is among the most densely populated and urbanized countries in the world, with more than 90% of its population living in urban areas. The largest of these is the Greater Tokyo Area centered on the capital city of Tokyo, which is the most populous metropolitan area in the world and home to more than 38 million people. Japan is the eleventh most populous country in the world with a population of 126.2 million, of which 97.8% are ethnically Japanese. The kanji (or "Chinese characters") that make up the name of Japan in the Japanese language mean "sun origin"; in the Western world, the country is sometimes known by the sobriquet "Land of the Rising Sun". Periods of influence from other regions, primarily China, followed by periods of isolation, particularly from Western Europe, have characterized the history of Japan. While archaeological evidence indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period, the first written mentions of the country appear in Chinese texts from the first century AD. Between the fourth and ninth centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became gradually unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō (modern Kyoto). Beginning in the twelfth century, however, political power came to be held by a succession of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a policy of foreign isolationism. This period ended in 1854 when a United States fleet forced Japan to open to the West, leading to the fall of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the resulting Meiji period, Japan adopted a Western-style government and pursued a program of industrialization and modernization, which transformed the feudal society into a great power. By 1920, Japan had established a colonial empire in East Asia after decisive victories in the First Sino-Japanese War and Russo-Japanese War. In 1937, the Empire of Japan invaded China, beginning the Second Sino-Japanese War; in 1940, it signed the Tripartite Pact and entered World War II the following year on the side of the Axis powers. After suffering major defeats in the Pacific and the atomic bombings of the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945, coming under a seven-year occupation and adopting a post-war constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with the Emperor as the head of state and an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Today, Japan is a member of numerous international institutions, including the United Nations, the OECD, the G7, and the G20. Though it has officially renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military for peacekeeping and self-defense, which has been ranked as the world's fourth most powerful. Following World War II, Japan experienced record economic growth, becoming the world's second-largest economy by 1980. As of 2019, Japan's economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and fourth-largest by purchasing power parity; it is also the fourth-largest importer and exporter and an international leader in the automotive and electronics industries. Japan is categorized as "very high" on the Human Development Index, and its population enjoys high levels of tertiary education and the highest life expectancy in the world, though it is currently is experiencing a projected decline due to aging and low birth rates. Culturally, Japan is renowned around the world for its art, cuisine, cinema, music, and popular culture, including its prominent comics, animation, and video game industries. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country located off the eastern coast of the Asian continent. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends more than 3,000 kilometers (1,900 miles) from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea in the southwest. Part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses a stratovolcanic archipelago of 6,852 islands; five main islands (Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku, and Okinawa) comprise 97% of the country's total area of 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi) and more than 99% of its population. Japan is officially divided into 47 prefectures and traditionally into eight regions. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous, with much of the remainder made up by low-lying coastal plains. As a result, Japan is among the most densely populated and urbanized countries in the world, with more than 90% of its population living in urban areas. The largest of these is the Greater Tokyo Area centered on the capital city of Tokyo, which is the most populous metropolitan area in the world and home to more than 38 million people. Japan is the eleventh most populous country in the world with a population of 126.2 million, of which 97.8% are ethnically Japanese. The kanji (or "Chinese characters") that make up the name of Japan in the Japanese language mean "sun origin"; in the Western world, the country is sometimes known by the sobriquet "Land of the Rising Sun". Periods of influence from other regions, primarily China, followed by periods of isolation, particularly from Western Europe, have characterized the history of Japan. While archaeological evidence indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period, the first written mentions of the country appear in Chinese texts from the first century AD. Between the fourth and ninth centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became gradually unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō (modern Kyoto). Beginning in the twelfth century, however, political power came to be held by a succession of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a policy of foreign isolationism. This period ended in 1854 when a United States fleet forced Japan to open to the West, leading to the fall of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the resulting Meiji period, Japan adopted a Western-style government and pursued a program of industrialization and modernization, which transformed the feudal society into a great power. By 1920, Japan had established a colonial empire in East Asia after decisive victories in the First Sino-Japanese War and Russo-Japanese War. In 1937, the Empire of Japan invaded China, beginning the Second Sino-Japanese War; in 1940, it signed the Tripartite Pact and entered World War II the following year on the side of the Axis powers. After suffering major defeats in the Pacific and the atomic bombings of the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945, coming under a seven-year occupation and adopting a post-war constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with the Emperor as the head of state and an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Today, Japan is a member of numerous international institutions, including the United Nations, the OECD, the G7, and the G20. Though it has officially renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military for peacekeeping and self-defense, which has been ranked as the world's fourth most powerful. Following World War II, Japan experienced record economic growth, becoming the world's second-largest economy by 1990. As of 2019, Japan's economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and fourth-largest by purchasing power parity; it is also the fourth-largest importer and exporter and an international leader in the automotive and electronics industries. Japan is categorized as "very high" on the Human Development Index, and its population enjoys high levels of tertiary education and the highest life expectancy in the world, though it is currently is experiencing a projected decline due to aging and low birth rates. Culturally, Japan is renowned around the world for its art, cuisine, cinema, music, and popular culture, including its prominent comics, animation, and video game industries. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country located off the eastern coast of Asia. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends more than 3,000 kilometers (1,900 miles) from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea and Philippine Sea in the southwest. Part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses an archipelago of 6,852 islands; five main islands (Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku, and Okinawa) comprise approximately 96% of the country's total area of 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi). Japan is officially divided into 47 prefectures and traditionally into eight regions. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is covered with mountains, with much of the remainder made up by flat coastal plains. As a result, Japan is one of the most densely populated and urbanized countries in the world. The largest urban area is the Greater Tokyo Area centered on the capital city of Tokyo, which is the most populous metropolitan area in the world and home to more than 38 million people. Japan is the eleventh most populous country in the world with a population of 126.2 million, of which 97.8% are ethnically Japanese. The kanji that make up the name of Japan in Japanese mean "sun origin"; in the Western world, the country is sometimes known as the "Land of the Rising Sun". Periods of influence from other regions, primarily China, followed by periods of isolation, particularly from Western Europe, have characterized the history of Japan. Archaeological evidence indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period. The first mentions of the country appear in Chinese texts from the first century AD. Between the fourth and ninth centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became gradually unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō (modern Kyoto). Beginning in the twelfth century, however, political power came to be held by a succession of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a policy of foreign isolationism. This period ended in 1854 when a United States fleet forced Japan to open to the West, which led to the fall of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the resulting Meiji period, Japan adopted a Western-style government and pursued a program of rapid industrialization and modernization, transforming the feudal society into a great power. In 1937, the Empire of Japan invaded China, beginning the Second Sino-Japanese War; in 1941, it entered World War II on the side of the Axis powers. After suffering major defeats in the Pacific theater and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945, coming under a seven-year occupation and adopting a post-war constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy, with the Emperor as the head of state and an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Today, Japan is a member of numerous international institutions, including the United Nations, the OECD, and the G7. Though it has officially renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military for peacekeeping and self-defense, which has been ranked as the world's fourth most-powerful. After World War II, Japan experienced record economic growth, becoming the world's second-largest economy by 1990. As of 2019, the country's economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity; it is also the fourth-largest importer and exporter and a leader in the automotive and electronics industries. Japan is ranked as "very high" on the Human Development Index; its citizens enjoy high rates of tertiary education and the longest life expectancy in the world, though its population is currently is experiencing a projected decline due to aging and low birth rates. Culturally, Japan is renowned for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, which includes its prominent comics, animation, and video game industries. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country located off the eastern coast of Asia. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and spans more than 3,000 km (1,900 mi) from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea and Philippine Sea in the southwest. Part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses an archipelago of 6,852 islands; five main islands (Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku, and Okinawa) comprise 96% of the country's total area of 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi). Japan is officially divided into 47 prefectures and traditionally into eight regions. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is covered with mountains, with much of the remainder made up by flat coastal plains. As a result, Japan is one of the most densely populated and urbanized countries in the world. The largest urban area is the Greater Tokyo Area centered on the capital city of Tokyo, which is the most populous metropolitan area in the world and home to more than 38 million people. Japan is the eleventh most populous country in the world with a population of 126.2 million, of which 97.8% are ethnically Japanese. The kanji that make up the name of Japan in Japanese mean "sun origin"; in the Western world, the country is sometimes known as the "Land of the Rising Sun". Periods of influence from other regions, primarily China, followed by periods of isolation, particularly from Western Europe, have characterized the history of Japan. Archaeological evidence indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period. The first mentions of the country appear in Chinese texts from the first century AD. Between the fourth and ninth centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became gradually unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō (modern Kyoto). Beginning in the twelfth century, however, political power came to be held by a succession of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a policy of foreign isolationism. This period ended in 1854 when a United States fleet forced Japan to open to the West, which led to the fall of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the resulting Meiji period, Japan adopted a Western-style government and pursued a program of rapid industrialization and modernization, transforming the feudal society into a great power. In 1937, the Empire of Japan invaded China, beginning the Second Sino-Japanese War; in 1941, it entered World War II on the side of the Axis powers. After suffering major defeats in the Pacific theater and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945, coming under a seven-year occupation and adopting a post-war constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy, with the Emperor as the head of state and an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Today, Japan is a member of numerous international institutions, including the United Nations, the OECD, and the G7. Though it has officially renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military for peacekeeping and self-defense, which has been ranked as the world's fourth most-powerful. After World War II, Japan experienced record economic growth, becoming the world's second-largest economy by 1990. As of 2019, the country's economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity; it is also the fourth-largest importer and exporter and a leader in the automotive and electronics industries. Japan is ranked as "very high" on the Human Development Index; its citizens enjoy high rates of tertiary education and the longest life expectancy in the world, though its population is currently is experiencing a projected decline due to aging and low birth rates. Culturally, Japan is renowned for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, which includes its prominent comics, animation, and video game industries. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country located off the eastern coast of Asia. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends more than 3,000 kilometers (1,900 miles) from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea and Philippine Sea in the southwest. Part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses an archipelago of 6,852 islands; five main islands (Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku, and Okinawa) comprise 96% of the country's total area of 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi). Japan is officially divided into 47 prefectures and traditionally into eight regions. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is covered with mountains, with much of the remainder made up by flat coastal plains. As a result, Japan is one of the most densely populated and urbanized countries in the world. The largest urban area is the Greater Tokyo Area centered on the capital city of Tokyo, which is the most populous metropolitan area in the world and home to more than 38 million people. Japan is the eleventh most populous country in the world with a population of 126.2 million, of which 97.8% are ethnically Japanese. The kanji that make up the name of Japan in Japanese mean "sun origin"; in the Western world, the country is sometimes known as the "Land of the Rising Sun". Periods of influence from other regions, primarily China, followed by periods of isolation, particularly from Western Europe, have characterized the history of Japan. Archaeological evidence indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period. The first mentions of the country appear in Chinese texts from the first century AD. Between the fourth and ninth centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became gradually unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō (modern Kyoto). Beginning in the twelfth century, however, political power came to be held by a succession of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a policy of foreign isolationism. This period ended in 1854 when a United States fleet forced Japan to open to the West, which led to the fall of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the resulting Meiji period, Japan adopted a Western-style government and pursued a program of rapid industrialization and modernization, transforming the feudal society into a great power. In 1937, the Empire of Japan invaded China, beginning the Second Sino-Japanese War; in 1941, it entered World War II on the side of the Axis powers. After suffering major defeats in the Pacific theater and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945, coming under a seven-year occupation and adopting a post-war constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy, with the Emperor as the head of state and an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Today, Japan is a member of numerous international institutions, including the United Nations, the OECD, and the G7. Though it has officially renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military for peacekeeping and self-defense, which has been ranked as the world's fourth most-powerful. After World War II, Japan experienced record economic growth, becoming the world's second-largest economy by 1990. As of 2019, the country's economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity; it is also the fourth-largest importer and exporter and a leader in the automotive and electronics industries. Japan is ranked as "very high" on the Human Development Index; its citizens enjoy high rates of tertiary education and the longest life expectancy in the world, though its population is currently is experiencing a projected decline due to aging and low birth rates. Culturally, Japan is renowned for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, which includes its prominent comics, animation, and video game industries. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country located off the eastern coast of Asia. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends more than 3,000 kilometers (1,900 miles) from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea and Philippine Sea in the southwest. Part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses an archipelago of 6,852 islands; five main islands (Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku, and Okinawa) comprise 96% of the country's total area. Japan is officially divided into 47 prefectures and traditionally into eight regions. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is covered with mountains, with much of the remainder made up by flat coastal plains. As a result, Japan is one of the most densely populated and urbanized countries in the world. The largest urban area is the Greater Tokyo Area centered on the capital city of Tokyo, which is the most populous metropolitan area in the world and home to more than 38 million people. Japan is the eleventh most populous country in the world with a population of 126.2 million, of which 97.8% are ethnically Japanese. Archaeological evidence indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period. The first mentions of the country appear in Chinese texts from the first century AD. Between the fourth and ninth centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became gradually unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō (modern Kyoto). Beginning in the twelfth century, however, political power came to be held by a succession of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a policy of foreign isolationism. This period ended in 1854 when a United States fleet forced Japan to open to the West, which led to the fall of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the resulting Meiji period, Japan adopted a Western-style government and pursued a program of rapid industrialization and modernization. In 1937, the Empire of Japan invaded China, beginning the Second Sino-Japanese War; in 1941, it entered World War II on the side of the Axis powers. After suffering major defeats in the Pacific theater and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945, coming under a seven-year occupation and adopting a post-war constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy, with the Emperor as the head of state and an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Today, Japan is a member of numerous international institutions, including the United Nations, the OECD, and the G7. Though it has officially renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military for peacekeeping and self-defense, which has been ranked as the world's fourth most-powerful. As of 2019, the country's economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. Japan is ranked as "very high" on the Human Development Index; its citizens enjoy high rates of tertiary education and the longest life expectancy in the world, though its population is currently is experiencing a projected decline. Culturally, Japan is renowned for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, which includes its prominent comics, animation, and video game industries. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country located off the eastern coast of Asia. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends more than 3,000 kilometers (1,900 miles) from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea and Philippine Sea in the southwest. Part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses an archipelago of 6,852 islands; five main islands (Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku, and Okinawa) comprise 96% of the country's total area. Japan is officially divided into 47 prefectures and traditionally into eight regions. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is covered with mountains, with much of the remainder made up by flat coastal plains. As a result, Japan is one of the most densely populated and urbanized countries in the world. The largest urban area is the Greater Tokyo Area centered on the capital city of Tokyo, which is the most populous metropolitan area in the world and home to more than 38 million people. Japan is the eleventh most populous country in the world with a population of 126.2 million. Archaeological evidence indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period. The first mentions of the country appear in Chinese texts from the first century AD. Between the fourth and ninth centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became gradually unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō (modern Kyoto). Beginning in the twelfth century, however, political power came to be held by a succession of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a policy of foreign isolationism. This period ended in 1854 when a United States fleet forced Japan to open to the West, which led to the fall of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the resulting Meiji period, Japan adopted a Western-style government and pursued a program of rapid industrialization and modernization. In 1937, the Empire of Japan invaded China, beginning the Second Sino-Japanese War; in 1941, it entered World War II on the side of the Axis powers. After suffering major defeats in the Pacific theater and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945, coming under a seven-year occupation and adopting a post-war constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy, with the Emperor as the head of state and an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Today, Japan is a member of numerous international institutions, including the United Nations, the OECD, and the G7. Though it has officially renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military for peacekeeping and self-defense, which has been ranked as the world's fourth most-powerful. As of 2019, the country's economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. Japan is ranked as "very high" on the Human Development Index; its citizens enjoy high rates of tertiary education and the longest life expectancy in the world, though its population is currently is experiencing a projected decline. Culturally, Japan is renowned for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, which includes its prominent comics, animation, and video game industries. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea and Philippine Sea in the southwest. Part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses an archipelago of 6,852 islands; the five main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu and Okinawa. Japan is officially divided into 47 prefectures and traditionally into eight regions. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous. As a result, Japan is one of the most densely populated and urbanized countries in the world. The largest urban area is the Greater Tokyo Area centered on the capital city of Tokyo, which is the most populous metropolitan area in the world and home to more than 38 million people. Japan is the eleventh most populous country in the world with a population of 126.2 million. Archaeological evidence indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period. The first mentions of the country appear in Chinese texts from the first century AD. Between the fourth and ninth centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became gradually unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō (modern Kyoto). Beginning in the twelfth century, however, political power came to be held by a succession of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a policy of foreign isolationism. This period ended in 1854 when a United States fleet forced Japan to open to the West, which led to the fall of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the resulting Meiji period, Japan adopted a Western-style government and pursued a program of rapid industrialization and modernization. In 1937, the Empire of Japan invaded China, beginning the Second Sino-Japanese War; in 1941, it entered World War II on the side of the Axis powers. After suffering major defeats in the Pacific theater and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945, coming under a seven-year occupation and adopting a post-war constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy, with the Emperor as the head of state and an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Today, Japan is a member of numerous international institutions, including the United Nations, the OECD, and the G7. Though it has officially renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military for peacekeeping and self-defense, which has been ranked as the world's fourth most-powerful. As of 2019, the country's economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. Japan is ranked as "very high" on the Human Development Index; its citizens enjoy high rates of tertiary education and the longest life expectancy in the world, though its population is currently is experiencing a projected decline. Culturally, Japan is renowned for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, which includes its prominent comics, animation, and video game industries. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea and Philippine Sea in the southwest. Part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses an archipelago of 6,852 islands; the five main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu and Okinawa. Japan is officially divided into 47 prefectures and traditionally into eight regions. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous. As a result, Japan is one of the most densely populated and urbanized countries in the world. The largest urban area is the Greater Tokyo Area centered on the capital city of Tokyo, which is the most populous metropolitan area in the world and home to more than 38 million people. Japan is the eleventh most populous country in the world with a population of 126.2 million. Archaeological evidence indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period. The first mentions of the country appear in Chinese texts from the first century AD. Between the fourth and ninth centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became gradually unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō (modern Kyoto). Beginning in the twelfth century, however, political power came to be held by a succession of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a policy of foreign isolationism. This period ended in 1854 when a United States fleet forced Japan to open to the West, which led to the fall of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the resulting Meiji period, Japan adopted a Western-style government and pursued a program of rapid industrialization and modernization. In 1937, the Empire of Japan invaded China, beginning the Second Sino-Japanese War; in 1941, it entered World War II on the side of the Axis powers. After suffering major defeats in the Pacific theater and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945, coming under a seven-year occupation and adopting a post-war constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy, with the Emperor as the head of state and an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Today, Japan is a member of numerous international institutions, including the United Nations, the OECD, and the G7. Though it has officially renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military for peacekeeping and self-defense, which has been ranked as the world's fourth most-powerful. As of 2019, the country's economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. Japan is ranked as "very high" on the Human Development Index; its citizens enjoy high rates of tertiary education and the longest life expectancy in the world, though its population is currently is experiencing a projected decline. Culturally, Japan is renowned for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, which includes its prominent comics, animation, video game and technological industries. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea and Philippine Sea in the southwest. Part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses an archipelago of 6,852 islands; the five main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu and Okinawa. Japan is officially divided into 47 prefectures and traditionally into eight regions. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous. As a result, Japan is one of the most densely populated and urbanized countries in the world. The largest urban area is the Greater Tokyo Area centered on the capital city of Tokyo, which is the most populous metropolitan area in the world and home to more than 38 million people. Japan is the eleventh most populous country in the world with a population of 126.2 million. Archaeological evidence indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period. The first mentions of the country appear in Chinese texts from the first century AD. Between the fourth and ninth centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became gradually unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō (modern Kyoto). Beginning in the twelfth century, however, political power came to be held by a succession of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a policy of foreign isolationism. This period ended in 1854 when a United States fleet forced Japan to open to the West, which led to the fall of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the resulting Meiji period, Japan adopted a Western-style government and pursued a program of rapid industrialization and modernization. In 1937, the Empire of Japan invaded China, beginning the Second Sino-Japanese War; in 1941, it entered World War II on the side of the Axis powers. After suffering major defeats in the Pacific theater and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945, coming under a seven-year occupation and adopting a post-war constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy, with the Emperor as the head of state and an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Today, Japan is a member of numerous international institutions, including the United Nations, the OECD, and the G7. Though it has officially renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military for peacekeeping and self-defense, which has been ranked as the world's fourth most-powerful. As of 2019, the country's economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. Japan is ranked as "very high" on the Human Development Index; its citizens enjoy high rates of tertiary education and the longest life expectancy in the world, though its population is currently is experiencing a projected decline. Culturally, Japan is renowned for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, which includes its prominent comics and animation industries. Japan has also made significant contributions to contemporary science and technology, with prominent industries in automobiles, video gaming and robotics. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea and Philippine Sea in the southwest. Part of the Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses a stratovolcanic archipelago of 6,852 islands, covering 380,000 square kilometers (150,000 sq mi); the five largest islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city, while the Kyoto-Osaka-Kobe region is another major center. Japan is highly mountainous, and most the country's population is concentrated on scattered coastal plains. As a result, Japan is one of the most densely populated and urbanized countries in the world. The most populous urban area is Greater Tokyo, which is the most populous metropolitan area in the world and home to more than 37 million people. Japan is the eleventh most populous country in the world with a population of 126.2 million. Archaeological evidence indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period. The first mentions of the country appear in Chinese texts from the first century AD. Between the fourth and ninth centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became gradually unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō (modern Kyoto). Beginning in the twelfth century, however, political power came to be held by a succession of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a policy of foreign isolationism. This period ended in 1854 when a United States fleet forced Japan to open to the West, which led to the fall of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the resulting Meiji period, Japan adopted a Western-style government and pursued a program of rapid industrialization and modernization. In 1937, the Empire of Japan invaded China, beginning the Second Sino-Japanese War; in 1941, it entered World War II on the side of the Axis powers. After suffering major defeats in the Pacific theater and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945, coming under a seven-year occupation and adopting a post-war constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy, with the Emperor as the head of state and an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Today, Japan is a member of numerous international institutions, including the United Nations, the OECD, and the G7. Though it has officially renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military for peacekeeping and self-defense, which has been ranked as the world's fourth most-powerful. As of 2019, the country's economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. Japan is ranked as "very high" on the Human Development Index; its citizens enjoy high rates of tertiary education and the longest life expectancy in the world, though its population is currently is experiencing a projected decline. Culturally, Japan is renowned for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, which includes its prominent comics and animation industries. Japan has also made significant contributions to contemporary science and technology, with prominent industries in automobiles, video gaming and robotics. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea in the southwest. Part of the Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses a stratovolcanic archipelago of 6,852 islands and covers 380,000 square kilometers (150,000 sq mi). The five main islands of Japan, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city; other major population centers include Osaka, Nagoya, and Fukuoka. Japan is highly mountainous, and most the country's population is concentrated on scattered coastal plains. As a result, Japan is one of the most densely populated and urbanized countries in the world. The most populous urban area is Greater Tokyo, which is the most populous metropolitan area in the world and home to more than 37 million people. Japan is the eleventh most populous country in the world with a population of 126.2 million. Archaeological evidence indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period. The first mentions of the country appear in Chinese texts from the first century AD. Between the fourth and ninth centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became gradually unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō (modern Kyoto). Beginning in the twelfth century, however, political power came to be held by a succession of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a policy of foreign isolationism. This period ended in 1854 when a United States fleet forced Japan to open to the West, which led to the fall of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the resulting Meiji period, Japan adopted a Western-style government and pursued a program of rapid industrialization and modernization. In 1937, the Empire of Japan invaded China, beginning the Second Sino-Japanese War; in 1941, it entered World War II on the side of the Axis powers. After suffering major defeats in the Pacific theater and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945, coming under a seven-year occupation and adopting a post-war constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy, with the Emperor as the head of state and an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Today, Japan is a member of numerous international institutions, including the United Nations, the OECD, and the G7. Though it has officially renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military for peacekeeping and self-defense, which has been ranked as the world's fourth most-powerful. As of 2019, the country's economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. Japan is ranked as "very high" on the Human Development Index; its citizens enjoy high rates of tertiary education and the longest life expectancy in the world, though its population is currently is experiencing a projected decline. Culturally, Japan is renowned for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, which includes its prominent comics and animation industries. Japan has also made significant contributions to contemporary science and technology, with prominent industries in automobiles, video gaming and robotics. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea in the southwest. Part of the Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses a stratovolcanic archipelago of 6,852 islands and covers 380,000 square kilometers (150,000 sq mi); the five largest islands of Japan, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city, and major regional centers include Osaka, Nagoya, and Fukuoka. Japan is highly mountainous, and most the country's population is concentrated on scattered coastal plains. As a result, Japan is one of the most densely populated and urbanized countries in the world. The most populous urban area is Greater Tokyo, which is the most populous metropolitan area in the world and home to more than 37 million people. Japan is the eleventh most populous country in the world with a population of 126.2 million. Archaeological evidence indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period. The first mentions of the country appear in Chinese texts from the first century AD. Between the fourth and ninth centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became gradually unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō (modern Kyoto). Beginning in the twelfth century, however, political power came to be held by a succession of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a policy of foreign isolationism. This period ended in 1854 when a United States fleet forced Japan to open to the West, which led to the fall of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the resulting Meiji period, Japan adopted a Western-style government and pursued a program of rapid industrialization and modernization. In 1937, the Empire of Japan invaded China, beginning the Second Sino-Japanese War; in 1941, it entered World War II on the side of the Axis powers. After suffering major defeats in the Pacific theater and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945, coming under a seven-year occupation and adopting a post-war constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy, with the Emperor as the head of state and an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Today, Japan is a member of numerous international institutions, including the United Nations, the OECD, and the G7. Though it has officially renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military for peacekeeping and self-defense, which has been ranked as the world's fourth most-powerful. As of 2019, the country's economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. Japan is ranked as "very high" on the Human Development Index; its citizens enjoy high rates of tertiary education and the longest life expectancy in the world, though its population is currently is experiencing a projected decline. Culturally, Japan is renowned for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, which includes its prominent comics and animation industries. Japan has also made significant contributions to contemporary science and technology, with prominent industries in automobiles, video gaming and robotics. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea in the southwest. Part of the Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses a stratovolcanic archipelago of 6,852 islands and covers 380,000 square kilometers (150,000 sq mi); the five main islands of Japan, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city, while major regional centers include Osaka, Nagoya, and Fukuoka. Japan is highly mountainous, and most the country's population is concentrated on scattered coastal plains. As a result, Japan is one of the most densely populated and urbanized countries in the world. The most populous urban area is Greater Tokyo, which is the most populous metropolitan area in the world and home to more than 37 million people. Japan is the eleventh most populous country in the world with a population of 126.2 million. Archaeological evidence indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period. The first mentions of the country appear in Chinese texts from the first century AD. Between the fourth and ninth centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became gradually unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō (modern Kyoto). Beginning in the twelfth century, however, political power came to be held by a succession of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a policy of foreign isolationism. This period ended in 1854 when a United States fleet forced Japan to open to the West, which led to the fall of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the resulting Meiji period, Japan adopted a Western-style government and pursued a program of rapid industrialization and modernization. In 1937, the Empire of Japan invaded China, beginning the Second Sino-Japanese War; in 1941, it entered World War II on the side of the Axis powers. After suffering major defeats in the Pacific theater and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945, coming under a seven-year occupation and adopting a post-war constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy, with the Emperor as the head of state and an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Today, Japan is a member of numerous international institutions, including the United Nations, the OECD, and the G7. Though it has officially renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military for peacekeeping and self-defense, which has been ranked as the world's fourth most-powerful. As of 2019, the country's economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. Japan is ranked as "very high" on the Human Development Index; its citizens enjoy high rates of tertiary education and the longest life expectancy in the world, though its population is currently is experiencing a projected decline. Culturally, Japan is renowned for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, which includes its prominent comics and animation industries. Japan has also made significant contributions to contemporary science and technology, with prominent industries in automobiles, video gaming and robotics. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea in the southwest. Part of the Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses a stratovolcanic archipelago of 6,852 islands and covers 380,000 square kilometers (150,000 sq mi); the five main islands of Japan, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city, and major regional centers include Osaka, Nagoya, and Fukuoka. Japan is highly mountainous, and most the country's population is concentrated on scattered coastal plains. As a result, Japan is one of the most densely populated and urbanized countries in the world. The most populous urban area is Greater Tokyo, which is the most populous metropolitan area in the world and home to more than 37 million people. Japan is the eleventh most populous country in the world with a population of 126.2 million. Archaeological evidence indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period. The first mentions of the country appear in Chinese texts from the first century AD. Between the fourth and ninth centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became gradually unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō (modern Kyoto). Beginning in the twelfth century, however, political power came to be held by a succession of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a policy of foreign isolationism. This period ended in 1854 when a United States fleet forced Japan to open to the West, which led to the fall of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the resulting Meiji period, Japan adopted a Western-style government and pursued a program of rapid industrialization and modernization. In 1937, the Empire of Japan invaded China, beginning the Second Sino-Japanese War; in 1941, it entered World War II on the side of the Axis powers. After suffering major defeats in the Pacific theater and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945, coming under a seven-year occupation and adopting a post-war constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy, with the Emperor as the head of state and an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Today, Japan is a member of numerous international institutions, including the United Nations, the OECD, and the G7. Though it has officially renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military for peacekeeping and self-defense, which has been ranked as the world's fourth most-powerful. As of 2019, the country's economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. Japan is ranked as "very high" on the Human Development Index; its citizens enjoy high rates of tertiary education and the longest life expectancy in the world, though its population is currently is experiencing a projected decline. Culturally, Japan is renowned for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, which includes its prominent comics and animation industries. Japan has also made significant contributions to contemporary science and technology, with prominent industries in automobiles, video gaming and robotics. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea in the southwest. Part of the Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses a stratovolcanic archipelago of 6,852 islands and covers 380,000 square kilometers (150,000 sq mi); the five main islands of Japan, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city, and major regional centers include Osaka, Nagoya, and Fukuoka. Japan is one of the most densely populated and urbanized countries in the world. About three-fourths of the country is mountainous, concentrating most of the population on narrow coastal plains. The country's largest urban area is the Greater Tokyo Area, which is the most populous metropolitan area in the world and home to more than 37 million people. Japan is the eleventh most populous country in the world with a population of 126.2 million. Archaeological evidence indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period. The first mentions of the country appear in Chinese texts from the first century AD. Between the fourth and ninth centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became gradually unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō (modern Kyoto). Beginning in the twelfth century, however, political power came to be held by a succession of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a policy of foreign isolationism. This period ended in 1854 when a United States fleet forced Japan to open to the West, which led to the fall of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the resulting Meiji period, Japan adopted a Western-style government and pursued a program of rapid industrialization and modernization. In 1937, the Empire of Japan invaded China, beginning the Second Sino-Japanese War; in 1941, it entered World War II on the side of the Axis powers. After suffering major defeats in the Pacific theater and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945, coming under a seven-year occupation and adopting a post-war constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy, with the Emperor as the head of state and an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Today, Japan is a member of numerous international institutions, including the United Nations, the OECD, and the G7. Though it has officially renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military for peacekeeping and self-defense, which has been ranked as the world's fourth most-powerful. As of 2019, the country's economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. Japan is ranked as "very high" on the Human Development Index; its citizens enjoy high rates of tertiary education and the longest life expectancy in the world, though its population is currently is experiencing a projected decline. Culturally, Japan is renowned for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, which includes its prominent comics and animation industries. Japan has also made significant contributions to contemporary science and technology, with prominent industries in automobiles, video gaming and robotics. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea in the southwest. Part of the Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses a stratovolcanic archipelago of 6,852 islands and covers 380,000 square kilometers (150,000 sq mi); the five main islands of Japan, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city, and major regional centers include Osaka, Nagoya, and Fukuoka. Japan is one of the most densely populated and urbanized countries in the world. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous, concentrating the population on scattered coastal plains. The largest urban area is the Greater Tokyo Area, which is the most populous metropolitan area in the world and home to more than 37 million people. Japan is the eleventh most populous country in the world with a population of 126.2 million. Archaeological evidence indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period. The first mentions of the country appear in Chinese texts from the first century AD. Between the fourth and ninth centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became gradually unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō (modern Kyoto). Beginning in the twelfth century, however, political power came to be held by a succession of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a policy of foreign isolationism. This period ended in 1854 when a United States fleet forced Japan to open to the West, which led to the fall of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the resulting Meiji period, Japan adopted a Western-style government and pursued a program of rapid industrialization and modernization. In 1937, the Empire of Japan invaded China, beginning the Second Sino-Japanese War; in 1941, it entered World War II on the side of the Axis powers. After suffering major defeats in the Pacific theater and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945, coming under a seven-year occupation and adopting a post-war constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy, with the Emperor as the head of state and an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Today, Japan is a member of numerous international institutions, including the United Nations, the OECD, and the G7. Though it has officially renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military for peacekeeping and self-defense, which has been ranked as the world's fourth most-powerful. As of 2019, the country's economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. Japan is ranked as "very high" on the Human Development Index; its citizens enjoy high rates of tertiary education and the longest life expectancy in the world, though its population is currently is experiencing a projected decline. Culturally, Japan is renowned for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, which includes its prominent comics and animation industries. Japan has also made significant contributions to contemporary science and technology, with prominent industries in automobiles, video gaming and robotics. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea in the southwest. Part of the Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses a stratovolcanic archipelago of 6,852 islands and covers 380,000 square kilometers (150,000 sq mi); the five largest islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and most populous city, while major regional centers include Osaka, Nagoya, and Fukuoka. Japan is the eleventh most populous country in the world, as well as one of the most densely populated and urbanized. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous, concentrating its population of 126.2 million on narrow coastal plains. The largest urban area is the Greater Tokyo Area, which is also the most populous metropolitan area in the world and home to more than 37 million people. Archaeological evidence indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period. The first mentions of the country appear in Chinese texts from the first century AD. Between the fourth and ninth centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became gradually unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō (modern Kyoto). Beginning in the twelfth century, however, political power came to be held by a succession of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a policy of foreign isolationism. This period ended in 1854 when a United States fleet forced Japan to open to the West, which led to the fall of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the resulting Meiji period, Japan adopted a Western-style government and pursued a program of rapid industrialization and modernization. In 1937, the Empire of Japan invaded China, beginning the Second Sino-Japanese War; in 1941, it entered World War II on the side of the Axis powers. After suffering major defeats in the Pacific theater and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945, coming under a seven-year occupation and adopting a post-war constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy, with the Emperor as the head of state and an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Today, Japan is a member of numerous international institutions, including the United Nations, the OECD, and the G7. Though it has officially renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military for peacekeeping and self-defense, which has been ranked as the world's fourth most-powerful. As of 2019, the country's economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. Japan is ranked as "very high" on the Human Development Index; its citizens enjoy high rates of tertiary education and the longest life expectancy in the world, though its population is currently is experiencing a projected decline. Culturally, Japan is renowned for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, which includes its prominent comics and animation industries. Japan has also made significant contributions to contemporary science and technology, with prominent industries in automobiles, video gaming and robotics. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea in the southwest. Part of the Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses a stratovolcanic archipelago of 6,852 islands and covers 380,000 square kilometers (150,000 sq mi); the five largest islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and most populous city, while major regional centers include Osaka, Nagoya, and Fukuoka. Japan is the eleventh most populous country in the world, as well as one of the most densely populated and urbanized. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous, concentrating its population of 126.2 million on narrow coastal plains. The largest urban area is the Greater Tokyo Area, which is also the most populous metropolitan area in the world and home to more than 37 million people. Archaeological evidence indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period, and the first written mentions of the country appear in Chinese texts from the first century AD. Between the fourth and ninth centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became gradually unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō (modern Kyoto). Beginning in the twelfth century, however, political power came to be held by a succession of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a policy of foreign isolationism. This period ended in 1854 when a United States fleet forced Japan to open to the West, leading to the fall of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the resulting Meiji period, Japan adopted a Western-style government and pursued a program of rapid industrialization and modernization. In 1937, the Empire of Japan invaded China, beginning the Second Sino-Japanese War; in 1941, it entered World War II on the side of the Axis powers. After suffering defeats in the Pacific and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945, coming under a seven-year occupation and adopting a post-war constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy, with the Emperor as the head of state and an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Today, Japan is a member of numerous international institutions, including the United Nations, the OECD, and the G7. Though it has officially renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military for peacekeeping and self-defense, which has been ranked as the world's fourth most-powerful. As of 2019, the country's economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. Japan is ranked as "very high" on the Human Development Index; its citizens enjoy high rates of tertiary education and the longest life expectancy in the world, though its population is currently is experiencing a projected decline. Culturally, Japan is renowned for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, which includes its prominent comics and animation industries. Japan has also made significant contributions to contemporary science and technology, with prominent industries in automobiles, video gaming and robotics. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea in the southwest. Part of the Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses a stratovolcanic archipelago of 6,852 islands and covers 380,000 square kilometers (150,000 sq mi); the five largest islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and most populous city, while major regional centers include Osaka, Nagoya, and Fukuoka. Japan is the eleventh most populous country in the world, as well as one of the most densely populated and urbanized. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous, concentrating its population of 126.2 million on narrow coastal plains. The largest urban area is the Greater Tokyo Area, which is also the most populous metropolitan area in the world and home to more than 37 million people. Archaeological evidence indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period, and the first written mentions of the country appear in Chinese texts from the first century AD. Between the fourth and ninth centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became gradually unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō (modern Kyoto). Beginning in the twelfth century, however, political power came to be held by a succession of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a policy of foreign isolationism. This period ended in 1854 when a United States fleet forced Japan to open to the West, leading to the fall of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the resulting Meiji period, Japan adopted a Western-style government and pursued a program of rapid industrialization and modernization. In 1937, the Empire of Japan invaded China, beginning the Second Sino-Japanese War; in 1941, it entered World War II on the side of the Axis powers. After suffering defeats in the Pacific and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945, coming under a seven-year occupation and adopting a post-war constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy, with the Emperor as the head of state and an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Today, Japan is a member of numerous international institutions, including the United Nations, the OECD, and the G7. Though it has officially renounced its right to declare war, the country maintains a military for peacekeeping and self-defense, which has been ranked as the world's fourth most-powerful. After World War II, Japan experienced decades of strong economic growth, becoming the world's second-largest economy by 1990. As of 2019, the country's economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity; it is also a global leader in the automotive and electronics industries. Japan is categorized as "very high" on the Human Development Index; its citizens enjoy the longest life expectancy in the world, though its population is currently in decline due to aging and low fertility rates. Japan has made significant contributions to contemporary science and technology, notably in the field of robotics. Culturally, Japan is renowned around the world for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, including its prominent comics, animation, and video game industries. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea in the southwest. Part of the Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses a stratovolcanic archipelago of 6,852 islands and covers 380,000 square kilometers (150,000 sq mi); the five largest islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and most populous city, while major regional centers include Osaka, Nagoya, and Fukuoka. Japan is the eleventh most populous country in the world, as well as one of the most densely populated and urbanized. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous, concentrating its population of 126.2 million on narrow coastal plains. The largest urban area is the Greater Tokyo Area, which is also the most populous metropolitan area in the world and home to more than 37 million people. Archaeological evidence indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period, though the first mentions of the country appear in Chinese texts written in the first century AD. Between the fourth and ninth centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became gradually unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō (modern Kyoto). Beginning in the twelfth century, however, political power came to be held by a succession of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a policy of foreign isolationism. This period ended in 1854 when a United States fleet forced Japan to open to the West, leading to the fall of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the resulting Meiji period, Japan adopted a Western-style government and pursued a program of rapid industrialization and modernization. In 1937, the Empire of Japan invaded China, beginning the Second Sino-Japanese War; in 1941, it entered World War II on the side of the Axis powers. After suffering defeats in the Pacific and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945, coming under a seven-year occupation and adopting a post-war constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy, with the Emperor as the head of state and an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Today, Japan is a member of numerous international institutions, including the United Nations, the OECD, and the G7. Though it has officially renounced its right to declare war, the country maintains a military for peacekeeping and self-defense, which has been ranked as the world's fourth most-powerful. After World War II, Japan experienced decades of strong economic growth, becoming the world's second-largest economy by 1990. As of 2019, the country's economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity; it is also a global leader in the automotive and electronics industries. Japan is categorized as "very high" on the Human Development Index; its citizens enjoy the longest life expectancy in the world, though its population is currently in decline due to aging and low fertility rates. Japan has made significant contributions to contemporary science and technology, notably in the field of robotics. Culturally, Japan is renowned around the world for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, including its prominent comics, animation, and video game industries. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea in the southwest. Part of the Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses a stratovolcanic archipelago of 6,852 islands and covers 380,000 square kilometers (150,000 sq mi); its five largest islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and most populous city, while major regional centers include Osaka, Nagoya, and Fukuoka. Japan is the eleventh most populous country in the world, as well as one of the most densely populated and urbanized. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous, concentrating its population of 126.2 million on narrow coastal plains. The largest urban area is the Greater Tokyo Area, which is also the most populous metropolitan area in the world and home to more than 37 million people. Archaeological evidence indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period, though the first mentions of the country appear in Chinese texts written in the first century AD. Between the fourth and ninth centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became gradually unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō (modern Kyoto). Beginning in the twelfth century, however, political power came to be held by a succession of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a policy of foreign isolationism. This period ended in 1854 when a United States fleet forced Japan to open to the West, leading to the fall of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the resulting Meiji period, Japan adopted a Western-style government and pursued a program of rapid industrialization and modernization. In 1937, the Empire of Japan invaded China, beginning the Second Sino-Japanese War; in 1941, it entered World War II on the side of the Axis powers. After suffering defeats in the Pacific and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945, coming under a seven-year occupation and adopting a post-war constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy, with the Emperor as the head of state and an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Today, Japan is a member of numerous international institutions, including the United Nations, the OECD, and the G7. Though it has officially renounced its right to declare war, the country maintains a military for peacekeeping and self-defense, which has been ranked as the world's fourth most-powerful. After World War II, Japan experienced decades of strong economic growth, becoming the world's second-largest economy by 1990. As of 2019, the country's economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity; it is also a global leader in the automotive and electronics industries. Japan is categorized as "very high" on the Human Development Index; its citizens enjoy the longest life expectancy in the world, though its population is currently in decline due to aging and low fertility rates. Japan has made significant contributions to contemporary science and technology, notably in the field of robotics. Culturally, Japan is renowned around the world for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, including its prominent comics, animation, and video game industries. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. It is bordered the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea in the south. Part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan comprises a stratovolcanic archipelago of nearly 7,000 islands and covers 375,000 square kilometers (145,000 sq mi); its five main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and most populous city; other major cities include Osaka, Nagoya, and Fukuoka. Japan is the eleventh most populous country in the world, as well as one of the most densely populated and urbanized. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous, concentrating its population of 126.2 million on narrow coastal plains. The largest urban area is the Greater Tokyo Area, which is also the most populous metropolitan area in the world and home to more than 37 million people. Archaeological evidence indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period, though the first mentions of the country appear in Chinese texts written in the first century AD. Between the fourth and ninth centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became gradually unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō (modern Kyoto). Beginning in the twelfth century, however, political power came to be held by a succession of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a policy of foreign isolationism. This period ended in 1854 when a United States fleet forced Japan to open to the West, leading to the fall of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the resulting Meiji period, Japan adopted a Western-style government and pursued a program of rapid industrialization and modernization. In 1937, the Empire of Japan invaded China, beginning the Second Sino-Japanese War; in 1941, it entered World War II on the side of the Axis powers. After suffering defeats in the Pacific and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945, coming under a seven-year occupation and adopting a post-war constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy, with the Emperor as the head of state and an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Today, Japan is a member of numerous international institutions, including the United Nations, the OECD, and the G7. Though it has officially renounced its right to declare war, the country maintains a military for peacekeeping and self-defense, which has been ranked as the world's fourth most-powerful. After World War II, Japan experienced decades of strong economic growth, becoming the world's second-largest economy by 1990. As of 2019, the country's economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity; it is also a global leader in the automotive and electronics industries. Japan is categorized as "very high" on the Human Development Index; its citizens enjoy the longest life expectancy in the world, though its population is currently in decline due to aging and low fertility rates. Japan has made significant contributions to contemporary science and technology, notably in the field of robotics. Culturally, Japan is renowned around the world for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, including its prominent comics, animation, and video game industries. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. It is bordered the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea in the south. Part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan comprises a stratovolcanic archipelago of nearly 7,000 islands and covers 375,000 square kilometers (145,000 sq mi); its five main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and most populous city; other major cities include Osaka, Nagoya, and Fukuoka. Japan is the eleventh most populous country in the world, as well as one of the most densely populated and urbanized. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous, concentrating its population of 126.2 million on narrow coastal plains. The largest urban area is the Greater Tokyo Area, which is also the most populous metropolitan area in the world and home to more than 37 million people. Archaeological evidence indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period, though the first mentions of the country appear in Chinese texts written in the first century AD. Between the fourth and ninth centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became gradually unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō (modern Kyoto). Beginning in the twelfth century, however, political power came to be held by a succession of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a policy of foreign isolationism. This period ended in 1854 when a United States fleet forced Japan to open to the West, leading to the fall of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the resulting Meiji period, Japan adopted a Western-style government and pursued a program of rapid industrialization and modernization. In 1937, the Empire of Japan invaded China, beginning the Second Sino-Japanese War; in 1941, it entered World War II on the side of the Axis powers. After suffering defeats in the Pacific and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945, coming under a seven-year occupation and adopting a post-war constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy, with the Emperor as the head of state and an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Today, Japan is a member of numerous international institutions, including the United Nations, the OECD, and the G7. Though it has officially renounced its right to declare war, the country maintains a military for peacekeeping and self-defense, which has been ranked as the world's fourth most-powerful. After World War II, Japan experienced decades of strong economic growth, becoming the world's second-largest economy by 1990. As of 2019, the country's economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity; it is also a global leader in the automotive and electronics industries. Japan is categorized as "very high" on the Human Development Index; its citizens enjoy the longest life expectancy in the world, though its population is currently in decline due to aging and low fertility rates. Japan has made significant contributions to contemporary science and technology, notably in the field of robotics. Culturally, Japan is renowned around the world for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, including its prominent comics, animation, and video game industries. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. It is bordered the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea in the south. Part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan comprises a stratovolcanic archipelago of nearly 7,000 islands and covers 375,000 square kilometers (145,000 sq mi); its five main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and most populous city; other major cities include Osaka, Nagoya, and Fukuoka. Japan is the eleventh most populous country in the world, as well as one of the most densely populated and urbanized. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous, concentrating its population of 126.2 million on narrow coastal plains. The largest urban area is the Greater Tokyo Area, which is also the most populous metropolitan area in the world and home to more than 37 million people. Archaeological evidence indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period, though the first mentions of the country appear in Chinese texts written in the first century AD. Between the fourth and ninth centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became gradually unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō (modern Kyoto). Beginning in the twelfth century, however, political power came to be held by a succession of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a policy of foreign isolationism. This period ended in 1854 when a United States fleet forced Japan to open to the West, leading to the fall of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the resulting Meiji period, Japan adopted a Western-style government and pursued a program of rapid industrialization and modernization. In 1937, the Empire of Japan invaded China, beginning the Second Sino-Japanese War; in 1941, it entered World War II on the side of the Axis powers. After suffering defeats in the Pacific and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945, coming under a seven-year occupation and adopting a post-war constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy, with the Emperor as the head of state and an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Today, Japan is a member of numerous international institutions, including the United Nations, the OECD, and the G7. Though it has officially renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a military for peacekeeping and self-defense that has been ranked as the world's fourth most-powerful. Following World War II, the country experienced decades of record economic growth, becoming the world's second-largest economy by 1990. As of 2019, the country's economy is the third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. Japan is ranked "very high" on the Human Development Index; its citizens enjoy high rates of tertiary education and longest life expectancy in the world, though its population is currently declining due to low birth rates. Japan is a global leader in the automotive and electronics industries and has made significant contributions to contemporary science and technology, notably in the field of robotics. Culturally, Japan is renowned around the world for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, including its prominent animation and video game industries. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. It is bordered the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea in the south. Part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan comprises a stratovolcanic archipelago of nearly 7,000 islands and covers 375,000 square kilometers (145,000 sq mi); its five main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and most populous city; other major cities include Osaka, Nagoya, and Fukuoka. Japan is the eleventh most populous country in the world, as well as one of the most densely populated and urbanized. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous, concentrating its population of 126.2 million on narrow coastal plains. The largest urban area is the Greater Tokyo Area, which is also the most populous metropolitan area in the world with more than 37 million residents. Archaeological evidence indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period, though the first mentions of the country appear in Chinese texts written in the first century AD. Between the fourth and ninth centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became gradually unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō (modern Kyoto). Beginning in the twelfth century, however, political power came to be held by a succession of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a policy of foreign isolationism. This period ended in 1854 when a United States fleet forced Japan to open to the West, leading to the fall of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the resulting Meiji period, Japan adopted a Western-style government and pursued a program of rapid industrialization and modernization. In 1937, the Empire of Japan invaded China, beginning the Second Sino-Japanese War; in 1941, it entered World War II on the side of the Axis powers. After suffering defeats in the Pacific and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945, coming under a seven-year occupation and adopting a post-war constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy, with the Emperor as the head of state and an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Today, Japan is a member of numerous international institutions, including the United Nations, the OECD, and the G7. Though it has officially renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a military for peacekeeping and self-defense that has been ranked as the world's fourth most-powerful. Following World War II, the country experienced decades of record economic growth, becoming the world's second-largest economy by 1990. As of 2019, the country's economy is the third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. Japan is ranked "very high" on the Human Development Index; its citizens enjoy high rates of tertiary education and longest life expectancy in the world, though its population is currently declining due to low birth rates. Japan is a global leader in the automotive and electronics industries and has made significant contributions to contemporary science and technology, notably in the field of robotics. Culturally, Japan is renowned around the world for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, including its prominent animation and video game industries. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. It borders the Sea of Japan to the west, the Pacific Ocean to the east, and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea in the south. Part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan is a stratovolcanic archipelago of nearly 7,000 islands and covers 375,000 square kilometers (145,000 sq mi); its five main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and most populous city; other major cities include Osaka, Nagoya, and Fukuoka. Japan is the eleventh most populous country in the world, as well as one of the most densely populated and urbanized. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous, concentrating its population of 126.2 million on narrow coastal plains. The largest urban area is the Greater Tokyo Area, which is also the most populous metropolitan area in the world with more than 37 million residents. Archaeological evidence indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period, though the first mentions of the country appear in Chinese texts written in the first century AD. Between the fourth and ninth centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became gradually unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō (modern Kyoto). Beginning in the twelfth century, however, political power came to be held by a succession of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a policy of foreign isolationism. This period ended in 1854 when a United States fleet forced Japan to open to the West, leading to the fall of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the resulting Meiji period, Japan adopted a Western-style government and pursued a program of rapid industrialization and modernization. In 1937, the Empire of Japan invaded China, beginning the Second Sino-Japanese War; in 1941, it entered World War II on the side of the Axis powers. After suffering defeats in the Pacific and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945, coming under a seven-year occupation and adopting a post-war constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy, with the Emperor as the head of state and an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Today, Japan is a member of numerous international institutions, including the United Nations, the OECD, and the G7. Though it has officially renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a military for peacekeeping and self-defense that has been ranked as the world's fourth most-powerful. Following World War II, the country experienced decades of record economic growth, becoming the world's second-largest economy by 1990. As of 2019, the country's economy is the third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. Japan is ranked "very high" on the Human Development Index; its citizens enjoy high rates of tertiary education and longest life expectancy in the world, though its population is currently declining due to low birth rates. Japan is a global leader in the automotive and electronics industries and has made significant contributions to contemporary science and technology, notably in the field of robotics. Culturally, Japan is renowned around the world for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, including its prominent animation and video game industries. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) or Japanese: 日本国 Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku is an island country in East Asia. It borders the Sea of Japan to the west, the Pacific Ocean to the east, and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea in the south. Part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan is a stratovolcanic archipelago of nearly 7,000 islands and covers 375,000 square kilometers (145,000 sq mi); its five main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and most populous city; other major cities include Osaka, Nagoya, and Fukuoka. Japan is the eleventh most populous country in the world, as well as one of the most densely populated and urbanized. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous, concentrating its population of 126.2 million on narrow coastal plains. The largest urban area is the Greater Tokyo Area, which is also the most populous metropolitan area in the world with more than 37 million residents. Archaeological evidence indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period, though the first mentions of the country appear in Chinese texts written in the first century AD. Between the fourth and ninth centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became gradually unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō (modern Kyoto). Beginning in the twelfth century, however, political power came to be held by a succession of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a policy of foreign isolationism. This period ended in 1854 when a United States fleet forced Japan to open to the West, leading to the fall of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the resulting Meiji period, Japan adopted a Western-style government and pursued a program of rapid industrialization and modernization. In 1937, the Empire of Japan invaded China, beginning the Second Sino-Japanese War; in 1941, it entered World War II on the side of the Axis powers. After suffering defeats in the Pacific and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945, coming under a seven-year occupation and adopting a post-war constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy, with the Emperor as the head of state and an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Today, Japan is a member of numerous international institutions, including the United Nations, the OECD, and the G7. Though it has officially renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a military for peacekeeping and self-defense that has been ranked as the world's fourth most-powerful. Following World War II, the country experienced decades of record economic growth, becoming the world's second-largest economy by 1990. As of 2019, the country's economy is the third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. Japan is ranked "very high" on the Human Development Index; its citizens enjoy high rates of tertiary education and longest life expectancy in the world, though its population is currently declining due to low birth rates. Japan is a global leader in the automotive and electronics industries and has made significant contributions to contemporary science and technology, notably in the field of robotics. Culturally, Japan is renowned around the world for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, including its prominent animation and video game industries. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. Located in the northwestern Pacific Ocean, it borders the Sea of Japan to the west, and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. Japan is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire and comprises an archipelago of 6,852 islands covering 375,000 square kilometers (145,000 sq mi); its five largest islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city; other major cities include Osaka and Nagoya. Japan is the 11th most populous country in the world, as well as one of the most densely populated and urbanized. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous, concentrating its population of 126.2 million on narrow coastal plains. The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world with more than 37.4 million residents. Archaeological finds indicate that the archipelago was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period, though the first written mentions of the islands appear in Chinese texts from the first century AD. Between the fourth and ninth centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō (modern Kyoto). However, beginning in the twelfth century, political power was instead held by a series of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was unified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a policy of isolation. This period ended in 1854 when a U.S. fleet forced Japan to open trade to the West, leading to the fall of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the Meiji period, Japan adopted a Western-style constitution and pursued rapid industrialization and modernization. In 1937, the Empire of Japan invaded China; in 1941, it entered World War II on the side of the Axis powers. After suffering defeat in the Pacific theater and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945 and came under a brief occupation, during which it adopted a post-war constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy, with the Emperor as the head of state and an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Japan is a member of numerous international organizations, including the United Nations, the OECD, and the G7. Although it has officially renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military that ranks as the world's fourth most-powerful. Following World War II, the country experienced rapid economic growth, becoming the second-largest economy in the world by 1990. As of 2019, Japan's economy is the third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. Japan is ranked "very high" on the Human Development Index; its citizens enjoy the longest life expectancy in the world, although the country's population is currently in decline due to low birth rates. Japan is a global leader in the automotive and electronics industries and has made significant contributions to contemporary science and technology, notably in the field of robotics. Culturally, Japan is renowned around the world for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, including its prominent animation and video game industries. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. Located in the northwest Pacific Ocean, it borders the Sea of Japan to the west, and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. Japan is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire and comprises an archipelago of 6,852 islands covering 375,000 square kilometers (145,000 sq mi); its five largest islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city; other major cities include Osaka and Nagoya. Japan is the 11th most populous country in the world, as well as one of the most densely populated and urbanized. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous, concentrating its population of 126.2 million on narrow coastal plains. The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world with more than 37.4 million residents. Archaeological finds indicate that the archipelago was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period, though the first written mentions of the islands appear in Chinese texts from the first century AD. Between the fourth and ninth centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō (modern Kyoto). Beginning from the twelfth century, however, political power was held by a succession of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was unified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a policy of isolation. This period ended in 1854 when a U.S. fleet forced Japan to open trade to the West, leading to the fall of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the Meiji period, Japan adopted a Western-style constitution and pursued rapid industrialization and modernization. In 1937, the Empire of Japan invaded China; in 1941, it entered World War II on the side of the Axis powers. After suffering defeat in the Pacific theater and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945 and came under a brief occupation, during which it adopted a post-war constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy, with the Emperor as the head of state and an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Japan is a member of numerous international organizations, including the United Nations, the OECD, and the G7. Although it has officially renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military that ranks as the world's fourth most-powerful. Following World War II, the country experienced rapid economic growth, becoming the second-largest economy in the world by 1990. As of 2019, Japan's economy is the third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. Japan is ranked "very high" on the Human Development Index; its citizens enjoy the longest life expectancy in the world, although the country's population is currently in decline due to low birth rates. Japan is a global leader in the automotive and electronics industries and has made significant contributions to contemporary science and technology, notably in the field of robotics. Culturally, Japan is renowned around the world for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, including its prominent animation and video game industries. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. Located in the northwest Pacific Ocean, it borders the Sea of Japan to the west, and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. Japan is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire and comprises an archipelago of 6,852 islands covering 375,000 square kilometers (145,000 sq mi); its five largest islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city; other major cities include Osaka and Nagoya. Japan is the 11th most populous country in the world, as well as one of the most densely populated and urbanized. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous, concentrating its population of 126.2 million on narrow coastal plains. Japan is administratively divided into 47 prefectures and traditionally divided into eight regions. The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world, with more than 37.4 million residents. Archaeological finds indicate that the archipelago was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period, though the first written mentions of the islands appear in Chinese texts from the first century AD. Between the fourth and ninth centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō (modern Kyoto). Beginning from the twelfth century, however, political power was held by a succession of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was unified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a policy of isolation. This period ended in 1854 when a U.S. fleet forced Japan to open trade to the West, leading to the fall of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the Meiji period, Japan adopted a Western-style constitution and pursued rapid industrialization and modernization. In 1937, the Empire of Japan invaded China; in 1941, it entered World War II on the side of the Axis powers. After suffering defeat in the Pacific theater and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945 and came under a brief occupation, during which it adopted a post-war constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy, with the Emperor as the head of state and an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Japan is a member of numerous international organizations, including the United Nations, the OECD, and the G7. Although it has officially renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military that ranks as the world's fourth most-powerful. Following World War II, the country experienced rapid economic growth, becoming the second-largest economy in the world by 1990. As of 2019, Japan's economy is the third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. Japan is ranked "very high" on the Human Development Index; its citizens enjoy the longest life expectancy in the world, although the country's population is currently in decline due to low birth rates. Japan is a global leader in the automotive and electronics industries and has made significant contributions to contemporary science and technology, notably in the field of robotics. Culturally, Japan is renowned around the world for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, including its prominent animation and video game industries. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. Located in the northwest Pacific Ocean, it borders the Sea of Japan to the west, and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. Japan is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire and comprises an archipelago of 6,852 islands covering 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi); its five largest islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city; other major cities include Osaka and Nagoya. Japan is the 11th most populous country in the world, as well as one of the most densely populated and urbanized. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous, concentrating its population of 126.2 million on narrow coastal plains. Japan is administratively divided into 47 prefectures and traditionally divided into eight regions. The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world, with more than 37.4 million residents. Archaeological finds indicate that the archipelago was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period, though the first written mentions of the islands appear in Chinese texts from the first century AD. Between the fourth and ninth centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō (modern Kyoto). Beginning from the twelfth century, however, political power was held by a succession of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was unified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a policy of isolation. This period ended in 1854 when a U.S. fleet forced Japan to open trade to the West, leading to the fall of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the Meiji period, Japan adopted a Western-style constitution and pursued rapid industrialization and modernization. In 1937, the Empire of Japan invaded China; in 1941, it entered World War II on the side of the Axis powers. After suffering defeat in the Pacific theater and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945 and came under a brief occupation, during which it adopted a post-war constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy, with the Emperor as the head of state and an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Japan is a member of numerous international organizations, including the United Nations, the OECD, and the G7. Although it has officially renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military that ranks as the world's fourth most-powerful. Following World War II, the country experienced rapid economic growth, becoming the second-largest economy in the world by 1990. As of 2019, Japan's economy is the third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. Japan is ranked "very high" on the Human Development Index; its citizens enjoy the longest life expectancy in the world, although the country's population is currently in decline due to low birth rates. Japan is a global leader in the automotive and electronics industries and has made significant contributions to contemporary science and technology, notably in the field of robotics. Culturally, Japan is renowned around the world for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, including its prominent animation and video game industries. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, [ɲippoꜜɴ] or [ɲihoꜜɴ]) is an island country in East Asia. Located in the northwest Pacific Ocean, it borders the Sea of Japan to the west, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. Japan is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire and comprises an archipelago of 6,852 islands covering 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi); its five main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city; other major cities include Osaka and Nagoya. Japan is the 11th most populous country in the world, as well as one of the most densely populated and urbanized. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous, concentrating its population of 126.2 million on narrow coastal plains. Japan is administratively divided into 47 prefectures and traditionally divided into eight regions. The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world, with more than 37.4 million residents. Archaeological finds indicate that the archipelago was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period, though the first written mentions of the islands appear in Chinese texts from the first century AD. Between the fourth and ninth centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō (modern Kyoto). Beginning from the twelfth century, however, political power was held by a succession of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was unified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a policy of isolation. This period ended in 1854 when a U.S. fleet forced Japan to open trade to the West, leading to the fall of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the Meiji period, Japan adopted a Western-style constitution and pursued rapid industrialization and modernization. In 1937, the Empire of Japan invaded China; in 1941, it entered World War II on the side of the Axis powers. After suffering defeat in the Pacific theater and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945 and came under a brief occupation, during which it adopted a post-war constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy, with the Emperor as the head of state and an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Japan is a member of numerous international organizations, including the United Nations, the OECD, and the G7. Although it has officially renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military that ranks as the world's fourth most-powerful. Following World War II, the country experienced rapid economic growth, becoming the second-largest economy in the world by 1990. As of 2019, Japan's economy is the third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. Japan is ranked "very high" on the Human Development Index; its citizens enjoy the longest life expectancy in the world, although the country's population is currently in decline due to low birth rates. Japan is a global leader in the automotive and electronics industries and has made significant contributions to contemporary science and technology, notably in the field of robotics. Culturally, Japan is renowned around the world for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, including its prominent animation and video game industries. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, [ɲippoꜜɴ] or [ɲihoꜜɴ]) is an island country in East Asia. Located in the northwest Pacific Ocean, it borders the Sea of Japan to the west, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. Japan is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire and comprises an archipelago of 6,852 islands covering 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi); its five main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city; other major cities include Osaka and Nagoya. Japan is the 11th most populous country in the world, as well as one of the most densely populated and urbanized. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous, concentrating its population of 126.2 million on narrow coastal plains. Japan is administratively divided into 47 prefectures and traditionally divided into eight regions. The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world, with more than 37.4 million residents. The islands of Japan were inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period, though the first mentions of the archipelago appear in Chinese chronicles from the 1st century AD. Between the 4th and 9th centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō. Starting in the 12th century, however, political power was held by a series of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a foreign policy of isolation. In 1854, a United States fleet forced Japan to open trade to the West, leading to the end of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the Meiji era, the Empire of Japan adopted a Western-style constitution and pursued industrialization and modernization. Japan invaded China in 1937; in 1941, it entered World War II as an Axis power. After suffering defeat in the Pacific War and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered in 1945 and came under an Allied occupation, during which it adopted a new constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Japan is a great power and a member of numerous international organizations, including the United Nations (since 1956), the OECD, and the G7. Although it has renounced its right to declare war, the country maintains a modern military ranked as the world's fourth most powerful. Following World War II, Japan experienced record economic growth, becoming the second-largest economy in the world by 1990. As of 2019, the country's economy is the third-largest by nominal GDP and fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. Japan is an global leader in the automotive and electronics industries and has made significant contributions to science and technology. Ranked "very high" on the Human Development Index, Japan has the world's second-highest life expectancy, though it is currently experiencing a decline in population. Culturally, Japan is renowned for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, including its prominent animation and video game industries. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, [ɲippoꜜɴ] or [ɲihoꜜɴ]) is an island country in East Asia. Located in the northwest Pacific Ocean, it borders the Sea of Japan to the west, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. Japan is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire and comprises an archipelago of 6,852 islands covering 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi); its five main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city; other major cities include Osaka and Nagoya. Japan is the 11th most populous country in the world, as well as one of the most densely populated and urbanized. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous, concentrating its population of 126.2 million on narrow coastal plains. Japan is administratively divided into 47 prefectures and traditionally divided into eight regions. The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world, with more than 37.4 million residents. The islands of Japan were inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period, though the first mentions of the archipelago appear in Chinese chronicles from the 1st century AD. Between the 4th and 9th centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō. Starting in the 12th century, however, political power was held by a series of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a foreign policy of isolation. In 1854, a United States fleet forced Japan to open trade to the West, leading to the end of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the Meiji era, the Empire of Japan adopted a Western-style constitution and pursued industrialization and modernization. Japan invaded China in 1937; in 1941, it entered World War II as an Axis power. After suffering defeat in the Pacific War and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered in 1945 and came under an Allied occupation, during which it adopted a post-war constitution. It has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Japan is a great power and a member of numerous international organizations, including the United Nations (since 1956), the OECD, and the G7. Although it has renounced its right to declare war, the country maintains a modern military ranked as the world's fourth most powerful. Following World War II, Japan experienced record economic growth, becoming the second-largest economy in the world by 1990. As of 2019, the country's economy is the third-largest by nominal GDP and fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. Japan is an global leader in the automotive and electronics industries and has made significant contributions to science and technology. Ranked "very high" on the Human Development Index, Japan has the world's second-highest life expectancy, though it is currently experiencing a decline in population. Culturally, Japan is renowned for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, including its prominent animation and video game industries. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, [ɲippoꜜɴ] or [ɲihoꜜɴ]) is an island country in East Asia. Located in the northwest Pacific Ocean, it borders the Sea of Japan to the west, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. Japan is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire and comprises an archipelago of 6,852 islands covering 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi); its five main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city; other major cities include Osaka and Nagoya. Japan is the 11th most populous country in the world, as well as one of the most densely populated and urbanized. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous, concentrating its population of 126.2 million on narrow coastal plains. Japan is administratively divided into 47 prefectures and traditionally divided into eight regions. The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world, with more than 37.4 million residents. The islands of Japan were inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period, though the first mentions of the archipelago appear in Chinese chronicles from the 1st century AD. Between the 4th and 9th centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō. Starting in the 12th century, however, political power was held by a series of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a foreign policy of isolation. In 1854, a United States fleet forced Japan to open trade to the West, leading to the end of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the Meiji era, the Empire of Japan adopted a Western-style constitution and pursued industrialization and modernization. Japan invaded China in 1937; in 1941, it entered World War II as an Axis power. After suffering defeat in the Pacific War and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered in 1945 and came under an Allied occupation, during which it adopted a post-war constitution. It has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Japan is a great power and a member of numerous international organizations, including the United Nations (since 1956), the OECD, and the G7. Although it has renounced its right to declare war, the country maintains a modern military ranked as the world's fourth most powerful. Following World War II, Japan experienced record economic growth, becoming the second-largest economy in the world by 1990. As of 2019, the country's economy is the third-largest by nominal GDP and fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. Japan is a global leader in the automotive and electronics industries and has made significant contributions to science and technology. Ranked "very high" on the Human Development Index, Japan has the world's second-highest life expectancy, though it is currently experiencing a decline in population. Culturally, Japan is renowned for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, including its prominent animation and video game industries. (en)
  • Japan (Japanese: 日本, [ɲippoꜜɴ] or [ɲihoꜜɴ]) is an island country in East Asia located in the northwest Pacific Ocean. It borders the Sea of Japan to the west, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. Japan is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire and comprises an archipelago of 6,852 islands covering 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi); its five main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city; other major cities include Osaka and Nagoya. Japan is the 11th most populous country in the world, as well as one of the most densely populated and urbanized. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous, concentrating its population of 126.2 million on narrow coastal plains. Japan is administratively divided into 47 prefectures and traditionally divided into eight regions. The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world, with more than 37.4 million residents. The islands of Japan were inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period, though the first mentions of the archipelago appear in Chinese chronicles from the 1st century AD. Between the 4th and 9th centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō. Starting in the 12th century, however, political power was held by a series of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a foreign policy of isolation. In 1854, a United States fleet forced Japan to open trade to the West, leading to the end of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the Meiji era, the Empire of Japan adopted a Western-style constitution and pursued industrialization and modernization. Japan invaded China in 1937; in 1941, it entered World War II as an Axis power. After suffering defeat in the Pacific War and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered in 1945 and came under an Allied occupation, during which it adopted a post-war constitution. It has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Japan is a great power and a member of numerous international organizations, including the United Nations (since 1956), the OECD, and the G7. Although it has renounced its right to declare war, the country maintains a modern military ranked as the world's fourth most powerful. Following World War II, Japan experienced record economic growth, becoming the second-largest economy in the world by 1990. As of 2019, the country's economy is the third-largest by nominal GDP and fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. Japan is a global leader in the automotive and electronics industries and has made significant contributions to science and technology. Ranked "very high" on the Human Development Index, Japan has the world's second-highest life expectancy, though it is currently experiencing a decline in population. Culturally, Japan is renowned for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, including its prominent animation and video game industries. (en)
  • Japan (Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia located in the northwest Pacific Ocean. It borders the Sea of Japan to the west, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. Japan is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire and comprises an archipelago of 6,852 islands covering 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi); its five main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city; other major cities include Osaka and Nagoya. Japan is the 11th most populous country in the world, as well as one of the most densely populated and urbanized. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous, concentrating its population of 126.2 million on narrow coastal plains. Japan is administratively divided into 47 prefectures and traditionally divided into eight regions. The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world, with more than 37.4 million residents. The islands of Japan were inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period, though the first mentions of the archipelago appear in Chinese chronicles from the 1st century AD. Between the 4th and 9th centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō. Starting in the 12th century, however, political power was held by a series of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a foreign policy of isolation. In 1854, a United States fleet forced Japan to open trade to the West, leading to the end of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the Meiji era, the Empire of Japan adopted a Western-style constitution and pursued industrialization and modernization. Japan invaded China in 1937; in 1941, it entered World War II as an Axis power. After suffering defeat in the Pacific War and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered in 1945 and came under an Allied occupation, during which it adopted a post-war constitution. It has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Japan is a great power and a member of numerous international organizations, including the United Nations (since 1956), the OECD, and the G7. Although it has renounced its right to declare war, the country maintains a modern military ranked as the world's fourth most powerful. Following World War II, Japan experienced record economic growth, becoming the second-largest economy in the world by 1990. As of 2019, the country's economy is the third-largest by nominal GDP and fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. Japan is a global leader in the automotive and electronics industries and has made significant contributions to science and technology. Ranked "very high" on the Human Development Index, Japan has the world's second-highest life expectancy, though it is currently experiencing a decline in population. Culturally, Japan is renowned for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, including its prominent animation and video game industries. (en)
  • Japan (Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia located in the northwest Pacific Ocean. It borders the Sea of Japan to the west, and it extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. Japan is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire and comprises an archipelago of 6,852 islands covering 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi); its five main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city; other major cities include Osaka and Nagoya. Japan is the 11th most populous country in the world, as well as one of the most densely populated and urbanized. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous, concentrating its population of 126.2 million on narrow coastal plains. Japan is administratively divided into 47 prefectures and traditionally divided into eight regions. The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world, with more than 37.4 million residents. The islands of Japan were inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period, though the first mentions of the archipelago appear in Chinese chronicles from the 1st century AD. Between the 4th and 9th centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō. Starting in the 12th century, however, political power was held by a series of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a foreign policy of isolation. In 1854, a United States fleet forced Japan to open trade to the West, leading to the end of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the Meiji era, the Empire of Japan adopted a Western-style constitution and pursued industrialization and modernization. Japan invaded China in 1937; in 1941, it entered World War II as an Axis power. After suffering defeat in the Pacific War and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered in 1945 and came under an Allied occupation, during which it adopted a post-war constitution. It has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Japan is a great power and a member of numerous international organizations, including the United Nations (since 1956), the OECD, and the G7. Although it has renounced its right to declare war, the country maintains a modern military ranked as the world's fourth most powerful. Following World War II, Japan experienced record economic growth, becoming the second-largest economy in the world by 1990. As of 2019, the country's economy is the third-largest by nominal GDP and fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. Japan is a global leader in the automotive and electronics industries and has made significant contributions to science and technology. Ranked "very high" on the Human Development Index, Japan has the world's second-highest life expectancy, though it is currently experiencing a decline in population. Culturally, Japan is renowned for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, including its prominent animation and video game industries. (en)
  • Japan (Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia located in the northwest Pacific Ocean. It borders the Sea of Japan to the west, and it extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. Japan is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire and comprises an archipelago of 6,852 islands covering 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi); its five main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city; other major cities include Osaka and Nagoya. Japan is the 11th most populous country in the world, as well as one of the most densely populated and urbanized. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous, concentrating its population of 126.2 million on narrow coastal plains. Japan is administratively divided into 47 prefectures and traditionally divided into eight regions. The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world, with more than 37.4 million residents. The islands of Japan were inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period, though the first mentions of the archipelago appear in Chinese chronicles from the 1st century AD. Between the 4th and 9th centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became unified under an Emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō. Starting in the 12th century, however, political power was held by a series of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a foreign policy of isolation. In 1854, a United States fleet forced Japan to open trade to the West, leading to the end of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the Meiji era, the Empire of Japan adopted a Western-style constitution and pursued industrialization and modernization. Japan invaded China in 1937; in 1941, it entered World War II as an Axis power. After suffering defeat in the Pacific War and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered in 1945 and came under an Allied occupation, during which it adopted a post-war constitution. It has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Japan is a great power and a member of numerous international organizations, including the United Nations (since 1956), the OECD, and the G7. Although it has renounced its right to declare war, the country maintains a modern military ranked as the world's fourth most powerful. Following World War II, Japan experienced record economic growth, becoming the second-largest economy in the world by 1990. As of 2019, the country's economy is the third-largest by nominal GDP and fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. Japan is a global leader in the automotive and electronics industries and has made significant contributions to science and technology. Ranked "very high" on the Human Development Index, Japan has the world's second-highest life expectancy, though it is currently experiencing a decline in population. Culturally, Japan is renowned for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, including its prominent animation and video game industries. Japanese animation is popular in many countries. (en)
  • Japan (Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia located in the northwest Pacific Ocean. It borders the Sea of Japan to the west, and it extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. Japan is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire and comprises an archipelago of 6,852 islands covering 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi); its five main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city; other major cities include Osaka and Nagoya. Japan is the 11th most populous country in the world, as well as one of the most densely populated and urbanized. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous, concentrating its population of 126.2 million on narrow coastal plains. Japan is administratively divided into 47 prefectures and traditionally divided into eight regions. The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world, with more than 37.4 million residents. The islands of Japan were inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period, though the first mentions of the archipelago appear in Chinese chronicles from the 1st century AD. Between the 4th and 9th centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became unified under an emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō. Starting in the 12th century, however, political power was held by a series of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a foreign policy of isolation. In 1854, a United States fleet forced Japan to open trade to the West, leading to the end of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the Meiji era, the Empire of Japan adopted a Western-style constitution and pursued industrialization and modernization. Japan invaded China in 1937; in 1941, it entered World War II as an Axis power. After suffering defeat in the Pacific War and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered in 1945 and came under an Allied occupation, during which it adopted a post-war constitution. It has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Japan is a great power and a member of numerous international organizations, including the United Nations (since 1956), the OECD, and the G7. Although it has renounced its right to declare war, the country maintains a modern military ranked as the world's fourth most powerful. Following World War II, Japan experienced record economic growth, becoming the second-largest economy in the world by 1990. As of 2019, the country's economy is the third-largest by nominal GDP and fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. Japan is a global leader in the automotive and electronics industries and has made significant contributions to science and technology. Ranked "very high" on the Human Development Index, Japan has the world's second-highest life expectancy, though it is currently experiencing a decline in population. Culturally, Japan is renowned for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, including its prominent animation and video game industries. (en)
  • Japan (Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country of East Asia in the northwest Pacific Ocean. It borders the Sea of Japan to the west and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. Japan is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire and comprises an archipelago of 6,852 islands covering 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi); its five main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city; other major cities include Osaka and Nagoya. Japan is the 11th most populous country in the world, as well as one of the most densely populated and urbanized. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous, concentrating its population of 126.2 million on narrow coastal plains. Japan is administratively divided into 47 prefectures and traditionally divided into eight regions. The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world, with more than 37.4 million residents. The islands of Japan were inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period, though the first mentions of the archipelago appear in Chinese chronicles from the 1st century AD. Between the 4th and 9th centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became unified under an emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō. Starting in the 12th century, however, political power was held by a series of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a foreign policy of isolation. In 1854, a United States fleet forced Japan to open trade to the West, leading to the end of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the Meiji era, the Empire of Japan adopted a Western-style constitution and pursued industrialization and modernization. Japan invaded China in 1937; in 1941, it entered World War II as an Axis power. After suffering defeat in the Pacific War and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered in 1945 and came under an Allied occupation, during which it adopted a post-war constitution. It has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Japan is a great power and a member of numerous international organizations, including the United Nations (since 1956), the OECD, and the G7. Although it has renounced its right to declare war, the country maintains a modern military ranked as the world's fourth most powerful. Following World War II, Japan experienced record economic growth, becoming the second-largest economy in the world by 1990. As of 2019, the country's economy is the third-largest by nominal GDP and fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. Japan is a global leader in the automotive and electronics industries and has made significant contributions to science and technology. Ranked "very high" on the Human Development Index, Japan has the world's second-highest life expectancy, though it is currently experiencing a decline in population. Culturally, Japan is renowned for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, including its prominent animation and video game industries. (en)
  • Japan (Japanese: 日本国, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country of East Asia in the northwest Pacific Ocean. It borders the Sea of Japan to the west and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. Japan is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire and comprises an archipelago of 6,852 islands covering 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi); its five main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city; other major cities include Osaka and Nagoya. Japan is the 11th most populous country in the world, as well as one of the most densely populated and urbanized. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous, concentrating its population of 126.2 million on narrow coastal plains. Japan is administratively divided into 47 prefectures and traditionally divided into eight regions. The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world, with more than 37.4 million residents. The islands of Japan were inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period, though the first mentions of the archipelago appear in Chinese chronicles from the 1st century AD. Between the 4th and 9th centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became unified under an emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō. Starting in the 12th century, however, political power was held by a series of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a foreign policy of isolation. In 1854, a United States fleet forced Japan to open trade to the West, leading to the end of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the Meiji era, the Empire of Japan adopted a Western-style constitution and pursued industrialization and modernization. Japan invaded China in 1937; in 1941, it entered World War II as an Axis power. After suffering defeat in the Pacific War and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered in 1945 and came under an Allied occupation, during which it adopted a post-war constitution. It has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Japan is a great power and a member of numerous international organizations, including the United Nations (since 1956), the OECD, and the G7. Although it has renounced its right to declare war, the country maintains a modern military ranked as the world's fourth most powerful. Following World War II, Japan experienced record economic growth, becoming the second-largest economy in the world by 1990. As of 2019, the country's economy is the third-largest by nominal GDP and fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. Japan is a global leader in the automotive and electronics industries and has made significant contributions to science and technology. Ranked "very high" on the Human Development Index, Japan has the world's second-highest life expectancy, though it is currently experiencing a decline in population. Culturally, Japan is renowned for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, including its prominent animation and video game industries. (en)
  • Japan (Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country of East Asia in the northwest Pacific Ocean. It borders the Sea of Japan to the west and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. Japan is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire and comprises an archipelago of 6,852 islands covering 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi); its five main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city; other major cities include Osaka and Nagoya. Japan is the 11th most populous country in the world, as well as one of the most densely populated and urbanized. About three-fourths of the country's terrain is mountainous, concentrating its population of 126.2 million on narrow coastal plains. Japan is administratively divided into 47 prefectures and traditionally divided into eight regions. The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world, with more than 37.4 million residents. The islands of Japan were inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period, though the first mentions of the archipelago appear in Chinese chronicles from the 1st century AD. Between the 4th and 9th centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became unified under an emperor and imperial court based in Heian-kyō. Starting in the 12th century, however, political power was held by a series of military dictators (shōgun), feudal lords (daimyō), and a class of warrior nobility (samurai). After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted a foreign policy of isolation. In 1854, a United States fleet forced Japan to open trade to the West, leading to the end of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the Meiji era, the Empire of Japan adopted a Western-style constitution and pursued industrialization and modernization. Japan invaded China in 1937; in 1941, it entered World War II as an Axis power. After suffering defeat in the Pacific War and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered in 1945 and came under an Allied occupation, during which it adopted a post-war constitution. It has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Japan is a great power and a member of numerous international organizations, including the United Nations (since 1956), the OECD, and the G7. Although it has renounced its right to declare war, the country maintains a modern military ranked as the world's fourth most powerful. Following World War II, Japan experienced high economic growth, becoming the second-largest economy in the world by 1990 before being surpassed by China in 2010. Despite stagnant economic growth ever since the Lost Decade, the country's economy is still the third-largest by nominal GDP and fourth-largest by purchasing power parity as of 2019. Japan is a global leader in the automotive and electronics industries and has made significant contributions to science and technology. Ranked the second highest country on the Human Development Index in Asia after Singapore, Japan also has the world's second-highest life expectancy, though it is currently experiencing a decline in population. Culturally, Japan is renowned for its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, including its prominent animation and video game industries. (en)
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  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country located off the eastern coast of the Asian continent. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends more than 3,000 kilometers (1,900 miles) from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea in the southwest. Part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses a stratovolcanic archipelago of 6,852 islands; five main islands (Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku, and Okinawa) comprise 97% of the country's land area of 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi) and more than 99% of its population. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country located off the eastern coast of the Asian continent. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends more than 3,000 kilometers (1,900 miles) from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea in the southwest. Part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses a stratovolcanic archipelago of 6,852 islands; five main islands (Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku, and Okinawa) comprise 97% of the country's total area of 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi) and more than 99% of its population. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country located off the eastern coast of Asia. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends more than 3,000 kilometers (1,900 miles) from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea and Philippine Sea in the southwest. Part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses an archipelago of 6,852 islands; five main islands (Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku, and Okinawa) comprise approximately 96% of the country's total area of 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi). (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country located off the eastern coast of Asia. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and spans more than 3,000 km (1,900 mi) from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea and Philippine Sea in the southwest. Part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses an archipelago of 6,852 islands; five main islands (Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku, and Okinawa) comprise 96% of the country's total area of 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi). (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country located off the eastern coast of Asia. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends more than 3,000 kilometers (1,900 miles) from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea and Philippine Sea in the southwest. Part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses an archipelago of 6,852 islands; five main islands (Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku, and Okinawa) comprise 96% of the country's total area of 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi). (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country located off the eastern coast of Asia. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends more than 3,000 kilometers (1,900 miles) from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea and Philippine Sea in the southwest. Part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses an archipelago of 6,852 islands; five main islands (Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku, and Okinawa) comprise 96% of the country's total area. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea and Philippine Sea in the southwest. Part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses an archipelago of 6,852 islands; the five main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu and Okinawa. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea and Philippine Sea in the southwest. Part of the Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses a stratovolcanic archipelago of 6,852 islands, covering 380,000 square kilometers (150,000 sq mi); the five largest islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city, while the Kyoto-Osaka-Kobe region is another major center. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea in the southwest. Part of the Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses a stratovolcanic archipelago of 6,852 islands and covers 380,000 square kilometers (150,000 sq mi). The five main islands of Japan, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city; other major population centers include Osaka, Nagoya, and Fukuoka. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea in the southwest. Part of the Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses a stratovolcanic archipelago of 6,852 islands and covers 380,000 square kilometers (150,000 sq mi); the five largest islands of Japan, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city, and major regional centers include Osaka, Nagoya, and Fukuoka. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea in the southwest. Part of the Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses a stratovolcanic archipelago of 6,852 islands and covers 380,000 square kilometers (150,000 sq mi); the five main islands of Japan, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city, while major regional centers include Osaka, Nagoya, and Fukuoka. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea in the southwest. Part of the Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses a stratovolcanic archipelago of 6,852 islands and covers 380,000 square kilometers (150,000 sq mi); the five main islands of Japan, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city, and major regional centers include Osaka, Nagoya, and Fukuoka. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea in the southwest. Part of the Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses a stratovolcanic archipelago of 6,852 islands and covers 380,000 square kilometers (150,000 sq mi); the five largest islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and most populous city, while major regional centers include Osaka, Nagoya, and Fukuoka. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea in the southwest. Part of the Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses a stratovolcanic archipelago of 6,852 islands and covers 380,000 square kilometers (150,000 sq mi); the five largest islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and most populous city, while major regional centers include Osaka, Nagoya, and Fukuoka. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northeast to the East China Sea in the southwest. Part of the Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses a stratovolcanic archipelago of 6,852 islands and covers 380,000 square kilometers (150,000 sq mi); its five largest islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and most populous city, while major regional centers include Osaka, Nagoya, and Fukuoka. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. It is bordered the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea in the south. Part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan comprises a stratovolcanic archipelago of nearly 7,000 islands and covers 375,000 square kilometers (145,000 sq mi); its five main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and most populous city; other major cities include Osaka, Nagoya, and Fukuoka. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. It is bordered the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea in the south. Part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan comprises a stratovolcanic archipelago of nearly 7,000 islands and covers 375,000 square kilometers (145,000 sq mi); its five main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and most populous city; other major cities include Osaka, Nagoya, and Fukuoka. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. It borders the Sea of Japan to the west, the Pacific Ocean to the east, and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea in the south. Part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan is a stratovolcanic archipelago of nearly 7,000 islands and covers 375,000 square kilometers (145,000 sq mi); its five main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and most populous city; other major cities include Osaka, Nagoya, and Fukuoka. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) or Japanese: 日本国 Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku is an island country in East Asia. It borders the Sea of Japan to the west, the Pacific Ocean to the east, and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea in the south. Part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan is a stratovolcanic archipelago of nearly 7,000 islands and covers 375,000 square kilometers (145,000 sq mi); its five main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and most populous city; other major cities include Osaka, Nagoya, and Fukuoka. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. Located in the northwestern Pacific Ocean, it borders the Sea of Japan to the west, and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. Japan is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire and comprises an archipelago of 6,852 islands covering 375,000 square kilometers (145,000 sq mi); its five largest islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city; other major cities include Osaka and Nagoya. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. Located in the northwest Pacific Ocean, it borders the Sea of Japan to the west, and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. Japan is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire and comprises an archipelago of 6,852 islands covering 375,000 square kilometers (145,000 sq mi); its five largest islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city; other major cities include Osaka and Nagoya. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia. Located in the northwest Pacific Ocean, it borders the Sea of Japan to the west, and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. Japan is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire and comprises an archipelago of 6,852 islands covering 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi); its five largest islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city; other major cities include Osaka and Nagoya. (en)
  • Japan (; Japanese: 日本, [ɲippoꜜɴ] or [ɲihoꜜɴ]) is an island country in East Asia. Located in the northwest Pacific Ocean, it borders the Sea of Japan to the west, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. Japan is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire and comprises an archipelago of 6,852 islands covering 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi); its five main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city; other major cities include Osaka and Nagoya. (en)
  • Japan (Japanese: 日本, [ɲippoꜜɴ] or [ɲihoꜜɴ]) is an island country in East Asia located in the northwest Pacific Ocean. It borders the Sea of Japan to the west, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. Japan is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire and comprises an archipelago of 6,852 islands covering 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi); its five main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city; other major cities include Osaka and Nagoya. (en)
  • Japan (Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia located in the northwest Pacific Ocean. It borders the Sea of Japan to the west, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. Japan is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire and comprises an archipelago of 6,852 islands covering 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi); its five main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city; other major cities include Osaka and Nagoya. (en)
  • Japan (Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country in East Asia located in the northwest Pacific Ocean. It borders the Sea of Japan to the west, and it extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. Japan is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire and comprises an archipelago of 6,852 islands covering 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi); its five main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city; other major cities include Osaka and Nagoya. (en)
  • Japan (Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country of East Asia in the northwest Pacific Ocean. It borders the Sea of Japan to the west and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. Japan is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire and comprises an archipelago of 6,852 islands covering 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi); its five main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city; other major cities include Osaka and Nagoya. (en)
  • Japan (Japanese: 日本国, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] () or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] ()) is an island country of East Asia in the northwest Pacific Ocean. It borders the Sea of Japan to the west and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. Japan is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire and comprises an archipelago of 6,852 islands covering 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi); its five main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the country's capital and largest city; other major cities include Osaka and Nagoya. (en)
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  • Japan (en)
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