Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre (, US also ; French: [saʁtʁ]; 21 June 1905 – 15 April 1980) was a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, screenwriter, political activist, biographer, and literary critic. He was one of the key figures in the philosophy of existentialism and phenomenology, and one of the leading figures in 20th-century French philosophy and Marxism. His work has also influenced sociology, critical theory, post-colonial theory, and literary studies, and continues to influence these disciplines.

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre (, US also ; French: [saʁtʁ]; 21 June 1905 – 15 April 1980) was a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, screenwriter, political activist, biographer, and literary critic. He was one of the key figures in the philosophy of existentialism and phenomenology, and one of the leading figures in 20th-century French philosophy and Marxism. His work has also influenced sociology, critical theory, post-colonial theory, and literary studies, and continues to influence these disciplines. Sartre was also noted for his open relationship with prominent feminist and fellow existentialist philosopher and writer Simone de Beauvoir. Together, Sartre and de Beauvoir challenged the cultural and social assumptions and expectations of their upbringings, which they considered bourgeois, in both lifestyle and thought. The conflict between oppressive, spiritually destructive conformity (mauvaise foi, literally, "bad faith") and an "authentic" way of "being" became the dominant theme of Sartre's early work, a theme embodied in his principal philosophical work Being and Nothingness (L'Être et le Néant, 1943). Sartre's introduction to his philosophy is his work Existentialism Is a Humanism (L'existentialisme est un humanisme, 1946), originally presented as a lecture. He was awarded the 1964 Nobel Prize in Literature despite attempting to refuse it, saying that he always declined official honours and that "a writer should not allow himself to be turned into an institution". (en)
dbo:birthDate
  • 1905-06-21 (xsd:date)
dbo:birthPlace
dbo:birthYear
  • 1905-01-01 (xsd:date)
dbo:deathDate
  • 1980-04-15 (xsd:date)
dbo:deathPlace
dbo:deathYear
  • 1980-01-01 (xsd:date)
dbo:era
dbo:influenced
dbo:influencedBy
dbo:mainInterest
dbo:notableIdea
dbo:philosophicalSchool
dbo:region
dbo:thumbnail
dbo:wikiPageEditLink
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageExtracted
  • 2019-09-19 01:57:37Z (xsd:date)
dbo:wikiPageHistoryLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 16340 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageLength
  • 83533 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageModified
  • 2019-09-19 01:57:02Z (xsd:date)
dbo:wikiPageOutDegree
  • 409 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 916466468 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionLink
dbp:wikiPageUsesTemplate
dbp:wordnet_type
dct:subject
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre (, US also ; French: [saʁtʁ]; 21 June 1905 – 15 April 1980) was a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, screenwriter, political activist, biographer, and literary critic. He was one of the key figures in the philosophy of existentialism and phenomenology, and one of the leading figures in 20th-century French philosophy and Marxism. His work has also influenced sociology, critical theory, post-colonial theory, and literary studies, and continues to influence these disciplines. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Jean-Paul Sartre (en)
rdfs:seeAlso
owl:sameAs
foaf:depiction
foaf:gender
  • male (en)
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
foaf:name
  • Jean-Paul Sartre (en)
is dbo:author of
is dbo:influenced of
is dbo:influencedBy of
is dbo:knownFor of
is dbo:nonFictionSubject of
is dbo:wikiPageDisambiguates of
is dbo:wikiPageRedirects of
is dbo:writer of
is dbp:author of
is dbp:influenced of
is dbp:influencedBy of
is dbp:influences of
is dbp:writer of
is foaf:primaryTopic of