Kumaoni is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in the Kumaon region of Uttarkhand in northern India. Along with neighbouring Garhwali, it belongs to the Central Pahari languages, a group normally included within Northern Indo-Aryan but which nonetheless shows marked similarities to the Rajasthani languages.

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  • Kumaoni is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in the Kumaon region of Uttarkhand in northern India. Along with neighbouring Garhwali, it belongs to the Central Pahari languages, a group normally included within Northern Indo-Aryan but which nonetheless shows marked similarities to the Rajasthani languages. Kumaoni was spoken by over 4,948,519 (2011) people but it decreased to 3,948,519 (2011) in Uttarakhand, primarily in districts Almora, Nainital, Pithoragarh, Bageshwar, Champawat, Udham Singh Nagar as well as in areas of Himachal Pradesh and Nepal. It is also spoken by Kumaonis resident in other Indian states; Uttar Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Delhi and Madhya Pradesh. Kumaoni has many regional dialects spoken in different places in Uttarakhand. Amongst its dialects, the Central Kumauni is spoken in Almora and northern Nainital, Northeastern Kumauni is in Pithoragarh, Southeastern Kumauni is in Southeastern Nainital, Western Kumauni is west of Almora and Nainital. Almost all people who can speak and understand Kumaoni can also speak and understand Hindi, one of the official languages of India. Due to a number of reasons (including the predominance of Hindi), the use of Kumaoni is shrinking very rapidly. UNESCO’s Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger designates Kumaoni as language in the unsafe category and which requires consistent conservation efforts. (en)
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  • Kumaoni is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in the Kumaon region of Uttarkhand in northern India. Along with neighbouring Garhwali, it belongs to the Central Pahari languages, a group normally included within Northern Indo-Aryan but which nonetheless shows marked similarities to the Rajasthani languages. (en)
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  • Kumaoni language (en)
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  • Kumaoni (en)
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