Prince Edward Island is the least populous province in Canada with 142,907 residents as of the 2016 census and is the smallest in land area at 5,686 km2 (2,195 sq mi). Prince Edward Island's 63 municipalities were home to 70% of its population in 2016. These municipalities provide local government services to their residents in the form of fire protection, municipal planning services, and emergency measures planning. The remaining unincorporated areas have no local government.

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  • Prince Edward Island is the least populous province in Canada with 142,907 residents as of the 2016 census and is the smallest in land area at 5,686 km2 (2,195 sq mi). Prince Edward Island's 63 municipalities were home to 70% of its population in 2016. These municipalities provide local government services to their residents in the form of fire protection, municipal planning services, and emergency measures planning. The remaining unincorporated areas have no local government. Municipal statuses in Prince Edward Island include cities, towns, rural municipalities, and resort municipalities. Under Prince Edward Island's Municipal Government Act of 2016, which came into force on December 23, 2017, the formation of a municipality can be proposed by the Minister of Communities, Land and Environment (CLE), the council of an existing municipality, or a petition signed by 30% of the residents that would be the electors of the new municipality. To be eligible for city or town status, certain minimum estimated population and total property assessment value criteria must be met. If those criteria are not met, rural municipality status can be granted if it is the opinion of the Minister of CLE that it would be in the public interest. The province's lone resort municipality that was established by order in council in 1990 continues as such in the Municipal Government Act but no new resort municipalities may be created. Prince Edward Island has two cities, ten towns, fifty communities and one resort municipality, which are distributed across three counties – Kings, Prince and Queens. Approximately 26% of residents live in the provincial capital of Charlottetown and another 24% live within the Charlottetown census agglomeration. (en)
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  • Prince Edward Island is the least populous province in Canada with 142,907 residents as of the 2016 census and is the smallest in land area at 5,686 km2 (2,195 sq mi). Prince Edward Island's 63 municipalities were home to 70% of its population in 2016. These municipalities provide local government services to their residents in the form of fire protection, municipal planning services, and emergency measures planning. The remaining unincorporated areas have no local government. (en)
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  • List of municipalities in Prince Edward Island (en)
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