In epistemology, the Münchhausen trilemma is a thought experiment used to demonstrate the impossibility to prove any truth, even in the fields of logic and mathematics. The name Münchhausen-Trilemma was coined by the German philosopher Hans Albert in 1968 in reference to a Trilemma of "dogmatism vs. infinite regress vs. psychologism" used by Karl Popper.

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  • In epistemology, the Münchhausen trilemma is a thought experiment used to demonstrate the impossibility to prove any truth, even in the fields of logic and mathematics. The name Münchhausen-Trilemma was coined by the German philosopher Hans Albert in 1968 in reference to a Trilemma of "dogmatism vs. infinite regress vs. psychologism" used by Karl Popper. It is a reference to the problem of "bootstrapping", based on the story of Baron Munchausen (in German, "Münchhausen") pulling himself and the horse on which he was sitting out of a mire by his own hair.It is also known as Agrippa's trilemma after a similar argument by Sextus Empiricus, which was attributed to Agrippa the Skeptic by Diogenes Laertius. Sextus' argument, however, consists of five (not three) "modes." Popper in his original 1935 publication mentions neither Sextus nor Agrippa, but attributes his trilemma to Jakob Fries. (en)
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  • In epistemology, the Münchhausen trilemma is a thought experiment used to demonstrate the impossibility to prove any truth, even in the fields of logic and mathematics. The name Münchhausen-Trilemma was coined by the German philosopher Hans Albert in 1968 in reference to a Trilemma of "dogmatism vs. infinite regress vs. psychologism" used by Karl Popper. (en)
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  • Münchhausen trilemma (en)
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