Paul-Michel Foucault (UK: FOO-koh, US: foo-KOH, French: [pɔl miʃɛl fuko]; 15 October 1926 – 25 June 1984), generally known as Michel Foucault, was a French philosopher, historian of ideas, social theorist and literary critic. Foucault died in Paris of HIV/AIDS; he became the first public figure in France to die from the disease. His partner Daniel Defert founded the AIDES charity in his memory.

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • Paul-Michel Foucault (UK: FOO-koh, US: foo-KOH, French: [pɔl miʃɛl fuko]; 15 October 1926 – 25 June 1984), generally known as Michel Foucault, was a French philosopher, historian of ideas, social theorist and literary critic. Foucault's theories primarily address the relationship between power and knowledge, and how they are used as a form of social control through societal institutions. Though often cited as a post-structuralist and postmodernist, Foucault rejected these labels. His thought has influenced academics, especially those working in communication studies, anthropology, sociology, cultural studies, literary theory, feminism, and critical theory. Born in Poitiers, France, into an upper-middle-class family, Foucault was educated at the Lycée Henri-IV, at the École Normale Supérieure, where he developed an interest in philosophy and came under the influence of his tutors Jean Hyppolite and Louis Althusser, and at the University of Paris (Sorbonne), where he earned degrees in philosophy and psychology. After several years as a cultural diplomat abroad, he returned to France and published his first major book, The History of Madness (1961). After obtaining work between 1960 and 1966 at the University of Clermont-Ferrand, he produced The Birth of the Clinic (1963) and The Order of Things (1966), publications which displayed his increasing involvement with structuralism, from which he later distanced himself. These first three histories exemplified a historiographical technique Foucault was developing called "archaeology". From 1966 to 1968, Foucault lectured at the University of Tunis before returning to France, where he became head of the philosophy department at the new experimental university of Paris VIII. Foucault subsequently published The Archaeology of Knowledge (1969). In 1970, Foucault was admitted to the Collège de France, a membership he retained until his death. He also became active in a number of left-wing groups involved in campaigns against racism and human rights abuses and for penal reform. Foucault later published Discipline and Punish (1975) and The History of Sexuality (1976), in which he developed archaeological and genealogical methods which emphasized the role that power plays in society. Foucault died in Paris of HIV/AIDS; he became the first public figure in France to die from the disease. His partner Daniel Defert founded the AIDES charity in his memory. (en)
dbo:birthDate
  • 1926-10-15 (xsd:date)
dbo:birthPlace
dbo:birthYear
  • 1926-01-01 (xsd:date)
dbo:deathDate
  • 1984-06-25 (xsd:date)
dbo:deathPlace
dbo:deathYear
  • 1984-01-01 (xsd:date)
dbo:era
dbo:influenced
dbo:influencedBy
dbo:mainInterest
dbo:notableIdea
dbo:philosophicalSchool
dbo:region
dbo:wikiPageEditLink
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageExtracted
  • 2019-11-13 16:41:26Z (xsd:date)
dbo:wikiPageHistoryLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 47643 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageLength
  • 85529 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageModified
  • 2019-11-13 16:41:17Z (xsd:date)
dbo:wikiPageOutDegree
  • 486 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 925994809 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionLink
dbp:wikiPageUsesTemplate
dbp:wordnet_type
dct:subject
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Paul-Michel Foucault (UK: FOO-koh, US: foo-KOH, French: [pɔl miʃɛl fuko]; 15 October 1926 – 25 June 1984), generally known as Michel Foucault, was a French philosopher, historian of ideas, social theorist and literary critic. Foucault died in Paris of HIV/AIDS; he became the first public figure in France to die from the disease. His partner Daniel Defert founded the AIDES charity in his memory. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Michel Foucault (en)
owl:sameAs
foaf:gender
  • male (en)
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
is dbo:academicDiscipline of
is dbo:author of
is dbo:influenced of
is dbo:influencedBy of
is dbo:mainInterest of
is dbo:nonFictionSubject of
is dbo:partner of
is dbo:philosophicalSchool of
is dbo:wikiPageDisambiguates of
is dbo:wikiPageRedirects of
is dbp:author of
is dbp:influenced of
is dbp:influences of
is dbp:subject of
is foaf:primaryTopic of