Napoleon Bonaparte was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the latter stages of the French Revolution and its associated wars in Europe. As Napoleon I, he was Emperor of the French from 1804 to 1815, the first monarch of France bearing the title emperor since the reign of Charles the Fat (881–887).

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  • Napoléon Bonaparte, alkujaan Napoleone Buonaparte, oli Ranskan ensimmäinen konsuli vuodesta 1799 alkaen ja Ranskan keisari Napoleon I 18. toukokuuta 1804 – 6. toukokuuta 1814 välisen ajan. Uransa huipulla hän valloitti ja hallitsi laajoja osia Länsi- ja Keski-Eurooppaa. Tällöin hänen valtakuntansa oli kooltaan, armeijaltaan ja väkiluvultaan Euroopan suurin sitten Rooman valtakunnan. Hänet vangittiin hävityn Waterloon taistelun jälkeen vuonna 1815 ja karkotettiin Saint Helenan saarelle.
  • ナポレオン・ボナパルト(Napoléon Bonaparte、1769年8月15日 - 1821年5月5日)は、革命期フランスの軍人・政治家。ナポレオン1世(Napoléon I、在位:1804年 - 1814年、1815年)としてフランス第一帝政の皇帝にもなった。 フランス革命後の混乱を収拾して軍事独裁政権を樹立し、イギリスを除くヨーロッパの大半を勢力下に置いた(ナポレオン戦争)が、最終的に敗北し失脚した。当時のイギリスの首相ウィリアム・ピットは、「革命騒ぎの宝くじを最後に引き当てた男」とナポレオンを評し、一方ゲーテは「徳を求めたもののこれを見出せず、権力を掴むに至った」と評している。
  • Наполео́н I Бонапа́рт — император Франции в 1804—1815 годах, великий французский полководец и государственный деятель, заложивший основы современного французского государства.
  • 拿破崙·波拿巴(法语:Napoléon Bonaparte,1769年8月15日-1821年5月5日),即拿破侖一世(Napoléon I),出生於科西嘉島,法國軍事家與政治家,法蘭西第一共和國第一執政(1799年-1804年),法蘭西第一帝國及百日王朝的皇帝(1804年-1814年,1815年)。其统治下的法国,曾經佔領過西歐和中歐的廣大領土。
  • Napoleone Bonaparte fou un militar i home d'estat francès. Fou general de l'exèrcit durant la Revolució Francesa, alt dirigent de França com a Primer Cònsol de la Primera República Francesa, i Emperador dels Francesos, amb el nom de Napoleó I del Primer Imperi Francès,, i posteriorment i de forma breu des del 20 de març al 22 de juny de 1815. Va ser també Rei d'Itàlia, Mediador de la Confederació Suïssa i Protector de la Confederació del Rin. També de mentre que va ser Emperador dels Francesos va ser coprincep d'Andorra. Va començar a destacar arran de la Revolució Francesa, on va comandar diverses i exitoses campanyes contra la Primera Coalició i la Segona Coalició. En els anys de canvi de segle (del XVIII al XIX), en només una dècada, els exèrcits francesos sota el seu comandament van lluitar contra gairebé totes les potències europees del moment, guanyant el control de la majoria del territori de l'Europa continental per conquesta o aliança. Va nomenar monarques o importants figures de govern a membres de la seva família i amics. La desastrosa invasió de Rússia l'any 1812 va marcar el punt d'inflexió. Després d'aquesta desfeta i de la derrota a la Batalla de Leipzig, a l'octubre de 1813, la Sisena Coalició va envair França, forçant a Napoleó a abdicar a l'abril de 1814. Es va exiliar a l'illa d'Elba. Poc temps després, va retornar al poder en un episodi anomenat posteriorment el Govern dels cent dies, però va tornar a ser derrotat -definitivament- a la batalla de Waterloo, el 18 de juny de 1815. Va passar els sis anys del final de la seva vida a l'illa de Santa Helena, a l'oceà Atlàntic sud, sota supervisió britànica. Napoleó va desenvolupar poques innovacions en el terreny militar, però va destacar per fer servir les millors i més variades tàctiques. Aquest fet unit a la reforma i modernització de l'exèrcit francès, el va dur a les aclaparadores victòries inicials. Les seves campanyes encara són estudiades a les acadèmies militars de tot el món, i és recordat com un dels més grans comandants de la història. Més enllà d'aquest fet, Napoleó és també recordat per l'establiment del Codi Napoleònic, encara present en l'esperit (burocràcia, etc) de l'estat francès modern.
  • Napoleon I. Bonaparte byl francouzský vojevůdce a státník, císař v letech 1804 – 1814 a 1815. Narodil se na Korsice do rodiny nepříliš zámožného příslušníka úřednické šlechty. V devíti letech jej otec odvezl do Francie, kde jako stipendista studoval v místních vojenských školách. Po smrti otce, ve svých 16 letech, převzal starost o rodinu, přerušil studia a vstoupil jako podporučík do armády. Vzestup jeho kariéry nastal ve chvíli, kdy se jako dělostřelecký důstojník zasloužil o dobytí pevnosti Toulon a byl povýšen do hodnosti brigádního generála. V roce 1795 v pařížských ulicích úspěšně potlačil royalistické povstání, stal se divizním generálem a převzal velení nad armádami vnitřní a pařížské oblasti. Následujícího roku byl na návrh Lazare Carnota jako hlavní opora Direktoria vyslán do války s Rakouskem a pověřen velením nad francouzskou armádou v Itálii. Zde se chopil nabízené příležitosti, využil revolučního nadšení vojáků a řadou vítězství přinutil rakouský dvůr požádat o mír. V roce 1799, po nepříliš vydařené vojenské kampani v Egyptě, se Napoleon zapletl do politického převratu, který měl omezit moc dvou zákonodárných sněmoven ve prospěch mnohem silnější výkonné moci a stal se čelním ze tří vládnoucích konzulů. Od roku 1800 nadále zastával doživotní funkci prvního konzula a o čtyři roky později politickými machinacemi přiměl senát, aby jej zvolil francouzským císařem. Vládu si za téměř nepřetržitého válečného stavu podržel až do roku 1814, kdy byl po tragické kampani do Ruska vojsky VI. spojenecké koalice zatlačen až k francouzské metropoli a vlastními maršály přinucen abdikovat. Posléze byl poslán do vyhnanství na ostrov Elba, odkud po necelém roce internace uprchl a bez jediného výstřelu opět obsadil císařský trůn. Francie se však dostala do vojenskopolitické izolace a obnovené císařství nepřežilo více než sto dní. Veškeré Napoleonovy snahy skončily porážkou v bitvě u Waterloo, po níž abdikoval podruhé a vydal se do rukou spojenců. Ti jej odsoudili k doživotnímu pobytu na ostrově Svatá Helena, kde ve věku jednapadesáti let zemřel. Za svůj život Napoleon svedl okolo šedesáti bitev, tedy více než Alexandr Makedonský, Hannibal, Caesar a Suvorov dohromady a po další téměř celé jedno století byla vojenská teorie i praxe posuzovaná podle jeho pravidel a přizpůsobována jeho pojetí válečnictví. Za Napoleonovy éry se Francie změnila ze stavovského feudálního státu v sociálně i občansky nově strukturovanou společnost a určovala politický trend ve značné části Evropy. Mimo jiné provedl reformu vnitřní správy a v roce 1804 vydal nový občanský zákoník (Code civil), jenž se stal vzorem pro další evropské země a dodnes tvoří základ francouzského práva. Avšak Napoleonovo jméno nebývá spojováno jen se superlativy. Kdykoliv je připomínána jeho genialita a obdivuhodná vytrvalost v úsilí o dosažení vytyčeného cíle, nezůstává opomíjena jeho lhostejnost k lidem, v nichž viděl jen prostředky a nástroje. Díky tomuto přístupu sice dokázal ze svého národa získávat i skryté rezervy, avšak další památkou na jeho panování byla nesmírně vysoká oběť více než milionu francouzských občanů, padlých na četných evropských bojištích.
  • Napoleon Bonaparte, als Kaiser Napoleon I. , war ein französischer General, Staatsmann und Kaiser. Aus korsischer Familie stammend, stieg Bonaparte während der Französischen Revolution in der Armee auf. Er erwies sich als ein militärisches Talent ersten Ranges. Vor allem die Feldzüge in Italien und in Ägypten machten ihn populär und zu einem politischen Hoffnungsträger. Dies ermöglichte ihm, durch den Staatsstreich des 18. Brumaire VIII (9. November 1799) die Macht in Frankreich zu übernehmen. Zunächst von 1799 bis 1804 als Erster Konsul der Französischen Republik und anschließend bis 1814 als Kaiser der Franzosen stand er einem halbdiktatorischen Regime mit plebiszitären Elementen vor. Durch verschiedene Reformen – etwa die der Justiz durch den Code Civil oder die der Verwaltung – hat Napoleon die staatlichen Strukturen Frankreichs bis in die Gegenwart hinein geprägt. Außenpolitisch errang er, gestützt auf die Armee, zeitweise die Herrschaft über weite Teile Kontinentaleuropas. Er war daher ab 1805 auch König von Italien und von 1806 bis 1813 Protektor des Rheinbundes. Durch die von ihm initiierte Auflösung des Heiligen Römischen Reiches wurde die staatliche Gestaltung Mitteleuropas zu einem zentralen Problem des 19.  Jahrhunderts. Hatte er anfangs selbst noch den Nationalstaatsgedanken außerhalb Frankreichs verbreitet, erschwerte dessen teils konservative Umdeutung in Spanien, in Deutschland und schließlich auch in Russland die Aufrechterhaltung der napoleonischen Ordnung in Europa. Der katastrophale Ausgang des Feldzugs gegen Russland, dort als Vaterländischer Krieg bezeichnet, führte letztlich zum Sturz Napoleons. Nach einer kurzen Phase der Verbannung auf Elba kehrte er für hundert Tage an die Macht zurück. In der Schlacht bei Waterloo wurde er endgültig besiegt und zuletzt bis zu seinem Lebensende auf die Insel St.  Helena verbannt.
  • Napoleon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the latter stages of the French Revolution. As Napoleon I, he was Emperor of the French from 1804 to 1815. His legal reform, the Napoleonic Code, has been a major influence on many civil law jurisdictions worldwide, but he is best remembered for his role in the wars led against France by a series of coalitions, the so-called Napoleonic Wars. He established hegemony over most of continental Europe and sought to spread the ideals of the French Revolution, while consolidating an imperial monarchy which restored aspects of the deposed Ancien Régime. Due to his success in these wars, often against numerically superior enemies, he is generally regarded as one of the greatest military commanders of all time and his campaigns are studied at military academies throughout much of the world. Napoleon was born in Corsica to parents of noble Genoese ancestry, and trained as an artillery officer in mainland France. He rose to prominence under the French First Republic and led successful campaigns against the First and Second Coalitions arrayed against France. In 1799, he staged a coup d'état and installed himself as First Consul; five years later the French Senate proclaimed him emperor. In the first decade of the 19th century, the French Empire under Napoleon engaged in a series of conflicts—the Napoleonic Wars—involving every major European power. After a streak of victories, France secured a dominant position in continental Europe, and Napoleon maintained the French sphere of influence through the formation of extensive alliances and the appointment of friends and family members to rule other European countries as French client states. The Peninsular War and 1812 French invasion of Russia marked turning points in Napoleon's fortunes. His Grande Armée was badly damaged in the campaign and never fully recovered. In 1813, the Sixth Coalition defeated his forces at Leipzig; the following year the Coalition invaded France, forced Napoleon to abdicate and exiled him to the island of Elba. Less than a year later, he escaped Elba and returned to power, but was defeated at the Battle of Waterloo in June 1815. Napoleon spent the last six years of his life in confinement by the British on the island of Saint Helena. An autopsy concluded he died of stomach cancer, although this claim has sparked significant debate, as some scholars have held that he was a victim of arsenic poisoning.
  • Napoleón I Bonaparte fue un militar y gobernante francés, general republicano durante la Revolución y el Directorio, artífice del golpe de Estado del 18 de Brumario que le convirtió en Primer Cónsul (Premier Consul) de la República el 11 de noviembre de 1799; cónsul vitalicio desde el 2 de agosto de 1802 hasta su proclamación como Emperador de los franceses (Empereur des Français) 18 de mayo de 1804, siendo coronado el 2 de diciembre; proclamado Rey de Italia el 18 de marzo de 1805 y coronado el 26 de mayo, ostentó ambos títulos hasta el 11 de abril de 1814 y, nuevamente, desde el 20 de marzo hasta el 22 de junio de 1815. Durante un periodo de poco más de una década, adquirió el control de casi toda Europa Occidental y Central mediante una serie de conquistas y alianzas, y sólo tras su derrota en la Batalla de las Naciones, cerca de Leipzig, en octubre de 1813, se vio obligado a abdicar unos meses más tarde. Regresó a Francia y al poder durante el breve periodo llamado los Cien Días y fue decisivamente derrotado en la Batalla de Waterloo en Bélgica, el 18 de junio de 1815, siendo desterrado por los ingleses a la isla de Santa Elena, donde falleció. Napoleón es considerado como uno de los mayores genios militares de la Historia, habiendo comandado campañas bélicas muy exitosas, aunque con ciertas derrotas igualmente estrepitosas. Sus agresivas guerras de conquista se convirtieron en las mayores operaciones militares conocidas hasta ese momento en Europa, involucrando a un número de soldados jamás visto en los ejércitos de la época. Además de estas proezas bélicas, a Napoleón también se le conoce por el establecimiento del Código Napoleónico y es considerado por algunos un «monarca iluminado» debido a su extraordinario talento y capacidad de trabajo. Otros, sin embargo, lo estiman un dictador tiránico cuyas guerras causaron la muerte de millones de personas, así como uno de los personajes más megalómanos y nefastos de todos los tiempos. Se le juzga como el personaje clave que marcó el inicio del siglo XIX y la posterior evolución de la Europa contemporánea. Sus soldados lo llamaban el Pequeño Cabo (Le Petit Caporal), en tanto que los ingleses se referían a él con el despectivo Boney y las monarquías europeas como el tirano Bonaparte, el Ogro de Ajaccio o el Usurpador Universal.
  • Napoléon I, né le 15 août 1769 à Ajaccio, en Corse et mort le 5 mai 1821 sur l'île Sainte-Hélène, au Royaume-Uni, est le deuxième empereur, après Charlemagne, du 18 mai 1804 au 6 avril 1814 et du 20 mars 1815 au 22 juin 1815. Il fut, sous le nom de Napoléon Bonaparte, un général des armées de la Révolution, commandant en chef des armées d'Italie et d'Orient. Parvenu au pouvoir en devenant en 1799 Premier Consul à la suite du coup d'État du 18 brumaire, puis consul à vie le 2 août 1802 jusqu'au 18 mai 1804, date à laquelle il est proclamé empereur par un sénatus-consulte suivi d'un plébiscite. Enfin il est sacré Empereur en la cathédrale Notre-Dame de Paris le 2 décembre 1804 par le pape Pie VII. Napoléon tente de mettre un terme à son profit à la série de guerres que mènent les monarchies européennes contre la France depuis 1792. Il conduit les hommes de la Grande Armée, du Nil et de l'Andalousie, sauf Cadix, jusqu'à Moscou. Obtenant de nombreuses victoires face aux diverses coalitions montées et financées par le Royaume de Grande-Bretagne (devenue le Royaume-Uni de Grande-Bretagne et d'Irlande en 1801). L'historien britannique Eric Hobsbawm, note qu'aucune armée n'était allée aussi loin depuis les Vikings ou les Mongols et n'avait soumis autant de grandes puissances de son époque. Il réorganise et réforme durablement l'État et la société. Il porte le territoire français à son extension maximale avec 134 départements en 1812, transformant Rome, Hambourg, Barcelone ou Amsterdam en chefs-lieux de départements français. Il est aussi président de la République italienne de 1802 à 1805, puis roi d’Italie du 17 mars 1805 au 11 avril 1814, mais encore médiateur de la Confédération suisse de 1803 à 1813 et protecteur de la Confédération du Rhin de 1806 à 1813. Il conquiert et gouverne la majeure partie de l’Europe continentale et place les membres de sa famille sur les trônes de plusieurs royaumes européens : Joseph sur celui de Naples puis d'Espagne, Jérôme sur celui de Westphalie, Louis sur celui de Hollande et son beau-frère Joachim Murat à Naples. Il crée aussi un grand-duché de Varsovie, sans oser restaurer formellement l'indépendance polonaise, et soumet à son influence des puissances vaincues telles que le Royaume de Prusse et l'Archiduché d'Autriche. Objet, dès son vivant, d'une légende dorée comme d'une légende noire, il a acquis la notoriété pour son habileté militaire et politique, mais aussi pour son régime autoritaire, et pour ses campagnes causant la mort de plus d'un million de civils, soldées par de lourdes défaites en Espagne, en Russie, et à la bataille de Waterloo qui met fin en 1815 à l'Empire napoléonien. Sa mort en exil à Sainte-Hélène sous la garde des Anglais, fut l'objet de nombreuses controverses. Toute une tradition romantique fait de Napoléon l'archétype du grand homme appelé à bouleverser le monde. C'est ainsi que le comte de Las Cases, auteur du célèbre Mémorial de Sainte-Hélène tenta de présenter Napoléon au parlement britannique dans une pétition rédigée en 1818. Élie Faure, dans son ouvrage Napoléon, qui a inspiré Abel Gance, le compare à un « prophète des temps modernes ». D'autres auteurs, tel Victor Hugo, font du vaincu de Sainte-Hélène le « Prométhée moderne ». L'ombre de « Napoléon le Grand » plane sur de nombreux ouvrages de Balzac, Stendhal, Musset, mais aussi de Dostoïevski, de Tolstoï et de bien d'autres encore.
  • Bonaparte Napóleon, teljes francia nevén Napoléon Bonaparte, eredeti olasz nevén Napoleone di Buonaparte, ragadványnevein a korzikai vagy a kis káplár, francia tábornok, hadvezér, politikus. 1799–1804-ig Első Konzul, 1804–1814/15-ig I. Napóleon néven a franciák császára (Empereur des Français), az európai történelem egyik legkiemelkedőbb alakja. A világtörténelemben a leghíresebb és legtöbbet emlegetett hadvezér, a hadvezetés máig élő ikonja. Eszméje Nagy Sándorét váltotta, aki Napóleon után a leghíresebb hadvezér még ma is a világon. Emellé mind a mai napig a leghíresebb francia, ugyanakkor leghíresebb korzikai is. A pápával kötött konkordátuma, valamint közigazgatási, katonai, oktatási és jogi reformjai döntő hatást gyakoroltak a francia társadalom fejlődésére. Seregei alig több mint egy évtized alatt majdnem minden európai ország ellen harcoltak, gyakran egyidejűleg, és Franciaország uralma alá vonták a kontinentális Európa nagy részét, hódítás vagy szövetség által. Sikereinek sorát a katasztrofális oroszországi invázió törte meg. Az ezt követő lipcsei vereség után 1814-ben a szövetséges hadseregek betörtek Franciaország területére, lemondásra kényszerítve Napóleont. Elba szigetére száműzték, de a következő évben visszatért, és száz napra újra magához ragadta a hatalmat. 1815. június 18-án a waterlooi csatában végső vereséget szenvedett. Hogy soha ne térhessen vissza, a nagyhatalmak az Atlanti-óceán déli részén fekvő Szent Ilona-szigetre száműzték, ahol 1821-ben bekövetkezett haláláig brit felügyelet alatt élt.
  • Ufficiale d'artiglieria, e quindi generale, durante la rivoluzione francese. Governò la Francia a partire dal 1799: fu Primo Console dal novembre di quell'anno al 18 maggio 1804, e Imperatore dei francesi, con il nome di Napoleone I (Napoléon I) dal 2 dicembre 1804 al 14 aprile 1814 e nuovamente dal 20 marzo al 22 giugno 1815. Fu anche presidente della Repubblica Italiana dal 1802 al 1805, re d'Italia dal 1805 al 1814, «mediatore» della Repubblica Elvetica dal 1803 al 1813, e «protettore» della Confederazione del Reno dal 1806 al 1813. Grazie a una serie di audaci campagne militari e alleanze, conquistò e governò larga parte dell'Europa continentale, esportando gli ideali rivoluzionari di rinnovamento sociale e arrivando a controllare numerosi Regni europei, tramite persone a lui fedeli. La sua riforma del sistema giuridico, introdusse chiarezza e semplicità delle norme e pose le basi per la moderna giurisdizione civile. La disastrosa campagna di Russia, segnò la fine del suo dominio sull'Europa. Sconfitto a Lipsia dagli alleati europei, nell'ottobre del 1813, Napoleone abdicò, il 14 aprile 1814, e fu esiliato nell'isola d'Elba. Nel marzo del 1815, abbandonata furtivamente l'isola, sbarcò a Golfe Juan vicino ad Antibes e rientrò a Parigi "senza sparare un sol colpo", riconquistando il potere per il periodo detto dei "Cento giorni", finché non venne definitivamente sconfitto a Waterloo dalla settima coalizione, il 18 giugno 1815. Trascorse gli ultimi anni di vita in esilio nell'isola di Sant'Elena, sotto il controllo dei britannici. Dopo la sua caduta il congresso di Vienna ristabilì in Europa i vecchi regni pre-napoleonici. Fu il primo regnante della dinastia dei Bonaparte. Sposò Giuseppina di Beauharnais nel 1796, e in seconde nozze l'arciduchessa Maria Luisa d'Austria, l'11 febbraio 1810, dalla quale ebbe l'unico figlio legittimo, Napoleone Francesco, detto il re di Roma. La sua figura ha ispirato artisti, letterati, musicisti, politici e storici, dall'Ottocento ai giorni nostri.
  • Napoleon Bonaparte was een Frans militair en politieke leider tijdens de laatste stadia van de Franse Revolutie. Als Napoleon I was hij van 1804 tot 1815 keizer der Fransen. Zijn juridische hervorming, de Code Napoléon, had een grote en blijvende invloed op het recht in vele landen, waaronder Nederland en België. Het best wordt hij echter herinnerd door de rol die hij in de naar hem genoemde Napoleontische Oorlogen speelde. Het gelukte hem in het eerste decennium van de 19e eeuw een groot deel van Europa onder Frans gezag te brengen. Napoleon werd op Corsica geboren. Zijn ouders waren van adellijke Genuese afkomst. In de jaren voor de Franse Revolutie werd hij op het vasteland van Frankrijk tot artillerieofficier opgeleid. Bonaparte kreeg onder de Eerste Franse Republiek bekendheid. Hij wist de Eerste- en Tweede Coalitie tegen Frankrijk te verslaan. In 1799 pleegde hij een staatsgreep, waarna hij zichzelf als eerste consul installeerde; vijf jaar later riep hij zichzelf in navolging van Karel de Grote tot keizer van Frankrijk uit. In het eerste decennium van de 19e eeuw was het Eerste Franse Keizerrijk onder Napoleon betrokken bij een reeks van conflicten - de Napoleontische Oorlogen - waarbij alle Europese grootmachten betrokken waren. Na een serie van overwinningen slaagde Frankrijk er in om een dominante positie in continentaal Europa in te nemen. Bij de handhaving van de Franse invloedssfeer maakte Napoleon gebruik van uitgebreide allianties, waar hij vrienden en familieleden in machtsposities in andere landen benoemde om daar als Franse vazallen te heersen, zijn broer Lodewijk Napoleon in het Koninkrijk Holland is hiervan een voorbeeld. De veldtocht van Napoleon naar Rusland in 1812 betekende een keerpunt. Zijn Grande Armée werd voor een belangrijk deel vernietigd en hij slaagde er niet in deze in de korte tijd, die hem nog restte, opnieuw op te bouwen. In 1813 versloeg de Zesde Coalitie het leger van Napoleon in de Slag bij Leipzig. Het volgende jaar viel de Coalitie Frankrijk binnen. Napoleon werd tot aftreden gedwongen en verbannen naar het eiland Elba. Minder dan een jaar later slaagde Napoleon er echter in te ontsnappen. Hij wist de macht in Frankrijk weliswaar opnieuw te grijpen, maar in de beslissende Slag bij Waterloo, vlakbij Brussel, in juni 1815 leed hij een nederlaag. Daarna bracht hij de laatste zes jaar van zijn leven in gevangenschap van de Britten op het eiland Sint-Helena door. Een autopsie zou hebben geconcludeerd dat hij stierf aan maagkanker.
  • Napoléon Bonaparte |---- valign="top" | colspan="2" align="center" class="overskrift-bilde" | Napoléon Bonaparte, malt av Evert A. Duykinc |- !colspan="2" |Info: |- valign="top" class="infoboks-selle1" | class="infoboks-selle1-td" |Født: | class="infoboks-selle2" |15. august 1769 |- valign="top" class="infoboks-selle1" | class="infoboks-selle1-td" |Sted: | class="infoboks-selle2" |Ajaccio, Korsika, Frankrike |- valign="top" class="infoboks-selle1" | class="infoboks-selle1-td" |Død: | class="infoboks-selle2" |5. mai 1821 |- valign="top" class="infoboks-selle1" | class="infoboks-selle1-td" |Sted: | class="infoboks-selle2" |St Helena, Atlanterhavet 22x18px |- valign="top" class="infoboks-selle1" | class="infoboks-selle1-td" |Ektefelle: | class="infoboks-selle2" |Joséphine de Beauharnais |- valign="top" class="infoboks-selle1" | class="infoboks-selle1-td" |Barn: | class="infoboks-selle2" |Napoleon II |- valign="top" class="infoboks-selle1" | class="infoboks-selle1-td" |Foreldre: | class="infoboks-selle2" |Carlo Buonaparte Letizia Ramolino |- !colspan="2" |Politisk info: |- valign="top" class="infoboks-selle1" | class="infoboks-selle1-td" |Titler: | class="infoboks-selle2" |Franskmennenes keiser Konge av Italia Beskytter av Rhinforbundet Meklingsmann av Sveits |- valign="top" class="infoboks-selle1" | class="infoboks-selle1-td" |Regjeringstid: | class="infoboks-selle2" |20. mars 1804 – 6. april 1814 1. mars 1815 – 22. juni 1815 |} Napoléon Bonaparte var Frankrikes keiser under navnet Napoléon I fra 18. mai 1804 til 6. april 1814. Som øverstkommanderende for den franske militærmakt erobret og hersket han over det meste av det vestlige og sentrale Europa, og hadde et par år også makten i Egypt. Et mislykket felttog i Russland svekket hans posisjon, og la føringene for det endelige nederlaget ved Waterloo i 1815 som resulterte i hans fall. Få personer i historien er blitt mer omtalt og forsket på enn Napoléon. Hans historiske betydning er stadig omdiskutert, de ulike syn på ham har ofte skapt debatt og uenighet. I Frankrike regnes han av mange som en nasjonalhelt. Han fremheves først og fremst som en dyktig feltherre og militær strateg, andre ser på ham mer som en politiker og samfunnsreformator. Av andre blir han betraktet som en stor despot, tyrann eller usurpator.
  • 나폴레옹 보나파르트는 프랑스의 군인이자 프랑스 대혁명 시기 말기 무렵의 정치 지도자이자 1804년부터 1815년까지 프랑스의 황제였다. 나폴레옹 법전은 세계의 민법 관할에 크나큰 영향을 미쳤지만, 나폴레옹은 나폴레옹 전쟁에서의 역할로 가장 잘 알려져 있다. 그는 유럽 전체에 헤게모니를 형성했고, 프랑스 대혁명의 이상을 퍼트렸으며, 이전 정권의 양상을 복원하는 제국 군주제를 통합했다. 그가 전쟁마다 승리를 거두었기 때문에 지금까지 가장 위대했던 장군들 중 하나로 기억되고 있다. 나폴레옹은 코르시카에서 프랑스 본부에서 포병 장교로 훈련받은 부모 아래에서 태어났다. 그는 프랑스 제1 공화정에서 눈에 띄게 지위가 올랐고 제1과 2 대프랑스 동맹과 전쟁을 하고 승리했다. 나폴레옹은 1799년에 쿠데타를 일으켰고 이후 제1 영사에 취임하였다. 5년 뒤에 프랑스 원로원이 그를 황제 자리에 앉혔다. 19세기의 첫 10년 동안에 많은 충돌-나폴레옹 전쟁-에 모든 유럽의 주요 힘들을 포함하며 종사했다. 많은 승리 뒤에 프랑스는 유럽의 지배적 자리에 앉게 되었다. 나폴레옹은 광범위한 제휴와 친구들과 친척들을 유럽 다른 나라들을 통치케 하여 프랑스의 위상을 유지시켜나갔다. 나폴레옹 전쟁들은 많은 군대에서 연마되고 있다. 스페인의 비정규병과의 싸움과 1812년의 러시아 원정은 나폴레옹의 삶을 완전히 돌려놓았다. 그의 그랜드 육군은 전쟁에서 큰 손상을 입었고 다시 원상태로 돌아오지 못했다. 1813년에 라이프치히에서 제6차 대프랑스 동맹에 의해 나폴레옹의 세력은 졌다. 그 다음해에는 그 동맹이 프랑스를 쥐어잡았고, 나폴레옹을 정권에서 내려오게 하고 엘바 섬으로 추방했다. 1년이 채 되지도 않았을 때 그는 엘바 섬에서 도망쳐 나오고 권력을 다시 잡았지만, 1815년 6월에 워털루 전투에서 패배했다. 나폴레옹은 삶의 마지막 6년을 영국 왕실에 의해 구속된 채로 세인트 헬레나 섬에서 보냈다. 한 검시는 그가 위암으로 사망했다고 판단했지만, 이 주장은 상당한 논쟁을 일으키고 몇몇 학자들은 그는 비소 중독으로 죽었다고 하기도 했다.
  • Napoléon Bonaparte (pierwotnie wł. Napoleone Buonaparte), Napoleon I – pierwszy konsul Republiki Francuskiej 1799-1804, cesarz Francuzów w latach 1804-1814 oraz 1815, prezydent i król Włoch w latach 1805-1814. Postać Napoleona wywoływała i wywołuje kontrowersje. Jest uważany z jednej strony za jednego z najwybitniejszych mężów stanu, przywódców, strategów wojny, reformatorów ustroju państwowego i prawa, a z drugiej strony – za egotystę, tyrana i agresora. W polskiej tradycji niepodległościowej i romantycznej, z uwagi na wiązanie z osobą Napoleona w okresie zaborów ogromnych nadziei społeczeństwa polskiego na odzyskanie niepodległości, idea napoleońska oraz uwielbienie dla osoby Napoleona było przejawem patriotyzmu, miłości do Ojczyzny oraz wyrazem poczucia tożsamości narodowej.
  • Napoleão Bonaparte foi um líder político e militar durante os últimos estágios da Revolução Francesa. Adotando o nome de Napoleão I, foi imperador da França de 18 de maio de 1804 a 6 de abril de 1814, posição que voltou a ocupar por poucos meses em 1815. Sua reforma legal, o Código Napoleônico, teve uma grande influência na legislação de vários países. Através das guerras napoleônicas, ele foi responsável por estabelecer a hegemonia francesa sobre maior parte da Europa. Napoleão nasceu em Córsega, filho de pais com ascendência da nobreza italiana e foi treinado como oficial de artilharia na França continental. Em 2011, um exame de DNA de costeletas de Napoleão que eram guardadas em relicário confirmou a origem caucasiana de Napoleão desmentindo uma possível ascendência árabe do imperador. Bonaparte ganhou destaque no âmbito da Primeira República Francesa e liderou com sucesso campanhas contra a Primeira Coligação e a Segunda Coligação. Em 1799, liderou um golpe de Estado e instalou-se como Primeiro Cônsul. Cinco anos depois, o senado francês o proclamou imperador. Na primeira década do século XIX, o império francês sob comando de Napoleão se envolveu em uma série de conflitos com todas as grandes potências europeias, as Guerras Napoleônicas. Após uma sequência de vitórias, a França garantiu uma posição dominante na Europa continental, e Napoleão manteve a esfera de influência da França, através da formação de amplas alianças e a nomeação de amigos e familiares para governar os outros países europeus como dependentes da França. As campanhas de Napoleão são até hoje estudadas nas academias militares de quase todo o mundo. A Campanha da Rússia em 1812 marcou uma virada na sorte de Napoleão. Seu Grande Armée foi seriamente danificado na campanha e nunca se recuperou totalmente. Em 1813, a Sexta Coligação derrotou suas forças em Leipzig. No ano seguinte, a Coligação invadiu a França, forçou Napoleão a abdicar e o exilou na ilha de Elba. Menos de um ano depois, ele fugiu de Elba e retornou ao poder, mas foi derrotado na Batalha de Waterloo, em junho de 1815. Napoleão passou os últimos seis anos de sua vida confinado pelos britânicos na ilha de Santa Helena. Uma autópsia concluiu que ele morreu de câncer no estômago, embora haja suspeitas de envenenamento por arsênio.
  • Napoleon I av Frankrike, född 15 augusti 1769 i Ajaccio på Korsika (som Napoleone di Buonaparte, senare Napoléon Bonaparte), död 5 maj 1821 på Sankta Helena i Sydatlanten, var Frankrikes kejsare från 2 december 1804 till 6 april 1814. Som överbefälhavare för den franska militärmakten erövrade och härskade han över större delen av västra och centrala Europa, och innehade ett par år även makten i Egypten. Det misslyckade fälttåget mot Ryssland försvagade sedan hans position, vilket så småningom ledde till det slutgiltiga nederlaget vid slaget vid Waterloo och Napoleons fall. Sedan Napoleon förlorat slaget i Waterloo blev han avsatt och förvisad till den isolerade ön Sankta Helena mitt ute på Atlanten. Där dog han några år senare. Få personer i historien har blivit mer omtalade och föremål för forskning än Napoleon. Hans historiska betydelse är omdiskuterad, de olika synsätten på honom har ofta skapat debatt och oenighet. I Frankrike betraktas han av många som en nationalhjälte. Han framhävs först och främst som en stor fältherre och militär strateg, andra ser honom mer som en politiker och reformator. Av andra betraktas han som en stor tyrann. Napoleon ligger begravd i Hôtel des Invalides i Paris.
  • Наполео́н І Бонапа́рт — французький імператор у 1804—1814 і 1815. Генерал революційної армії з 1796, у 1799 повалив владу Директорії і став консулом, а згодом — імператором. З 1803 завоював майже всю Європу, створивши на її території маріонеткові королівства для своїх братів. Зазнавши поразки у битві під Лейпцигом, після вступу армії союзників до Парижа, був змушений зректися престолу й був засланий на острів Ельба. У березні 1815 знову захопив владу, але був розбитий англійськими військами біля Ватерлоо і засланий на Острів Святої Єлени. Встановлені ним закони понині діють у Франції.
  • Napoléon Bonaparte là một nhà quân sự và chính trị kiệt xuất của nước Pháp sau cuộc cách mạng Pháp. Ông là người lập ra triều đại Bonaparte. Ông trở thành Hoàng đế Pháp từ năm 1804 đến năm 1815 với tên hiệu là Napoléon I. Với những cải cách về pháp luật, Bộ luật Napoléon, đã có những ảnh hưởng lớn đến nền chính trị trên toàn thế giới, nhưng ông đã để lại những dấu ấn sâu sắc trong vai trò của mình trong các cuộc chiến tranh chống Pháp được dẫn đầu bởi hàng loạt liên minh, cuộc chiến tranh Napoléon, ông đã thiết lập quyền bá chủ trên phần lớn lục địa châu Âu và tìm cách truyền bá những lý tưởng cách mạng của mình. Nhờ kết quả của những cuộc chiến, và những thành công của ông trong những cuộc chiến, ông được coi là một trong những nhà quân sự lớn nhất, lỗi lạc nhất mọi thời đại. Napoléon được sinh ra ở Corsica, trong một gia đình quý tộc của Ý, ông được đào tạo thành một sỹ quan pháo binh ở Pháp. Bonaparte nổi lên theo Đệ nhất Cộng hòa Pháp và dẫn dắt thành công nhiều chiến dịch chống lại liên minh thứ nhất và thứ hai chống Pháp. Ông đã tổ chức một cuộc đảo chính và tự đưa mình trở thành vị Tổng tài đầu tiên; năm năm sau đó Thượng viện Pháp tuyên bố ông sẽ trở thành Hoàng đế Pháp. Trong thập niên đầu tiên của thế kỷ 19, Đệ nhất Đế chế Pháp dưới sự dẫn dắt của Napoléon đã tham gia vào một loạt xung đột, cuộc chiến tranh Napoléon, liên quan đến quyền bá chủ châu Âu. Sau một loạt chiến thắng, Pháp bảo đảm vị trí thống lĩnh trong lục địa châu Âu, và Napoléon duy trì ảnh hưởng của Pháp thông qua sự hình thành của một liên minh rộng lớn và cùng với các nước chư hầu của mình để loại trừ các quốc gia châu Âu khác. Các chiến dịch của Napoléon được nghiên cứu tại các học viện quân sự trên khắp thế giới. Cuộc xâm lược Nga năm 1812 đánh dấu một bước ngoặt lớn trong vận may của ông. Lực lượng Grand Armée của ông đã gặp thất bại, hư hại nặng và không bao giờ có thể khôi phục. Năm 1813, Liên minh thứ sáu đã đánh bại quân đội của ông tại Leipzig, năm sau Liên minh xâm lược Pháp, buộc Napoléon phải thoái vị và bị lưu đày ông đến đảo Elba. Chưa đầy một năm sau, ông thoát khỏi Elba và trở lại cầm quyền, nhưng đã bị đánh bại trong trận Waterloo vào tháng 6 năm 1815. Napoléon đã dành sáu năm cuối cùng của cuộc đời mình trong sự giám sát của người Anh trên đảo Saint Helena. Khám nghiệm tử thi kết luận ông đã chết vì ung thư dạ dày.
  • Napoleon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the latter stages of the French Revolution and its associated wars in Europe. As Napoleon I, he was Emperor of the French from 1804 to 1815. His legal reform, the Napoleonic Code, has been a major influence on many civil law jurisdictions worldwide, but he is best remembered for his role in the wars led against France by a series of coalitions, the so-called Napoleonic Wars. He established hegemony over most of continental Europe and sought to spread the ideals of the French Revolution, while consolidating an imperial monarchy which restored aspects of the deposed Ancien Régime. Due to his success in these wars, often against numerically superior enemies, he is generally regarded as one of the greatest military commanders of all time, and his campaigns are studied at military academies throughout much of the world. Napoleon was born at Ajaccio in Corsica to parents of noble Italian ancestry. He trained as an artillery officer in mainland France. He rose to prominence under the French First Republic and led successful campaigns against the First and Second Coalitions arrayed against France. He led a successful invasion of the Italian peninsula. In 1799, he staged a coup d'état and installed himself as First Consul; five years later the French Senate proclaimed him emperor. In the first decade of the 19th century, the French Empire under Napoleon engaged in a series of conflicts—the Napoleonic Wars—that involved every major European power. After a streak of victories, France secured a dominant position in continental Europe, and Napoleon maintained the French sphere of influence through the formation of extensive alliances and the appointment of friends and family members to rule other European countries as French client states. The Peninsular War and 1812 French invasion of Russia marked turning points in Napoleon's fortunes. His Grande Armée was badly damaged in the campaign and never fully recovered. In 1813, the Sixth Coalition defeated his forces at Leipzig; the following year the Coalition invaded France, forced Napoleon to abdicate and exiled him to the island of Elba. Less than a year later, he escaped Elba and returned to power, but was defeated at the Battle of Waterloo in June 1815. Napoleon spent the last six years of his life in confinement by the British on the island of Saint Helena. An autopsy concluded he died of stomach cancer. There has been debate about his death, as some scholars have held that he was a victim of arsenic poisoning.
  • Napoleon Bonaparte was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the latter stages of the French Revolution and its associated wars in Europe. As Napoleon I, he was Emperor of the French from 1804 to 1815, the first monarch of France bearing the title emperor since the reign of Charles the Fat (881–887). His legal reform, the Napoleonic Code, has been a major influence on many civil law jurisdictions worldwide, but he is best remembered for his role in the wars led against France by a series of coalitions, the so-called Napoleonic Wars. He established hegemony over most of continental Europe and sought to spread the ideals of the French Revolution, while consolidating an imperial monarchy which restored aspects of the deposed Ancien Régime. Due to his success in these wars, often against numerically superior enemies, he is generally regarded as one of the greatest military commanders of all time, and his campaigns are studied at military academies worldwide. Napoleon was born at Ajaccio in Corsica in a family of noble Italian ancestry which had settled Corsica in the 16th century. He trained as an artillery officer in mainland France. He rose to prominence under the French First Republic and led successful campaigns against the First and Second Coalitions arrayed against France. He led a successful invasion of the Italian peninsula. In 1799, he staged a coup d'état and installed himself as First Consul; five years later the French Senate proclaimed him emperor, following a plebiscite in his favour. In the first decade of the 19th century, the French Empire under Napoleon engaged in a series of conflicts—the Napoleonic Wars—that involved every major European power. After a streak of victories, France secured a dominant position in continental Europe, and Napoleon maintained the French sphere of influence through the formation of extensive alliances and the elevation of friends and family members to rule other European countries as French vassal states. The Peninsular War and the invasion of Russia in 1812 marked turning points in Napoleon's fortunes. His Grande Armée was badly damaged in the campaign and never fully recovered. In 1813, the Sixth Coalition defeated his forces at Leipzig; the following year the Coalition invaded France, forced Napoleon to abdicate and exiled him to the island of Elba. Less than a year later, he escaped Elba and returned to power, but was defeated at the Battle of Waterloo in June 1815. Napoleon spent the last six years of his life in confinement by the British on the island of Saint Helena. An autopsy concluded he died of stomach cancer, but there has been some debate about the cause of his death, as some scholars have speculated that he was a victim of arsenic poisoning.
  • Napoleon Bonaparte (French: Napoléon Bonaparte [napoleɔ̃ bɔnɑpaʁt], Italian: Napoleone Buonaparte; 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the latter stages of the French Revolution and its associated wars in Europe.As Napoleon I, he was Emperor of the French from 1804 to 1814. He implemented a wide array of liberal reforms across Europe, including the abolition of feudalism and the spread of religious toleration. His legal code in France, the Napoleonic Code, influenced numerous civil law jurisdictions worldwide. Napoleon is remembered for his role in leading France against a series of coalitions in the Napoleonic Wars. He won the majority of his battles and seized control of most of continental Europe in a quest for personal power and to spread the ideals of the French Revolution. Widely regarded as one of the greatest commanders in history, his campaigns are studied at military academies worldwide. He remains one of the most studied political and military leaders in all of history.Napoleon was born in Corsica in a family of noble Italian ancestry that had settled in Corsica in the 16th century. He spoke French with a heavy Corsican accent. Well-educated, he rose to prominence under the French First Republic and led successful campaigns against the enemies of the French revolution who set up the First and Second Coalitions, most notably his campaigns in Italy.He took power in a coup d'état in 1799 and installed himself as First Consul. In 1804 he made himself emperor of the French people. He fought a series of wars —the Napoleonic Wars—that involved complex coalitions for and against him. After a streak of victories, France secured a dominant position in continental Europe, and Napoleon maintained the French sphere of influence through the formation of extensive alliances and the elevation of friends and family members to rule other European countries as French vassal states.The Peninsular War (1807–14) and the French invasion of Russia in 1812 marked major military failures. His Grande Armée was badly damaged and never fully recovered. In 1813, the Sixth Coalition defeated his forces at the Battle of Leipzig and his enemies invaded France. Napoleon was forced to abdicate and go in exile to the Italian island of Elba. In 1815 he escaped and returned to power, but he was finally defeated at the Battle of Waterloo in June 1815. He spent the last 6 years of his life in confinement by the British on the island of Saint Helena. An autopsy concluded he died of stomach cancer but there has been debate about the cause of his death, and some scholars have speculated he was a victim of arsenic poisoning.
  • {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use dmy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use British English |date=__DATE__ |$B= }}Napoleon Bonaparte (French: Napoléon Bonaparte{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} [napoleɔ̃ bɔnɑpaʁt], Italian: Napoleone Buonaparte{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}; 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the latter stages of the French Revolution and its associated wars in Europe.As Napoleon I, he was Emperor of the French from 1804 to 1814. He implemented a wide array of liberal reforms across Europe, including the abolition of feudalism and the spread of religious toleration. His legal code in France, the Napoleonic Code, influenced numerous civil law jurisdictions worldwide. Napoleon is remembered for his role in leading France against a series of coalitions in the Napoleonic Wars. He won the majority of his battles and seized control of most of continental Europe in a quest for personal power and to spread the ideals of the French Revolution. Widely regarded as one of the greatest commanders in history, his campaigns are studied at military academies worldwide. He remains one of the most studied political and military leaders in all of history.Napoleon was born in Corsica in a family of noble Italian ancestry that had settled in Corsica in the 16th century. He spoke French with a heavy Corsican accent. Well-educated, he rose to prominence under the French First Republic and led successful campaigns against the enemies of the French revolution who set up the First and Second Coalitions, most notably his campaigns in Italy.He took power in a coup d'état in 1799 and installed himself as First Consul. In 1804 he made himself emperor of the French people. He fought a series of wars —the Napoleonic Wars—that involved complex coalitions for and against him. After a streak of victories, France secured a dominant position in continental Europe, and Napoleon maintained the French sphere of influence through the formation of extensive alliances and the elevation of friends and family members to rule other European countries as French vassal states.The Peninsular War (1807–14) and the French invasion of Russia in 1812 marked major military failures. His Grande Armée was badly damaged and never fully recovered. In 1813, the Sixth Coalition defeated his forces at the Battle of Leipzig and his enemies invaded France. Napoleon was forced to abdicate and go in exile to the Italian island of Elba. In 1815 he escaped and returned to power, but he was finally defeated at the Battle of Waterloo in June 1815. He spent the last 6 years of his life in confinement by the British on the island of Saint Helena. An autopsy concluded he died of stomach cancer but there has been debate about the cause of his death, and some scholars have speculated he was a victim of arsenic poisoning. }}
  • Napoleon Bonaparte (French: Napoléon Bonaparte [napoleɔ̃ bɔnɑpaʁt], Italian: Napoleone Buonaparte; 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the latter stages of the French Revolution and its associated wars in Europe.As Napoleon I, he was Emperor of the French from 1804 to 1814 and again in 1815. He implemented a wide array of liberal reforms across Europe, including the abolition of feudalism and the spread of religious toleration. His legal code in France, the Napoleonic Code, influenced numerous civil law jurisdictions worldwide. Napoleon is remembered for his role in leading France against a series of coalitions in the Napoleonic Wars. He won the majority of his battles and seized control of most of continental Europe in a quest for personal power and to spread the ideals of the French Revolution. Widely regarded as one of the greatest commanders in history, his campaigns are studied at military academies worldwide. He remains one of the most studied political and military leaders in all of history.Napoleon was born in Corsica in a family of noble Italian ancestry that had settled in Corsica in the 16th century. He spoke French with a heavy Corsican accent. Well-educated, he rose to prominence under the French First Republic and led successful campaigns against the enemies of the French revolution who set up the First and Second Coalitions, most notably his campaigns in Italy.He took power in a coup d'état in 1799 and installed himself as First Consul. In 1804 he made himself emperor of the French people. He fought a series of wars —the Napoleonic Wars—that involved complex coalitions for and against him. After a streak of victories, France secured a dominant position in continental Europe, and Napoleon maintained the French sphere of influence through the formation of extensive alliances and the elevation of friends and family members to rule other European countries as French vassal states.The Peninsular War (1807–14) and the French invasion of Russia in 1812 marked major military failures. His Grande Armée was badly damaged and never fully recovered. In 1813, the Sixth Coalition defeated his forces at the Battle of Leipzig and his enemies invaded France. Napoleon was forced to abdicate and go in exile to the Italian island of Elba. In 1815 he escaped and returned to power, but he was finally defeated at the Battle of Waterloo in June 1815. He spent the last 6 years of his life in confinement by the British on the island of Saint Helena. An autopsy concluded he died of stomach cancer but there has been debate about the cause of his death, and some scholars have speculated he was a victim of arsenic poisoning.
  • Napoleon Bonaparte (French: Napoléon Bonaparte [napoleɔ̃ bɔnɑpaʁt], Corsican: Napoleone Buonaparte; 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the latter stages of the French Revolution and its associated wars in Europe.As Napoleon I, he was Emperor of the French from 1804 to 1814 and again in 1815. He implemented a wide array of liberal reforms across Europe, including the abolition of feudalism and the spread of religious toleration. His legal code in France, the Napoleonic Code, influenced numerous civil law jurisdictions worldwide. Napoleon is remembered for his role in leading France against a series of coalitions in the Napoleonic Wars. He won the majority of his battles and seized control of most of continental Europe in a quest for personal power and to spread the ideals of the French Revolution. Widely regarded as one of the greatest commanders in history, his campaigns are studied at military academies worldwide. He remains one of the most studied political and military leaders in all of history.Napoleon was born in Corsica in a family of noble Italian ancestry that had settled in Corsica in the 16th century. He spoke French with a heavy Corsican accent. Well-educated, he rose to prominence under the French First Republic and led successful campaigns against the enemies of the French revolution who set up the First and Second Coalitions, most notably his campaigns in Italy.He took power in a coup d'état in 1799 and installed himself as First Consul. In 1804 he made himself emperor of the French people. He fought a series of wars —the Napoleonic Wars—that involved complex coalitions for and against him. After a streak of victories, France secured a dominant position in continental Europe, and Napoleon maintained the French sphere of influence through the formation of extensive alliances and the elevation of friends and family members to rule other European countries as French vassal states.The Peninsular War (1807–14) and the French invasion of Russia in 1812 marked major military failures. His Grande Armée was badly damaged and never fully recovered. In 1813, the Sixth Coalition defeated his forces at the Battle of Leipzig and his enemies invaded France. Napoleon was forced to abdicate and go in exile to the Italian island of Elba. In 1815 he escaped and returned to power, but he was finally defeated at the Battle of Waterloo in June 1815. He spent the last 6 years of his life in confinement by the British on the island of Saint Helena. An autopsy concluded he died of stomach cancer but there has been debate about the cause of his death, and some scholars have speculated he was a victim of arsenic poisoning.
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  • Full length portrait of Napoleon in his forties, in high-ranking white and dark blue military dress uniform. He stands amid rich 18th-century furniture laden with papers, and gazes at the viewer. His hair is Brutus style, cropped close but with a short fringe in front, and his right hand is tucked in his waistcoat.
  • It shows Napoleon as emperor, in the costume he wore for his coronation, seated on a circular-backed throne with armrests adorned with ivory balls. In his right hand he holds the sceptre of Charlemagne and in his left the hand of justice. On his head is a golden laurel wreath, similar to one wore by Caesar. He also wears an ermine hood under the great collar of the Légion d'honneur, a gold-embroidered satin tunic and an ermine-lined purple velvet cloak decorated with gold bees. The coronation sword is in its scabbard and held up by a silk scarf. The subject wears white shoes embroidered in gold and resting on a cushion. The carpet under the throne displays an imperial eagle. The signature INGRES P xit is in the bottom left, and ANNO 1806 in the bottom right.
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  • The Emperor Napoleon in His Study at the Tuileries, by Jacques-Louis David, 1812
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  • Napoleon I
  • Napoleon I of France
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  • Memoirs of Napoleon
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  • The Life of Napoleon I.
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  • Himself as President of Italy
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  • Napoleone Bonaparte fou un militar i home d'estat francès. Fou general de l'exèrcit durant la Revolució Francesa, alt dirigent de França com a Primer Cònsol de la Primera República Francesa, i Emperador dels Francesos, amb el nom de Napoleó I del Primer Imperi Francès,, i posteriorment i de forma breu des del 20 de març al 22 de juny de 1815. Va ser també Rei d'Itàlia, Mediador de la Confederació Suïssa i Protector de la Confederació del Rin.
  • Napoleon I. Bonaparte byl francouzský vojevůdce a státník, císař v letech 1804 – 1814 a 1815. Narodil se na Korsice do rodiny nepříliš zámožného příslušníka úřednické šlechty. V devíti letech jej otec odvezl do Francie, kde jako stipendista studoval v místních vojenských školách. Po smrti otce, ve svých 16 letech, převzal starost o rodinu, přerušil studia a vstoupil jako podporučík do armády.
  • Napoleon Bonaparte, als Kaiser Napoleon I. , war ein französischer General, Staatsmann und Kaiser. Aus korsischer Familie stammend, stieg Bonaparte während der Französischen Revolution in der Armee auf. Er erwies sich als ein militärisches Talent ersten Ranges. Vor allem die Feldzüge in Italien und in Ägypten machten ihn populär und zu einem politischen Hoffnungsträger. Dies ermöglichte ihm, durch den Staatsstreich des 18. Brumaire VIII (9. November 1799) die Macht in Frankreich zu übernehmen.
  • Napoleón I Bonaparte fue un militar y gobernante francés, general republicano durante la Revolución y el Directorio, artífice del golpe de Estado del 18 de Brumario que le convirtió en Primer Cónsul (Premier Consul) de la República el 11 de noviembre de 1799; cónsul vitalicio desde el 2 de agosto de 1802 hasta su proclamación como Emperador de los franceses (Empereur des Français) 18 de mayo de 1804, siendo coronado el 2 de diciembre; proclamado Rey de Italia el 18 de marzo de 1805 y coronado el 26 de mayo, ostentó ambos títulos hasta el 11 de abril de 1814 y, nuevamente, desde el 20 de marzo hasta el 22 de junio de 1815.
  • Napoléon I, né le 15 août 1769 à Ajaccio, en Corse et mort le 5 mai 1821 sur l'île Sainte-Hélène, au Royaume-Uni, est le deuxième empereur, après Charlemagne, du 18 mai 1804 au 6 avril 1814 et du 20 mars 1815 au 22 juin 1815. Il fut, sous le nom de Napoléon Bonaparte, un général des armées de la Révolution, commandant en chef des armées d'Italie et d'Orient.
  • Napoléon Bonaparte, alkujaan Napoleone Buonaparte, oli Ranskan ensimmäinen konsuli vuodesta 1799 alkaen ja Ranskan keisari Napoleon I 18. toukokuuta 1804 – 6. toukokuuta 1814 välisen ajan. Uransa huipulla hän valloitti ja hallitsi laajoja osia Länsi- ja Keski-Eurooppaa. Tällöin hänen valtakuntansa oli kooltaan, armeijaltaan ja väkiluvultaan Euroopan suurin sitten Rooman valtakunnan. Hänet vangittiin hävityn Waterloon taistelun jälkeen vuonna 1815 ja karkotettiin Saint Helenan saarelle.
  • ナポレオン・ボナパルト(Napoléon Bonaparte、1769年8月15日 - 1821年5月5日)は、革命期フランスの軍人・政治家。ナポレオン1世(Napoléon I、在位:1804年 - 1814年、1815年)としてフランス第一帝政の皇帝にもなった。 フランス革命後の混乱を収拾して軍事独裁政権を樹立し、イギリスを除くヨーロッパの大半を勢力下に置いた(ナポレオン戦争)が、最終的に敗北し失脚した。当時のイギリスの首相ウィリアム・ピットは、「革命騒ぎの宝くじを最後に引き当てた男」とナポレオンを評し、一方ゲーテは「徳を求めたもののこれを見出せず、権力を掴むに至った」と評している。
  • Bonaparte Napóleon, teljes francia nevén Napoléon Bonaparte, eredeti olasz nevén Napoleone di Buonaparte, ragadványnevein a korzikai vagy a kis káplár, francia tábornok, hadvezér, politikus. 1799–1804-ig Első Konzul, 1804–1814/15-ig I. Napóleon néven a franciák császára (Empereur des Français), az európai történelem egyik legkiemelkedőbb alakja. A világtörténelemben a leghíresebb és legtöbbet emlegetett hadvezér, a hadvezetés máig élő ikonja.
  • 나폴레옹 보나파르트는 프랑스의 군인이자 프랑스 대혁명 시기 말기 무렵의 정치 지도자이자 1804년부터 1815년까지 프랑스의 황제였다. 나폴레옹 법전은 세계의 민법 관할에 크나큰 영향을 미쳤지만, 나폴레옹은 나폴레옹 전쟁에서의 역할로 가장 잘 알려져 있다. 그는 유럽 전체에 헤게모니를 형성했고, 프랑스 대혁명의 이상을 퍼트렸으며, 이전 정권의 양상을 복원하는 제국 군주제를 통합했다. 그가 전쟁마다 승리를 거두었기 때문에 지금까지 가장 위대했던 장군들 중 하나로 기억되고 있다. 나폴레옹은 코르시카에서 프랑스 본부에서 포병 장교로 훈련받은 부모 아래에서 태어났다. 그는 프랑스 제1 공화정에서 눈에 띄게 지위가 올랐고 제1과 2 대프랑스 동맹과 전쟁을 하고 승리했다. 나폴레옹은 1799년에 쿠데타를 일으켰고 이후 제1 영사에 취임하였다. 5년 뒤에 프랑스 원로원이 그를 황제 자리에 앉혔다.
  • Ufficiale d'artiglieria, e quindi generale, durante la rivoluzione francese. Governò la Francia a partire dal 1799: fu Primo Console dal novembre di quell'anno al 18 maggio 1804, e Imperatore dei francesi, con il nome di Napoleone I (Napoléon I) dal 2 dicembre 1804 al 14 aprile 1814 e nuovamente dal 20 marzo al 22 giugno 1815.
  • Napoleon Bonaparte was een Frans militair en politieke leider tijdens de laatste stadia van de Franse Revolutie. Als Napoleon I was hij van 1804 tot 1815 keizer der Fransen. Zijn juridische hervorming, de Code Napoléon, had een grote en blijvende invloed op het recht in vele landen, waaronder Nederland en België. Het best wordt hij echter herinnerd door de rol die hij in de naar hem genoemde Napoleontische Oorlogen speelde.
  • Napoléon Bonaparte |---- valign="top" | colspan="2" align="center" class="overskrift-bilde" | Napoléon Bonaparte, malt av Evert A. Duykinc |- !colspan="2" |Info: |- valign="top" class="infoboks-selle1" | class="infoboks-selle1-td" |Født: | class="infoboks-selle2" |15.
  • Napoléon Bonaparte (pierwotnie wł. Napoleone Buonaparte), Napoleon I – pierwszy konsul Republiki Francuskiej 1799-1804, cesarz Francuzów w latach 1804-1814 oraz 1815, prezydent i król Włoch w latach 1805-1814. Postać Napoleona wywoływała i wywołuje kontrowersje. Jest uważany z jednej strony za jednego z najwybitniejszych mężów stanu, przywódców, strategów wojny, reformatorów ustroju państwowego i prawa, a z drugiej strony – za egotystę, tyrana i agresora.
  • Napoleão Bonaparte foi um líder político e militar durante os últimos estágios da Revolução Francesa. Adotando o nome de Napoleão I, foi imperador da França de 18 de maio de 1804 a 6 de abril de 1814, posição que voltou a ocupar por poucos meses em 1815. Sua reforma legal, o Código Napoleônico, teve uma grande influência na legislação de vários países. Através das guerras napoleônicas, ele foi responsável por estabelecer a hegemonia francesa sobre maior parte da Europa.
  • Наполео́н I Бонапа́рт — император Франции в 1804—1815 годах, великий французский полководец и государственный деятель, заложивший основы современного французского государства.
  • Napoleon I av Frankrike, född 15 augusti 1769 i Ajaccio på Korsika (som Napoleone di Buonaparte, senare Napoléon Bonaparte), död 5 maj 1821 på Sankta Helena i Sydatlanten, var Frankrikes kejsare från 2 december 1804 till 6 april 1814. Som överbefälhavare för den franska militärmakten erövrade och härskade han över större delen av västra och centrala Europa, och innehade ett par år även makten i Egypten.
  • Наполео́н І Бонапа́рт — французький імператор у 1804—1814 і 1815. Генерал революційної армії з 1796, у 1799 повалив владу Директорії і став консулом, а згодом — імператором. З 1803 завоював майже всю Європу, створивши на її території маріонеткові королівства для своїх братів. Зазнавши поразки у битві під Лейпцигом, після вступу армії союзників до Парижа, був змушений зректися престолу й був засланий на острів Ельба.
  • Napoléon Bonaparte là một nhà quân sự và chính trị kiệt xuất của nước Pháp sau cuộc cách mạng Pháp. Ông là người lập ra triều đại Bonaparte. Ông trở thành Hoàng đế Pháp từ năm 1804 đến năm 1815 với tên hiệu là Napoléon I.
  • 拿破崙·波拿巴(法语:Napoléon Bonaparte,1769年8月15日-1821年5月5日),即拿破侖一世(Napoléon I),出生於科西嘉島,法國軍事家與政治家,法蘭西第一共和國第一執政(1799年-1804年),法蘭西第一帝國及百日王朝的皇帝(1804年-1814年,1815年)。其统治下的法国,曾經佔領過西歐和中歐的廣大領土。
  • Napoleon Bonaparte was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the latter stages of the French Revolution and its associated wars in Europe. As Napoleon I, he was Emperor of the French from 1804 to 1815, the first monarch of France bearing the title emperor since the reign of Charles the Fat (881–887).
  • Napoleon Bonaparte (French: Napoléon Bonaparte [napoleɔ̃ bɔnɑpaʁt], Italian: Napoleone Buonaparte; 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the latter stages of the French Revolution and its associated wars in Europe.As Napoleon I, he was Emperor of the French from 1804 to 1814. He implemented a wide array of liberal reforms across Europe, including the abolition of feudalism and the spread of religious toleration.
  • {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use dmy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use British English |date=__DATE__ |$B= }}Napoleon Bonaparte (French: Napoléon Bonaparte{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} [napoleɔ̃ bɔnɑpaʁt], Italian: Napoleone Buonaparte{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}; 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the latter stages of the French Revolution and its associated wars in Europe.As Napoleon I, he was Emperor of the French from 1804 to 1814.
  • Napoleon Bonaparte (French: Napoléon Bonaparte [napoleɔ̃ bɔnɑpaʁt], Italian: Napoleone Buonaparte; 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the latter stages of the French Revolution and its associated wars in Europe.As Napoleon I, he was Emperor of the French from 1804 to 1814 and again in 1815. He implemented a wide array of liberal reforms across Europe, including the abolition of feudalism and the spread of religious toleration.
  • Napoleon Bonaparte (French: Napoléon Bonaparte [napoleɔ̃ bɔnɑpaʁt], Corsican: Napoleone Buonaparte; 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the latter stages of the French Revolution and its associated wars in Europe.As Napoleon I, he was Emperor of the French from 1804 to 1814 and again in 1815. He implemented a wide array of liberal reforms across Europe, including the abolition of feudalism and the spread of religious toleration.
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