Operation Lam Son 719 (Vietnamese: Chiến dịch Lam Sơn 719 or Chiến dịch đường 9 – Nam Lào) was a limited-objective offensive campaign conducted in southeastern portion of the Kingdom of Laos by the armed forces of the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) between 8 February and 25 March 1971, during the Vietnam War. The United States provided logistical, aerial, and artillery support to the operation, but its ground forces were prohibited by law from entering Laotian territory.

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dbo:abstract
  • Operation Lam Son 719 (Vietnamese: Chiến dịch Lam Sơn 719 or Chiến dịch đường 9 – Nam Lào) was a limited-objective offensive campaign conducted in southeastern portion of the Kingdom of Laos by the armed forces of the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) between 8 February and 25 March 1971, during the Vietnam War. The United States provided logistical, aerial, and artillery support to the operation, but its ground forces were prohibited by law from entering Laotian territory. The objective of the campaign was the disruption of a possible future offensive by the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN), whose logistical system within Laos was known as the Ho Chi Minh Trail (the Truong Son Road to North Vietnam).By launching such a spoiling attack against PAVN's long-established logistical system, the American and South Vietnamese high commands hoped to resolve several pressing issues. A quick victory in Laos would bolster the morale and confidence of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN), which was already high in the wake of the successful Cambodian Campaign of 1970. It would also serve as proof positive that South Vietnamese forces could defend their nation in the face of the continuing withdrawal of U.S. ground combat forces from the theater. The operation would be, therefore, a test of that policy and ARVN's capability to operate effectively by itself.Because of the South Vietnamese need for security which precluded thorough planning, an inability by the political and military leaders of the U.S. and South Vietnam to face military realities, and poor execution, Operation Lam Son 719 collapsed when faced by the determined resistance of a skillful foe. The campaign was a disaster for the ARVN, decimating some of its best units and destroying the confidence that had been built up over the previous three years. (en)
  • Operation Lam Son 719 or 9th Route - Southern Laos Campaign (Vietnamese: Chiến dịch Lam Sơn 719 or Chiến dịch đường 9 – Nam Lào) was a limited-objective offensive campaign conducted in the southeastern portion of the Kingdom of Laos. The campaign was carried out by the armed forces of the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) between 8 February and 25 March 1971, during the Vietnam War. The United States provided logistical, aerial, and artillery support to the operation, but its ground forces were prohibited by law from entering Laotian territory. The objective of the campaign was the disruption of a possible future offensive by the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN), whose logistical system within Laos was known as the Ho Chi Minh Trail (the Truong Son Road to North Vietnam).By launching such a spoiling attack against PAVN's long-established logistical system, the American and South Vietnamese high commands hoped to resolve several pressing issues. A quick victory in Laos would bolster the morale and confidence of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN), which was already high in the wake of the successful Cambodian Campaign of 1970. It would also serve as proof positive that South Vietnamese forces could defend their nation in the face of the continuing withdrawal of U.S. ground combat forces from the theater. The operation would be, therefore, a test of that policy and ARVN's capability to operate effectively by itself.Because of the South Vietnamese need for security which precluded thorough planning, an inability by the political and military leaders of the U.S. and South Vietnam to face military realities, and poor execution, Operation Lam Son 719 collapsed when faced by the determined resistance of a skillful foe. The campaign was a disaster for the ARVN, demonstrating deficiencies in ARVN military leaders and that the best units of the ARVN could be defeated by PAVN and destroying the confidence that had been built up over the previous three years. (en)
dbo:causalties
  • 1,149 captured
  • 1,149 wounded
  • 12,420 wounded
  • 168 helicopters destroyed, 618 damaged
  • 253 killed
  • 38 missing
  • 5,483 wounded
  • 625 missing
  • 691 missing
  • Source 1 (U.S.): 1,529 killed
  • Source 2 (U.S.): 8,483 killed
  • Vehicles (US/ARVN): 32+ artillery pieces destroyed, 82 captured
  • 1,529–8,483 killed
  • 5,483–12,420 wounded
  • 625–691missing
  • 54 tanks, 87 combat vehicles and 211 trucks
  • 7 aircraft, 168 helicopters destroyed, 618 damaged
dbo:combatant
  • Pathet Lao
  • Kingdom of Laos
dbo:commander
dbo:date
  • 1925-02-08 (xsd:date)
  • 1971-03-25 (xsd:date)
dbo:isPartOfMilitaryConflict
dbo:place
dbo:result
  • Operational failure
  • South Vietnamese operational failure
dbo:strength
  • 10,000 support troops (in South Vietnam)
  • 20,000 troops (initially)
  • ~25,000 to ~35,000 troops
  • US Air Force(dropped 52,000 tons of bombs and napalm)
dbo:thumbnail
dbo:wikiPageEditLink
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageExtracted
  • 2018-05-04 20:14:33Z (xsd:date)
  • 2019-04-02 06:28:43Z (xsd:date)
dbo:wikiPageHistoryLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 5649556 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageLength
  • 53971 (xsd:integer)
  • 54058 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageModified
  • 2018-05-02 21:09:31Z (xsd:date)
  • 2019-04-02 06:07:57Z (xsd:date)
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  • 122 (xsd:integer)
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  • 839348440 (xsd:integer)
  • 890578714 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionLink
dbp:caption
  • Map showing fire support bases and movement of forces (en)
dbp:casualties
  • 7 (xsd:integer)
  • 38 (xsd:integer)
  • 54 (xsd:integer)
  • 88 (xsd:integer)
  • 168 (xsd:integer)
  • 253 (xsd:integer)
  • 600 (xsd:integer)
  • 625 (xsd:integer)
  • 670 (xsd:integer)
  • 691 (xsd:integer)
  • 1149 (xsd:integer)
  • 1529 (xsd:integer)
  • 5483 (xsd:integer)
  • 12420 (xsd:integer)
  • Vehicles : 32+ artillery pieces destroyed, 82 captured (en)
  • Source 1 : 1,529 killed (en)
  • Source 2 : 8,483 killed (en)
  • South Vietnam claimed: 13,345 killed (en)
  • North Vietnam source: 2,163 killed and 6,176 wounded (en)
dbp:combatant
  • Kingdom of Laos (en)
  • Pathet Lao (en)
dbp:commander
  • dbr:Lê_Trọng_Tấn
  • dbr:Lê_Quang_Đạo
  • Lê Trọng Tấn (en)
  • Creighton Abrams (en)
  • Hoàng Xuân Lãm (en)
  • Lê Nguyên Khang (en)
  • Lê Quang Đạo (en)
  • Dư Quốc Đống (en)
  • Đỗ Cao Trí (en)
  • (en)
  • James W. Sutherland (en)
dbp:conflict
  • Operation Lam Son 719 (en)
dbp:date
  • 1925-02-08 (xsd:date)
  • --02-08
dbp:imageSize
  • 300 (xsd:integer)
dbp:partof
  • the Vietnam War (en)
dbp:place
  • Southeastern Laos (en)
dbp:result
  • Operational failure (en)
  • South Vietnamese operational failure (en)
dbp:strength
  • 10000 (xsd:integer)
  • 20000 (xsd:integer)
  • dbr:US_Air_Force
  • ~25,000 to ~35,000 troops (en)
dbp:units
  • Command 702 *B-70 Corps **304th Division **308th Division **320th Division *2nd Division *324B Division *367th Air Defense Division *7th, 83rd and 219th Engineer Regiments *38th, 45th and 38th Artillery Regiments *230th, 241st and 591st Anti-Aircraft Regiments Group 559 *Unit B4 *Unit B5 *Squadron 559 (en)
  • I Corps Tactical Zone *Marine Division *Airborne Division *1st Infantry Division *2nd Infantry Division *1st Armored Brigade *3rd Armored Brigade 1st Ranger Group *21st Ranger Battalion *39th Ranger Battalion XXIV Corps *5th Infantry Division **1st Brigade CT *23rd Infantry Division **11th Brigade CT *45th Engineer Group *101st Aviation Group *108th Artillery Group (en)
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  • 16.744 106.493
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  • Operation Lam Son 719 (Vietnamese: Chiến dịch Lam Sơn 719 or Chiến dịch đường 9 – Nam Lào) was a limited-objective offensive campaign conducted in southeastern portion of the Kingdom of Laos by the armed forces of the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) between 8 February and 25 March 1971, during the Vietnam War. The United States provided logistical, aerial, and artillery support to the operation, but its ground forces were prohibited by law from entering Laotian territory. (en)
  • Operation Lam Son 719 or 9th Route - Southern Laos Campaign (Vietnamese: Chiến dịch Lam Sơn 719 or Chiến dịch đường 9 – Nam Lào) was a limited-objective offensive campaign conducted in the southeastern portion of the Kingdom of Laos. The campaign was carried out by the armed forces of the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) between 8 February and 25 March 1971, during the Vietnam War. (en)
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  • Operation Lam Son 719 (en)
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  • Operation Lam Son 719 (en)
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