Operation Orator was the code name for a 1942 mission in which two British Commonwealth maritime strike squadrons flew to a Soviet air base at Vayenga (Vaenga; later Severomorsk) air base, on the Kola Inlet, 40 km north of Murmansk in north-west Russia.The operation called for RAF Coastal Command torpedo bombers, operating out of Vayenga, to provide air cover for Arctic convoy PQ 18. It was believed that convoy was vulnerable to the German surface fleet – including the battleship Tirpitz.

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dbo:abstract
  • Operation Orator was the code name for a 1942 mission in which two British Commonwealth maritime strike squadrons flew to a Soviet air base at Vayenga (Vaenga; later Severomorsk) air base, on the Kola Inlet, 40 km north of Murmansk in north-west Russia.The operation called for RAF Coastal Command torpedo bombers, operating out of Vayenga, to provide air cover for Arctic convoy PQ 18. It was believed that convoy was vulnerable to the German surface fleet – including the battleship Tirpitz. (en)
  • Operation Orator was the code name for a 1942 mission in which two British Commonwealth maritime strike squadrons flew to the Soviet air base Vayenga-1 near Vayenga (Vaenga; later Severomorsk), on the Kola Inlet, 40 km (25 miles) north of Murmansk in north-west Russia.The operation called for RAF Coastal Command torpedo bombers, operating out of Vayenga, to provide air cover for Arctic convoy PQ 18. It was believed that convoy was vulnerable to the German surface fleet – including the battleship Tirpitz. (en)
  • Operation Orator was the code name for the assembly of a mixed force of Coastal Command aircraft in north Russia, to defend the Allied Arctic convoy PQ 18. A wing of two Handley-Page Hampden TB 1 torpedo bomber squadrons flew from bases in Scotland to airfields in north-west Russia, along with part of a Catalina flying boat squadron and a section of Spitfire reconnaissance aircraft of 1 Photographic Reconnaissance Unit.The Leuchars Wing comprised 144 Squadron Royal Air Force (RAF) and 455 Squadron Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) on detachment from No. 18 Group RAF. The wing was based at Vayenga-1 airfield, near Vayenga (also spelt Vayenga; later Severomorsk), on the Kola Inlet, 25 mi (40 km) north of Murmansk.The force was to deter or sink the German battleship Tirpitz and other Kriegsmarine warships based in north Russia. On 14 September, 23 serviceable Hampdens were scrambled at 7:30 a.m. The Hampdens flew to the maximum distance that Tirpitz could have reached then turned to follow the track back to Altefiord, as far as the Catalina patrol zone. After an uneventful flight, the Hampdens returned at 3:00 p.m.Tirpitz had merely moved to a nearby fiord; the Hampdens stayed at readiness and the PRU Spitfires watched over Tirpitz until Operation Orator was terminated. In mid-October, after converting the Soviet Air Forces (VVS) to the Hampden and Spitfire aircraft types left behind, the aircrew and ground personnel sailed back to Britain, arriving on 28 October. (en)
dbo:causalties
  • 9 Hampdens lost
dbo:combatant
  • RAF Coastal Command
  • Marinegruppenkommando Nord
dbo:commander
dbo:isPartOfMilitaryConflict
dbo:result
  • Inconclusive
dbo:strength
  • 23Handley-Page Hampdentorpedo-bombers of 39 departures
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  • 2018-05-04 20:15:20Z (xsd:date)
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dbp:caption
  • A Hampden TB.1 of the Leuchars Wing makes a torpedo attack on a German vessel during the Second World War. (en)
dbp:casualties
  • 9 (xsd:integer)
dbp:combatant
  • RAF Coastal Command (en)
  • Marinegruppenkommando Nord (en)
dbp:commander
  • Admiral Rolf Carls (en)
  • Group Captain F. R. Hopps (en)
dbp:conflict
  • Operation Orator (en)
dbp:date
  • September 1942 (en)
dbp:imageSize
  • 300 (xsd:integer)
dbp:partof
  • Arctic naval operations of the Second World War (en)
dbp:place
  • Arctic (en)
dbp:result
  • Inconclusive (en)
dbp:strength
  • 23 (xsd:integer)
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  • 1 (xsd:integer)
  • 145 (xsd:integer)
  • 210 (xsd:integer)
  • 455 (xsd:integer)
  • Luftwaffe (en)
  • Kriegsmarine (en)
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rdfs:comment
  • Operation Orator was the code name for a 1942 mission in which two British Commonwealth maritime strike squadrons flew to a Soviet air base at Vayenga (Vaenga; later Severomorsk) air base, on the Kola Inlet, 40 km north of Murmansk in north-west Russia.The operation called for RAF Coastal Command torpedo bombers, operating out of Vayenga, to provide air cover for Arctic convoy PQ 18. It was believed that convoy was vulnerable to the German surface fleet – including the battleship Tirpitz. (en)
  • Operation Orator was the code name for a 1942 mission in which two British Commonwealth maritime strike squadrons flew to the Soviet air base Vayenga-1 near Vayenga (Vaenga; later Severomorsk), on the Kola Inlet, 40 km (25 miles) north of Murmansk in north-west Russia.The operation called for RAF Coastal Command torpedo bombers, operating out of Vayenga, to provide air cover for Arctic convoy PQ 18. (en)
  • Operation Orator was the code name for the assembly of a mixed force of Coastal Command aircraft in north Russia, to defend the Allied Arctic convoy PQ 18. (en)
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  • Operation Orator (en)
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  • Operation Orator (en)
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