Operation Tidal Wave was an air attack by bombers of the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) based in Libya and Southern Italy on nine oil refineries around Ploiești, Romania on 1 August 1943, during World War II. It was a strategic bombing mission and part of the "oil campaign" to deny petroleum-based fuel to the Axis. The mission resulted in "no curtailment of overall product output."

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • Operation Tidal Wave was an air attack by bombers of the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) based in Libya and Southern Italy on nine oil refineries around Ploiești, Romania on 1 August 1943, during World War II. It was a strategic bombing mission and part of the "oil campaign" to deny petroleum-based fuel to the Axis. The mission resulted in "no curtailment of overall product output." This mission was one of the costliest for the USAAF in the European Theater, with 53 aircraft and 660 air crewmen lost. It was proportionally the most costly major Allied air raid of the war and its date was later referred to as "Black Sunday". Five Medals of Honor and 56 Distinguished Service Crosses along with numerous others awards were awarded to Operation Tidal Wave crew members. (en)
dbo:causalties
  • 53 B-24s destroyed
  • 55 B-24s damaged
  • (35 claimed by Romanians)
  • 310 killed and 190 captured or interned
dbo:commander
dbo:date
  • 1943-08-01 (xsd:date)
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dbo:result
  • Defensive Axis victory
dbo:strength
  • 177B-24s(162 over the target)
  • 1 German-Romanian Flak Division
  • 52 fighters
  • 1 Romanian AA Brigade
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  • 2019-06-19 14:04:54Z (xsd:date)
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  • Operation Tidal Wave was an air attack by bombers of the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) based in Libya and Southern Italy on nine oil refineries around Ploiești, Romania on 1 August 1943, during World War II. It was a strategic bombing mission and part of the "oil campaign" to deny petroleum-based fuel to the Axis. The mission resulted in "no curtailment of overall product output." (en)
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  • Operation Tidal Wave (en)
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  • Operation Tidal Wave (en)
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