Perth ( (); Scottish Gaelic: Peairt [ˈpʰɛuɾt̪]) is a city in central Scotland, on the banks of the River Tay. It is the administrative centre of Perth and Kinross council area and the historic county town of Perthshire. It has a population of about 47,180. Perth has been known as The Fair City since the publication of the story Fair Maid of Perth by Scottish writer Sir Walter Scott in 1828. During the later medieval period the city was also called St John's Toun or Saint Johnstoun by its inhabitants in reference to the main church dedicated to St John the Baptist. This name is preserved by the city's football teams, St Johnstone F.C.

Property Value
dbo:PopulatedPlace/areaTotal
  • 17.5
dbo:abstract
  • Perth ( (); Scottish Gaelic: Peairt [ˈpʰɛuɾt̪]) is a city in central Scotland, on the banks of the River Tay. It is the administrative centre of Perth and Kinross council area and the historic county town of Perthshire. It has a population of about 47,180. Perth has been known as The Fair City since the publication of the story Fair Maid of Perth by Scottish writer Sir Walter Scott in 1828. During the later medieval period the city was also called St John's Toun or Saint Johnstoun by its inhabitants in reference to the main church dedicated to St John the Baptist. This name is preserved by the city's football teams, St Johnstone F.C. There has been a settlement at Perth since prehistoric times, on a natural mound raised slightly above the flood plain of the Tay, where the river could be crossed at low tide. The area surrounding the modern city is known to have been occupied since Mesolithic hunter-gatherers arrived more than 8,000 years ago. Nearby Neolithic standing stones and circles also exist, dating from about 4000 BC, following the introduction of farming in the area. The presence of Scone Abbey, home of the Stone of Scone (also known as the Stone of Destiny) where the King of Scots was crowned, enhanced the early importance of the city. Perth became known as a 'capital' of Scotland, due to the frequent residence of the royal court. Royal Burgh status was soon given to the city by King William the Lion in the early 12th century. The city became one of the richest burghs in the country, doing trade with France, the Low Countries and Baltic Countries for goods such as Spanish silk and French wine. The Scottish Reformation also played a big role in the city with the sacking of the Houses of the Greyfriars and Blackfriars, after a sermon given by John Knox in St John's Kirk in 1559. The Act of Settlement later brought about Jacobite uprisings. The city was occupied by Jacobite supporters on three occasions (1689, 1715 and 1745). The founding of Perth Academy in 1760 helped to bring major industries, such as linen, leather, bleach and whisky, to the city. Given its location, Perth was perfectly placed to become a key transport centre with the coming of the railways, and its first station was built in 1848. Today, Perth serves as a retail centre for the surrounding area. Following the decline of the whisky industry locally, the city's economy has now diversified to include insurance and banking. Due to its location, the city is often referred to as the "Gateway to the Highlands". Perth in Australia and Perth in Canada are both named after Perth in Scotland. Perth is twinned with Aschaffenburg in the German state of Bavaria. (en)
dbo:areaCode
  • 01738
dbo:areaTotal
  • 17500000.000000 (xsd:double)
dbo:councilArea
dbo:country
dbo:distanceToEdinburgh
  • 51499.008000 (xsd:double)
dbo:distanceToLondon
  • 584191.872000 (xsd:double)
dbo:gridReference
  • NO115235
dbo:lieutenancyArea
dbo:populationTotal
  • 47180 (xsd:integer)
dbo:postalCode
  • PH1, PH2
dbo:thumbnail
dbo:wikiPageEditLink
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageExtracted
  • 2019-09-23 14:40:25Z (xsd:date)
dbo:wikiPageHistoryLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 58730 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageLength
  • 66434 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageModified
  • 2019-09-23 14:32:21Z (xsd:date)
dbo:wikiPageOutDegree
  • 412 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 917369015 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionLink
dbp:wikiPageUsesTemplate
dbp:wordnet_type
dct:subject
georss:point
  • 56.397 -3.437
  • 56.397 -3.437
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Perth ( (); Scottish Gaelic: Peairt [ˈpʰɛuɾt̪]) is a city in central Scotland, on the banks of the River Tay. It is the administrative centre of Perth and Kinross council area and the historic county town of Perthshire. It has a population of about 47,180. Perth has been known as The Fair City since the publication of the story Fair Maid of Perth by Scottish writer Sir Walter Scott in 1828. During the later medieval period the city was also called St John's Toun or Saint Johnstoun by its inhabitants in reference to the main church dedicated to St John the Baptist. This name is preserved by the city's football teams, St Johnstone F.C. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Perth, Scotland (en)
owl:sameAs
geo:geometry
  • POINT(-3.4370000362396 56.396999359131)
geo:lat
  • 56.396999 (xsd:float)
  • 56.396999 (xsd:float)
geo:long
  • -3.437000 (xsd:float)
  • -3.437000 (xsd:float)
foaf:depiction
foaf:homepage
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
foaf:name
  • Perth (en)
  • Peairt (en)
  • St John's Toun (old name) (en)
  • The Fair City (nickname) (en)
is dbo:birthPlace of
is dbo:city of
is dbo:club of
is dbo:deathPlace of
is dbo:garrison of
is dbo:ground of
is dbo:homeStadium of
is dbo:hometown of
is dbo:locatedInArea of
is dbo:location of
is dbo:mouthMountain of
is dbo:mouthPlace of
is dbo:nearestCity of
is dbo:place of
is dbo:residence of
is dbo:restingPlace of
is dbo:routeEnd of
is dbo:routeStart of
is dbo:spouse of
is dbo:wikiPageDisambiguates of
is dbo:wikiPageRedirects of
is dbp:area of
is dbp:birthPlace of
is dbp:cityofbirth of
is dbp:hostCity of
is dbp:locale of
is dbp:location of
is dbp:locations of
is dbp:origin of
is dbp:place of
is dbp:st of
is dbp:stadium of
is dbp:venue of
is foaf:primaryTopic of