The Phosgene attack 19 December 1915, was the first use of phosgene gas against British troops by the German army; the attack took place at Wieltje, north-east of Ypres in Belgian Flanders on the Western Front in the First World War. German gas attacks on Allied troops had begun on 22 April 1915, during the Second Battle of Ypres using chlorine, against French and Canadian units.

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dbo:abstract
  • The Phosgene attack 19 December 1915, was the first use of phosgene gas against British troops by the German army; the attack took place at Wieltje, north-east of Ypres in Belgian Flanders on the Western Front in the First World War. German gas attacks on Allied troops had begun on 22 April 1915, during the Second Battle of Ypres using chlorine, against French and Canadian units. The surprise led to the capture of much of the Ypres Salient, after which the effectiveness of gas as a weapon diminished, because the French and British introduced anti-gas measures and protective helmets. The German Nernst-Duisberg-Commission investigated the feasibility of adding the much more lethal phosgene to chlorine gas. Mixed chlorine and phosgene gas was used at the end of May 1915, in attacks on the Western Front against French troops and on Russian troops on the Eastern Front.In December 1915, the 4th Army used the mixture of chlorine and phosgene against British troops on the Western Front in Flanders during an attack at Wieltje near Ypres. Before the attack, the British had taken a prisoner who disclosed the plan and had also gleaned information from other sources, which had led to the divisions of VI Corps being alerted from 15 December. The gas discharge on 19 December was accompanied by German raiding parties, most of which were engaged with small-arms fire while attempting to cross no-man's land. British anti-gas precautions prevented a panic or a collapse of the defence, even though British anti-gas helmets had not been treated to repel phosgene. Only the 49th Division had a large number of gas casualties, caused by soldiers in reserve lines not being warned of the gas in time to put on their helmets. A study by British medical authorities, arrived at a figure of 1,069 gas casualties, of whom 120 men died. After the operation, the Germans concluded that a breakthrough could not be achieved solely by the use of gas. (en)
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  • 1915-12-19 (xsd:date)
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  • British victory
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  • 2 divisions
  • Elements of 2 corps
  • specialist Pioneer regiment
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  • 2018-03-19 05:38:59Z (xsd:date)
  • 2018-05-05 06:07:10Z (xsd:date)
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  • 2018-04-29 13:03:06Z (xsd:date)
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dbp:caption
  • Map of the Ypres district (en)
dbp:casualties
  • Gas: 1,069 (en)
dbp:commander
  • Douglas Haig (en)
  • General Erich von Falkenhayn (en)
dbp:conflict
  • --12-19
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  • 1915-12-19 (xsd:date)
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  • 300 (xsd:integer)
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  • Ypres in West Flanders, Belgium (en)
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  • Ypres (en)
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  • 200 (xsd:integer)
dbp:mapType
  • Belgium (en)
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  • Local operations December 1915 – June 1916 Western Front, World War I (en)
dbp:place
  • Wieltje, north-east of Ypres in West Flanders, Belgium (en)
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  • British victory (en)
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  • 2 (xsd:integer)
  • Elements of 2 corps (en)
  • specialist Pioneer regiment (en)
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  • The Phosgene attack 19 December 1915, was the first use of phosgene gas against British troops by the German army; the attack took place at Wieltje, north-east of Ypres in Belgian Flanders on the Western Front in the First World War. German gas attacks on Allied troops had begun on 22 April 1915, during the Second Battle of Ypres using chlorine, against French and Canadian units. (en)
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  • Phosgene attack 19 December 1915 (en)
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  • Phosgene attack 19 December 1915 (en)
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