The Quasi-War (French: Quasi-guerre) was an undeclared war fought almost entirely at sea between the United States and France from 1798 to 1800, which broke out during the beginning of John Adams's presidency. After the French Monarchy was abolished in September 1792, the United States refused to continue repaying its large debt to France, which had supported the U.S. during its own War for Independence. The U.S. claimed that the debt had been owed to a previous regime. France was also outraged over the Jay Treaty and that the United States was actively trading with Britain, with whom France was at war. In response, France authorized privateers to conduct attacks on American shipping, seizing numerous merchant ships and ultimately leading the U.S. to retaliate.

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • The Quasi-War (French: Quasi-guerre) was an undeclared war fought almost entirely at sea between the United States and France from 1798 to 1800, which broke out during the beginning of John Adams's presidency. After the French Monarchy was abolished in September 1792, the United States refused to continue repaying its large debt to France, which had supported the U.S. during its own War for Independence. The U.S. claimed that the debt had been owed to a previous regime. France was also outraged over the Jay Treaty and that the United States was actively trading with Britain, with whom France was at war. In response, France authorized privateers to conduct attacks on American shipping, seizing numerous merchant ships and ultimately leading the U.S. to retaliate. The war was called "quasi" because it was undeclared. It involved two years of hostilities at sea, in which both navies and privateers attacked the other's shipping in the West Indies. Many of the battles involved famous naval officers such as Stephen Decatur, Silas Talbot and William Bainbridge. The unexpected fighting ability of the newly re-established U.S. Navy, which concentrated on attacking the French West Indian privateers, together with the growing weaknesses and final overthrow of the ruling French Directory, led the French foreign minister, Talleyrand, to reopen negotiations with the U.S. At the same time, Adams feuded with Alexander Hamilton over control of the Adams administration. Adams took sudden and unexpected action, rejecting the anti-French hawks in his own party and offering peace to France. In 1800 he sent William Vans Murray to France to negotiate peace; the Federalists cried betrayal. Hostilities ended with the signing of the Convention of 1800. (en)
dbo:causalties
  • (later recaptured)
  • * 22 privateers captured
  • * 28 killed
  • * 42 wounded
  • * 43+ wounded
  • * 54+ killed
  • * Over 2000merchantships captured in total
  • * Unknown
  • After U.S. military involvement:
  • American:
  • Before U.S. military involvement:
  • British:
  • * 1 warship captured
dbo:combatant
  • Co-belligerent:
dbo:commander
dbo:date
  • 1798-07-07 (xsd:date)
dbo:isPartOfMilitaryConflict
dbo:result
  • Convention of 1800
  • * Reduction in French privateer attacks on U.S. shipping
  • * Cessation of Franco-U.S. alliance
  • * U.S. neutrality and renunciation of claims by France
dbo:strength
  • 18 Frigates
  • 2 Brigs
  • 3 Schooners
  • 365 privateers
  • 4 Sloops
  • A fleet of 54 including:
  • Unknown fleet size
  • andMarines
  • 5,700sailors
  • Unknown number ofsailorsandMarines
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  • 2020-01-22 22:02:36Z (xsd:date)
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  • 2020-01-22 22:02:32Z (xsd:date)
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  • The Quasi-War (French: Quasi-guerre) was an undeclared war fought almost entirely at sea between the United States and France from 1798 to 1800, which broke out during the beginning of John Adams's presidency. After the French Monarchy was abolished in September 1792, the United States refused to continue repaying its large debt to France, which had supported the U.S. during its own War for Independence. The U.S. claimed that the debt had been owed to a previous regime. France was also outraged over the Jay Treaty and that the United States was actively trading with Britain, with whom France was at war. In response, France authorized privateers to conduct attacks on American shipping, seizing numerous merchant ships and ultimately leading the U.S. to retaliate. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Quasi-War (en)
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  • Quasi-War (en)
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