Raʾīs (Arabic: رئیس‎; also spelled Raees; lit. chief, leader) is a title used by the rulers of Arab states in the Middle East and in South Asia. Swahili speakers on the Swahili Coast may also use it for president. It is translated as "president" in Arabic, and as "boss" in Persian. In Urdu, the word Rais is also used similarly to the English term "old money," as the opposite or antonym of nouveau riche, a person who has accummulated considerable wealth within his or her generation.

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  • Raʾīs (Arabic: رئیس‎; also spelled Raees; lit. chief, leader) is a title used by the rulers of Arab states in the Middle East and in South Asia. Swahili speakers on the Swahili Coast may also use it for president. It is translated as "president" in Arabic, and as "boss" in Persian. In Urdu, the word Rais is also used similarly to the English term "old money," as the opposite or antonym of nouveau riche, a person who has accummulated considerable wealth within his or her generation. From Arabic, via Persian, this word came into Ottoman Turkish as Reis, and into Urdu as raees, which means a person belonging to the aristocracy of noble distinction. When the book "The Pleasure of Philosophy" by Will Durant was translated into Urdu, by Syed Abid Ali Abid, he translated the word aristocracy with the Urdu word raisiyyat (رئیسيت). The adjective 'Azam' great, is also added to mean 'the great rais'. This term, as well as the term יושב-ראש (Chairman), are used by Israeli media to refer to the President of the Palestinian National Authority, as opposed to נשיא (President). In a New York Times op-ed, commentator Bret Stephens referred to Palestinian late leader Yasir Arafat as "the rais." (en)
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  • Raʾīs (Arabic: رئیس‎; also spelled Raees; lit. chief, leader) is a title used by the rulers of Arab states in the Middle East and in South Asia. Swahili speakers on the Swahili Coast may also use it for president. It is translated as "president" in Arabic, and as "boss" in Persian. In Urdu, the word Rais is also used similarly to the English term "old money," as the opposite or antonym of nouveau riche, a person who has accummulated considerable wealth within his or her generation. (en)
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  • Rais (en)
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