Sayyid (UK: , US: ; Arabic: سيد‎ [ˈsæjjɪd], Persian: [sejˈjed]; meaning "Mister"; Arabic plural: سادة sādah; feminine: سيدة sayyidah) is an honorific title denoting people accepted as descendants of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his cousin and son-in-law Imam Ali (Ali ibn Abi Talib) through his grandsons, Hasan ibn Ali and Imam Husayn ibn Ali (combined Hasnain), sons of Muhammad's daughter Fatimah and Ali. Although not verified, many Arabic language experts state that it has its roots in the word al-asad الأسد, meaning "lion", probably because of the qualities of valour and leadership.

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  • Sayyid (UK: , US: ; Arabic: سيد‎ [ˈsæjjɪd], Persian: [sejˈjed]; meaning "Mister"; Arabic plural: سادة sādah; feminine: سيدة sayyidah) is an honorific title denoting people accepted as descendants of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his cousin and son-in-law Imam Ali (Ali ibn Abi Talib) through his grandsons, Hasan ibn Ali and Imam Husayn ibn Ali (combined Hasnain), sons of Muhammad's daughter Fatimah and Ali. Female sayyids are given the titles sayyida, syeda, alawiyah or sharifa. In some regions of the Islamic world, such as in India, the descendants of Muhammad are given the title amīr or mīr, meaning "commander", "general". The descendants of Muhammed honour the possession of family trees tracing back their ancestry. In other regions, they are called Shah. Children of a Sayyida mother but a non-Sayyid father are referred to as Mirza. Although not verified, many Arabic language experts state that it has its roots in the word al-asad الأسد, meaning "lion", probably because of the qualities of valour and leadership. Although reliable statistics are unavailable, conservative estimates put the number of Sayyids in the tens of millions. In the Arab world, sayyid is the equivalent of the English word "liege lord" or "master" when referring to a descendant of Muhammad, as in Sayyid Ali Sultan. The word sidi (from the contracted form sayyidī, 'my liege') is often used in Arabic. (en)
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  • Sayyid (UK: , US: ; Arabic: سيد‎ [ˈsæjjɪd], Persian: [sejˈjed]; meaning "Mister"; Arabic plural: سادة sādah; feminine: سيدة sayyidah) is an honorific title denoting people accepted as descendants of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his cousin and son-in-law Imam Ali (Ali ibn Abi Talib) through his grandsons, Hasan ibn Ali and Imam Husayn ibn Ali (combined Hasnain), sons of Muhammad's daughter Fatimah and Ali. Although not verified, many Arabic language experts state that it has its roots in the word al-asad الأسد, meaning "lion", probably because of the qualities of valour and leadership. (en)
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  • Sayyid (en)
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