The Siege of Jerusalem in the year 70 CE was the decisive event of the First Jewish–Roman War, in which the Roman army captured the city of Jerusalem and destroyed both the city and its Temple. The Roman army, led by the future Emperor Titus, with Tiberius Julius Alexander as his second-in-command, besieged and conquered the city of Jerusalem, which had been controlled by Judean rebel factions since 66 CE, following the Jerusalem riots of 66, when the Judean provisional government was formed in Jerusalem.

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dbo:abstract
  • The Siege of Jerusalem in the year 70 CE was the decisive event of the First Jewish–Roman War, in which the Roman army captured the city of Jerusalem and destroyed both the city and its Temple. The Roman army, led by the future Emperor Titus, with Tiberius Julius Alexander as his second-in-command, besieged and conquered the city of Jerusalem, which had been controlled by Judean rebel factions since 66 CE, following the Jerusalem riots of 66, when the Judean provisional government was formed in Jerusalem. The siege of the city began on 14 April 70 CE, three days before the beginning of Passover that year. The siege lasted for over four months, with the battle for the city lasting for close to another week after that. The siege ended on 30 August 70 CE, with the burning and destruction of the Second Temple, and the Romans entered and sacked the Lower City. The destruction of both the First and Second Temples is still mourned annually during the Jewish fast on Tisha B'Av. The Arch of Titus, celebrating the Roman sack of Jerusalem and the Temple, still stands in Rome. The conquest of the city was complete on 8 September 70 CE. Josephus places the siege in the second year of Vespasian, which corresponds to year 70 of the Common Era. (en)
dbo:causalties
  • Unknown
dbo:combatant
  • ----
  • *Pharisees
  • *Sadducees
  • Zealots
  • **Idumaeans
  • * Peasantry Faction
  • Remnants of theJudean provisional government
dbo:commander
dbo:date
  • 0070-09-08 (xsd:date)
dbo:isPartOfMilitaryConflict
dbo:notes
  • Matthew White, The Great Big Book of Horrible Things (Norton, 2012) p.52, estimates the combined death tollfor the First and Third Roman Jewish Wars as being approximately 350,000
  • According to Josephus, 1.1 millionnon-combatants died in Jerusalem, mainly as a result of the violence and famine. Many of the casualties were observant Jews from across the world such as Babylon and Egypt who had travelled to Jerusalem wanting to celebrate the yearly Passover but instead got trapped in the chaotic siege.
  • He also writes that 97,000 were enslaved.
dbo:place
dbo:result
  • Decisive Roman victory
  • *Main rebel Judean forces subdued.
  • *Further Roman expansion into theLevant
  • *City of Jerusalem and theTemple of Jerusalemdestroyed.
dbo:strength
  • 10,000
  • 70,000
  • 15,000–20,000
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  • 2019-10-24 08:46:13Z (xsd:date)
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  • The Siege of Jerusalem in the year 70 CE was the decisive event of the First Jewish–Roman War, in which the Roman army captured the city of Jerusalem and destroyed both the city and its Temple. The Roman army, led by the future Emperor Titus, with Tiberius Julius Alexander as his second-in-command, besieged and conquered the city of Jerusalem, which had been controlled by Judean rebel factions since 66 CE, following the Jerusalem riots of 66, when the Judean provisional government was formed in Jerusalem. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Siege of Jerusalem (70 CE) (en)
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  • Siege of Jerusalem (70 CE) (en)
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