Syria (Arabic: سوريا‎, romanized: Sūriyā), officially the Syrian Arab Republic (Arabic: الجمهورية العربية السورية‎, romanized: al-Jumhūrīyah al-ʻArabīyah as-Sūrīyah), is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon to the southwest, the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest. A country of fertile plains, high mountains, and deserts, Syria is home to diverse ethnic and religious groups, including Syrian Arabs, Greeks, Armenians, Assyrians, Kurds, Circassians, Mandeans and Turkemens. Religious groups include Sunnis, Christians, Alawites, Druze, Isma'ilis, Mandeans, Shiites, Salafis, Yazidis, and Jews. Sunnis make up the largest religious group in Syria.

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • Syria (Arabic: سوريا‎, romanized: Sūriyā), officially the Syrian Arab Republic (Arabic: الجمهورية العربية السورية‎, romanized: al-Jumhūrīyah al-ʻArabīyah as-Sūrīyah), is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon to the southwest, the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest. A country of fertile plains, high mountains, and deserts, Syria is home to diverse ethnic and religious groups, including Syrian Arabs, Greeks, Armenians, Assyrians, Kurds, Circassians, Mandeans and Turkemens. Religious groups include Sunnis, Christians, Alawites, Druze, Isma'ilis, Mandeans, Shiites, Salafis, Yazidis, and Jews. Sunnis make up the largest religious group in Syria. Syria is a unitary republic consisting of 14 governorates and is the only country that politically espouses Ba'athism. It is a member of one international organization other than the United Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement; it has become suspended from the Arab League in November 2011 and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, and self-suspended from the Union for the Mediterranean. In English, the name "Syria" was formerly synonymous with the Levant (The region of Syria, known in Arabic as al-Sham), while the modern state encompasses the sites of several ancient kingdoms and empires, including the Eblan civilization of the 3rd millennium BC. Aleppo and the capital city Damascus are among the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. In the Islamic era, Damascus was the seat of the Umayyad Caliphate and a provincial capital of the Mamluk Sultanate in Egypt. The modern Syrian state was established in the mid-20th century after centuries of Ottoman and a brief period French mandate, and represented the largest Arab state to emerge from the formerly Ottoman-ruled Syrian provinces. It gained de jure independence as a parliamentary republic on 24 October 1945, when Republic of Syria became a founding member of the United Nations, an act which legally ended the former French Mandate – although French troops did not leave the country until April 1946. The post-independence period was tumultuous, with many military coups and coup attempts shaking the country from 1949 to 1971. In 1958, Syria entered a brief union with Egypt called the United Arab Republic, which was terminated by the 1961 Syrian coup d'état. The republic was renamed into the Arab Republic of Syria in late 1961 after December 1 constitutional referendum, and was increasingly unstable until the 1963 Ba'athist coup d'état, since which the Ba'ath Party has maintained its power. Syria was under Emergency Law from 1963 to 2011, effectively suspending most constitutional protections for citizens. Bashar al-Assad has been president since 2000 and was preceded by his father Hafez al-Assad, who was in office from 1971 to 2000. Since March 2011, Syria has been embroiled in an armed conflict, with a number of countries in the region and beyond involved militarily or otherwise. As a result, a number of self-proclaimed political entities have emerged on Syrian territory, including the Syrian opposition, Rojava, Tahrir al-Sham and Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. Syria is ranked last on the Global Peace Index from 2016 to 2018, making it the most violent country in the world due to the war. The war has killed more than 570,000 people, caused 7.6 million internally displaced people (July 2015 UNHCR estimate) and over 5 million refugees (July 2017 registered by UNHCR), making population assessment difficult in recent years. (en)
dbo:thumbnail
dbo:wikiPageEditLink
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageExtracted
  • 2019-10-17 16:20:55Z (xsd:date)
dbo:wikiPageHistoryLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 7515849 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageLength
  • 160122 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageModified
  • 2019-10-17 16:20:30Z (xsd:date)
dbo:wikiPageOutDegree
  • 946 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 921741383 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionLink
dbp:wikiPageUsesTemplate
dct:subject
georss:point
  • 33.5 36.3
  • 35.0 38.0
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Syria (Arabic: سوريا‎, romanized: Sūriyā), officially the Syrian Arab Republic (Arabic: الجمهورية العربية السورية‎, romanized: al-Jumhūrīyah al-ʻArabīyah as-Sūrīyah), is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon to the southwest, the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest. A country of fertile plains, high mountains, and deserts, Syria is home to diverse ethnic and religious groups, including Syrian Arabs, Greeks, Armenians, Assyrians, Kurds, Circassians, Mandeans and Turkemens. Religious groups include Sunnis, Christians, Alawites, Druze, Isma'ilis, Mandeans, Shiites, Salafis, Yazidis, and Jews. Sunnis make up the largest religious group in Syria. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Syria (en)
owl:sameAs
geo:geometry
  • POINT(36.299999237061 33.5)
geo:lat
  • 33.500000 (xsd:float)
  • 35.000000 (xsd:float)
geo:long
  • 36.299999 (xsd:float)
  • 38.000000 (xsd:float)
foaf:depiction
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
is dbo:affiliation of
is dbo:architecturalStyle of
is dbo:assembly of
is dbo:associatedBand of
is dbo:associatedMusicalArtist of
is dbo:battle of
is dbo:beatifiedPlace of
is dbo:birthPlace of
is dbo:broadcastArea of
is dbo:canonizedPlace of
is dbo:citizenship of
is dbo:city of
is dbo:country of
is dbo:deathPlace of
is dbo:developer of
is dbo:garrison of
is dbo:ground of
is dbo:headquarter of
is dbo:hometown of
is dbo:knownFor of
is dbo:locatedInArea of
is dbo:location of
is dbo:locationCountry of
is dbo:majorShrine of
is dbo:map of
is dbo:mouthMountain of
is dbo:mouthPlace of
is dbo:nationality of
is dbo:occupation of
is dbo:origin of
is dbo:owner of
is dbo:owningCompany of
is dbo:place of
is dbo:populationPlace of
is dbo:region of
is dbo:regionServed of
is dbo:residence of
is dbo:restingPlace of
is dbo:routeEnd of
is dbo:spokenIn of
is dbo:stateOfOrigin of
is dbo:territory of
is dbo:training of
is dbo:wikiPageDisambiguates of
is dbo:wikiPageRedirects of
is dbp:area of
is dbp:birthPlace of
is dbp:citizenship of
is dbp:countries of
is dbp:country of
is dbp:deathPlace of
is dbp:debuts of
is dbp:disappearedPlace of
is dbp:headquarters of
is dbp:locale of
is dbp:location of
is dbp:locationCountry of
is dbp:nationality of
is dbp:origin of
is dbp:ownership of
is dbp:place of
is dbp:placeOfBirth of
is dbp:residence of
is dbp:southeast of
is dbp:stadium of
is dbp:states of
is dbp:stopover of
is dbp:subdivisionName of
is dbp:through of
is dbp:withdraws of
is dc:subject of
is rdfs:seeAlso of
is owl:differentFrom of
is foaf:primaryTopic of