Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia. Neighbouring states include the People's Republic of China (PRC) to the north-west, Japan to the north-east, and the Philippines to the south. The island of Taiwan has an area of 35,808 square kilometres (13,826 sq mi), with mountain ranges dominating the eastern two-thirds and plains in the western third, where its highly urbanised population is concentrated. Taipei is the capital and largest metropolitan area. Other major cities include Kaohsiung, Taichung, Tainan and Taoyuan. With 23.7 million inhabitants, Taiwan is among the most densely populated states, and is the most populous state and largest economy that is not a member of the United Nations (UN).

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia. Neighbouring states include the People's Republic of China (PRC) to the north-west, Japan to the north-east, and the Philippines to the south. The island of Taiwan has an area of 35,808 square kilometres (13,826 sq mi), with mountain ranges dominating the eastern two-thirds and plains in the western third, where its highly urbanised population is concentrated. Taipei is the capital and largest metropolitan area. Other major cities include Kaohsiung, Taichung, Tainan and Taoyuan. With 23.7 million inhabitants, Taiwan is among the most densely populated states, and is the most populous state and largest economy that is not a member of the United Nations (UN). Taiwanese indigenous peoples settled the island of Taiwan around 6,000 years ago. In the 17th century, Dutch rule opened the island to mass Han immigration. After the brief Kingdom of Tungning in parts of the southern and western areas of the island, the island was annexed in 1683 by the Qing dynasty of China, and ceded to the Empire of Japan in 1895. Following the surrender of Japan in 1945, the Republic of China, which had overthrown and succeeded the Qing in 1911, took control of Taiwan on behalf of the World War II Allies. The resumption of the Chinese Civil War led to the loss of the mainland to the Communist Party of China and the flight of the ROC government to Taiwan in 1949. Although the ROC government continued to claim to be the legitimate representative of China, since 1950 its effective jurisdiction has been limited to Taiwan and numerous smaller islands. In the early 1960s, Taiwan entered a period of rapid economic growth and industrialisation called the "Taiwan Miracle". In the late 1980s and early 1990s, the ROC transitioned from a one-party military dictatorship to a multi-party democracy with a semi-presidential system. Taiwan's export-oriented industrial economy is the 21st-largest in the world, with major contributions from steel, machinery, electronics and chemicals manufacturing. Taiwan is a developed country, ranking 15th in GDP per capita. It is ranked highly in terms of political and civil liberties, education, health care and human development. The political status of Taiwan remains uncertain. The ROC is no longer a member of the UN, having been replaced by the PRC in 1971. Taiwan is claimed by the PRC, which refuses diplomatic relations with countries that recognise the ROC. Taiwan maintains official ties with 14 out of 193 UN member states and the Holy See. International organisations in which the PRC participates either refuse to grant membership to Taiwan or allow it to participate only on a non-state basis. Taiwan is a member of the World Trade Organization, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation and Asian Development Bank under various names. Nearby countries and countries with large economies maintain unofficial ties with Taiwan through representative offices and institutions that function as de facto embassies and consulates. Domestically, the major political division is between parties favouring eventual Chinese unification and promoting a Chinese identity contrasted with those aspiring to independence and promoting Taiwanese identity, although both sides have moderated their positions to broaden their appeal. (en)
dbo:thumbnail
dbo:wikiPageEditLink
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageExtracted
  • 2019-11-26 04:57:46Z (xsd:date)
dbo:wikiPageHistoryLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 25734 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageLength
  • 223994 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageModified
  • 2019-11-26 04:57:42Z (xsd:date)
dbo:wikiPageOutDegree
  • 758 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 928007366 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionLink
dbp:wikiPageUsesTemplate
dct:subject
georss:point
  • 23.5 121.0
  • 25.033333333333335 121.63333333333334
  • 24.0 121.0
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia. Neighbouring states include the People's Republic of China (PRC) to the north-west, Japan to the north-east, and the Philippines to the south. The island of Taiwan has an area of 35,808 square kilometres (13,826 sq mi), with mountain ranges dominating the eastern two-thirds and plains in the western third, where its highly urbanised population is concentrated. Taipei is the capital and largest metropolitan area. Other major cities include Kaohsiung, Taichung, Tainan and Taoyuan. With 23.7 million inhabitants, Taiwan is among the most densely populated states, and is the most populous state and largest economy that is not a member of the United Nations (UN). (en)
rdfs:label
  • Taiwan (en)
owl:sameAs
geo:geometry
  • POINT(121.63333129883 25.033332824707)
  • POINT(121 23.5)
  • POINT(121 25.033332824707)
  • POINT(121.63333129883 23.5)
geo:lat
  • 23.500000 (xsd:float)
  • 24.000000 (xsd:float)
  • 25.033333 (xsd:float)
geo:long
  • 121.000000 (xsd:float)
  • 121.000000 (xsd:float)
  • 121.633331 (xsd:float)
foaf:depiction
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
is dbo:almaMater of
is dbo:assembly of
is dbo:award of
is dbo:birthPlace of
is dbo:broadcastArea of
is dbo:builder of
is dbo:channel of
is dbo:citizenship of
is dbo:city of
is dbo:constituencyDistrict of
is dbo:country of
is dbo:county of
is dbo:creatorOfDish of
is dbo:deathPlace of
is dbo:destination of
is dbo:distributingCompany of
is dbo:distributingLabel of
is dbo:district of
is dbo:foundationPlace of
is dbo:garrison of
is dbo:genre of
is dbo:ground of
is dbo:headquarter of
is dbo:highschool of
is dbo:hometown of
is dbo:island of
is dbo:jurisdiction of
is dbo:knownFor of
is dbo:language of
is dbo:languageRegulator of
is dbo:league of
is dbo:locatedInArea of
is dbo:location of
is dbo:locationCountry of
is dbo:nationalAffiliation of
is dbo:nationality of
is dbo:network of
is dbo:occupation of
is dbo:origin of
is dbo:picture of
is dbo:place of
is dbo:populationPlace of
is dbo:province of
is dbo:publisher of
is dbo:recordLabel of
is dbo:region of
is dbo:regionServed of
is dbo:residence of
is dbo:restingPlace of
is dbo:routeEnd of
is dbo:spokenIn of
is dbo:sportCountry of
is dbo:state of
is dbo:stateOfOrigin of
is dbo:territory of
is dbo:usingCountry of
is dbo:wikiPageDisambiguates of
is dbo:wikiPageRedirects of
is dbp:address of
is dbp:affected of
is dbp:areaServed of
is dbp:asianPlace of
is dbp:birthPlace of
is dbp:borough of
is dbp:broadcastArea of
is dbp:citizenship of
is dbp:city of
is dbp:cityServed of
is dbp:country of
is dbp:creator of
is dbp:deathPlace of
is dbp:debuts of
is dbp:district of
is dbp:firstRun of
is dbp:headquarters of
is dbp:home of
is dbp:hometown of
is dbp:hqLocationCity of
is dbp:jurisdiction of
is dbp:locale of
is dbp:location of
is dbp:locationCity of
is dbp:locationCountry of
is dbp:locations of
is dbp:madeIn of
is dbp:meetingPlace of
is dbp:nationality of
is dbp:origin of
is dbp:origins of
is dbp:place of
is dbp:placeOfBirth of
is dbp:placeOfDeath of
is dbp:regionServed of
is dbp:residence of
is dbp:site of
is dbp:siteCityst of
is dbp:stadium of
is dbp:state of
is dbp:states of
is dbp:subdivisionName of
is dbp:teaOrigin of
is dbp:venue of
is dbp:withdraws of
is dbp:worldPlace of
is rdfs:seeAlso of
is owl:differentFrom of
is foaf:depiction of
is foaf:primaryTopic of