The Western Sahara War (Arabic: حرب الصحراء الغربية‎, French: Guerre du Sahara occidental, Spanish: Guerra del Sahara Occidental) was an armed struggle between the Sahrawi indigenous Polisario Front and Morocco between 1975 and 1991, being the most significant phase of the Western Sahara conflict.

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dbo:abstract
  • The Western Sahara War (Arabic: حرب الصحراء الغربية‎, French: Guerre du Sahara occidental, Spanish: Guerra del Sahara Occidental) was an armed struggle between the Sahrawi indigenous Polisario Front and Morocco between 1975 and 1991, being the most significant phase of the Western Sahara conflict. The conflict erupted after the withdrawal of Spain from the Spanish Sahara in accordance with the Madrid Accords (signed under the pressure of the Green March), by which it transferred administrative control of the territory to Morocco and Mauritania, but not the sovereignty. In late 1975, Moroccan government organized the Green March of some 350,000 Moroccan citizens, escorted by around 20,000 troops, who entered Western Sahara, trying to establish a Moroccan presence. While at first met with just minor resistance by the POLISARIO, Morocco later engaged a long period of guerrilla warfare with the Sahrawi nationalists. During the late 1970s, the Polisario Front, desiring to establish an independent state in the territory, attempted to fight both Mauritania and Morocco. In 1979, Mauritania withdrew from the conflict after signing a peace treaty with the POLISARIO. The war continued in low intensity throughout the 1980s, though Morocco made several attempts to take the upper hand in 1989–1991. A cease-fire agreement was finally reached between the Polisario Front and Morocco in September 1991. Some sources put the final death toll between 10,000 and 20,000 people.The conflict has since shifted from military to civilian resistance. A peace process, attempting to resolve the conflict has yet produced any permanent solution to Sahrawi refugees and territorial agreement between Morocco and the Sahrawi Republic. Today most of the territory of Western Sahara is under Moroccan control, while the inland parts are governed by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, managed by the Polisario Front. (en)
dbo:causalties
  • 2,155 – 2,300 captured
  • Mauritania: 2,000 soldiers killed
  • Morocco: unknown 2,155 – 2,300 captured
  • Morocco: Unknown; 2,155 – 2,300 captured
dbo:combatant
  • Polisario Front/SADR
  • (1975–1979)
  • (1976,Amgala battle, aid from 1976)
  • (1977–78,Operation Lamantin, aid from 1978)
dbo:commander
dbo:date
  • 1975-10-30 (xsd:date)
dbo:isPartOfMilitaryConflict
dbo:place
dbo:result
  • Spanish withdrawal under theMadrid Accords(1976) ; Mauritanian retreat ; Polisario Front – Morocco ceasefire (1991) ; Morocco control 75 % of the territory, Polisario Front 25 %
  • Moroccan victory
  • *Mauritanian retreat and withdrawal of territorial claims
  • *Spanish withdrawal under theMadrid Accords(1976)
  • *Ceasefire agreed on between the Polisario Front and Morocco (1991)
  • *Military Stalemate
dbo:strength
  • 5,000 (1976) – 15,000 (1980) – 8,000 (1988)
  • Morocco: 30,000 (1976) – 60,000 (1980) – 150,000 (1988) – 120,000 (1991)
  • Mauritania: 3,000-5,000 (1976) – 12,000 (1977) – 18,000 (1978)
dbo:thumbnail
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dbo:wikiPageExtracted
  • 2018-05-08 15:25:36Z (xsd:date)
  • 2019-03-29 20:58:56Z (xsd:date)
dbo:wikiPageHistoryLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 14765083 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageLength
  • 26497 (xsd:integer)
  • 28328 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageModified
  • 2018-05-03 11:14:02Z (xsd:date)
  • 2019-03-29 20:44:12Z (xsd:date)
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  • 184 (xsd:integer)
  • 195 (xsd:integer)
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  • 839430287 (xsd:integer)
  • 890066998 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionLink
dbp:caption
  • Map of the Western Sahara; the red line is the military berm built by Morocco (en)
dbp:casualties
  • Unknown (en)
  • unknown (en)
  • Morocco: unknown 2,155 – 2,300 captured Mauritania: 2,000 soldiers killed (en)
  • Civilian Casualties: More than 3,000 Sahrawis killed 3 West German pilots killed 853+ - 1,500 Sahrawis missing 40,000 – 80,000 Sahrawis displaced (en)
  • Morocco: unknown 2,155 – 2,300 captured Mauritania: 2,000 soldiers killed (en)
  • Civilian Casualties: More than 3,000 Sahrawis killed 3 West German pilots killed 853+ – 1,500 Sahrawis missing 40,000 – 80,000 Sahrawis displaced (en)
  • Morocco: Unknown; 2,155 – 2,300 captured Mauritania: 2,000 soldiers killed (en)
dbp:casusBelli
  • Decolonization of Spanish Sahara, Invasion by Morocco & Mauritania (en)
dbp:combatant
  • Polisario Front / SADR (en)
dbp:commander
  • Valéry Giscard d'Estaing (en)
  • Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya (en)
  • Hassan II (en)
  • Houari Boumediene (en)
  • Mokhtar Ould Daddah (en)
  • Mohamed Abdelaziz (en)
  • El-Ouali Mustapha Sayed (en)
  • Mustafa Ould Salek (en)
  • Ahmed Dlimi (en)
  • Mohamed Khouna Ould Haidallah (en)
  • Abdelaziz Bennani (en)
  • Lahbib Ayoub (en)
  • Brahim Gali (en)
  • Hammou Arzaz (en)
  • Housni Benslimane (en)
  • Lounes Arib (en)
  • Michel Claude Forget (en)
  • Mohamed Abrouk (en)
  • Mohamed Ali El Admi (en)
  • Mohamed Lamine Uld Bujari (en)
  • Mohamed Ould Bah Ould Abdelkader (en)
  • (en)
dbp:conflict
  • Western Sahara War (en)
dbp:date
  • --10-30
  • (en)
dbp:imageSize
  • 300 (xsd:integer)
dbp:partof
  • The Western Sahara conflict (en)
dbp:place
dbp:result
  • Spanish withdrawal under the Madrid Accords ; Mauritanian retreat ; Polisario Front – Morocco ceasefire ; Morocco control 75 % of the territory, Polisario Front 25 % (en)
  • Moroccan victory *Spanish withdrawal under the Madrid Accords *Mauritanian retreat and withdrawal of territorial claims *Ceasefire agreed on between the Polisario Front and Morocco (en)
  • *Spanish withdrawal under the Madrid Accords *Mauritanian retreat and withdrawal of territorial claims *Military Stalemate *Ceasefire agreed on between the Polisario Front and Morocco (en)
dbp:strength
  • 5000 (xsd:integer)
  • Mauritania: 3,000-5,000 – 12,000 – 18,000 (en)
  • Morocco: 30,000 – 60,000 – 150,000 – 120,000 (en)
dbp:territory
  • Morocco controls 75% of the territory, the Polisario Front controls 25%. (en)
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rdfs:comment
  • The Western Sahara War (Arabic: حرب الصحراء الغربية‎, French: Guerre du Sahara occidental, Spanish: Guerra del Sahara Occidental) was an armed struggle between the Sahrawi indigenous Polisario Front and Morocco between 1975 and 1991, being the most significant phase of the Western Sahara conflict. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Western Sahara War (en)
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  • Western Sahara War (en)
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