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dbr:Operation_Achse
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Operation Achse
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Operation Achse (German: Fall Achse, "Case Axis"), originally called Operation Alaric (German: Unternehmen Alarich), was the codename for the German plan to forcibly disarm the Italian armed forces after the armistice with the Allies in 1943.
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Operation Achse
dbo:abstract
Operation Achse (German: Fall Achse, "Case Axis"), originally called Operation Alaric (German: Unternehmen Alarich), was the codename of the German plans to forcibly disarm the Italian armed forces after their expected armistice with the Allied forces in 1943. Several German divisions had already entered Italy after the fall of Benito Mussolini in July 1943 (the Grand Council of Fascism had deposed Mussolini on 25 July), while Italy was officially still an ally of Germany, despite the protests of the new Italian government under Pietro Badoglio.The Armistice of Cassibile (signed on 3 September 1943) was made public on 8 September. Then, the German forces moved rapidly to take over the Italian zones of occupation in the Balkans and southern France, and to disarm Italian forces in Italy. In some cases, the Italian troops resisted the Germans, most notably in the Greek island of Cephalonia, where over 5,100 men of the 33rd Acqui Division were executed after running out of ammunition and surrendering; in Rome, after the royal family and the government had fled, a disorganized defense by the Italian troops stationed around the capital was unable to defeat the German attack. In other cases, individual soldiers or whole units, like the 24th Pinerolo Division in Thessaly, went over to the local resistance movements. Only in Sardinia, Corsica, Calabria and in the southern part of Apulia were Italian troops able to offer considerable resistance and hold off the Germans until relieved by the arrival of Allied forces. Operation Achse (German: Fall Achse, "Case Axis"), originally called Operation Alaric (German: Unternehmen Alarich), was the codename for the German plan to forcibly disarm the Italian armed forces after the armistice with the Allies in 1943. Several German divisions had entered Italy after the fall of Benito Mussolini in July 1943, while Italy was officially still an ally of Germany, despite the protests of the new Italian government under Pietro Badoglio.The Armistice of Cassibile was made public on 8 September. German forces moved rapidly to take over the Italian zones of occupation in the Balkans and southern France, and to disarm Italian forces in Italy. In some cases, the Italian troops, that had no superior orders and suffered many desertions, resisted the Germans, most notably in the Greek island of Cephalonia, where over 5,100 men of the 33rd Acqui Division were massacred after running out of ammunition and surrendering; in Rome, after the royal family and the government had fled, a disorganized defense by the Italian troops stationed around the capital was unable to defeat the German attack. Additionally, individual soldiers or whole units, like the 24th Pinerolo Division in Thessaly, went over to the local resistance movements. Only in Sardinia, Corsica, Calabria and in the southern part of Apulia were Italian troops able to offer successful resistance and hold off the Germans until relieved by the arrival of the Allies.
dbo:causalties
800,000 prisoners 20,000–30,000 killed 5 midget submarines captured by Romanians, many more warships captured by the Germans
dbo:combatant
Italy United States United Kingdom Germany Yugoslavia Romania
dbo:commander
dbr:Peko_Dapcevic dbr:Albert_Kesselring dbr:Gerd_von_Rundstedt n11:hr dbr:Horia_Macellariu dbr:Erwin_Rommel dbr:Mario_Roatta dbr:Vittorio_Ambrosio dbr:Alexander_Löhr dbr:Maximilian_von_Weichs
dbo:date
1943-09-19
dbo:place
dbr:Southern_France dbr:Italy dbr:Balkans
dbo:result
German-Romanian victory German victory
dbo:strength
60 divisions (26 in Italy, 31 in the Balkans, 3 in France) 40 divisions (17 in Italy, 19 in the Balkans, 4 in France)
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n12:edit
dbo:wikiPageExtracted
2018-05-04T20:11:05Z 2019-03-31T20:08:24Z
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19224918
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88434 90100
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2018-04-08T03:14:46Z 2019-03-31T20:02:50Z
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dbp:caption
Disarmed Italian soldiers marching to captivity in Bolzano.
dbp:casualties
5 800000 Unknown 20000
dbp:combatant
Italy Romania Germany Yugoslavia United Kingdom United States
dbp:commander
Alexander Löhr Mario Roatta Mario Vercellino Erwin Rommel Vittorio Ambrosio Albert Kesselring Horia Macellariu Gerd von Rundstedt Ezio Rosi Maximilian von Weichs Peko Dapcevic
dbp:conflict
Operation Achse
dbp:date
March 2018 --09-19
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300
dbp:place
dbr:Italy dbr:Southern_France dbr:Balkans
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What?
dbp:result
German victory Axis victory German-Romanian victory
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60 40
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the Italian Campaign of World War II
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